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Development of a solid-phase receptor-based assay for the detection of cyclic imines using a microsphere-flow cytometry system



Development of a solid-phase receptor-based assay for the detection of cyclic imines using a microsphere-flow cytometry system



Analytical Chemistry 85(4): 2340-2347



Biologically active macrocycles containing a cyclic imine were isolated for the first time from aquaculture sites in Nova Scotia, Canada, during the 1990s. These compounds display a "fast-acting" toxicity in the traditional mouse bioassay for lipophilic marine toxins. Our work aimed at developing a receptor-based detection method for spirolides using a microsphere/flow cytometry Luminex system. For the assay, two alternatives were considered as binding proteins, the Torpedo marmorata nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and the Lymnaea stagnalis acetylcholine binding protein (Ls-AChBP). A receptor-based inhibition assay was developed using the immobilization of nAChR or Ls-AChBP on the surface of carboxylated microspheres and the competition of cyclic imines with biotin-α-bungarotoxin (α-BTX) for binding to these proteins. The amount of biotin-α-BTX bound to the surface of the microspheres was quantified using phycoerythrin (PE)-labeled streptavidin, and the fluorescence was analyzed in a Luminex 200 system. AChBP and nAChR bound to 13-desmethyl spirolide C efficiently; however, the cross-reactivity profile of the nAChR for spirolides and gymnodimine more closely matched the relative toxic potencies reported for these toxins. The nAChR was selected for further assay development. A simple sample preparation protocol consisting of an extraction with acetone yielded a final extract with no matrix interference on the nAChR/microsphere-based assay for mussels, scallops, and clams. This cyclic imine detection method allowed the detection of 13-desmethyl spirolide C in the range of 10-6000 μg/kg of shellfish meat, displaying a higher sensitivity and wider dynamic range than other receptor-based assays previously published. This microsphere-based assay provides a rapid, sensitive, and easily performed screening method that could be multiplexed for the simultaneous detection of several marine toxins.

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Accession: 052556540

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23343192

DOI: 10.1021/ac3033432



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