+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Dietary patterns and breast cancer: a case-control study in women



Dietary patterns and breast cancer: a case-control study in women



European Journal of Nutrition 54(4): 609-617



Since dietary habits have been associated with breast cancer, the tested research hypothesis was the associations between food patterns, as derived through multivariate methods, and breast cancer. In a case-control study, Two-hundred and fifty consecutive, newly diagnosed breast cancer female patients (56 ± 12 years) and 250 one-to-one age-matched, healthy controls were studied. A standardized, validated questionnaire assessing various socio-demographic, clinical, lifestyle, and dietary characteristics was applied through face-to-face interviews. Factor analysis, with principal components method, was applied to extract dietary patterns from 86 foods or food groups consumption reported by the controls. Three components were derived explaining 43% of the total variation in consumption. Component 1 was characterized by the consumption of potatoes, red meat and its products, poultry and white meat, dairy products, use of margarine/butter in cooking or at the table, consumption of sausages, fried food as well as grilled meat or fish; component 2 was characterized by the consumption of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables; and component 3 was characterized by olive oil and fish consumption. After adjusting for various confounders, components 2 and 3 were favorably associated with the absence of having breast cancer [odds ratio (OR) 0.60, 95% CI 0.47-0.75 and OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.66-0.99, respectively], while component 1 was not significantly associated with the disease. Adherence to healthy dietary patterns (including whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, olive oil, and fish) seems to be favorable in not having breast cancer, among middle-aged women.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052598156

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25049109

DOI: 10.1007/s00394-014-0742-8


Related references

Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk among Iranian women: A case-control study. European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 230: 73-78, 2018

Dietary patterns and breast cancer risk among women in northern Tanzania: a case-control study. European Journal of Nutrition 52(3): 905-915, 2013

Dietary Patterns and Breast Cancer Risk: A Multi-Centre Case Control Study among North Indian Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(9):, 2018

Dietary patterns and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer in a German case-control study. Cancer Causes and Control 22(2): 273-282, 2011

Dietary patterns and risk of breast cancer a case-control study in the Northeast of Brazil. Nutrire: 1, 31-42, 2008

Dietary Habits and Physical Activity are Associated With the Risk of Breast Cancer Among Young Iranian Women: A Case-control Study on 1010 Premenopausal Women. Clinical Breast Cancer 19(1): E127-E134, 2019

Dietary and other risk factors in women having fibrocystic breast conditions with and without concurrent breast cancer: a nested case-control study in Shanghai, China. International Journal of Cancer 115(6): 981-993, 2005

Associations of Dietary Patterns and Metabolic-Hormone Profiles with Breast Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Study. Nutrients 10(12):, 2018

A case-control study on the dietary intake of mushrooms and breast cancer risk among Korean women. International Journal of Cancer 122(4): 919-923, 2008

Dietary cadmium intake and breast cancer risk in Japanese women: a case-control study. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 217(1): 70-77, 2014

Nutrient Patterns and Risk of Breast Cancer among Iranian Women: a Case- Control Study. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 19(9): 2619-2624, 2018

The mediterranean dietary pattern and breast cancer risk in Greek-Cypriot women: a case-control study. Bmc Cancer 12: 113, 2012

Dietary phytochemical index and the risk of breast cancer: a case control study in a population of Iranian women. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 14(5): 2747-2751, 2013

Intake of dietary fat and vitamin in relation to breast cancer risk in Korean women: a case-control study. Journal of Korean Medical Science 18(4): 534-540, 2003

Associations of Mediterranean Diet and a Posteriori Derived Dietary Patterns with Breast and Lung Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Study. Nutrients 10(4):, 2018