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Different expression patterns of hepatic cytochrome P450 s during anaphylactic or lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation

Different expression patterns of hepatic cytochrome P450 s during anaphylactic or lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation

Die Pharmazie 69(2): 142-147

Certain physiological states and diseases can alter the expression and activity of cytochrome P450 s (CYPs), which have the potential to cause unexpected adverse effects. We previously demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation attenuates the induction of CYPs by xenobiotics in mouse liver. In this study, to investigate whether anaphylaxis-induced inflammation affects the hepatic CYPs' expression, we examined the effects of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced anaphylaxis on constitutive CYP mRNA and protein expressions. We also compared these effects with those obtained with LPS treatment. In addition, we examined the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha and interleukin (IL)-113 mRNA levels, because these cytokines are known to be induced by LPS treatment and anaphylactic reactions. LPS treatment decreased the constitutively expressed Cyp1a2, Cyp2c29, and Cyp3al 1 mRNAs, and increased the TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNAs. LPS treatment also decreased the CYP1A2 and CYP3A protein levels. Anaphylaxis, on the other hand, did not change the levels of the constitutively expressed Cyp1a2, Cyp2c29, or Cyp3a1 1 mRNAs, although it increased the TNFalpha and IL-1beta mRNAs, as observed in the LPS-treated mice. These results suggest that anaphylaxis-induced inflammation had less effect than LPS-induced inflammation on these CYPs in the liver. In contrast, we observed that the expressions of Cyp2b10 mRNA and its protein were quite different from those of the other CYPs in both the anaphylactic and LPS-treated mice. Our findings strongly suggest that the alteration of the constitutive CYPs' expression levels during inflammation varies according to the immunostimulation pathway.

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Accession: 052605150

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PMID: 24640605

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