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Differences in rate of ruminal hydrogenation of C18 fatty acids in clover and ryegrass

Lejonklev, J.; Storm, A.C.; Larsen, M.K.; Mortensen, G.; Weisbjerg, M.R.

Animal An International Journal of Animal Bioscience 7(10): 1607-1613

2013


ISSN/ISBN: 1751-732X
PMID: 23842207
DOI: 10.1017/s1751731113001286
Accession: 052602934

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Biohydrogenation of C18 fatty acids in the rumen of cows, from polyunsaturated and monounsaturated to saturated fatty acids, is lower on clover than on grass-based diets, which might result in increased levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the milk from clover-based diets affecting its nutritional properties. The effect of forage type on ruminal hydrogenation was investigated by in vitro incubation of feed samples in rumen fluid. Silages of red clover, white clover and perennial ryegrass harvested in spring growth and in third regrowth were used, resulting in six silages. Fatty acid content was analysed after 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 h of incubation to study the rate of hydrogenation of unsaturated C18 fatty acids. A dynamic mechanistic model was constructed and used to estimate the rate constants (k, h) of the hydrogenation assuming mass action-driven fluxes between the following pools of C18 fatty acids: C18:3 (linolenic acid), C18:2 (linoleic acid), C18:1 (mainly vaccenic acid) and C18:0 (stearic acid) as the end point. For k(C18:1,C18:2) the estimated rate constants were 0.0685 (red clover), 0.0706 (white clover) and 0.0868 (ryegrass), and for k(C18:1,C18:3) it was 0.0805 (red clover), 0.0765 (white clover) and 0.1022 (ryegrass). Type of forage had a significant effect on k(C18:1,C18:2) (P < 0.05) and a tendency to effect k(C18:1,C18:3) (P < 0.10), whereas growth had no effect on k(C18:1,C18:2) or k(C18:1,C18:3) (P > 0.10). Neither forage nor growth significantly affected k(C18:0,C18:1), which was estimated to be 0.0504. Similar, but slightly higher, results were observed when calculating the rate of disappearance for linolenic and linoleic acid. This effect persists regardless of the harvest time and may be because of the presence of plant secondary metabolites that are able to inhibit lipolysis, which is required before hydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids can begin.

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