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Section 53

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 52,635



References:

McNeil, P.L. 2001: Direct introduction of molecules into cells. Current Protocols in Cell Biology Chapter 20: Unit 20.1
Almeida, M.I.ês.G.S.; Segundo, M.A.; Lima, J.é L.F.C.; Rangel, A.ón.O.S.S. 2008: Direct introduction of slurry samples in multi-syringe flow injection analysis: determination of potassium in plant samples. Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 24(5): 601-606
Lima, G.F.; Brondi, A.M.; Paiva, A.L.S.F.; Tarley, C.és.R.T.; de Oliveira, A.é F.; Wisniewski, C.él.; Luccas, P.O. 2011: Direct introduction of water sample in multisegmented flow-injection analysis for sulfide determination. Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 27(3): 309-313
Sahin, T.; Bildirici, U.ş; Celikyurt, U.; Sevinç, S.; Uygun, K.; Ural, D. 2009: Direct invasion of non-small cell lung cancer metastases to the right heart. Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi: Akd 9(4): E10-E11
Dweck, M.; Bhattacharya, I.; Oduyoye, O.; Jones, M.; Francis, C.M. 2010: Direct invasion of the left atrium by a primary lung tumour. BMJ Case Reports
Hirashita, T.; Ohta, M.; Iwaki, K.; Kai, S.; Shibata, K.; Sasaki, A.; Nakashima, K.; Kitano, S. 2008: Direct invasion to the colon by hepatocellular carcinoma: report of two cases. World Journal of Gastroenterology 14(28): 4583-4585
Delgado-Aguillón, J.ús.; Garduño-Mejía, J.ús.; López-Téllez, J.M.; Bruce, N.C.; Rosete-Aguilar, M.; Román-Moreno, C.J.ús.; Ortega-Martínez, R. 2014: Direct inversion methods for spectral amplitude modulation of femtosecond pulses. Review of Scientific Instruments 85(4): 043105
Zhao, X.; Liu, C.; Zhang, D.; Luo, Y. 2013: Direct investigation and accurate control of phase profile in liquid-crystal optical-phased array for beam steering. Applied Optics 52(29): 7109-7116
Gao, C.; Kulkarni, S.D.; Morris, J.F.; Gilchrist, J.F. 2010: Direct investigation of anisotropic suspension structure in pressure-driven flow. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 81(4 Pt 1): 041403
Perras, F.éd.ér.A.; Bryce, D.L. 2012: Direct investigation of covalently bound chlorine in organic compounds by solid-state 35Cl NMR spectroscopy and exact spectral line-shape simulations. Angewandte Chemie 51(17): 4227-4230
Viger-Gravel, J.; Leclerc, S.; Korobkov, I.; Bryce, D.L. 2014: Direct investigation of halogen bonds by solid-state multinuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and molecular orbital analysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(19): 6929-6942
Leduc, Cécile.; Jung, J-Mi.; Carney, R.P.; Carney, R.R.; Stellacci, F.; Lounis, B. 2011: Direct investigation of intracellular presence of gold nanoparticles via photothermal heterodyne imaging. Acs Nano 5(4): 2587-2592
Palumbo, V.P.; Kovalskiy, A.; Jain, H.; Huey, B.D. 2013: Direct investigation of silver photodissolution dynamics and reversibility in arsenic trisulphide thin films by atomic force microscopy. Nanotechnology 24(12): 125706
Emmott, E.H.; Mace, R. 2014: Direct investment by stepfathers can mitigate effects on educational outcomes but does not improve behavioural difficulties. Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society 35(5): 438-444
Valgardsdottir, R.; Capitanio, C.; Texido, G.; Pende, D.; Cantoni, C.; Pesenti, E.; Rambaldi, A.; Golay, J.ée.; Introna, M. 2014: Direct involvement of CD56 in cytokine-induced killer-mediated lysis of CD56+ hematopoietic target cells. Experimental Hematology 42(12): 1013-21.E1
Mirouze, N.; Bergé, M.A.; Soulet, A.-L.; Mortier-Barrière, I.; Quentin, Y.; Fichant, G.; Granadel, C.; Noirot-Gros, M.-F.ço.; Noirot, P.; Polard, P.; Martin, B.; Claverys, J.-P. 2013: Direct involvement of DprA, the transformation-dedicated RecA loader, in the shut-off of pneumococcal competence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(11): E1035-E1044
Li, J. 2011: Direct involvement of leucine-rich repeats in assembling ligand-triggered receptor-coreceptor complexes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(20): 8073-8074
Navarro, G.; Moreno, E.ía.; Aymerich, M.; Marcellino, D.; McCormick, P.J.; Mallol, J.; Cortés, A.; Casadó, V.; Canela, E.I.; Ortiz, J.; Fuxe, K.; Lluís, C.; Ferré, S.; Franco, R. 2010: Direct involvement of sigma-1 receptors in the dopamine D1 receptor-mediated effects of cocaine. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(43): 18676-18681
Cepeda-García, C.; Domínguez-Santos, R.; García-Rico, R.ón.O.; García-Estrada, C.; Cajiao, A.; Fierro, F.; Martín, J.F. 2014: Direct involvement of the CreA transcription factor in penicillin biosynthesis and expression of the pcbAB gene in Penicillium chrysogenum. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98(16): 7113-7124
Jurczyluk, J.; Nouwens, A.S.; Holien, J.K.; Adams, T.E.; Lovrecz, G.O.; Parker, M.W.; Cohen, S.B.; Bryan, T.M. 2011: Direct involvement of the TEN domain at the active site of human telomerase. Nucleic Acids Research 39(5): 1774-1788
Lassauque, N.; Davin, T.; Nguyen, D.H.; Adcock, R.J.; Coppel, Y.; Le Berre, C.; Serp, P.; Maron, L.; Kalck, P. 2012: Direct involvement of the acetato ligand in the reductive elimination step of rhodium-catalyzed methanol carbonylation. Inorganic Chemistry 51(1): 4-6
Menzikov, S.A.; Karpova, M.N.; Kalinina, M.V. 2013: Direct involvement of the glucose and Mg(2+)-ATP in the regulation of the GABAA-coupled Cl-,H(CO3(-) -activated Mg(2+)-ATPase of the plasma membrane from rat brain in vitro experiences. Patologicheskaia Fiziologiia i Eksperimental'naia Terapiia 1: 33-36
Vraskou, Y.; Roher, N.; Díaz, M.; Antonescu, C.N.; MacKenzie, S.A.; Planas, J.V. 2011: Direct involvement of tumor necrosis factor-α in the regulation of glucose uptake in rainbow trout muscle cells. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 300(3): R716-R723
Bouhouch, R.R.; Bouhouch, S.; Cherkaoui, M.; Aboussad, A.; Stinca, S.; Haldimann, M.; Andersson, M.; Zimmermann, M.B. 2014: Direct iodine supplementation of infants versus supplementation of their breastfeeding mothers: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. Diabetes and Endocrinology 2(3): 197-209
Ghahraman Afshar, M.; Crespo, G.ón.A.; Bakker, E. 2012: Direct ion speciation analysis with ion-selective membranes operated in a sequential potentiometric/time resolved chronopotentiometric sensing mode. Analytical Chemistry 84(20): 8813-8821
Dhatt, G.; Talor, Z.; Kazory, A. 2012: Direct ion-selective electrode method is useful in diagnosis of pseudohyponatremia. Journal of Emergency Medicine 43(2): 348-349
Hu, B.; Lai, Y.-H.; So, P.-K.; Chen, H.; Yao, Z.-P. 2012: Direct ionization of biological tissue for mass spectrometric analysis. Analyst 137(16): 3613-3619
Ferguson, C.N.; Benchaar, S.A.; Miao, Z.; Loo, J.A.; Chen, H. 2011: Direct ionization of large proteins and protein complexes by desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 83(17): 6468-6473
Kurepa, J.; Nakabayashi, R.; Paunesku, T.; Suzuki, M.; Saito, K.; Woloschak, G.E.; Smalle, J.A. 2014: Direct isolation of flavonoids from plants using ultra-small anatase TiO₂ nanoparticles. Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology 77(3): 443-453
Gao, X.; Enikolopov, G.; Chen, J. 2008: Direct isolation of neural stem cells in the adult hippocampus after traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma 25(8): 985-995
Liang, B. 1995: Direct isolation of variably amplified cdnas from human tumor-cell lines. International Journal of Oncology 7(3): 611-615
Ieronimakis, N.; Balasundaram, G.; Reyes, M. 2008: Direct isolation, culture and transplant of mouse skeletal muscle derived endothelial cells with angiogenic potential. Plos one 3(3): E0001753
Soma, Y.; Inokuma, K.; Tanaka, T.; Ogino, C.; Kondo, A.; Okamoto, M.; Hanai, T. 2012: Direct isopropanol production from cellobiose by engineered Escherichia coli using a synthetic pathway and a cell surface display system. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 114(1): 80-85
Martin, T.; Cohen, E.; Kirby, R.M. 2012: Direct isosurface visualization of hex-based high-order geometry and attribute representations. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 18(5): 753-766
Mongkoldhumrongkul, N.; Flanagan, J.M.; Jayasinghe, S.N. 2009: Direct jetting approaches for handling stem cells. Biomedical Materials 4(1): 015018
Berner, G.; Sing, M.; Fujiwara, H.; Yasui, A.; Saitoh, Y.; Yamasaki, A.; Nishitani, Y.; Sekiyama, A.; Pavlenko, N.; Kopp, T.; Richter, C.; Mannhart, J.; Suga, S.; Claessen, R. 2013: Direct k-space mapping of the electronic structure in an oxide-oxide interface. Physical Review Letters 110(24): 247601
Hanneton, S.; Dedobbeler, S.; Hoellinger, T.; Roby-Brami, A. 2011: Direct kinematic modeling of the upper limb during trunk-assisted reaching. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 27(3): 272-277
Varga, A.; Lionne, C.; Lallemand, P.; Szabó, J.; Adamek, N.; Valentin, C.; Vas, M.ár.; Barman, T.; Chaloin, L. 2009: Direct kinetic evidence that lysine 215 is involved in the phospho-transfer step of human 3-phosphoglycerate kinase. Biochemistry 48(29): 6998-7008
Castagnolo, D.; Breuer, I.; Pihko, P.M. 2007: Direct kinetic formation of nonanomeric [6.5]-spiroketals in aqueous media. Journal of Organic Chemistry 72(26): 10081-10087
Welz, O.; Savee, J.D.; Osborn, D.L.; Vasu, S.S.; Percival, C.J.; Shallcross, D.E.; Taatjes, C.A. 2012: Direct kinetic measurements of Criegee intermediate (CH₂OO) formed by reaction of CH₂i with O₂. Science 335(6065): 204-207
Buras, Z.J.; Elsamra, R.M.I.; Jalan, A.; Middaugh, J.E.; Green, W.H. 2014: Direct kinetic measurements of reactions between the simplest Criegee intermediate CH2OO and alkenes. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 118(11): 1997-2006
Ciscato, L.F.M.L.; Bartoloni, F.H.; Bastos, E.L.; Baader, W.J. 2009: Direct kinetic observation of the chemiexcitation step in peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence. Journal of Organic Chemistry 74(23): 8974-8979
Gross, C.B.M.; Dillon, T.J.; Schuster, G.; Lelieveld, J.; Crowley, J.N. 2014: Direct kinetic study of OH and O3 formation in the reaction of CH3C(O)O2 with HO2. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 118(6): 974-985
Sikirzhytski, V.; Magidson, V.; Steinman, J.B.; He, J.; Le Berre, M.ël.; Tikhonenko, I.; Ault, J.G.; McEwen, B.F.; Chen, J.K.; Sui, H.; Piel, M.; Kapoor, T.M.; Khodjakov, A. 2014: Direct kinetochore-spindle pole connections are not required for chromosome segregation. Journal of Cell Biology 206(2): 231-243
Kim, A.; Ah, C.S.; Park, C.W.; Yang, J.-H.; Kim, T.; Ahn, C.-G.; Park, S.H.; Sung, G.Y. 2010: Direct label-free electrical immunodetection in human serum using a flow-through-apparatus approach with integrated field-effect transistors. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(7): 1767-1773
Tulip, F.S.; Eteshola, E.; Desai, S.; Mostafa, S.; Roopa, S.; Evans, B.; Islam, S.K. 2014: Direct label-free electrical immunodetection of transplant rejection protein biomarker in physiological buffer using floating gate AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors. IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience 13(2): 138-145
Osakai, T.; Yuguchi, Y.; Gohara, E.; Katano, H. 2010: Direct label-free electrochemical detection of proteins using the polarized oil/water interface. Langmuir 26(13): 11530-11537
Tanaka, K.; Tainaka, K.; Kamei, T.; Okamoto, A. 2007: Direct labeling of 5-methylcytosine and its applications. Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(17): 5612-5620
Yang, C.-Y.; Hsiao, J.-K.; Tai, M.-F.; Chen, S.-T.; Cheng, H.-Y.; Wang, J.-L.; Liu, H.-M. 2011: Direct labeling of hMSC with SPIO: the long-term influence on toxicity, chondrogenic differentiation capacity, and intracellular distribution. Molecular Imaging and Biology 13(3): 443-451
Wuest, F.; Hultsch, C.; Berndt, M.; Bergmann, R. 2009: Direct labelling of peptides with 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([18F]FDG). Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19(18): 5426-5428
Choi, H.-Y.; Ryu, H.-K.; Park, K.-M.; Lee, E.G.; Lee, H.; Kim, S.-W.; Choi, E.-S. 2012: Direct lactic acid fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke tuber extract using Lactobacillus paracasei without acidic or enzymatic inulin hydrolysis. Bioresource Technology 114: 745-747
Dohi, T.; Takenaga, N.; Goto, A.; Maruyama, A.; Kita, Y. 2007: Direct lactone formation by using hypervalent iodine(III) reagents with KBr via selective C-H abstraction protocol. Organic Letters 9(16): 3129-3132
Yang, M.; Jiang, X.; Shi, W.-J.; Zhu, Q.-L.; Shi, Z.-J. 2013: Direct lactonization of 2-arylacetic acids through Pd(II)-catalyzed C-H activation/C-O formation. Organic Letters 15(3): 690-693
Zorba, Y.Orcun.; Bayindir, Y.Ziya.; Barutcugil, C. 2010: Direct laminate veneers with resin composites: two case reports with five-year follow-ups. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 11(4): E056-E062
Wu, M.; Qian, Y.; Boyd, J.M.; Hrudey, S.E.; Le, X.Chris.; Li, X-Fang. 2014: Direct large volume injection ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry determination of artificial sweeteners sucralose and acesulfame in well water. Journal of Chromatography. a 1359: 156-161
Bai, Z.; Ju, Z.; Guo, C.; Qian, Y.; Tang, B.; Xiong, S. 2014: Direct large-scale synthesis of 3D hierarchical mesoporous NiO microspheres as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Nanoscale 6(6): 3268-3273
Sharma, K.; Sachdeva, R.; Duggal, K.K.; Kahlon, S.K. 2006: Direct laryngoscopic observations in progressive hoarseness of voice. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India 58(4): 364-367
Van Zundert, A.é; Kuczkowski, K.M.; Tijssen, F.; Weber, E. 2008: Direct laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation in the prone position following traumatic thoracic spine injury. Journal of Anesthesia 22(2): 170-172
Gallagher, T.Q.; Hartnick, C.J. 2012: Direct laryngoscopy and rigid bronchoscopy. Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 73: 19-25
Kenton, B. 1945: Direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation; a simple method. Lancet 2(6380): 742
Meininger, D.; Strouhal, U.; Weber, C.F.; Fogl, D.; Holzer, L.; Zacharowski, K.; Byhahn, C. 2010: Direct laryngoscopy or C-MAC video laryngoscopy? Routine tracheal intubation in patients undergoing ENT surgery. Der Anaesthesist 59(9): 806-811
Boccheciampe, N.; Hell-Remy, C.; Le Manach, Y.; Andrieu, G.ér.; Riou, B.; Bertolus, C.é; Langeron, O. 2012: Direct laryngoscopy should be procedure of choice in the airway management of patients with dental cellulitis. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 29(4): 197-203
Saha, M.; Chowdhury, W.A.; Shil, B.C.; Khan, M.M.R.; Chowdhury, M.S.; Alam, M.J.; Safwath, S.A.; Rahman, M.H. 2013: Direct laryngoscopy using a videogastroscope: outcome of 119 cases. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India 65(1): 34-36
Roberts, S.; Forman, F.S. 1948: Direct laryngoscopy, a simplified technique; an aid to the early detection of laryngeal cancer. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 57(1): 245-256
Roberts, S.E.; Forman, F.S. 1948: Direct laryngoscopy; a simplified technic an aid to the early detection of laryngeal cancer. Transactions - American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology. American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology 52: 305-311
Yew, J.Y.; Soltwisch, J.; Pirkl, A.; Dreisewerd, K. 2011: Direct laser desorption ionization of endogenous and exogenous compounds from insect cuticles: practical and methodologic aspects. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 22(7): 1273-1284
Fang, H.-H.; Ding, R.; Lu, S.-Y.; Wang, L.; Feng, J.; Chen, Q.-D.; Sun, H.-B. 2012: Direct laser interference ablating nanostructures on organic crystals. Optics Letters 37(4): 686-688
Li, H.; Wen, F.; Wong, Y.S.; Boey, F.Y.C.; Subbu, V.S.; Leong, D.T.; Ng, K.W.; Ng, G.K.L.; Tan, L.P. 2012: Direct laser machining-induced topographic pattern promotes up-regulation of myogenic markers in human mesenchymal stem cells. Acta Biomaterialia 8(2): 531-539
Traini, T.; Mangano, C.; Sammons, R.L.; Mangano, F.; Macchi, A.; Piattelli, A. 2008: Direct laser metal sintering as a new approach to fabrication of an isoelastic functionally graded material for manufacture of porous titanium dental implants. Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials 24(11): 1525-1533
Mathieu, M.; Schunk, D.; Franzka, S.; Mayer, C.; Hasselbrink, E.; Hartmann, N. 2009: Direct laser patterning of soft matter: photothermal processing of supported phospholipid multilayers with nanoscale precision. Small 5(18): 2099-2104
Maroto, A.; Kissingou, P.; Diascorn, A.; Benmansour, B.; Deschamps, L.; Stephan, L.; Cabon, J.-Y.; Giamarchi, P. 2011: Direct laser photo-induced fluorescence determination of bisphenol a. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 401(9): 3011-3017
Balla, V.K.; Banerjee, S.; Bose, S.; Bandyopadhyay, A. 2010: Direct laser processing of a tantalum coating on titanium for bone replacement structures. Acta Biomaterialia 6(6): 2329-2334
Lu, J.; Lim, X.; Zheng, M.; Mhaisalkar, S.G.; Sow, C.-H. 2012: Direct laser pruning of CdS(x)Se1-x nanobelts en route to a multicolored pattern with controlled functionalities. Acs Nano 6(9): 8298-8307
Pellizzaro, A.; Welker, G.; Scott, D.; Solomon, R.; Cooper, J.; Farone, A.; Farone, M.; Mushi, R.S.; Aguinaga, M.D.P.; Erenso, D. 2012: Direct laser trapping for measuring the behavior of transfused erythrocytes in a sickle cell anemia patient. Biomedical Optics Express 3(9): 2190-2199
Otuka, A.J.G.; Corrêa, D.S.; Fontana, C.R.; Mendonça, C.R. 2014: Direct laser writing by two-photon polymerization as a tool for developing microenvironments for evaluation of bacterial growth. Materials Science and Engineering. C Materials for Biological Applications 35: 185-189
Grossmann, T.; Schleede, S.; Hauser, M.; Beck, T.; Thiel, M.; von Freymann, G.; Mappes, T.; Kalt, H. 2011: Direct laser writing for active and passive high-Q polymer microdisks on silicon. Optics Express 19(12): 11451-11456
Grossmann, T.; Christiansen, M.B.øk.; Peterson, J.; Kalt, H.; Mappes, T.; Kristensen, A. 2012: Direct laser writing for nanoporous liquid core laser sensors. Optics Express 20(16): 17467-17473
Ushiba, S.; Shoji, S.; Masui, K.; Kono, J.; Kawata, S. 2014: Direct laser writing of 3D architectures of aligned carbon nanotubes. Advanced Materials 26(32): 5653-5657
Melissinaki, V.; Gill, A.A.; Ortega, I.; Vamvakaki, M.; Ranella, A.; Haycock, J.W.; Fotakis, C.; Farsari, M.; Claeyssens, F. 2011: Direct laser writing of 3D scaffolds for neural tissue engineering applications. Biofabrication 3(4): 045005
Seo, B.H.; Youn, J.; Shim, M. 2014: Direct laser writing of air-stable p-n junctions in graphene. Acs Nano 8(9): 8831-8836
Caulier, Oélie.; Le Coq, D.; Bychkov, Eène.; Masselin, P. 2013: Direct laser writing of buried waveguide in As2S3 glass using a helical sample translation. Optics Letters 38(20): 4212-4215
Ribierre, J.Charles.; Fujihara, T.; Watanabe, S.; Matsumoto, M.; Muto, T.; Nakao, A.; Aoyama, T. 2010: Direct laser writing of complementary logic gates and lateral p-n diodes in a solution-processible monolithic organic semiconductor. Advanced Materials 22(15): 1722-1726
Smuk, A.Y.; Lawandy, N.M. 1997: Direct laser writing of diffractive optics in glass. Optics Letters 22(13): 1030-1032
El-Kady, M.F.; Kaner, R.B. 2014: Direct laser writing of graphene electronics. Acs Nano 8(9): 8725-8729
Makarovsky, O.; Kumar, S.; Rastelli, A.; Patanè, A.; Eaves, L.; Balanov, A.G.; Schmidt, O.G.; Campion, R.; Foxon, C.T. 2010: Direct laser writing of nanoscale light-emitting diodes. Advanced Materials 22(29): 3176-3180
Rodenas, A.; Benayas, A.; Macdonald, J.R.; Zhang, J.; Tang, D.Y.; Jaque, D.; Kar, A.K. 2011: Direct laser writing of near-IR step-index buried channel waveguides in rare earth doped YAG. Optics Letters 36(17): 3395-3397
Kunwar, P.; Hassinen, J.; Bautista, G.; Ras, R.H.A.; Toivonen, J. 2014: Direct laser writing of photostable fluorescent silver nanoclusters in polymer films. Acs Nano 8(11): 11165-11171
Liao, Y.; Cheng, Y.; Liu, C.; Song, J.; He, F.; Shen, Y.; Chen, D.; Xu, Z.; Fan, Z.; Wei, X.; Sugioka, K.; Midorikawa, K. 2013: Direct laser writing of sub-50 nm nanofluidic channels buried in glass for three-dimensional micro-nanofluidic integration. Lab on a Chip 13(8): 1626-1631
Neumann, J.; Wieking, K.S.; Kip, D. 1999: Direct laser writing of surface reliefs in dry, self-developing photopolymer films. Applied Optics 38(25): 5418-5421
Käpylä, E.; Sedlačík, T.áš; Aydogan, D.B.; Viitanen, J.; Rypáček, F.še.; Kellomäki, M. 2014: Direct laser writing of synthetic poly(amino acid) hydrogels and poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylates by two-photon polymerization. Materials Science and Engineering. C Materials for Biological Applications 43: 280-289
Nishiyama, H.; Miyamoto, I.; Matsumoto, S.-I.; Saito, M.; Kintaka, K.; Nishii, J. 2004: Direct laser writing of thermally stabilized channel waveguides with Bragg gratings. Optics Express 12(19): 4589-4595
Gan, Z.; Cao, Y.; Gu, M. 2013: Direct laser writing of three-dimensional narrow bandgap and high refractive-index PbSe structures in a solution. Optics Express 21(9): 11202-11208
Ventura, M.J.; Bullen, C.; Gu, M. 2007: Direct laser writing of three-dimensional photonic crystal lattices within a PbS quantum-dot-doped polymer material. Optics Express 15(4): 1817-1822
Cao, L.; Yang, S.; Gao, W.; Liu, Z.; Gong, Y.; Ma, L.; Shi, G.; Lei, S.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, S.; Vajtai, R.; Ajayan, P.M. 2013: Direct laser-patterned micro-supercapacitors from paintable MoS2 films. Small 9(17): 2905-2910
Laws, C.J.; Coughlin, D.G.; Lotz, J.C.; Serhan, H.A.; Hu, S.S. 2012: Direct lateral approach to lumbar fusion is a biomechanically equivalent alternative to the anterior approach: an in vitro study. Spine 37(10): 819-825
Joaquim, A.F. 2013: Direct lateral approach to pathology at the craniocervical junction. Neurosurgery 72(2): E318
Shirzadi, A.; Birch, K.; Drazin, D.; Liu, J.C.; Acosta, F. 2012: Direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) at the lumbosacral junction L5-S1. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 19(7): 1022-1025
Knight, R.Q.; Schwaegler, P.; Hanscom, D.; Roh, J. 2009: Direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative conditions: early complication profile. Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques 22(1): 34-37
Lee, Y.S.; Park, S.W.; Kim, Y.B. 2014: Direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion: clinical and radiological outcomes. Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 55(5): 248-254
Hevia, E.; Kennedy, A.R.; Klett, J.; McCall, M.D. 2009: Direct lateral metallation using alkali-metal mediated zincation (AMMZn): SiC-H vs.Si-O bond cleavage. Chemical Communications 22: 3240-3242
Madhavan, K.; Vanni, S.; Williams, S.K. 2014: Direct lateral retroperitoneal approach for the surgical treatment of lumbar discitis and osteomyelitis. Neurosurgical Focus 37(2): E5
Galloway, G.M. 2011: Direct lateral transpsoas approach to interbody fusion--may be risky after all. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society 28(6): 605-606
Papp, D.áv.; Unkelbach, J. 2014: Direct leaf trajectory optimization for volumetric modulated arc therapy planning with sliding window delivery. Medical Physics 41(1): 011701
Liu, S.; Quinn, J.A.; Gutmann, M.U.; Suzuki, T.; Sugiyama, M. 2014: Direct learning of sparse changes in Markov networks by density ratio estimation. Neural Computation 26(6): 1169-1197
Troughton, R.W.; Ritzema, J.; Eigler, N.L.; Melton, I.C.; Krum, H.; Adamson, P.B.; Kar, S.; Shah, P.K.; Whiting, J.S.; Heywood, J.Thomas.; Rosero, S.; Singh, J.P.; Saxon, L.; Matthews, R.; Crozier, I.G.; Abraham, W.T.; Aw, J.; Kaye, D.; Krum, H.; Walton, T.; Doughty, R.; Stewart, J.; Eigler, N.; Kar, S.; Makkar, R.; Shah, P.K.; Siegel, R.; Whiting, J.; Crozier, I.; Lainchbury, J.; Melton, I.; Richards, M.; Ritzema-Carter, J.; Roper, G.; Troughton, R.; Singh, J.; Moore, S.; Abraham, W.T.; Binkley, P.; Bush, C.; Cooke, G.; Feldman, D.; Hart, D.; Haas, G.; Hasan, A.; Houmsse, M.; Leir, C.; Love, C.; Magorien, R.; Mehta, R.; White, B.; Adamson, P.; Harvey, M.; Ahern, T.; Heywood, 2011: Direct left atrial pressure monitoring in severe heart failure: long-term sensor performance. Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research 4(1): 3-13
Rundle, C.H.; Chen, S.-T.; Coen, M.J.; Wergedal, J.E.; Stiffel, V.; Lau, K.-H.W. 2014: Direct lentiviral-cyclooxygenase 2 application to the tendon-bone interface promotes osteointegration and enhances return of the pull-out tensile strength of the tendon graft in a rat model of biceps tenodesis. Plos one 9(5): E98004
Berglund, E.D.; Vianna, C.R.; Donato, J.; Kim, M.H.; Chuang, J.-C.; Lee, C.E.; Lauzon, D.A.; Lin, P.; Brule, L.J.; Scott, M.M.; Coppari, R.; Elmquist, J.K. 2012: Direct leptin action on POMC neurons regulates glucose homeostasis and hepatic insulin sensitivity in mice. Journal of Clinical Investigation 122(3): 1000-1009
Wang, P.M.; Kachel, D.L.; Cesta, M.F.; Martin, W.J. 2011: Direct leukocyte migration across pulmonary arterioles and venules into the perivascular interstitium of murine lungs during bleomycin injury and repair. American Journal of Pathology 178(6): 2560-2572
Rim, Y.S.; Chen, H.; Liu, Y.; Bae, S.-H.; Kim, H.J.; Yang, Y. 2014: Direct light pattern integration of low-temperature solution-processed all-oxide flexible electronics. Acs Nano 8(9): 9680-9686
Fricke-Begemann, T.; Ihlemann, J.ür. 2010: Direct light-coupling to thin-film waveguides using a grating-structured GRIN lens. Optics Express 18(19): 19860-19866
Irvine, S.E.; Staudt, T.; Rittweger, E.; Engelhardt, J.; Hell, S.W. 2008: Direct light-driven modulation of luminescence from Mn-doped ZnSe quantum dots. Angewandte Chemie 47(14): 2685-2688
Ito, K.; Liu, H.; Komiyama, M.; Hayashi, T.; Xu, Y. 2013: Direct light-up of cAMP derivatives in living cells by click reactions. Molecules 18(10): 12909-12915
Cavelti-Weder, C.; Li, W.; Weir, G.C.; Zhou, Q. 2014: Direct lineage conversion of pancreatic exocrine to endocrine Beta cells in vivo with defined factors. Methods in Molecular Biology 1150: 247-262
Kim, H-Seop.; Kim, J.; Jo, Y.; Jeon, D.; Cho, Y.Sook. 2014: Direct lineage reprogramming of mouse fibroblasts to functional midbrain dopaminergic neuronal progenitors. Stem Cell Research 12(1): 60-68
Kim, J.; Ambasudhan, R.; Ding, S. 2012: Direct lineage reprogramming to neural cells. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 22(5): 778-784
Fukuda, M.; Itoh, T. 2008: Direct link between Atg protein and small GTPase Rab: Atg16L functions as a potential Rab33 effector in mammals. Autophagy 4(6): 824-826
Coyle, S.M.; Gilbert, W.V.; Doudna, J.A. 2009: Direct link between RACK1 function and localization at the ribosome in vivo. Molecular and Cellular Biology 29(6): 1626-1634
Schulze, T.F.; Häfliger, P.S.; Niedermayer, C.; Mattenberger, K.; Bubenhofer, S.; Batlogg, B. 2008: Direct link between low-temperature magnetism and high-temperature sodium order in NaxCoO2. Physical Review Letters 100(2): 026407
Borri, S.; Galli, I.; Cappelli, F.; Bismuto, A.; Bartalini, S.; Cancio, P.; Giusfredi, G.; Mazzotti, D.; Faist, J.; De Natale, P. 2012: Direct link of a mid-infrared QCL to a frequency comb by optical injection. Optics Letters 37(6): 1011-1013
Park, K-Tae.; Lee, K.; Shin, K.; Yang, E.Jin.; Hyun, B.; Kim, J-Myung.; Noh, J.Hoon.; Kim, M.; Kong, B.; Choi, D.Han.; Choi, S-Jin.; Jang, P-Guk.; Jeong, H.Jin. 2014: Direct linkage between dimethyl sulfide production and microzooplankton grazing, resulting from prey composition change under high partial pressure of carbon dioxide conditions. Environmental Science and Technology 48(9): 4750-4756
Zhou, Y.; Zhu, W.; Bellur, P.S.; Rewinkel, D.; Becker, D.F. 2008: Direct linking of metabolism and gene expression in the proline utilization a protein from Escherichia coli. Amino Acids 35(4): 711-718
Yoo, G.; Park, W.-K.; Kim, C.W.; Choi, Y.-E.; Yang, J.-W. 2012: Direct lipid extraction from wet Chlamydomonas reinhardtii biomass using osmotic shock. Bioresource Technology 123: 717-722
Ellis, S.R.; Ferris, C.J.; Gilmore, K.J.; Mitchell, T.W.; Blanksby, S.J.; in het Panhuis, M. 2012: Direct lipid profiling of single cells from inkjet printed microarrays. Analytical Chemistry 84(22): 9679-9683
Kwon, W.J.; Kim, H.J.; Jeong, Y.J.; Lee, C.H.; Kim, K.-I.; Kim, Y.D.; Lee, J.H. 2011: Direct lipiodol injection used for a radio-opaque lung marker: stability and histopathologic effects. Experimental Lung Research 37(5): 310-317
Chen, Y.; Wu, Y.; Zhang, P.; Hua, D.; Yang, M.; Li, C.; Chen, Z.; Liu, J. 2012: Direct liquefaction of Dunaliella tertiolecta for bio-oil in sub/supercritical ethanol-water. Bioresource Technology 124: 190-198
Smolenkov, A.D.; Shpigun, O.A. 2012: Direct liquid chromatographic determination of hydrazines: a review. Talanta 102: 93-100
Piñeiro, Z.; Cantos-Villar, E.; Palma, M.; Puertas, B. 2011: Direct liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous quantification of hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol in red wines. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59(21): 11683-11689
Botero-Coy, A.M.; Ibáñez, M.; Sancho, J.V.; Hernández, F. 2013: Direct liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry determination of underivatized glyphosate in rice, maize and soybean. Journal of Chromatography. a 1313: 157-165
Field, C.R.; Lubrano, A.L.; Rogers, D.A.; Giordano, B.C.; Collins, G.E. 2013: Direct liquid deposition calibration method for trace cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine using thermal desorption instrumentation. Journal of Chromatography. a 1282: 178-182
Ducret, A.; Fleuchot, B.; Bergam, P.; Mignot, T.âm. 2013: Direct live imaging of cell-cell protein transfer by transient outer membrane fusion in Myxococcus xanthus. Elife 2: E00868
Shah, M.; Prasad, A.; Rajan, D.; Tan, C.B.; Shah, M.; Raghavan, P.; Mustacchia, P. 2012: Direct liver invasion from a gastric adenocarcinoma as an initial presentation of extranodal tumor spread. Case Reports in Medicine 2012: 651232
Ostman, P.-O.; Hellman, M.; Albrektsson, T.; Sennerby, L. 2007: Direct loading of Nobel Direct and Nobel Perfect one-piece implants: a 1-year prospective clinical and radiographic study. Clinical Oral Implants Research 18(4): 409-418
Ouyang, L.; Green, R.; Feldman, K.E.; Martin, D.C. 2011: Direct local polymerization of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) in rat cortex. Progress in Brain Research 194: 263-271
Al Majed, B.M.; Koonce, S.L.; Eck, D.L.; Murray, P.; Perdikis, G. 2013: Direct long bone invasion by Basal cell carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature. Eplasty 13: E59
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Hata, A.; Katakami, N.; Masuda, Y.; Nanjo, S.; Otsuka, K.; Kaji, R.; Fujita, S.; Iwamori, S.; Mifune, Y.; Orita, H.; Fukae, M.; Yamatani, T. 2011: Direct low-dose fentanyl patch (2.1mg) introduction for opioid naïve outpatients with cancer pain. Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer and ChemoTherapy 38(3): 415-418
Rümmeli, M.H.; Bachmatiuk, A.; Scott, A.; Börrnert, F.; Warner, J.H.; Hoffman, V.; Lin, J.-H.; Cuniberti, G.; Büchner, B. 2010: Direct low-temperature nanographene CVD synthesis over a dielectric insulator. Acs Nano 4(7): 4206-4210
Kaper, H.; Endres, F.; Djerdj, I.; Antonietti, M.; Smarsly, B.M.; Maier, J.; Hu, Y.-S. 2007: Direct low-temperature synthesis of rutile nanostructures in ionic liquids. Small 3(10): 1753-1763
Dobler, B.; Koelbl, O.; Bogner, L.; Pohl, F. 2009: Direct machine parameter optimization for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) of oropharyngeal cancer--a planning study. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics 10(4): 4-15
Clososki, G.C.; Rohbogner, C.J.; Knochel, P. 2007: Direct magnesiation of polyfunctionalized arenes and heteroarenes using (tmp)(2)Mg x 2LiCl. Angewandte Chemie 46(40): 7681-7684
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Grasso, R.F.; Faiella, E.; Cimini, P.; Cazzato, R.L.; Luppi, G.; Martina, F.; Del Vescovo, R.; Beomonte Zobel, B. 2013: Direct magnetic resonance (MR) shoulder arthrography: posterior approach under ultrasonographic guidance and abduction (PAUGA). La Radiologia Medica 118(5): 806-815
Schaefer, S.L.; Baumel, C.A.; Gerbig, J.R.; Forrest, L.J. 2010: Direct magnetic resonance arthrography of the canine shoulder. Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound: the Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association 51(4): 391-396
Palhais, N.S.; Guntern, D.; Kagel, A.; Wettstein, M.; Mouhsine, E.; Theumann, N. 2009: Direct magnetic resonance arthrography of the knee: utility of axial traction. European Radiology 19(9): 2225-2231
Guntern, D.; Becce, F.; Richarme, D.; Palhais, N.S.; Meuli, R.; Theumann, N. 2011: Direct magnetic resonance arthrography of the wrist with axial traction: a feasibility study to assess joint cartilage. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Jmri 34(1): 239-244
Restrepo González, R. 2013: Direct magnetic resonance arthrography, indirect magnetic resonance arthrography, and computed tomography arthrography for rotator cuff lesions and superior labral anterior and posterior tears: state of the art. Radiologia 55(4): 283-293
Wilhelm, M.J.; Ong, H.H.; Wehrli, S.L.; Li, C.; Tsai, P.-H.; Hackney, D.B.; Wehrli, F.W. 2012: Direct magnetic resonance detection of myelin and prospects for quantitative imaging of myelin density. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(24): 9605-9610
Bonini, M.G.; Gabel, S.A.; Ranguelova, K.; Stadler, K.; Derose, E.F.; London, R.E.; Mason, R.P. 2009: Direct magnetic resonance evidence for peroxymonocarbonate involvement in the cu,zn-superoxide dismutase peroxidase catalytic cycle. Journal of Biological Chemistry 284(21): 14618-14627
Porcari, G.; Buzzi, M.; Cugini, F.; Pellicelli, R.; Pernechele, C.; Caron, L.; Brück, E.; Solzi, M. 2013: Direct magnetocaloric characterization and simulation of thermomagnetic cycles. Review of Scientific Instruments 84(7): 073907
Zajac, D.J.; Harris, A.A.; Roberts, J.E.; Martin, G.E. 2009: Direct magnitude estimation of articulation rate in boys with fragile X syndrome. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research: Jslhr 52(5): 1370-1379
Secher, N.; Mikkelsen, M.Marie.; Adelborg, K.; Mikkelsen, R.; Grove, E.Lerkevang.; Rubak, J.Mørch.; Vedsted, P.; Løfgren, B. 2012: Direct mail improves knowledge of basic life support guidelines in general practice: a randomised study. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 20: 72
Hinshaw, L.B.; Jackson, S.A.; Chen, M.Y. 2007: Direct mailing was a successful recruitment strategy for a lung-cancer screening trial. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60(8): 853-857
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Machida, S.; Watanabe-Nakayama, T.; Harada, I.; Afrin, R.; Nakayama, T.; Ikai, A. 2010: Direct manipulation of intracellular stress fibres using a hook-shaped AFM probe. Nanotechnology 21(38): 385102
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Zhang, L.; Zhou, N.; Wang, S. 2014: Direct manipulation of tool-like masters for controlling a master-slave surgical robotic system. International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: Mrcas 10(4): 427-437
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Miaja-Avila, L.; Tritsch, J.R.; Wolcott, A.; Chan, W.-L.; Nelson, C.A.; Zhu, X.-Y. 2012: Direct mapping of hot-electron relaxation and multiplication dynamics in PbSe quantum dots. Nano Letters 12(3): 1588-1591
Jesse, S.; Balke, N.; Eliseev, E.; Tselev, A.; Dudney, N.J.; Morozovska, A.N.; Kalinin, S.V. 2011: Direct mapping of ionic transport in a Si anode on the nanoscale: time domain electrochemical strain spectroscopy study. Acs Nano 5(12): 9682-9695
Lee, S.-W.; Lopez, J.; Saraf, R.F. 2013: Direct mapping of local redox current density on a monolith electrode by laser scanning. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 47: 408-414
Van Zanten, T.S.; Gómez, J.; Manzo, C.; Cambi, A.; Buceta, J.; Reigada, R.; Garcia-Parajo, M.F. 2010: Direct mapping of nanoscale compositional connectivity on intact cell membranes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(35): 15437-15442
Xu, R.; Hong, H.; Zschack, P.; Chiang, T.-C. 2008: Direct mapping of phonon dispersion relations in copper by momentum-resolved x-ray calorimetry. Physical Review Letters 101(8): 085504
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Zhou, Q.; Kato, Y.; Kawashima, N.; Trivedi, N. 2009: Direct mapping of the finite temperature phase diagram of strongly correlated quantum models. Physical Review Letters 103(8): 085701
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Flacco, C.J.; Whiteson, D.; Tait, T.M.P.; Bar-Shalom, S. 2010: Direct mass limits for chiral fourth-generation quarks in all mixing scenarios. Physical Review Letters 105(11): 111801
Ryjkov, V.L.; Brodeur, M.; Brunner, T.; Smith, M.; Ringle, R.; Lapierre, A.; Ames, F.; Bricault, P.; Dombsky, M.; Delheij, P.; Lunney, D.; Pearson, M.R.; Dilling, J. 2008: Direct mass measurement of the four-neutron halo nuclide 8He. Physical Review Letters 101(1): 012501
Gaudefroy, L.; Mittig, W.; Orr, N.A.; Varet, S.; Chartier, M.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Ebran, J.P.; Fernández-Domínguez, B.; Frémont, G.; Gangnant, P.; Gillibert, A.; Grévy, S.; Libin, J.F.; Maslov, V.A.; Paschalis, S.; Pietras, B.; Penionzhkevich, Y.-E.; Spitaels, C.; Villari, A.C.C. 2012: Direct mass measurements of 19B, 22C, 29F, 31Ne, 34Na and other light exotic nuclei. Physical Review Letters 109(20): 202503
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Ma, L.; Xin, B.; Chen, Y. 2012: Direct mass spectrometric detection of trace explosives in soil samples. Analyst 137(7): 1730-1736
Kai, M.; González, I.; Genilloud, O.; Singh, S.B.; Svatoš, A.š 2012: Direct mass spectrometric screening of antibiotics from bacterial surfaces using liquid extraction surface analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 26(20): 2477-2482
Ren, Y.; McLuckey, M.N.; Liu, J.; Ouyang, Z. 2014: Direct mass spectrometry analysis of biofluid samples using slug-flow microextraction nano-electrospray ionization. Angewandte Chemie 53(51): 14124-14127
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Nunes-Miranda, J.D.; Santos, H.M.; Reboiro-Jato, M.; Fdez-Riverola, F.; Igrejas, G.; Lodeiro, C.; Capelo, J.L. 2012: Direct matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry-based analysis of wine as a powerful tool for classification purposes. Talanta 91: 72-76
Zaluzec, E.J.; Gage, D.A.; Allison, J.; Throck Watson, J. 1994: Direct matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometric analysis of proteins immobilized on nylon-based membranes. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 5(4): 230-237
Vlek, A.L.M.; Bonten, M.J.M.; Boel, C.H.E. 2012: Direct matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry improves appropriateness of antibiotic treatment of bacteremia. Plos one 7(3): E32589
Lunsford, K.A.; Peter, G.F.; Yost, R.A. 2011: Direct matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric imaging of cellulose and hemicellulose in Populus tissue. Analytical Chemistry 83(17): 6722-6730
Hasan, M.K.; Anas, E.M.A.; Alam, S.K.; Lee, S.Y. 2012: Direct mean strain estimation for elastography using nearest-neighbor weighted least-squares approach in the frequency domain. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 38(10): 1759-1777
Asai, D.; Tokunaga, T.; Kondo, K.; Kawaguchi, T.; Takayanagi, S.; Shinmyozu, T.; Nakai, M.; Yakabe, Y.; Shimohigashi, Y. 2008: Direct measure of fluorescence intensity for efficient receptor-binding assay: conjugates of ethinylcarboxyestradiol and 5(and 6)-carboxyfluorescein via alpha, omega-diaminoalkanes as a tracer for estrogen receptor. Journal of Biochemistry 143(6): 781-792
Zhang, H.; Tian, J.; Zhen, Z. 2007: Direct measure of local region functional connectivity by multivariate correlation technique. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference 2007: 5231-5234
Montazeri, M.; Fickenscher, M.; Smith, L.M.; Jackson, H.E.; Yarrison-Rice, J.; Kang, J.H.; Gao, Q.; Tan, H.H.; Jagadish, C.; Guo, Y.; Zou, J.; Pistol, M.-E.; Pryor, C.E. 2010: Direct measure of strain and electronic structure in GaAs/GaP core-shell nanowires. Nano Letters 10(3): 880-886
Awadalla, P.; Gauthier, J.; Myers, R.A.; Casals, F.; Hamdan, F.F.; Griffing, A.R.; Côté, M.él.; Henrion, E.; Spiegelman, D.; Tarabeux, J.; Piton, A.él.; Yang, Y.; Boyko, A.; Bustamante, C.; Xiong, L.; Rapoport, J.L.; Addington, A.é M.; DeLisi, J.L.E.; Krebs, M.-O.; Joober, R.; Millet, B.; Fombonne, E.; Mottron, L.; Zilversmit, M.; Keebler, J.; Daoud, H.; Marineau, C.; Roy-Gagnon, M.-H.él.èn.; Dubé, M.-P.; Eyre-Walker, A.; Drapeau, P.; Stone, E.A.; Lafrenière, R.G.; Rouleau, G.A. 2010: Direct measure of the de novo mutation rate in autism and schizophrenia cohorts. American Journal of Human Genetics 87(3): 316-324
Marchetti, A.; Domenici, V.; Novotna, V.; Lelli, M.; Cifelli, M.; Lesage, A.; Veracini, C.A. 2010: Direct measure of the tilt angle in de Vries-type liquid crystals through NMR spectroscopy. Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 11(8): 1641-1645
Bernstein, H.C.; Kesaano, M.; Moll, K.; Smith, T.; Gerlach, R.; Carlson, R.P.; Miller, C.D.; Peyton, B.M.; Cooksey, K.E.; Gardner, R.D.; Sims, R.C. 2014: Direct measurement and characterization of active photosynthesis zones inside wastewater remediating and biofuel producing microalgal biofilms. Bioresource Technology 156: 206-215
Bosia, F.; Argiolas, N.; Bazzan, M.; Fairchild, B.A.; Greentree, A.D.; Lau, D.W.M.; Olivero, P.; Picollo, F.; Rubanov, S.; Prawer, S. 2013: Direct measurement and modelling of internal strains in ion-implanted diamond. Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 25(38): 385403
Feng, C.; Tollin, G.; Hazzard, J.T.; Nahm, N.J.; Guillemette, J.G.; Salerno, J.C.; Ghosh, D.K. 2007: Direct measurement by laser flash photolysis of intraprotein electron transfer in a rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase. Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(17): 5621-5629
Sheikh, M.; Riza, N.A. 2009: Direct measurement high resolution wide range extreme temperature optical sensor using an all-silicon carbide probe. Optics Letters 34(9): 1402-1404
Iveland, J.; Martinelli, L.; Peretti, J.; Speck, J.S.; Weisbuch, C. 2013: Direct measurement of Auger electrons emitted from a semiconductor light-emitting diode under electrical injection: identification of the dominant mechanism for efficiency droop. Physical Review Letters 110(17): 177406
Taatjes, C.A.; Welz, O.; Eskola, A.J.; Savee, J.D.; Osborn, D.L.; Lee, E.P.F.; Dyke, J.M.; Mok, D.W.K.; Shallcross, D.E.; Percival, C.J. 2012: Direct measurement of Criegee intermediate (CH2OO) reactions with acetone, acetaldehyde, and hexafluoroacetone. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 14(30): 10391-10400
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Verbelen, C.; Dufrêne, Y.F. 2009: Direct measurement of Mycobacterium-fibronectin interactions. Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences from Nano to Macro 1(4): 296-300
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Bohlin, A.; Nordström, E.; Patterson, B.D.; Bengtsson, P.-E.; Kliewer, C.J. 2012: Direct measurement of S-branch N2-H2 Raman linewidths using time-resolved pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Physics 137(7): 074302
Sun, L.; Mizuno, Y.; Iwamoto, M.; Goto, T.; Koguchi, Y.; Miyamoto, Y.; Tsuboi, K.; Chida, K.; Moritake, T. 2014: Direct measurement of a patient's entrance skin dose during pediatric cardiac catheterization. Journal of Radiation Research 55(6): 1122-1130
Bromage, J.; Walmsley, I.A.; Stroud, C.R. 1999: Direct measurement of a photoconductive receiver's temporal response by dithered-edge sampling. Optics Letters 24(23): 1771-1773
Jia, B.; Gan, X.; Gu, M. 2005: Direct measurement of a radially polarized focused evanescent field facilitated by a single LCD. Optics Express 13(18): 6821-6827
Sarfehnia, A.; Kawrakow, I.; Seuntjens, J. 2010: Direct measurement of absorbed dose to water in HDR 192Ir brachytherapy: water calorimetry, ionization chamber, Gafchromic film, and TG-43. Medical Physics 37(4): 1924-1932
Brooks, A.F.; Hosken, D.; Munch, J.; Veitch, P.J.; Yan, Z.; Zhao, C.; Fan, Y.; Ju, L.; Blair, D.; Willems, P.; Slagmolen, B.; Degallaix, J. 2009: Direct measurement of absorption-induced wavefront distortion in high optical power systems. Applied Optics 48(2): 355-364
Liaw, C.-K.; Wu, T.-Y.; Yang, R.-S.; Hsu, Y.-N.; Wu, T.-J.; Hou, S.-M. 2011: Direct measurement of acetabular radiographic version using an ordinary goniometer: a precision study. Computer Aided Surgery: Official Journal of the International Society for Computer Aided Surgery 16(4): 196-201
Kurian, A.; Prasad, S.; Dhinojwala, A. 2010: Direct measurement of acid-base interaction energy at solid interfaces. Langmuir 26(23): 17804-17807
Park, J.B.; Bae, S.H.; Jang, S.-M.; Noh, W.J.; Hong, J.-H.; Yoon, K.D.; Kang, H.C.; Bae, S.K. 2013: Direct measurement of active thiol metabolite levels of clopidogrel in human plasma using tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine as a reducing agent by LC-MS/MS. Journal of Separation Science 36(14): 2306-2314
Yoon, T.; Shin, W.C.; Kim, T.Y.; Mun, J.H.; Kim, T.-S.; Cho, B.J. 2012: Direct measurement of adhesion energy of monolayer graphene as-grown on copper and its application to renewable transfer process. Nano Letters 12(3): 1448-1452
Silberberg, A.R.; Sandberg, K. 2006: Direct measurement of airway pressure in ventilated very low birth weight infants. Conference Proceedings: .. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference 2006: 2868-2870
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Hibbard, T.; Crowley, K.; Killard, A.J. 2013: Direct measurement of ammonia in simulated human breath using an inkjet-printed polyaniline nanoparticle sensor. Analytica Chimica Acta 779: 56-63
Gilbertson, S.; Feng, X.; Khan, S.; Chini, M.; Wang, H.; Mashiko, H.; Chang, Z. 2009: Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams. Optics Letters 34(16): 2390-2392
Huang, P.; Breuer, K.S. 2007: Direct measurement of anisotropic near-wall hindered diffusion using total internal reflection velocimetry. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 76(4 Part 2): 046307
Iwamoto, Y.; Inage, A.; Tomlinson, G.; Lee, K.J.; Grosse-Wortmann, L.; Seed, M.; Wan, A.; Yoo, S.-J. 2014: Direct measurement of aortic regurgitation with phase-contrast magnetic resonance is inaccurate: proposal of an alternative method of quantification. Pediatric Radiology 44(11): 1358-1369
Michelman-Ribeiro, A.; Mazza, D.; Rosales, T.; Stasevich, T.J.; Boukari, H.; Rishi, V.; Vinson, C.; Knutson, J.R.; McNally, J.G. 2009: Direct measurement of association and dissociation rates of DNA binding in live cells by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. Biophysical Journal 97(1): 337-346
Brekke, E.; Walls, A.B.; Nørfeldt, L.; Schousboe, A.; Waagepetersen, H.S.; Sonnewald, U. 2012: Direct measurement of backflux between oxaloacetate and fumarate following pyruvate carboxylation. Glia 60(1): 147-158
Chen, G.; Sun, G.; Ding, Y.J.; Prete, P.; Miccoli, I.; Lovergine, N.; Shtrikman, H.; Kung, P.; Livneh, T.; Spanier, J.E. 2013: Direct measurement of band edge discontinuity in individual core-shell nanowires by photocurrent spectroscopy. Nano Letters 13(9): 4152-4157
Tay, A.; Ng, T.W.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, S. 2008: Direct measurement of beam size in a spectroscopic ellipsometry setup. Review of Scientific Instruments 79(6): 063101
Smith, R.C.G.; Sarangan, A.M.; Jiang, Z.; Marciante, J.R. 2012: Direct measurement of bend-induced mode deformation in large-mode-area fibers. Optics Express 20(4): 4436-4443
Dou, B.; Luo, Y.; Chen, X.; Shi, B.; Du, Y.; Gao, Z.; Zhao, W.; Lin, B. 2015: Direct measurement of beta-agonists in swine hair extract in multiplexed mode by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and microfluidic paper. Electrophoresis 36(3): 485-487
Fazio, E.; Ramadan, W.A.; Bertolotti, M.; Righini, G.C. 1996: Direct measurement of birefringence in ion-exchanged planar waveguides. Optics Letters 21(16): 1238-1240
Bartoli, C.R.; Dassanayaka, S.; Brittian, K.; Nadar, A.C.; Ismahil, M.A.; Koenig, S.C.; Prabhu, S.D. 2012: Direct measurement of blood flow in microvessels grown in Matrigel in vivo. Journal of Surgical Research 172(1): E55-E60
Green, R.S.; Iglauer, A.; McGUIRE, J. 1947: Direct measurement of blood pressure in the radial and femoral arteries during and after tilting. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting. Central Society for Clinical Research 20: 48
Freeman, N.E. 1947: Direct measurement of blood pressure within arterial aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas. Surgery 21(5): 646-658
Fernández, R.C.G.üe.; Díez Pérez, A. 2011: Direct measurement of bone mechanical strength. Reumatologia Clinica 7(3): 154-155
Carvalho Ferreira, P. 1947: Direct measurement of calcium ion by oxalic acid. Revista de Quimica E Farmacia 12(4): 17-20
Ying, Z.Charles.; Reitsma, M.G.; Gates, R.S. 2007: Direct measurement of cantilever spring constants and correction for cantilever irregularities using an instrumented indenter. Review of Scientific Instruments 78(6): 063708
Chu, I.M.; Bussineau, C.M.; Papoutsakis, E.T. 1985: Direct measurement of carbon substrate oxidation and incorporation patterns in RuMP-type methylotrophs: Chemostatic cultures of Methylomonas L3. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 27(12): 1623-1633
Schiek, R.; Sundheimer, M.L.; Kim, D.Y.; Baek, Y.; Stegeman, G.I.; Seibert, H.; Sohler, W. 1994: Direct measurement of cascaded nonlinearity in lithium niobate channel waveguides. Optics Letters 19(23): 1949-1951
Pratt, M.R.; Sekedat, M.D.; Chiang, K.P.; Muir, T.W. 2009: Direct measurement of cathepsin B activity in the cytosol of apoptotic cells by an activity-based probe. Chemistry and Biology 16(9): 1001-1012
Deng, Y.; Sun, M.; Shaevitz, J.W. 2011: Direct measurement of cell wall stress stiffening and turgor pressure in live bacterial cells. Physical Review Letters 107(15): 158101
Breitbach, S.; Sterzing, B.ör.; Magallanes, C.; Tug, S.; Simon, P. 2014: Direct measurement of cell-free DNA from serially collected capillary plasma during incremental exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 117(2): 119-130
Wang, N.; Zhang, Y.; Yano, K.; Durkan, C.; Plank, N.; Welland, M.E.; Unalan, H.E.; Mann, M.; Amaratunga, G.A.J.; Milne, W.I. 2009: Direct measurement of charge transport through helical poly(ethyl propiolate) nanorods wired into gaps in single walled carbon nanotubes. Nanotechnology 20(10): 105201
Cooley, K.A.; Pearl, T.P.; Varady, M.J.; Mantooth, B.A.; Willis, M.P. 2014: Direct measurement of chemical distributions in heterogeneous coatings. Acs Applied Materials and Interfaces 6(18): 16289-16296
Dayeh, S.A.; Tang, W.; Boioli, F.; Kavanagh, K.L.; Zheng, H.; Wang, J.; Mack, N.H.; Swadener, G.; Huang, J.Y.; Miglio, L.; Tu, K.-N.; Picraux, S.T. 2013: Direct measurement of coherency limits for strain relaxation in heteroepitaxial core/shell nanowires. Nano Letters 13(5): 1869-1876
Jafarzadeh, S.; Claesson, P.M.; Pan, J.; Thormann, E. 2014: Direct measurement of colloidal interactions between polyaniline surfaces in a UV-curable coating formulation: the effect of surface hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity and resin composition. Langmuir 30(4): 1045-1054
Binks, B.Paul.; Isa, L.; Tyowua, A.Terhemen. 2013: Direct measurement of contact angles of silica particles in relation to double inversion of pickering emulsions. Langmuir 29(16): 4923-4927
Miaja-Avila, L.; Saathoff, G.; Mathias, S.; Yin, J.; La-o-vorakiat, C.; Bauer, M.; Aeschlimann, M.; Murnane, M.M.; Kapteyn, H.C. 2008: Direct measurement of core-level relaxation dynamics on a surface-adsorbate system. Physical Review Letters 101(4): 046101
Eckenhoff, J.E.; Landmesser, C.M. 1946: Direct measurement of coronary blood flow in the anesthetized dog. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 1: 123
Liu, J.; Nicholson, C.E.; Cooper, S.J. 2007: Direct measurement of critical nucleus size in confined volumes. Langmuir 23(13): 7286-7292
Spolaore, M.; Vianello, N.; Agostini, M.; Cavazzana, R.; Martines, E.; Scarin, P.; Serianni, G.; Spada, E.; Zuin, M.; Antoni, V. 2009: Direct measurement of current filament structures in a magnetic-confinement fusion device. Physical Review Letters 102(16): 165001
Sochnikov, I.; Bestwick, A.J.; Williams, J.R.; Lippman, T.M.; Fisher, I.R.; Goldhaber-Gordon, D.; Kirtley, J.R.; Moler, K.A. 2013: Direct measurement of current-phase relations in superconductor/topological insulator/superconductor junctions. Nano Letters 13(7): 3086-3092
Wang, X.; Hilton, D.J.; Reno, J.L.; Mittleman, D.M.; Kono, J. 2010: Direct measurement of cyclotron coherence times of high-mobility two-dimensional electron gases. Optics Express 18(12): 12354-12361
Yamada, T.; Ejiri, A.; Shimada, Y.; Oosako, T.; Tsujimura, J.; Takase, Y.; Kasahara, H. 2007: Direct measurement of density oscillation induced by a radio-frequency wave. Review of Scientific Instruments 78(8): 083502
Knoben, W.; Besseling, N.A.M.; Stuart, M.A.C. 2007: Direct measurement of depletion and hydrodynamic forces in solutions of a reversible supramolecular polymer. Langmuir 23(11): 6095-6105
Baenziger, J.E.; Smith, I.C.; Hill, R.J.; Jarrell, H.C. 1988: Direct measurement of deuterium-deuterium dipolar coupling and analysis of the ordering of a specifically deuteriated diunsaturated lipid. Journal of the American Chemical Society 110(24): 8229-8231
Alevra, M.; Schwartz, P.; Schild, D. 2012: Direct measurement of diffusion in olfactory cilia using a modified FRAP approach. Plos one 7(7): E39628
Liu, Y.; Prestegard, J.H. 2008: Direct measurement of dipole-dipole/CSA cross-correlated relaxation by a constant-time experiment. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 193(1): 23-31
Harvey, P.D. 2009: Direct measurement of disability. Psychiatry 6(10): 43-46
Saito, H.; Kurata, H. 2014: Direct measurement of dispersion relation for surface plasmon-polaritons on silver nanoantennas. Microscopy 63(2): 155-159
Wu, J.; Chen, N.; Hong, H.; Lu, T.; Wang, L.; Chen, Z. 2013: Direct measurement of dissolved N₂ and denitrification along a subtropical river-estuary gradient, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin 66(1-2): 125-134
Anderson, T.H.; Donaldson, S.H.; Zeng, H.; Israelachvili, J.N. 2010: Direct measurement of double-layer, van der Waals, and polymer depletion attraction forces between supported cationic bilayers. Langmuir 26(18): 14458-14465
Sanford, N.A.; Robinson, W.C. 1987: Direct measurement of effective indices of guided modes in LiNbO(3) waveguides using the Cerenkov second harmonic. Optics Letters 12(6): 445-447
Frick, P.; Noskov, V.; Denisov, S.; Stepanov, R. 2010: Direct measurement of effective magnetic diffusivity in turbulent flow of liquid sodium. Physical Review Letters 105(18): 184502
Marsh, R.A.; Hodgkiss, J.M.; Friend, R.H. 2010: Direct measurement of electric field-assisted charge separation in polymer:fullerene photovoltaic diodes. Advanced Materials 22(33): 3672-3676
Yan, J.; Jiao, M.; Rao, L.; Wu, S.-T. 2010: Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite. Optics Express 18(11): 11450-11455
Liu, S.-P.; Weisbrod, S.H.; Tang, Z.; Marx, A.; Scheer, E.; Erbe, A. 2010: Direct measurement of electrical transport through G-quadruplex DNA with mechanically controllable break junction electrodes. Angewandte Chemie 49(19): 3313-3316
Artés, J.M.; Díez-Pérez, I.; Sanz, F.; Gorostiza, P. 2011: Direct measurement of electron transfer distance decay constants of single redox proteins by electrochemical tunneling spectroscopy. Acs Nano 5(3): 2060-2066
Nishino, T.; Hayashi, N.; Bui, P.T. 2013: Direct measurement of electron transfer through a hydrogen bond between single molecules. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(12): 4592-4595
Chang, J-Ming.; Chang, W-Yu.; Chen, F-Rong.; Tseng, F-Gang. 2013: Direct measurement of electrostatic fields using single Teflon nanoparticle attached to AFM tip. Nanoscale Research Letters 8(1): 519
Melloni, A.; Frasca, M.; Garavaglia, A.; Tonini, A.; Martinelli, M. 1998: Direct measurement of electrostriction in optical fibers. Optics Letters 23(9): 691-693
Ishiguro, M.; Hanada, K.; Liu, H.; Zushi, H.; Yoshida, N.; Tokunaga, T.; Nakamura, K.; Fujisawa, A.; Idei, H.; Sakamoto, M.; Hasegawa, M.; Tashima, S.; Takase, Y.; Maekawa, T.; Kishimoto, Y.; Mitarai, O.; Kawasaki, S.; Nakashima, H.; Higashijima, A. 2011: Direct measurement of energetic electron flow in Q-shu University experiment with steady-state spherical tokamak. Review of Scientific Instruments 82(11): 113509
Döppner, T.; Thomas, C.A.; Divol, L.; Dewald, E.L.; Celliers, P.M.; Bradley, D.K.; Callahan, D.A.; Dixit, S.N.; Harte, J.A.; Glenn, S.M.; Haan, S.W.; Izumi, N.; Kyrala, G.A.; LaCaille, G.; Kline, J.K.; Kruer, W.L.; Ma, T.; MacKinnon, A.J.; McNaney, J.M.; Meezan, N.B.; Robey, H.F.; Salmonson, J.D.; Suter, L.J.; Zimmerman, G.B.; Edwards, M.J.; MacGowan, B.J.; Kilkenny, J.D.; Lindl, J.D.; Van Wonterghem, B.M.; Atherton, L.J.; Moses, E.I.; Glenzer, S.H.; Landen, O.L. 2012: Direct measurement of energetic electrons coupling to an imploding low-adiabat inertial confinement fusion capsule. Physical Review Letters 108(13): 135006
Timohhina, N.; Guzun, R.; Tepp, K.; Monge, C.; Varikmaa, M.; Vija, H.; Sikk, P.; Kaambre, T.; Sackett, D.; Saks, V. 2009: Direct measurement of energy fluxes from mitochondria into cytoplasm in permeabilized cardiac cells in situ: some evidence for Mitochondrial Interactosome. Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 41(3): 259-275
Vörös, Z.; Snoke, D.W.; Pfeiffer, L.; West, K. 2009: Direct measurement of exciton-exciton interaction energy. Physical Review Letters 103(1): 016403
Kim, H.; Kim, S.Y.; Nam, S.; Ronnett, G.V.; Han, H.S.; Moon, C.; Kim, Y. 2012: Direct measurement of extracellular electrical signals from mammalian olfactory sensory neurons in planar triode devices. Analyst 137(9): 2047-2053
Feng, Y.; Pan, H.; Liu, J.; Chen, C.; Wu, J.; Zeng, H. 2011: Direct measurement of field-free molecular alignment by spatial (de)focusing effects. Optics Express 19(4): 2852-2857
Chiu, C-Wen.; Ducker, W.A. 2014: Direct measurement of field-induced polarization forces between particles in air. Langmuir 30(1): 140-148
McMillin, G.A.; Travis, J.J.; Hunt, J.W. 2009: Direct measurement of free copper in serum or plasma ultrafiltrate. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 131(2): 160-165
Ray, J.A.; Kushnir, M.M.; Bunker, A.; Rockwood, A.L.; Meikle, A.Wayne. 2012: Direct measurement of free estradiol in human serum by equilibrium dialysis-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and reference intervals of free estradiol in women. Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 413(11-12): 1008-1014
Guo, S.; Gao, M.; Xiong, X.; Wang, Y.J.; Wang, X.; Sheng, P.; Tong, P. 2013: Direct measurement of friction of a fluctuating contact line. Physical Review Letters 111(2): 026101
Chambers, A.K.; Strosher, M.; Wootton, T.; Moncrieff, J.; McCready, P. 2008: Direct measurement of fugitive emissions of hydrocarbons from a refinery. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 58(8): 1047-1056
Wang, X.; Matei, E.; Gronenborn, A.M.; Ramström, O.; Yan, M. 2012: Direct measurement of glyconanoparticles and lectin interactions by isothermal titration calorimetry. Analytical Chemistry 84(10): 4248-4252
Brown, D.P.; Walker, M.A.; Urbas, A.M.; Kildishev, A.V.; Xiao, S.; Drachev, V.P. 2012: Direct measurement of group delay dispersion in metamagnetics for ultrafast pulse shaping. Optics Express 20(21): 23082-23087
Deng, Y.; Yang, W.; Zhou, C.; Wang, X.; Tao, J.; Kong, W.; Zhang, Z. 2008: Direct measurement of group delay with joint time-frequency analysis of a white-light spectral interferogram. Optics Letters 33(23): 2855-2857
Nakamura, S.; Leshansky, A.; Magariyama, Y.; Namba, K.; Kudo, S. 2014: Direct measurement of helical cell motion of the spirochete leptospira. Biophysical Journal 106(1): 47-54
Omori, S.; Ishizaki, Y.; Sugo, H.; Yoshimoto, J.; Imamura, H.; Yamataka, A.; Kawasaki, S. 2010: Direct measurement of hepatic blood flow during living donor liver transplantation in children. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 45(3): 545-548
Godfrey, A.; Conway, R.; Meagher, D.; OLaighin, G. 2008: Direct measurement of human movement by accelerometry. Medical Engineering and Physics 30(10): 1364-1386
Heuser, B.J.; Trinkle, D.R.; Jalarvo, N.; Serio, J.; Schiavone, E.J.; Mamontov, E.; Tyagi, M. 2014: Direct measurement of hydrogen dislocation pipe diffusion in deformed polycrystalline Pd using quasielastic neutron scattering. Physical Review Letters 113(2): 025504
Alsteens, D.; Dague, E.; Rouxhet, P.G.; Baulard, A.R.; Dufrêne, Y.F. 2007: Direct measurement of hydrophobic forces on cell surfaces using AFM. Langmuir 23(24): 11977-11979
Chang, C.; Anderson, E.; Naulleau, P.; Gullikson, E.; Goldberg, K.; Attwood, D. 2002: Direct measurement of index of refraction in the extreme-ultraviolet wavelength region with a novel interferometer. Optics letters 27(12): 1028-1030
Koren, E.; Elias, G.; Boag, A.; Hemesath, E.R.; Lauhon, L.J.; Rosenwaks, Y. 2011: Direct measurement of individual deep traps in single silicon nanowires. Nano Letters 11(6): 2499-2502
Minamisawa, R.A.; Rubo, R.A.; Seraide, R.M.; Rocha, J.R.O.; Almeida, A. 2010: Direct measurement of instantaneous source speed for a HDR brachytherapy unit using an optical fiber based detector. Medical Physics 37(10): 5407-5411
Frostad, J.M.; Seth, M.; Bernasek, S.M.; Leal, L.G. 2014: Direct measurement of interaction forces between charged multilamellar vesicles†. Soft Matter 10(39): 7769-7780
Iijima, M.; Yoshimura, M.; Tsuchiya, T.; Tsukada, M.; Ichikawa, H.; Fukumori, Y.; Kamiya, H. 2008: Direct measurement of interactions between stimulation-responsive drug delivery vehicles and artificial mucin layers by colloid probe atomic force microscopy. Langmuir 24(8): 3987-3992
López-Barrón, C.R.; Macosko, C.W. 2010: Direct measurement of interface anisotropy of bicontinuous structures via 3D image analysis. Langmuir 26(17): 14284-14293
Bender, H.; Courteille, P.W.; Marzok, C.; Zimmermann, C.; Slama, S. 2010: Direct measurement of intermediate-range Casimir-Polder potentials. Physical Review Letters 104(8): 083201
Chen, L.; Martin, S.; Bernard, J.; Brédy, R. 2007: Direct measurement of internal energy of fragmented C60. Physical Review Letters 98(19): 193401
Walbrecker, J.O.; Kalisky, B.; Grombacher, D.; Kirtley, J.; Moler, K.A.; Knight, R. 2014: Direct measurement of internal magnetic fields in natural sands using scanning SQUID microscopy. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 242: 10-17
Pracca, F.F.; Biestro, A.A.; Moraes, L.; Puppo, C.B.; Calvo, S.M.; Gorrasi, J.; Cancela, M. 2007: Direct measurement of intra-abdominal pressure with a solid microtranducer. Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 21(3): 167-170
Petrie, R.J.; Koo, H. 2014: Direct measurement of intracellular pressure. Current Protocols in Cell Biology 63: 12.9.1-9
Wilson, M.H.; Milledge, J. 2008: Direct measurement of intracranial pressure at high altitude and correlation of ventricular size with acute mountain sickness: Brian Cummins' results from the 1985 Kishtwar expedition. Neurosurgery 63(5): 970
Henderson, J.T.; Shannon, G.; Veress, A.I.; Neu, C.P. 2013: Direct measurement of intranuclear strain distributions and RNA synthesis in single cells embedded within native tissue. Biophysical Journal 105(10): 2252-2261
Ruffoni, M.P.; Pascarelli, S.; Grössinger, R.; Turtelli, R.S.; Bormio-Nunes, C.; Pettifer, R.F. 2008: Direct measurement of intrinsic atomic scale magnetostriction. Physical Review Letters 101(14): 147202
Stavrinidou, E.; Leleux, P.; Rajaona, H.; Khodagholy, D.; Rivnay, J.; Lindau, M.; Sanaur, S.éb.; Malliaras, G.G. 2013: Direct measurement of ion mobility in a conducting polymer. Advanced Materials 25(32): 4488-4493
Ishikawa, M.; Ichikawa, M.; Miura, K. 2012: Direct measurement of lateral force using dual cantilevers. Sensors 12(3): 3200-3203
Hannah, D.C.; Brown, K.E.; Young, R.M.; Wasielewski, M.R.; Schatz, G.C.; Co, D.T.; Schaller, R.D. 2013: Direct measurement of lattice dynamics and optical phonon excitation in semiconductor nanocrystals using femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters 111(10): 107401
Shahgaldi, K.; Manouras, A.; Brodin, L.-Åk.; Winter, R. 2010: Direct measurement of left ventricular outflow tract area using three-dimensional echocardiography in biplane mode improves accuracy of stroke volume assessment. Echocardiography 27(9): 1078-1085
Khaw, A.V.; von Bardeleben, R.S.; Strasser, C.; Mohr-Kahaly, S.; Blankenberg, S.; Espinola-Klein, C.; Münzel, T.F.; Schnabel, R. 2009: Direct measurement of left ventricular outflow tract by transthoracic real-time 3D-echocardiography increases accuracy in assessment of aortic valve stenosis. International Journal of Cardiology 136(1): 64-71
Hodgman, S.S.; Dall, R.G.; Manning, A.G.; Baldwin, K.G.H.; Truscott, A.G. 2011: Direct measurement of long-range third-order coherence in Bose-Einstein condensates. Science 331(6020): 1046-1049
Banks, M.; Wilson, G. 2007: Direct measurement of low-density lipoprotein in diabetic patients with end-stage renal failure. British Journal of Biomedical Science 64(4): 175
Agrawal, M.; Vasyuchka, V.I.; Serga, A.A.; Karenowska, A.D.; Melkov, G.A.; Hillebrands, B. 2013: Direct measurement of magnon temperature: new insight into magnon-phonon coupling in magnetic insulators. Physical Review Letters 111(10): 107204
Abbene, L.; Gerardi, G.; Principato, F.; Del Sordo, S.; Raso, G. 2012: Direct measurement of mammographic X-ray spectra with a digital CdTe detection system. Sensors 12(6): 8390-8404
Leight, J.L.; Alge, D.L.; Maier, A.J.; Anseth, K.S. 2013: Direct measurement of matrix metalloproteinase activity in 3D cellular microenvironments using a fluorogenic peptide substrate. Biomaterials 34(30): 7344-7352
Hong, B.; Nauss, R.; Harwood, I.M.; Miller, S.M. 2010: Direct measurement of mercury(II) removal from organomercurial lyase (MerB) by tryptophan fluorescence: NmerA domain of coevolved γ-proteobacterial mercuric ion reductase (MerA) is more efficient than MerA catalytic core or glutathione. Biochemistry 49(37): 8187-8196
Wu, Y.; Bottom, A.; Zhang, Z.; Ombrello, T.M.; Katta, V.R. 2011: Direct measurement of methyl radicals in a methane/air flame at atmospheric pressure by radar REMPI. Optics Express 19(24): 23997-24004
Sanborn, C.; Ludwig, K.F.; Rogers, M.C.; Sutton, M. 2011: Direct measurement of microstructural avalanches during the martensitic transition of cobalt using coherent x-ray scattering. Physical Review Letters 107(1): 015702
Paeng, K.; Swallen, S.F.; Ediger, M.D. 2011: Direct measurement of molecular motion in freestanding polystyrene thin films. Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(22): 8444-8447
Vogt, S.; Troitzsch, D.; Spath, S.; Portig, I.; Moosdorf, R. 2009: Direct measurement of myocardial oxygen tension and high energy phosphate content under varying ventilatory conditions in rabbits. Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering 54(4): 179-186
Kamimura, S. 1987: Direct measurement of nanometric displacement under an optical microscope. Applied Optics 26(16): 3425-3427
Mochizuki, S.; Takayama, A.; Sasaki, T.; Horike, H.; Kashihara, N.; Ogasawara, Y.; Kajiya, F.; Kitawaki, T.; Oka, H. 2009: Direct measurement of nitric oxide concentration in CAPD dialysate. Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 29(1): 111-114
Doehring, T.C.; Kahelin, M.; Vesely, I. 2009: Direct measurement of nonuniform large deformations in soft tissues during uniaxial extension. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 131(6): 061001
Dunlop, I.E.; Briscoe, W.H.; Titmuss, S.; Jacobs, R.M.J.; Osborne, V.L.; Edmondson, S.; Huck, W.T.S.; Klein, J. 2009: Direct measurement of normal and shear forces between surface-grown polyelectrolyte layers. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 113(12): 3947-3956
Cordones, A.A.; Bixby, T.J.; Leone, S.R. 2011: Direct measurement of off-state trapping rate fluctuations in single quantum dot fluorescence. Nano Letters 11(8): 3366-3369
Karkoula, E.; Skantzari, A.; Melliou, E.; Magiatis, P. 2012: Direct measurement of oleocanthal and oleacein levels in olive oil by quantitative (1)H NMR. Establishment of a new index for the characterization of extra virgin olive oils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60(47): 11696-11703
Zielke, H.R.; Zielke, C.L.; Baab, P.J. 2009: Direct measurement of oxidative metabolism in the living brain by microdialysis: a review. Journal of Neurochemistry 109(Suppl 1): 24-29
Kino-Oka, M.; Kagita, S.; Nadzir, M.M.; Inoue, H.; Sugawara, K.; Taya, M. 2010: Direct measurement of oxygen concentration inside cultured cartilage for relating to spatial growth of rabbit chondrocytes. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 110(3): 363-366
Strovas, T.J.; McQuaide, S.C.; Anderson, J.B.; Nandakumar, V.; Kalyuzhnaya, M.G.; Burgess, L.W.; Holl, M.R.; Meldrum, D.R.; Lidstrom, M.E. 2010: Direct measurement of oxygen consumption rates from attached and unattached cells in a reversibly sealed, diffusionally isolated sample chamber. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology 5(5): 398-408
Zappe, A.C.; Uludağ, K.âm.; Logothetis, N.K. 2008: Direct measurement of oxygen extraction with fMRi using 6% CO2 inhalation. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 26(7): 961-967
Luong, J.; Gras, R.; Shellie, R.A.; Cortes, H.J. 2012: Direct measurement of part-per-billion levels of dimethyl sulfoxide in water by gas chromatography with stacked injection and chemiluminescence detection. Journal of Separation Science 35(12): 1486-1493
Hayakawa, M.; Moritake, T.; Kataoka, F.; Takigawa, T.; Koguchi, Y.; Miyamoto, Y.; Akahane, K.; Matsumaru, Y. 2010: Direct measurement of patient's entrance skin dose during neurointerventional procedure to avoid further radiation-induced skin injuries. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 112(6): 530-536
English, P.; Blount, B.; Wong, M.; Copan, L.; Olmedo, L.; Patton, S.; Haas, R.; Atencio, R.; Xu, J.; Valentin-Blasini, L. 2011: Direct measurement of perchlorate exposure biomarkers in a highly exposed population: a pilot study. Plos one 6(3): E17015
Hernando-Pérez, M.; Miranda, R.; Aznar, Mía.; Carrascosa, Jé.L.; Schaap, I.A.T.; Reguera, D.; de Pablo, P.J. 2012: Direct measurement of phage phi29 stiffness provides evidence of internal pressure. Small 8(15): 2366-2370
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Carmieli, R.; Mi, Q.; Ricks, A.B.; Giacobbe, E.M.; Mickley, S.M.; Wasielewski, M.R. 2009: Direct measurement of photoinduced charge separation distances in donor-acceptor systems for artificial photosynthesis using OOP-ESEEM. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(24): 8372-8373
Fujiwara, M.; Sasaki, M. 2007: Direct measurement of photon number statistics at telecom wavelengths using a charge integration photon detector. Applied Optics 46(16): 3069-3074
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Velpula, M.; Sheron, N.; Guha, N.; Salmon, T.; Hacking, N.; Veldtman, G.R. 2011: Direct measurement of porto-systemic gradient in a failing Fontan circulation. Congenital Heart Disease 6(2): 175-178
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Robieux, C.; Galant, C.; Lagier, A.; Legou, T.; Giovanni, A. 2015: Direct measurement of pressures involved in vocal exercises using semi-occluded vocal tracts. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology 40(3): 106-112
Ma, Y.; Li, X.; Yu, H.; Tong, L.; Gu, Y.; Gong, Q. 2010: Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires. Optics Letters 35(8): 1160-1162
Pirat, B.; Little, S.H.; Igo, S.R.; McCulloch, M.; Nosé, Y.; Hartley, C.J.; Zoghbi, W.A. 2009: Direct measurement of proximal isovelocity surface area by real-time three-dimensional color Doppler for quantitation of aortic regurgitant volume: an in vitro validation. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 22(3): 306-313
Dudley, J.M.; Barry, L.P.; Bollond, P.G.; Harvey, J.D.; Leonhardt, R.; Drummond, P.D. 1997: Direct measurement of pulse distortion near the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber by frequency-resolved optical gating. Optics Letters 22(7): 457-459
Sato, Y.; Joshi, A.; Packard, R. 2007: Direct measurement of quantum phase gradients in superfluid 4He flow. Physical Review Letters 98(19): 195302
Mehmetli, B.A.; Takahashi, K.; Sato, S. 1996: Direct measurement of reflectance from aluminum alloys during CO(2) laser welding. Applied Optics 35(18): 3237-3242
Le Ru, E.C.; Schroeter, L.C.; Etchegoin, P.G. 2012: Direct measurement of resonance Raman spectra and cross sections by a polarization difference technique. Analytical Chemistry 84(11): 5074-5079
Johnson, J.A.; Maznev, A.A.; Cuffe, J.; Eliason, J.K.; Minnich, A.J.; Kehoe, T.; Torres, C.M.S.; Chen, G.; Nelson, K.A. 2013: Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane. Physical Review Letters 110(2): 025901
Wu, J.; Park, J.S.; Kim, W.; Arenholz, E.; Liberati, M.; Scholl, A.; Wu, Y.Z.; Hwang, C.; Qiu, Z.Q. 2010: Direct measurement of rotatable and frozen CoO spins in exchange bias system of CoO/Fe/Ag(001). Physical Review Letters 104(21): 217204
Hamilton, A.; Koutsos, V.; Hall, C. 2010: Direct measurement of salt-mineral repulsion using atomic force microscopy. Chemical Communications 46(29): 5235-5237
Yang, J.; Tang, D.; Williams, K.L. 2008: Direct measurement of sediment sound speed in Shallow Water '06. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124(3): EL116-EL121
Yu, C.X.; Margalit, M.; Ippen, E.P.; Haus, H.A. 1998: Direct measurement of self-phase shift due to fiber nonlinearity. Optics Letters 23(9): 679-681
Li, W.; Hou, X.-M.; Wang, P.-Y.; Xi, X.-G.; Li, M. 2013: Direct measurement of sequential folding pathway and energy landscape of human telomeric G-quadruplex structures. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(17): 6423-6426
Chen, Y.; Yazdanpanah, M.; Wang, X.Y.; Hoffman, B.R.; Diamandis, E.P.; Wong, P.-Y. 2010: Direct measurement of serum free testosterone by ultrafiltration followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Clinical Biochemistry 43(4-5): 490-496
Behlow, H.; Saini, D.; Oliveira, L.; Durham, L.; Simpson, J.; Serkiz, S.M.; Skove, M.J.; Rao, A.M. 2014: Direct measurement of shear properties of microfibers. Review of Scientific Instruments 85(9): 095118
Ueki, Y.; Sakamoto, N.; Sato, M. 2010: Direct measurement of shear strain in adherent vascular endothelial cells exposed to fluid shear stress. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 394(1): 94-99
Ziehl, A.; Bammert, J.; Holzer, L.; Wagner, C.; Zimmermann, W. 2009: Direct measurement of shear-induced cross-correlations of Brownian motion. Physical Review Letters 103(23): 230602
Orgiani, P.; Aruta, C.; Balestrino, G.; Born, D.; Maritato, L.; Medaglia, P.G.; Stornaiuolo, D.; Tafuri, F.; Tebano, A. 2007: Direct measurement of sheet resistance Rsquare in cuprate systems: evidence of a fermionic scenario in a metal-insulator transition. Physical Review Letters 98(3): 036401
Yamamoto, A.; Ichikawa, M. 2012: Direct measurement of single soft lipid nanotubes: nanoscale information extracted in a noninvasive manner. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 86(6 Part 1): 061905
Feldhoff, A.; Mendive, C.; Bredow, T.; Bahnemann, D. 2007: Direct measurement of size, three-dimensional shape, and specific surface area of anatase nanocrystals. Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 8(6): 805-809
Willson, R.C.; Duncan, C.H.; Geist, J. 1980: Direct measurement of solar luminosity variation. Science 207(4427): 177-179
Lozovoy, V.V.; Xu, B.; Coello, Y.; Dantus, M. 2008: Direct measurement of spectral phase for ultrashort laser pulses. Optics Express 16(2): 592-597
Nitta, N.; Aoki, T.; Hyodo, K.; Misawa, M.; Homma, K. 2013: Direct measurement of speed of sound in cartilage in situ using ultrasound and magnetic resonance images. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference 2013: 6063-6066
van Gerven, D.J.H.; Schneider, A.N.; Wuitchik, D.M.; Skelton, R.W. 2012: Direct measurement of spontaneous strategy selection in a virtual Morris water maze shows females choose an allocentric strategy at least as often as males do. Behavioral Neuroscience 126(3): 465-478
Kurtir, R.S.; Boghossian, B.D.; Kwon, S.R. 2013: Direct measurement of stain retention in third molars. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 14(6): 1060-1064
Meixner, A.J.; Bopp, M.A.; Tarrach, G. 1994: Direct measurement of standing evanescent waves with a photon-scanning tunneling microscope. Applied Optics 33(34): 7995-8000
Huang, M.; Wu, Y.; Chandra, B.; Yan, H.; Shan, Y.; Heinz, T.F.; Hone, J. 2008: Direct measurement of strain-induced changes in the band structure of carbon nanotubes. Physical Review Letters 100(13): 136803
Kampf, N.; Ben-Yaakov, D.; Andelman, D.; Safran, S.A.; Klein, J. 2009: Direct measurement of sub-Debye-length attraction between oppositely charged surfaces. Physical Review Letters 103(11): 118304
Paraire, N.A.; Moresmau, N.; Chen, S.; Dansas, P.; Bertrand, F. 1997: Direct measurement of substrate refractive indices and determination of layer indices in slab-guiding structures. Applied Optics 36(12): 2545-2553
Lee, J.-H.; Atherton, T.J.; Barna, V.; De Luca, A.; Bruno, E.; Petschek, R.G.; Rosenblatt, C. 2009: Direct measurement of surface-induced orientational order parameter profile above the nematic-isotropic phase transition temperature. Physical Review Letters 102(16): 167801
Gerber, H. 1991: Direct measurement of suspended particulate volume concentration and far-infrared extinction coefficient with a laser-diffraction instrument. Applied Optics 30(33): 4824-4831
Almaraz-Calderon, S.; Bertone, P.F.; Alcorta, M.; Albers, M.; Deibel, C.M.; Hoffman, C.R.; Jiang, C.L.; Marley, S.T.; Rehm, K.E.; Ugalde, C. 2014: Direct measurement of the (23)Na(α,p)(26)Mg reaction cross section at energies relevant for the production of galactic (26)Al. Physical Review Letters 112(15): 152701
Gloge, D.; Chinnock, E.L.; Ring, D.H. 1972: Direct measurement of the (baseband) frequency response of multimode fibers. Applied Optics 11(7): 1534-1538
Arpesella, C.; Back, H.O.; Balata, M.; Bellini, G.; Benziger, J.; Bonetti, S.; Brigatti, A.; Caccianiga, B.; Cadonati, L.; Calaprice, F.; Carraro, C.; Cecchet, G.; Chavarria, A.; Chen, M.; Dalnoki-Veress, F.; D'Angelo, D.; de Bari, A.; de Bellefon, A.; de Kerret, H.; Derbin, A.; Deutsch, M.; di Credico, A.; di Pietro, G.; Eisenstein, R.; Elisei, F.; Etenko, A.; Fernholz, R.; Fomenko, K.; Ford, R.; Franco, D.; Freudiger, B.; Galbiati, C.; Gatti, F.; Gazzana, S.; Giammarchi, M.; Giugni, D.; Goeger-Neff, M.; Goldbrunner, T.; Goretti, A.; Grieb, C.; Hagner, C.; Hampel, W.; Harding, E.; Hardy, S.; Hartman, F.X.; Hertrich, T.; Heusser, G.; Ianni, A.; Ianni, A.; Joyce, M.; Kiko, J.; Kirsten, T.; Kobychev, V.; Korga, G.; Korschinek, G.; Kryn, 2008: Direct measurement of the 7Be solar neutrino flux with 192 days of borexino data. Physical Review Letters 101(9): 091302
Cho, H.-W.; He, Y.-C.; Peters, T.; Chen, Y.-H.; Chen, H.-C.; Lin, S.-C.; Lee, Y.-C.; Yu, I.A. 2007: Direct measurement of the Atom number in a Bose condensate. Optics Express 15(19): 12114-12122
Yin, L.; Xia, J.S.; Zapf, V.S.; Sullivan, N.S.; Paduan-Filho, A. 2008: Direct measurement of the Bose-Einstein condensation universality class in NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2 at ultralow temperatures. Physical Review Letters 101(18): 187205
Virkus, T.; Thomsen, H.D.; Uggerhøj, E.; Uggerhøj, U.I.; Ballestrero, S.; Sona, P.; Mangiarotti, A.; Ketel, T.J.; Dizdar, A.; Kartal, S.; Pagliarone, C. 2008: Direct measurement of the Chudakov effect. Physical Review Letters 100(16): 164802
Kim, S.; Jo, I.; Dillen, D.C.; Ferrer, D.A.; Fallahazad, B.; Yao, Z.; Banerjee, S.K.; Tutuc, E. 2012: Direct measurement of the Fermi energy in graphene using a double-layer heterostructure. Physical Review Letters 108(11): 116404
Zhu, W.; Agrawal, A.; Nahata, A. 2007: Direct measurement of the Gouy phase shift for surface plasmon-polaritons. Optics Express 15(16): 9995-10001
Gale, E.M.; Zhu, J.; Caravan, P. 2013: Direct measurement of the Mn(II) hydration state in metal complexes and metalloproteins through 17O NMR line widths. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(49): 18600-18608
Asai, Y. 2009: Direct measurement of the QT interval in stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes for the assessment of QT liability. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 134(6): 320-324
Aaltonen, T.; Adelman, J.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M.G.; González, B.Alvarez.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Aoki, M.; Apollinari, G.; Apresyan, A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; Azzurri, P.; Bacchetta, N.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V.E.; Barnett, B.A.; Baroiant, S.; Bartsch, V.; Bauer, G.; Beauchemin, P-H.; Bedeschi, F.; Bednar, P.; Beecher, D.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Belloni, A.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Beringer, J.; Berry, T.; Bhatti, A.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Bizjak, I.; Blair, R.E.; Blocker, C.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Boisvert, V.; Bolla, G.; Bolshov, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau 2008: Direct measurement of the W Boson width in ppover collisions at square roots = 1.96 TeV. Physical review letters 100(7): 071801
Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Aguilo, E.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G.A.; Ancu, L.S.; Andeen, T.; Anzelc, M.S.; Aoki, M.; Arnoud, Y.; Arov, M.; Arthaud, M.; Askew, A.; Asman, B.; Atramentov, O.; Avila, C.; BackusMayes, J.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D.V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Barfuss, A.-F.; Bargassa, P.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J.F.; Bassler, U.; Bauer, D.; Beale, S.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Benitez, J.A.; Beri, S.B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V.A.; Bhat, P.C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, 2009: Direct measurement of the W boson width. Physical Review Letters 103(23): 231802
Aaltonen, T.; Adelman, J.; Akimoto, T.; Alvarez González, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Apresyan, A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Azzurri, P.; Badgett, W.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V.E.; Barnett, B.A.; Bartsch, V.; Bauer, G.; Beauchemin, P-H.; Bedeschi, F.; Beecher, D.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Beringer, J.; Bhatti, A.; Binkley, M.; Bisello, D.; Bizjak, I.; Blair, R.E.; Blocker, C.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Boisvert, V.; Bolla, G.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brau, B.; Bridgeman, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brubaker, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H.S.; Budd, S.; 2009: Direct measurement of the W production charge asymmetry in pp collisions at square root s=1.96 TeV. Physical review letters 102(18): 181801
Bourgain, R.; Pellegrino, J.; Jennewein, S.; Sortais, Y.R.P.; Browaeys, A. 2013: Direct measurement of the Wigner time delay for the scattering of light by a single atom. Optics Letters 38(11): 1963-1965
Benjamin, R.F.; Goldstone, P.D.; Carpenter, J.P. 1978: Direct measurement of the accuracy of CO(2)laser alignment on target. Applied Optics 17(23): 3809-3811
Pavicić, D.; Lee, K.F.; Rayner, D.M.; Corkum, P.B.; Villeneuve, D.M. 2007: Direct measurement of the angular dependence of ionization for N2, O2, and CO2 in intense laser fields. Physical Review Letters 98(24): 243001
Thomann, I.; Lock, R.; Sharma, V.; Gagnon, E.; Pratt, S.T.; Kapteyn, H.C.; Murnane, M.M.; Li, W. 2008: Direct measurement of the angular dependence of the single-photon ionization of aligned N2 and CO2. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(39): 9382-9386
König, T.; Simon, G.H.; Martinez, U.; Giordano, L.; Pacchioni, G.; Heyde, M.; Freund, H.-J. 2010: Direct measurement of the attractive interaction forces on F0 color centers on MgO(001) by dynamic force microscopy. Acs Nano 4(5): 2510-2514
Miwa, J.A.; Hofmann, P.; Simmons, M.Y.; Wells, J.W. 2013: Direct measurement of the band structure of a buried two-dimensional electron gas. Physical Review Letters 110(13): 136801
Perraud, S.; Kanisawa, K.; Wang, Z.-Z.; Fujisawa, T. 2008: Direct measurement of the binding energy and bohr radius of a single hydrogenic defect in a semiconductor quantum well. Physical Review Letters 100(5): 056806
Veith, G.M.; Baggetto, L.ïc.; Sacci, R.L.; Unocic, R.R.; Tenhaeff, W.E.; Browning, J.F. 2014: Direct measurement of the chemical reactivity of silicon electrodes with LiPF6-based battery electrolytes. Chemical Communications 50(23): 3081-3084
Roulleau, P.; Portier, F.; Roche, P.; Cavanna, A.; Faini, G.; Gennser, U.; Mailly, D. 2008: Direct measurement of the coherence length of edge states in the integer quantum Hall regime. Physical Review Letters 100(12): 126802
Peukes, J.; Betz, T. 2014: Direct measurement of the cortical tension during the growth of membrane blebs. Biophysical Journal 107(8): 1810-1820
Liu, W.; Chin, S. 2005: Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air. Optics Express 13(15): 5750-5755
Biggs, S. 2010: Direct measurement of the depletion interaction in binary solutions of polyelectrolytes. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 12(16): 4172-4177
Cuervo, A.; Dans, P.D.; Carrascosa, J.é L.; Orozco, M.; Gomila, G.; Fumagalli, L. 2014: Direct measurement of the dielectric polarization properties of DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(35): E3624-E3630
Xu, K.; Tostado, C.P.; Xu, J-Hong.; Lu, Y-Cheng.; Luo, G-Sheng. 2014: Direct measurement of the differential pressure during drop formation in a co-flow microfluidic device. Lab on a Chip 14(7): 1357-1366
Ferrario, M.; Alesini, D.; Bacci, A.; Bellaveglia, M.; Boni, R.; Boscolo, M.; Castellano, M.; Catani, L.; Chiadroni, E.; Cialdi, S.; Cianchi, A.; Clozza, A.; Cultrera, L.; Di Pirro, G.; Drago, A.; Esposito, A.; Ficcadenti, L.; Filippetto, D.; Fusco, V.; Gallo, A.; Gatti, G.; Ghigo, A.; Giannessi, L.; Ligi, C.; Mattioli, M.; Migliorati, M.; Mostacci, A.; Musumeci, P.; Pace, E.; Palumbo, L.; Pellegrino, L.; Petrarca, M.; Quattromini, M.; Ricci, R.; Ronsivalle, C.; Rosenzweig, J.; Rossi, A.R.; Sanelli, C.; Serafini, L.; Serio, M.; Sgamma, F.; Spataro, B.; Tazzioli, F.; Tomassini, S.; Vaccarezza, C.; Vescovi, M.; Vicario, C. 2007: Direct measurement of the double emittance minimum in the beam dynamics of the sparc high-brightness photoinjector. Physical Review Letters 99(23): 234801
Park, M.J.; Fujitsuka, M.; Kawai, K.; Majima, T. 2011: Direct measurement of the dynamics of excess electron transfer through consecutive thymine sequence in DNA. Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(39): 15320-15323
Conron, S.M.M.; Thazhathveetil, A.K.; Wasielewski, M.R.; Burin, A.L.; Lewis, F.D. 2010: Direct measurement of the dynamics of hole hopping in extended DNA G-tracts. An unbiased random walk. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(41): 14388-14390
Seth Roberts, G.; Wood, T.A.; Frith, W.J.; Bartlett, P. 2007: Direct measurement of the effective charge in nonpolar suspensions by optical tracking of single particles. Journal of Chemical Physics 126(19): 194503
Chiang, K.H.; Summers, C.J.; Kenan, R.P. 1991: Direct measurement of the effective refractive indices of GaAs/AIGaAs slab waveguides: a new technique. Applied Optics 30(18): 2570-2574
Tayag, T.J.; Batchman, T.E.; Sluss, J.J. 1992: Direct measurement of the electrogyratory effect in bismuth silicon oxide. Applied Optics 31(5): 625-629
Chen, Y.-H.; Varma, S.; Antonsen, T.M.; Milchberg, H.M. 2010: Direct measurement of the electron density of extended femtosecond laser pulse-induced filaments. Physical Review Letters 105(21): 215005
Drescher, K.; Goldstein, R.E.; Michel, N.; Polin, M.; Tuval, I. 2010: Direct measurement of the flow field around swimming microorganisms. Physical Review Letters 105(16): 168101
Andersen, K.K.; Andersen, S.ør.L.; Esberg, J.; Knudsen, H.; Mikkelsen, R.; Uggerhøj, U.I.; Sona, P.; Mangiarotti, A.; Ketel, T.J.; Ballestrero, S. 2012: Direct measurement of the formation length of photons. Physical Review Letters 108(7): 071802
Ulmer, S.; Blaum, K.; Kracke, H.; Mooser, A.; Quint, W.; Rodegheri, C.C.; Walz, J. 2011: Direct measurement of the free cyclotron frequency of a single particle in a Penning trap. Physical Review Letters 107(10): 103002
Zargar, R.; Nienhuis, B.; Schall, P.; Bonn, D. 2013: Direct measurement of the free energy of aging hard sphere colloidal glasses. Physical Review Letters 110(25): 258301
Lin, L.; Cui, T.; Qin, L.-C.; Washburn, S. 2011: Direct measurement of the friction between and shear moduli of shells of carbon nanotubes. Physical Review Letters 107(20): 206101
Hannon, J.B.; Copel, M.; Tromp, R.M. 2011: Direct measurement of the growth mode of graphene on SiC(0001) and SiC(0001¯). Physical Review Letters 107(16): 166101
Chekhovich, E.A.; Krysa, A.B.; Skolnick, M.S.; Tartakovskii, A.I. 2011: Direct measurement of the hole-nuclear spin interaction in single InP/GaInP quantum dots using photoluminescence spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters 106(2): 027402
Kwak, B.S.; Kim, B.S.; Song, S.-H.; Kim, H.O.; Cho, H.H.; Jung, H.-I. 2010: Direct measurement of the in vitro hemoglobin content of erythrocytes using the photo-thermal effect of the heme group. Analyst 135(9): 2365-2371
Biedermann, B.R.; Wieser, W.; Eigenwillig, C.M.; Klein, T.; Huber, R. 2010: Direct measurement of the instantaneous linewidth of rapidly wavelength-swept lasers. Optics Letters 35(22): 3733-3735
Alston, J.R.; Overson, D.; Poler, J.C. 2012: Direct measurement of the interactions of amide solvents with single-walled carbon nanotubes using isothermal titration calorimetry. Langmuir 28(1): 264-271
Robertson, R.M.; Smith, D.E. 2007: Direct measurement of the intermolecular forces confining a single molecule in an entangled polymer solution. Physical Review Letters 99(12): 126001
Kavoosi, M.; Creagh, A.L.; Turner, R.F.B.; Kilburn, D.G.; Haynes, C.A. 2009: Direct measurement of the kinetics of CBM9 fusion-tag bioprocessing using luminescence resonance energy transfer. Biotechnology Progress 25(3): 874-881
Wood, M.; Goldberg, S.; Lau, M.; Goel, A.; Alexander, D.; Han, F.; Feinstein, S. 2011: Direct measurement of the lethal isotherm for radiofrequency ablation of myocardial tissue. CIRCULATION. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology 4(3): 373-378
Song, D.; Wang, F.; Dukovic, G.; Zheng, M.; Semke, E.D.; Brus, L.E.; Heinz, T.F. 2008: Direct measurement of the lifetime of optical phonons in single-walled carbon nanotubes. Physical Review Letters 100(22): 225503
Klie, R.F.; Zheng, J.C.; Zhu, Y.; Varela, M.; Wu, J.; Leighton, C. 2007: Direct measurement of the low-temperature spin-state transition in LaCoO3. Physical Review Letters 99(4): 047203
Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Aguilo, E.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G.A.; Ancu, L.S.; Andeen, T.; Anzelc, M.S.; Aoki, M.; Arnoud, Y.; Arov, M.; Arthaud, M.; Askew, A.; Asman, B.; Atramentov, O.; Avila, C.; Backusmayes, J.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D.V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Barfuss, A.-F.; Bargassa, P.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J.F.; Bassler, U.; Bauer, D.; Beale, S.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Bellavance, A.; Benitez, J.A.; Beri, S.B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V.A.; Bhat, P.C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Bles 2009: Direct measurement of the mass difference between top and antitop quarks. Physical Review Letters 103(13): 132001
Antsiferov, P.S.; Akdim, M.R.; van Dam, H.T. 2007: Direct measurement of the matched spot size in a slow capillary discharge optical waveguide. Review of Scientific Instruments 78(12): 123107
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Wu, P.; Huang, R.; Tischer, C.; Jonas, A.; Florin, E.-L. 2009: Direct measurement of the nonconservative force field generated by optical tweezers. Physical Review Letters 103(10): 108101
Crosignani, B.; Piazzolla, S.; Spano, P.; Di Porto, P. 1985: Direct measurement of the nonlinear phase shift between the orthogonally polarized states of a single-mode fiber. Optics Letters 10(2): 89-91
White, W.T.; Smith, W.L.; Milam, D. 1984: Direct measurement of the nonlinear refractive-index coefficient gamma at 355 nm in fused silica and in BK-10 glass. Optics Letters 9(1): 10-12
Souma, S.; Kosaka, K.; Sato, T.; Komatsu, M.; Takayama, A.; Takahashi, T.; Kriener, M.; Segawa, K.; Ando, Y. 2011: Direct measurement of the out-of-plane spin texture in the Dirac-cone surface state of a topological insulator. Physical Review Letters 106(21): 216803
Trionfi, A.; Wang, D.H.; Jacobs, J.D.; Tan, L.-S.; Vaia, R.A.; Hsu, J.W.P. 2009: Direct measurement of the percolation probability in carbon nanofiber-polyimide nanocomposites. Physical Review Letters 102(11): 116601
Fernandez, M.; Vink, J.; Yoshida, K.; Wapner, R.; Myers, K.M. 2013: Direct measurement of the permeability of human cervical tissue. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 135(2): 021024
Jha, S.K.; Ji, M.; Gaffney, K.J.; Boxer, S.G. 2011: Direct measurement of the protein response to an electrostatic perturbation that mimics the catalytic cycle in ketosteroid isomerase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(40): 16612-16617
DiSciacca, J.; Gabrielse, G. 2012: Direct measurement of the proton magnetic moment. Physical Review Letters 108(15): 153001
Lin, S.Y.; Chow, E.; Johnson, S.G.; Joannopoulos, J.D. 2001: Direct measurement of the quality factor in a two-dimensional photonic-crystal microcavity. Optics Letters 26(23): 1903-1905
Fesquet, J.; Irla, H.; Roig, J. 1973: Direct measurement of the radius of curvature of a gaussian beam, using a novel interferometric method. Applied Optics 12(11): 2556-2558
Cummings, S.A.; Tunge, J.A.; Norton, J.R. 2008: Direct measurement of the rate of interconversion of zirconaaziridine enantiomers. Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(14): 4669-4679
Qu, P.; Yang, X.; Li, X.; Zhou, X.; Zhao, X.S. 2010: Direct measurement of the rates and barriers on forward and reverse diffusions of intramolecular collision in overhang oligonucleotides. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 114(24): 8235-8243
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Fisahn, J.; Lucas, W.J. 1992: Direct measurement of the reversal potential and current-voltage characteristics in the acid and alkaline regions of Chara corallina. Planta 186(2): 241-248
Leach, J.; Keen, S.; Padgett, M.J.; Saunter, C.; Love, G.D. 2006: Direct measurement of the skew angle of the Poynting vector in a helically phased beam. Optics Express 14(25): 11919-11924
Johnson, E.G. 1986: Direct measurement of the spatial modes of a laser pulse: theory. Applied Optics 25(17): 2967
Mosley, P.J.; Christ, A.; Eckstein, A.; Silberhorn, C. 2009: Direct measurement of the spatial-spectral structure of waveguided parametric down-conversion. Physical Review Letters 103(23): 233901
Chu, K.C.; Heritage, J.P.; Grant, R.S.; Liu, K.X.; Dienes, A.; White, W.E.; Sullivan, A. 1995: Direct measurement of the spectral phase of femtosecond pulses. Optics Letters 20(8): 904-906
Borgentun, C.; Bengtsson, J.ör.; Larsson, A. 2011: Direct measurement of the spectral reflectance of OP-SDL gain elements under optical pumping. Optics Express 19(18): 16890-16897
Angelou, N.; Mann, J.; Sjöholm, M.; Courtney, M. 2012: Direct measurement of the spectral transfer function of a laser based anemometer. Review of Scientific Instruments 83(3): 033111
Huang, T.-Y.; Liang, C.-T.; Chen, Y.F.; Simmons, M.Y.; Kim, G.-H.; Ritchie, D.A. 2013: Direct measurement of the spin gaps in a gated GaAs two-dimensional electron gas. Nanoscale Research Letters 8(1): 138
Fasth, C.; Fuhrer, A.; Samuelson, L.; Golovach, V.N.; Loss, D. 2007: Direct measurement of the spin-orbit interaction in a two-electron InAs nanowire quantum dot. Physical Review Letters 98(26): 266801
Spruijt, E.; van den Berg, S.A.; Cohen Stuart, M.A.; van der Gucht, J. 2012: Direct measurement of the strength of single ionic bonds between hydrated charges. Acs Nano 6(6): 5297-5303
Chakrabarti, A.; Chaudhury, M.K. 2013: Direct measurement of the surface tension of a soft elastic hydrogel: exploration of elastocapillary instability in adhesion. Langmuir 29(23): 6926-6935
Saunders, D.R.; Woods, R.L. 2014: Direct measurement of the system latency of gaze-contingent displays. Behavior Research Methods 46(2): 439-447
Gaede-Koehler, A.; Kreider, A.; Canfield, P.; Kleemeier, M.; Grunwald, I. 2012: Direct measurement of the thermal hysteresis of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) using sonocrystallization. Analytical Chemistry 84(23): 10229-10235
Jin, W.; Yeh, P.-C.; Zaki, N.; Zhang, D.; Sadowski, J.T.; Al-Mahboob, A.; van der Zande, A.M.; Chenet, D.A.; Dadap, J.I.; Herman, I.P.; Sutter, P.; Hone, J.; Osgood, R.M. 2013: Direct measurement of the thickness-dependent electronic band structure of MoS2 using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters 111(10): 106801
Hewlett, K.O.; L'Hote-Gaston, J.; Radler, M.; Shull, K.R. 2012: Direct measurement of the time-dependent mechanical response of HPMC and PEO compacts during swelling. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 434(1-2): 494-501
Aaltonen, T.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V.E.; Barnett, B.A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bland, K.R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H.S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Butti, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Casal, B.; Casar 2013: Direct measurement of the total decay width of the top quark. Physical Review Letters 111(20): 202001
Andersen, D.R.; Hooton, D.E.; Swartzlander, G.A.; Kaplan, A.E. 1990: Direct measurement of the transverse velocity of dark spatial solitons. Optics Letters 15(14): 783-785
Mikhnenko, O.V.; Ruiter, R.; Blom, P.W.M.; Loi, M.A. 2012: Direct measurement of the triplet exciton diffusion length in organic semiconductors. Physical Review Letters 108(13): 137401
Barry, E.; Dogic, Z.; Meyer, R.B.; Pelcovits, R.A.; Oldenbourg, R. 2009: Direct measurement of the twist penetration length in a single smectic A layer of colloidal virus particles. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 113(12): 3910-3913
Miraldi, E.; Oldano, C.; Trossi, L.; Valabrega, P.T. 1982: Direct measurement of the two principal refractive indexes of a nematic liquid crystal slab. Applied Optics 21(22): 4163-4166
Iaconis, C.; Walmsley, I.A. 1996: Direct measurement of the two-point field correlation function. Optics Letters 21(21): 1783-1785
Peles, D.N.; Simon, J.D. 2010: Direct measurement of the ultraviolet absorption coefficient of single retinal melanosomes. Photochemistry and Photobiology 86(2): 279-281
Béguin, L.; Vernier, A.; Chicireanu, R.; Lahaye, T.; Browaeys, A. 2013: Direct measurement of the van der Waals interaction between two Rydberg atoms. Physical Review Letters 110(26): 263201
McKnight, C.L.; Doman, D.A.; Brown, J.A.; Bance, M.; Adamson, R.B.A. 2013: Direct measurement of the wavelength of sound waves in the human skull. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 133(1): 136-145
Tran, M.Q.; Cabral, J.T.; Shaffer, M.S.P.; Bismarck, A. 2008: Direct measurement of the wetting behavior of individual carbon nanotubes by polymer melts: the key to carbon nanotube-polymer composites. Nano Letters 8(9): 2744-2750
Gayer, C.W.; Hemmers, D.; Stelzmann, C.; Pretzler, G. 2013: Direct measurement of the x-ray refractive index by Fresnel diffraction at a transparent edge. Optics Letters 38(9): 1563-1565
Agatsuma, K.; Uchiyama, T.; Yamamoto, K.; Ohashi, M.; Kawamura, S.; Miyoki, S.; Miyakawa, O.; Telada, S.; Kuroda, K. 2010: Direct measurement of thermal fluctuation of high-Q pendulum. Physical Review Letters 104(4): 040602
Knepp, A.M.; Grunbeck, A.; Banerjee, S.; Sakmar, T.P.; Huber, T. 2011: Direct measurement of thermal stability of expressed CCR5 and stabilization by small molecule ligands. Biochemistry 50(4): 502-511
Cattrysse, E.; Scafoglieri, A.; Louis, O.; De Mey, J.; Clarys, J.P. 2010: Direct measurement of tibial cortical bone surface area. Clinical Anatomy 23(6): 720-725
Mesquita, R.C.; Durduran, T.; Yu, G.; Buckley, E.M.; Kim, M.N.; Zhou, C.; Choe, R.; Sunar, U.; Yodh, A.G. 2011: Direct measurement of tissue blood flow and metabolism with diffuse optics. Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 369(1955): 4390-4406
Tufan, A.şe.N.; Celik, S.E.; Ozyürek, M.; Güçlü, K.; Apak, R.şa. 2013: Direct measurement of total antioxidant capacity of cereals: QUENCHER-CUPRAC method. Talanta 108: 136-142
Katurji, M.; Daher, N.; Sheheitli, H.; Saleh, R.; Shihadeh, A. 2010: Direct measurement of toxicants inhaled by water pipe users in the natural environment using a real-time in situ sampling technique. Inhalation Toxicology 22(13): 1101-1109
Sidaway-Lee, K.; Costa, M.J.; Rand, D.A.; Finkenstadt, Bärbel.; Penfield, S. 2014: Direct measurement of transcription rates reveals multiple mechanisms for configuration of the Arabidopsis ambient temperature response. Genome Biology 15(3): R45
Xu, Q.; Shakya, J.; Lipson, M. 2006: Direct measurement of tunable optical delays on chip analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency. Optics Express 14(14): 6463-6468
Yosefy, C.; Hung, J.; Chua, S.; Vaturi, M.; Ton-Nu, T.-T.; Handschumacher, M.D.; Levine, R.A. 2009: Direct measurement of vena contracta area by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography for assessing severity of mitral regurgitation. American Journal of Cardiology 104(7): 978-983
Tang, Y.; Shen, H.; Sekiguchi, K.; Kurahashi, N.; Mizuno, T.; Suzuki, Y.-i.; Suzuki, T. 2010: Direct measurement of vertical binding energy of a hydrated electron. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 12(15): 3653-3655
Kawasaki, T.; Fukuda, S.; Shimada, K.; Maeda, K.; Yoshida, K.; Sunada, H.; Inanami, H.; Tanaka, H.; Jissho, S.; Taguchi, H.; Yoshiyama, M.; Yoshikawa, J. 2009: Direct measurement of wall stiffness for carotid arteries by ultrasound strain imaging. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 22(12): 1389-1395
Marsoem, P.; Wurdiyanto, G.; Candra, H.; Saibatulham, H. 2014: Direct measurement of ⁶⁰Co and ¹²⁵i activity by the sum-peak method in PTKMR-BATAN. Applied Radiation and Isotopes: Including Data Instrumentation and Methods for use in Agriculture Industry and Medicine 87: 200-202
Sadanaga, Y.; Suzuki, K.; Yoshimoto, T.; Bandow, H. 2014: Direct measurement system of nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere using a blue light-emitting diode induced fluorescence technique. Review of Scientific Instruments 85(6): 064101
Fernández-Castané, A.; Caminal, G.òr.; López-Santín, J. 2012: Direct measurements of IPTG enable analysis of the induction behavior of E. coli in high cell density cultures. Microbial Cell Factories 11: 58
Greensmith, D.J.; Galli, G.L.J.; Trafford, A.W.; Eisner, D.A. 2014: Direct measurements of SR free Ca reveal the mechanism underlying the transient effects of RyR potentiation under physiological conditions. Cardiovascular Research 103(4): 554-563
Van der Veen, R.C.A.; Tran, T.; Lohse, D.; Sun, C. 2012: Direct measurements of air layer profiles under impacting droplets using high-speed color interferometry. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(2 Part 2): 026315
Froula, D.H.; Divol, L.; Berger, R.L.; London, R.A.; Meezan, N.B.; Strozzi, D.J.; Neumayer, P.; Ross, J.S.; Stagnitto, S.; Suter, L.J.; Glenzer, S.H. 2008: Direct measurements of an increased threshold for stimulated brillouin scattering with polarization smoothing in ignition hohlraum plasmas. Physical Review Letters 101(11): 115002
Lamriben, C.; Cortet, P.-P.; Moisy, F.éd.ér. 2011: Direct measurements of anisotropic energy transfers in a rotating turbulence experiment. Physical Review Letters 107(2): 024503
Ke, C.; Humeniuk, M.; S-Gracz, H.; Marszalek, P.E. 2007: Direct measurements of base stacking interactions in DNA by single-molecule atomic-force spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters 99(1): 018302
Abookasis, D.; Workman, J.J. 2011: Direct measurements of blood glucose concentration in the presence of saccharide interferences using slope and bias orthogonal signal correction and Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Biomedical Optics 16(2): 027001
Hsu, P.S.; Stauffer, H.U.; Jiang, N.; Gord, J.R.; Roy, S. 2013: Direct measurements of collisional Raman line broadening in the S-branch transitions of acetylene (C2H2). Journal of Chemical Physics 139(15): 154201
Roy, S.; Hsu, P.S.; Jiang, N.; Gord, J.R.; Kulatilaka, W.D.; Stauffer, H.U.; Gord, J.R. 2013: Direct measurements of collisionally broadened Raman linewidths of CO2 S-branch transitions. Journal of Chemical Physics 138(2): 024201
Song, J.H.K.; Couzis, A.; Lee, J.W. 2010: Direct measurements of contact force between clathrate hydrates and water. Langmuir 26(12): 9187-9190
Man, W.; Russel, W.B. 2008: Direct measurements of critical stresses and cracking in thin films of colloid dispersions. Physical Review Letters 100(19): 198302
Gronert, S.; Fagin, A.E.; Wong, L. 2007: Direct measurements of deuterium kinetic isotope effects in anionic, gas-phase substitution and elimination reactions. Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(17): 5330-5331
Rabets, Y.; Backholm, M.; Dalnoki-Veress, K.; Ryu, W.S. 2014: Direct measurements of drag forces in C. elegans crawling locomotion. Biophysical Journal 107(8): 1980-1987
Seth, M.; Ramachandran, A.; Leal, L.G. 2013: Direct measurements of effect of counterion concentration on mechanical properties of cationic vesicles. Langmuir 29(46): 14057-14065
Saggu, M.; Levinson, N.M.; Boxer, S.G. 2011: Direct measurements of electric fields in weak OH···π hydrogen bonds. Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(43): 17414-17419
Van Enk, S.J. 2009: Direct measurements of entanglement and permutation symmetry. Physical Review Letters 102(19): 190503
Kozub, D.R.; Vakhshouri, K.; Kesava, S.V.; Wang, C.; Hexemer, A.; Gomez, E.D. 2012: Direct measurements of exciton diffusion length limitations on organic solar cell performance. Chemical Communications 48(47): 5859-5861
Montes Ruiz-Cabello, F.Javier.; Maroni, P.; Borkovec, M. 2013: Direct measurements of forces between different charged colloidal particles and their prediction by the theory of Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, and Overbeek (DLVO). Journal of Chemical Physics 138(23): 234705
Khrapai, V.S.; Shashkin, A.A.; Trokina, M.G.; Dolgopolov, V.T.; Pellegrini, V.; Beltram, F.; Biasiol, G.; Sorba, L. 2007: Direct measurements of fractional quantum Hall effect gaps. Physical Review Letters 99(8): 086802
Bendix, P.M.; Reihani, S.Nader.S.; Oddershede, L.B. 2010: Direct measurements of heating by electromagnetically trapped gold nanoparticles on supported lipid bilayers. Acs Nano 4(4): 2256-2262
Kang, H.; Shibata, D. 2013: Direct measurements of human colon crypt stem cell niche genetic fidelity: the role of chance in non-darwinian mutation selection. Frontiers in Oncology 3: 264
Vinogradova, O.I.; Koynov, K.; Best, A.; Feuillebois, F.ço. 2009: Direct measurements of hydrophobic slippage using double-focus fluorescence cross-correlation. Physical Review Letters 102(11): 118302
Cucheval, A.; Al-Ghobashy, M.A.; Hemar, Y.; Otter, D.; Williams, M.A.K. 2009: Direct measurements of interfacial interactions between pectin and kappa-casein and implications for the stabilisation of calcium-free casein micelle mimics. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 338(2): 450-462
Chen, H.-L.; Huang, Y.-F.; Hsu, C.-P.; Lim, T.-S.; Kuo, L.-C.; Leung, M.-k.; Chao, T.-C.; Wong, K.-T.; Chen, S.-A.; Fann, W. 2007: Direct measurements of intersystem crossing rates and triplet decays of luminescent conjugated oligomers in solutions. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 111(38): 9424-9430
Umecky, T.; Saito, Y.; Matsumoto, H. 2009: Direct measurements of ionic mobility of ionic liquids using the electric field applying pulsed gradient spin-echo NMR. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 113(25): 8466-8468
Ganapathy, R.; Buckley, M.R.; Gerbode, S.J.; Cohen, I. 2010: Direct measurements of island growth and step-edge barriers in colloidal epitaxy. Science 327(5964): 445-448
Gutiérrez-Medina, B.; Fehr, A.N.; Block, S.M. 2009: Direct measurements of kinesin torsional properties reveal flexible domains and occasional stalk reversals during stepping. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(40): 17007-17012
Cai, W.; Che, Y.; Pelz, J.P.; Hemesath, E.R.; Lauhon, L.J. 2012: Direct measurements of lateral variations of Schottky barrier height across "end-on" metal contacts to vertical Si nanowires by ballistic electron emission microscopy. Nano Letters 12(2): 694-698
Radney, J.G.; Ma, X.; Gillis, K.A.; Zachariah, M.R.; Hodges, J.T.; Zangmeister, C.D. 2013: Direct measurements of mass-specific optical cross sections of single-component aerosol mixtures. Analytical Chemistry 85(17): 8319-8325
Sharma, V.; Qu, F.; Nikolski, V.P.; DeGroot, P.; Efimov, I.R. 2007: Direct measurements of membrane time constant during defibrillation strength shocks. Heart Rhythm 4(4): 478-486
Olszewska, A.; Valle-Delgado, J.J.é; Nikinmaa, M.; Laine, J.; Österberg, M. 2013: Direct measurements of non-ionic attraction and nanoscaled lubrication in biomimetic composites from nanofibrillated cellulose and modified carboxymethylated cellulose. Nanoscale 5(23): 11837-11844
Merrins, M.J.; Van Dyke, A.R.; Mapp, A.K.; Rizzo, M.A..; Satin, L.S. 2013: Direct measurements of oscillatory glycolysis in pancreatic islet β-cells using novel fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) biosensors for pyruvate kinase M2 activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 288(46): 33312-33322
Gong, X.; Wang, Z.; Ngai, T. 2014: Direct measurements of particle-surface interactions in aqueous solutions with total internal reflection microscopy. Chemical Communications 50(50): 6556-6570
Gruszkiewicz, M.S.; Rother, G.; Wesolowski, D.J.; Cole, D.R.; Wallacher, D. 2012: Direct measurements of pore fluid density by vibrating tube densimetry. Langmuir 28(11): 5070-5078
Chen, K.; Tjandra, N. 2009: Direct measurements of protein backbone 15N spin relaxation rates from peak line-width using a fully-relaxed Accordion 3D HNCO experiment. Journal of Magnetic Resonance 197(1): 71-76
Eichmann, S.L.; Bevan, M.A. 2010: Direct measurements of protein-stabilized gold nanoparticle interactions. Langmuir 26(18): 14409-14413
Peukert, S.L.; Labbe, N.J.; Sivaramakrishnan, R.; Michael, J.V. 2013: Direct measurements of rate constants for the reactions of CH3 radicals with C2H6, C2H4, and C2H2 at high temperatures. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 117(40): 10228-10238
Register, J.; Scaffidi, J.; Angel, S.M. 2012: Direct measurements of sample heating by a laser-induced air plasma in pre-ablation spark dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Applied Spectroscopy 66(8): 869-874
Schlundt, C.E.; Finneran, J.J. 2012: Direct measurements of subjective loudness in a bottlenose dolphin. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 730: 33-36
Hertzberg, J.B.; Aksit, M.; Otelaja, O.O.; Stewart, D.A.; Robinson, R.D. 2014: Direct measurements of surface scattering in Si nanosheets using a microscale phonon spectrometer: implications for Casimir-limit predicted by Ziman theory. Nano Letters 14(2): 403-415
Lu, D.; Chen, H.; Wu, J.; Chan, C.M. 2011: Direct measurements of the Young's modulus of a single halloysite nanotube using a transmission electron microscope with a bending stage. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(9): 7789-7793
Rotman, Z.; Eisenberg, E. 2010: Direct measurements of the dynamical correlation length indicate its divergence at an athermal glass transition. Physical Review Letters 105(22): 225503
Park, B.Jun.; Pantina, J.P.; Furst, E.M.; Oettel, M.; Reynaert, S.; Vermant, J. 2008: Direct measurements of the effects of salt and surfactant on interaction forces between colloidal particles at water-oil interfaces. Langmuir 24(5): 1686-1694
Wei, M.-T.; Junio, J.; Ou-Yang, H.D. 2009: Direct measurements of the frequency-dependent dielectrophoresis force. Biomicrofluidics 3(1): 12003
Dammeier, J.; Fassheber, N.; Friedrichs, G. 2012: Direct measurements of the high temperature rate constants of the reactions NCN + O, NCN + NCN, and NCN + M. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 14(2): 1030-1037
Yiheng, Z.H.A.N.G.; Chuanjun, L.I.U.; Weiqing, S.H.I.; Zhiqiang, W.A.N.G.; Liming, D.A.I.; Xi, Z.H.A.N.G. 2007: Direct measurements of the interaction between pyrene and graphite in aqueous media by single molecule force spectroscopy: understanding the pi-pi interactions. Langmuir 23(15): 7911-7915
Ciricosta, O.; Vinko, S.M.; Chung, H.-K.; Cho, B.-I.; Brown, C.R.D.; Burian, T.; Chalupský, J.; Engelhorn, K.; Falcone, R.W.; Graves, C.; Hájková, V.; Higginbotham, A.; Juha, L.; Krzywinski, J.; Lee, H.J.; Messerschmidt, M.; Murphy, C.D.; Ping, Y.; Rackstraw, D.S.; Scherz, A.; Schlotter, W.; Toleikis, S.; Turner, J.J.; Vysin, L.; Wang, T.; Wu, B.; Zastrau, U.; Zhu, D.; Lee, R.W.; Heimann, P.; Nagler, B.; Wark, J.S. 2012: Direct measurements of the ionization potential depression in a dense plasma. Physical Review Letters 109(6): 065002
Chen, X.; Zheng, M.; Park, C.; Ke, C. 2013: Direct measurements of the mechanical strength of carbon nanotube-poly(methyl methacrylate) interfaces. Small 9(19): 3345-3351
Pasqualetti, F.; Ronchi, L.; Vanni, R. 1976: Direct measurements of the model of the atmospheric turbulence. Applied Optics 15(8): 1903-1904
Takasuka, T.E.; Stein, A. 2010: Direct measurements of the nucleosome-forming preferences of periodic DNA motifs challenge established models. Nucleic Acids Research 38(17): 5672-5680
Newton, S.M.; Trinh, V.; Pi, H.; Klebba, P.E. 2010: Direct measurements of the outer membrane stage of ferric enterobactin transport: postuptake binding. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(23): 17488-17497
Howard, C.J.; Kumar, A.; Mitloehner, F.; Stackhouse, K.; Green, P.G.; Flocchini, R.G.; Kleeman, M.J. 2010: Direct measurements of the ozone formation potential from livestock and poultry waste emissions. Environmental Science and Technology 44(7): 2292-2298
Dammeier, J.; Friedrichs, G. 2011: Direct measurements of the rate constants of the reactions NCN + NO and NCN + NO2 behind shock waves. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 115(50): 14382-14390
Hatch, K.; Danilowicz, C.; Coljee, V.; Prentiss, M. 2007: Direct measurements of the stabilization of single-stranded DNA under tension by single-stranded binding proteins. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 76(2 Part 1): 021916
Rozemeijer, J.C.; van der Velde, Y.; van Geer, F.C.; Bierkens, M.F.P.; Broers, H.P. 2010: Direct measurements of the tile drain and groundwater flow route contributions to surface water contamination: from field-scale concentration patterns in groundwater to catchment-scale surface water quality. Environmental Pollution 158(12): 3571-3579
Fassheber, N.; Dammeier, J.; Friedrichs, G. 2014: Direct measurements of the total rate constant of the reaction NCN + H and implications for the product branching ratio and the enthalpy of formation of NCN. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 16(23): 11647-11657
Kathiwala, M.; Affum, A.O.; Perry, J.; Brajter-Toth, A. 2008: Direct measurements of xanthine in 2000-fold diluted xanthinuric urine with a nanoporous carbon fiber sensor. Analyst 133(6): 810-816
Sallaska, A.L.; Wrede, C.; García, A.; Storm, D.W.; Brown, T.A.D.; Ruiz, C.; Snover, K.A.; Ottewell, D.F.; Buchmann, L.; Vockenhuber, C.; Hutcheon, D.A.; Caggiano, J.A. 2010: Direct measurements of ²²Na(p,γ)²³Mg resonances and consequences for ²²Na production in classical novae. Physical Review Letters 105(15): 152501
Myung, J.H.; Gajjar, K.A.; Pearson, R.M.; Launiere, C.A.; Eddington, D.T.; Hong, S. 2011: Direct measurements on CD24-mediated rolling of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells on E-selectin. Analytical Chemistry 83(3): 1078-1083
Bitra, V.S.P.; Womac, A.R.; Igathinathane, C.; Miu, P.I.; Yang, Y.T.; Smith, D.R.; Chevanan, N.; Sokhansanj, S. 2009: Direct measures of mechanical energy for knife mill size reduction of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover. Bioresource Technology 100(24): 6578-6585
Quaas, S.; Rudolph, H.; Luthardt, R.G. 2007: Direct mechanical data acquisition of dental impressions for the manufacturing of CAD/CAM restorations. Journal of Dentistry 35(12): 903-908
Maguire, P.; Kilpatrick, J.I.; Kelly, G.; Prendergast, P.J.; Campbell, V.A.; O'Connell, B.C.; Jarvis, S.P. 2007: Direct mechanical measurement of geodesic structures in rat mesenchymal stem cells. Hfsp Journal 1(3): 181-191
Kauert, D.J.; Kurth, T.; Liedl, T.; Seidel, R. 2011: Direct mechanical measurements reveal the material properties of three-dimensional DNA origami. Nano Letters 11(12): 5558-5563
Chen, C.-Y.; Lin, L.-Y.; Lin, J.-L. 2015: Direct mechanoelectrical coupling during manual chest compression for asystole. Heart Rhythm 12(1): 252-253
Solomon, M.; Bonafede, M.; Pan, K.; Wilson, K.; Beam, C.; Chakravarti, P.; Spiegel, B. 2011: Direct medical care costs among pegylated interferon plus ribavirin-treated and untreated chronic hepatitis C patients. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 56(10): 3024-3031
Ashtari, S.; Vahedi, M.; Pourhoseingholi, M.A.; Karkhane, M.; Kimiia, Z.; Pourhoseingholi, A.; Safaee, A.; Moghimi-Dehkordi, B.; Zali, M.R.; Alavian, S.M. 2013: Direct medical care costs associated with patients diagnosed with chronic HCV. Hepatitis Monthly 13(5): E8415
Almutairi, N.; Alkharfy, K.M. 2013: Direct medical cost and glycemic control in type 2 diabetic Saudi patients. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 11(6): 671-675
Prpić, I.; Boban, M.; Skarpa-Prpić, I.; Jurjević, A.; Babić, T.; Fiket, D. 2009: Direct medical cost of children and adolescents epilepsy at a university setting in Croatia. Collegium Antropologicum 33(2): 503-508
Ranchon, F.; Hédoux, Séphanie.; Laville, M.; Fouque, D.; Decullier, E.; Chapuis, Fçois.; Huot, L. 2010: Direct medical cost of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in anaemia treatment of chronic renal failure patient: a literature review. Nephrologie and Therapeutique 6(2): 97-104
Zhou, L.; Situ, S.; Huang, T.; Hu, S.; Wang, X.; Zhu, X.; Gao, L.; Li, Z.; Feng, A.; Jin, H.; Wang, S.; Su, Q.; Xu, Z.; Feng, Z. 2013: Direct medical cost of influenza-related hospitalizations among severe acute respiratory infections cases in three provinces in China. Plos one 8(5): E63788
Bernstein, C.N.; Longobardi, T.; Finlayson, G.; Blanchard, J.F. 2012: Direct medical cost of managing IBD patients: a Canadian population-based study. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 18(8): 1498-1508
Tsai, A.G.; Williamson, D.F.; Glick, H.A. 2011: Direct medical cost of overweight and obesity in the USA: a quantitative systematic review. Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 12(1): 50-61
Nor Azlin, M.N.; Syed Aljunid, S.J.; Noor Azahz, A.; Amrizal, M.N.; Saperi, S. 2012: Direct medical cost of stroke: findings from a tertiary hospital in malaysia. Medical Journal of Malaysia 67(5): 473-477
Sun, P.; Peng, X.; Sun, S.; Novick, D.; Faries, D.E.; Andrews, J.S.; Wohlreich, M.M.; Wu, A. 2014: Direct medical costs and medication compliance among fibromyalgia patients: duloxetine initiators vs. pregabalin initiators. Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain 14(1): 22-31
Suñer, I.J.; Margolis, J.; Ruiz, K.; Tran, I.; Lee, P. 2014: Direct medical costs and resource use for treating central and branch retinal vein occlusion in commercially insured working-age and Medicare populations. Retina 34(11): 2250-2258
Ngamphaiboon, J.; Kongnakorn, T.; Detzel, P.; Sirisomboonwong, K.; Wasiak, R. 2012: Direct medical costs associated with atopic diseases among young children in Thailand. Journal of Medical Economics 15(6): 1025-1035
Baser, O.; Burkan, A.; Baser, E.; Koselerli, R.; Ertugay, E.; Altinbas, A. 2013: Direct medical costs associated with rheumatoid arthritis in Turkey: analysis from National Claims Database. Rheumatology International 33(10): 2577-2584
Daltio, C.S.; Mari, J.J.; Ferraz, M.B. 2011: Direct medical costs associated with schizophrenia relapses in health care services in the city of São Paulo. Revista de Saude Publica 45(1): 14-23
Bessette, L.; Jean, S.; Lapointe-Garant, M.-P.; Belzile, E.L.; Davison, K.S.; Ste-Marie, L.G.; Brown, J.P. 2012: Direct medical costs attributable to peripheral fractures in Canadian post-menopausal women. Osteoporosis International: a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the Usa 23(6): 1757-1768
Yeaw, J.; Halinan, S.; Hines, D.; Delozier, A.; Perez, M.; Boye, M.; Boye, K.S.; Blanchette, C.M. 2014: Direct medical costs for complications among children and adults with diabetes in the US commercial payer setting. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 12(2): 219-230
Zachry, W.M.; Doan, Q.D.; Smith, B.J.; Clewell, J.D.; Griffith, J.M. 2009: Direct medical costs for patients seeking emergency care for losses of epilepsy control in a U.S. managed care setting. Epilepsy and Behavior: E&b 16(2): 268-273
Kim, T.Ho.; Chun, K.Hong.; Kim, H.Jin.; Han, S.Jin.; Kim, D.Jung.; Kwak, J.; Kim, Y.Seol.; Woo, J.Taek.; Park, Y.; Nam, M.; Baik, S.Hyun.; Ahn, K.Jeung.; Lee, K.Woo. 2012: Direct medical costs for patients with type 2 diabetes and related complications: a prospective cohort study based on the Korean National Diabetes Program. Journal of Korean Medical Science 27(8): 876-882
Pelletier, E.M.; Smith, P.J.; Boye, K.S.; Misurski, D.A.; Tunis, S.L.; Minshall, M.E. 2008: Direct medical costs for type 2 diabetes mellitus complications in the US commercial payer setting: a resource for economic research. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 6(2-3): 103-112
Chan, A.L.F.; Cham, T.-M.; Lin, S.-J. 2009: Direct medical costs in patients with Alzheimer's disease in Taiwan: a population-based study. Current Therapeutic Research 70(1): 10-18
Thompson, J.M.; Luedtke, C.A.; Oh, T.H.; Shah, N.D.; Long, K.Hall.; King, S.; Branda, M.; Swanson, R. 2011: Direct medical costs in patients with fibromyalgia: Cost of illness and impact of a brief multidisciplinary treatment program. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 90(1): 40-46
Menn, P.; Heinrich, J.; Huber, R.M.; Jörres, R.A.; John, J.ür.; Karrasch, S.; Peters, A.; Schulz, H.; Holle, R.; Wichmann, H.E.; Holle, R.; John, J.; Illig, T.; Meisinger, C.; Peters, A. 2012: Direct medical costs of COPD--an excess cost approach based on two population-based studies. Respiratory Medicine 106(4): 540-548
Hoonhout, L.H.F.; de Bruijne, M.C.; Wagner, C.; Zegers, M.; Waaijman, R.; Spreeuwenberg, P.; Asscheman, H.; van der Wal, G.; van Tulder, M.W. 2009: Direct medical costs of adverse events in Dutch hospitals. Bmc Health Services Research 9: 27
Wong, C.K.H.; Lam, C.L.K.; Poon, J.T.C.; McGhee, S.M.; Law, W.-L.; Kwong, D.L.W.; Tsang, J.; Chan, P. 2012: Direct medical costs of care for Chinese patients with colorectal neoplasia: a health care service provider perspective. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18(6): 1203-1210
Ward, A.; Alvarez, P.; Vo, L.; Martin, S. 2014: Direct medical costs of complications of diabetes in the United States: estimates for event-year and annual state costs (USD 2012). Journal of Medical Economics 17(3): 176-183
Choung, R.S.; Shah, N.D.; Chitkara, D.; Branda, M.E.; Van Tilburg, M.A.; Whitehead, W.E.; Katusic, S.K.; Locke, G.R.; Talley, N.J. 2011: Direct medical costs of constipation from childhood to early adulthood: a population-based birth cohort study. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 52(1): 47-54
Min, J.-y.; Min, K.-b.; Seo, S.; Kim, E.; Ong, S.H.; Machnicki, G.; Yang, B.-m. 2014: Direct medical costs of hypertension and associated co-morbidities in South Korea. International Journal of Cardiology 176(2): 487-490
Lagos, R.; Muñoz, A.; Espinoza, A.íb.; Dowes, A.; Ruttimann, R.; Colindres, R.óm.; Levine, M.M. 2009: Direct medical costs of invasive pneumococcal disease and radiologically-diagnosed pneumonia among Chilean children. Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica 26(2): 101-111
Darbà, J.; Restovic, G.; Kaskens, L.; de Agustín, T. 2012: Direct medical costs of liquid intravenous immunoglobulins in children, adolescents, and adults in Spain. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 52(4): 566-575
Vonkeman, H.E.; Klok, R.M.; Postma, M.J.; Brouwers, J.R.B.J.; van de Laar, M.A.F.J. 2007: Direct medical costs of serious gastrointestinal ulcers among users of NSAIDs. Drugs and Aging 24(8): 681-690
Spyropoulos, A.C.; Lin, J. 2007: Direct medical costs of venous thromboembolism and subsequent hospital readmission rates: an administrative claims analysis from 30 managed care organizations. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy: Jmcp 13(6): 475-486
Kawatkar, A.A.; Jacobsen, S.J.; Levy, G.D.; Medhekar, S.S.; Venkatasubramaniam, K.V.; Herrinton, L.J. 2012: Direct medical expenditure associated with rheumatoid arthritis in a nationally representative sample from the medical expenditure panel survey. Arthritis Care and Research 64(11): 1649-1656
Heider, D.; Bernert, S.; König, H.-H.; Matschinger, H.; Hogh, T.; Brugha, T.S.; Bebbington, P.E.; Azorin, M.; Angermeyer, M.C.; Toumi, M. 2009: Direct medical mental health care costs of schizophrenia in France, Germany and the United Kingdom - findings from the European Schizophrenia Cohort (EuroSC). European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists 24(4): 216-224
Jean, S.; Bessette, L.; Belzile, E.L.; Davison, K.S.; Candas, B.; Morin, S.; Dodin, S.; Brown, J.P. 2013: Direct medical resource utilization associated with osteoporosis-related nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 28(2): 360-371
Butler, D.J.; Ramanathan, G.; Oliver, C.; Cole, A.; Lye, J.; Harty, P.D.; Wright, T.; Webb, D.V.; Followill, D.S. 2014: Direct megavoltage photon calibration service in Australia. Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine 37(4): 753-761
Nakamura, K.; Nemani, V.M.; Azarbal, F.; Skibinski, G.; Levy, J.M.; Egami, K.; Munishkina, L.; Zhang, J.; Gardner, B.; Wakabayashi, J.; Sesaki, H.; Cheng, Y.; Finkbeiner, S.; Nussbaum, R.L.; Masliah, E.; Edwards, R.H. 2011: Direct membrane association drives mitochondrial fission by the Parkinson disease-associated protein alpha-synuclein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(23): 20710-20726
Lateef, S.Khaja.; Soh, B.Zheng.; Kimura, K. 2013: Direct membrane filtration of municipal wastewater with chemically enhanced backwash for recovery of organic matter. Bioresource Technology 150: 149-155
Zha, H.-X.; Yu, P.-S. 2007: Direct mercury determination method for mercury and its compounds in air of working places. Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 25(11): 684-685
Nierth, A.; Marletta, M.A. 2014: Direct meso-alkynylation of metalloporphyrins through gold catalysis for hemoprotein engineering. Angewandte Chemie 53(10): 2611-2614
Anabuki, S.; Tokuji, S.; Aratani, N.; Osuka, A. 2012: Direct meso-alkynylation of porphyrins doubly assisted by pyridyl coordination. Organic Letters 14(11): 2778-2781
Yue, W.; Li, Y.; Jiang, W.; Zhen, Y.; Wang, Z. 2009: Direct meta-selective alkylation of perylene bisimides via palladium-catalyzed C-H functionalization. Organic Letters 11(23): 5430-5433
Nagamine, T. 2007: Direct metabolic effects of risperidone and olanzapine in Japanese schizophrenic patients. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 3(1): 177-179
Politi, M.; Zloh, M.; Pintado, M.E.; Castro, P.M.L.; Heinrich, M.; Prieto, J.M. 2009: Direct metabolic fingerprinting of commercial herbal tinctures by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Phytochemical Analysis: Pca 20(4): 328-334
Nakamura, S.; Yang, C.-S.; Sakon, N.; Ueda, M.; Tougan, T.; Yamashita, A.; Goto, N.; Takahashi, K.; Yasunaga, T.; Ikuta, K.; Mizutani, T.; Okamoto, Y.; Tagami, M.; Morita, R.; Maeda, N.; Kawai, J.; Hayashizaki, Y.; Nagai, Y.; Horii, T.; Iida, T.; Nakaya, T. 2009: Direct metagenomic detection of viral pathogens in nasal and fecal specimens using an unbiased high-throughput sequencing approach. Plos one 4(1): E4219
Ciocca, L.; Fantini, M.; De Crescenzio, F.; Corinaldesi, G.; Scotti, R. 2011: Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) of a customized titanium mesh for prosthetically guided bone regeneration of atrophic maxillary arches. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 49(11): 1347-1352
Kumar, A.; Hsu, K.H.; Jacobs, K.E.; Ferreira, P.M.; Fang, N.X. 2011: Direct metal nano-imprinting using an embossed solid electrolyte stamp. Nanotechnology 22(15): 155302
Uejima, T.; Ihara, K.; Sunada, M.; Kawasaki, M.; Ueda, T.; Kato, R.; Nakano, A.; Wakatsuki, S. 2013: Direct metal recognition by guanine nucleotide-exchange factor in the initial step of the exchange reaction. Acta Crystallographica. Section D Biological Crystallography 69(Part 3): 345-351
Bagai, I.; Rensing, C.; Blackburn, N.J.; McEvoy, M.M. 2008: Direct metal transfer between periplasmic proteins identifies a bacterial copper chaperone. Biochemistry 47(44): 11408-11414
Gigant, N.; Chausset-Boissarie, L.ët.; Gillaizeau, I. 2014: Direct metal-catalyzed regioselective functionalization of enamides. Chemistry 20(25): 7548-7564
Li, Q.; Sa, R.; Wei, Y.; Wu, K. 2008: Direct metal-metal interaction contributions to quadratic hyperpolarizability: a study on dirhenium complexes. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(22): 4965-4972
Bentabed-Ababsa, G.; Cheikh Sid Ely, S.; Hesse, S.ép.; Nassar, E.; Chevallier, F.; Nguyen, T.T.; Derdour, A.ïc.; Mongin, F. 2010: Direct metalation of heteroaromatic esters and nitriles using a mixed lithium-cadmium base. Subsequent conversion to dipyridopyrimidinones. Journal of Organic Chemistry 75(3): 839-847
Snégaroff, K.; Lassagne, Fédéric.; Bentabed-Ababsa, G.; Nassar, E.; Ely, S.Cheikh.Sid.; Hesse, Séphanie.; Perspicace, E.; Derdour, Aïcha.; Mongin, F. 2009: Direct metallation of thienopyrimidines using a mixed lithium-cadmium base and antitumor activity of functionalized derivatives. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 7(22): 4782-4788
Lee, J.; Park, C.; Dao, V.A.; Lee, Y.-J.; Ryu, K.; Choi, G.; Kim, B.; Ju, M.; Jeong, C.; Yi, J. 2013: Direct metallization local Al-back surface field for high efficiency screen printed crystalline silicon solar cells. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 13(11): 7551-7555
Soorholtz, M.; White, R.J.; Zimmermann, T.; Titirici, M.-M.; Antonietti, M.; Palkovits, R.; Schüth, F. 2013: Direct methane oxidation over Pt-modified nitrogen-doped carbons. Chemical Communications 49(3): 240-242
Tong, W.; Cheung, K.; West, A.; Yu, K.-M.; Tsang, S.C.E. 2013: Direct methanol steam reforming to hydrogen over CuZnGaOx catalysts without CO post-treatment: mechanistic considerations. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 15(19): 7240-7248
Amatore, M.; Gosmini, C. 2010: Direct method for carbon-carbon bond formation: the functional group tolerant cobalt-catalyzed alkylation of aryl halides. Chemistry 16(20): 5848-5852
Petigara, B.R.; Scher, A.L. 2007: Direct method for determination of Sudan i in FD&C Yellow No. 6 and D&C Orange No. 4 by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Journal - Association of Official Analytical Chemists 90(5): 1373-1378
Lerner, R.; Rivlin, E. 2011: Direct method for video-based navigation using a digital terrain map. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 33(2): 406-411
Wouters, A.; Simon, K.M.; Hirschberg, J.G. 1973: Direct method of decoding multiple images. Applied Optics 12(8): 1871-1873
Nelson, J.S.D. 1947: Direct method of forming tantalum for repair of skull defects. Journal of the American Dental Association 34(11): 745-749
Riakhovskiĭ, A.N.; Kalacheva, I.A. 2010: Direct method of temporary restoration making with the help of 3D-modeling. Stomatologiia 89(4): 50-53
Wang, K.K.; Yan, H.; Zhao, C.X.; Xu, G.; Qi, Y.; Wu, Y.; Hu, N.-X. 2010: Direct method of tracing the wetting states on nanocomposite surfaces. Langmuir 26(11): 7686-7689
Chen, Y.-G.; Chen, Y.-H.; Li, Z.-Y. 2014: Direct method to control surface plasmon polaritons on metal surfaces. Optics Letters 39(2): 339-342
Schedlbauer, A.; Auer, R.; Ledolter, K.; Tollinger, M.; Kloiber, K.; Lichtenecker, R.; Ruedisser, S.; Hommel, U.; Schmid, W.; Konrat, R.; Kontaxis, G. 2008: Direct methods and residue type specific isotope labeling in NMR structure determination and model-driven sequential assignment. Journal of Biomolecular NMR 42(2): 111-127
Myers, M.R.; Hariharan, P.; Banerjee, R.K. 2008: Direct methods for characterizing high-intensity focused ultrasound transducers using acoustic streaming. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124(3): 1790-1802
Grainger, D.C.; Lee, D.J.; Busby, S.J.W. 2009: Direct methods for studying transcription regulatory proteins and RNA polymerase in bacteria. Current Opinion in Microbiology 12(5): 531-535
Langs, D.A.; Hauptman, H.A. 2011: Direct methods: a paradox with regard to the convergence of random phase trials toward solutions. Acta Crystallographica. Section a Foundations of Crystallography 67(Part 5): 430-434
Murphy, R.A.; Sarpong, R. 2012: Direct methoxypyridine functionalization approach to magellanine-type Lycopodium alkaloids. Organic Letters 14(2): 632-635
Kim, S.; Lee, W.S.; Lee, J.; Park, I. 2012: Direct micro/nano metal patterning based on two-step transfer printing of ionic metal nano-ink. Nanotechnology 23(28): 285301
Naveh, G.R.S.; Brumfeld, V.; Dean, M.; Shahar, R.; Weiner, S. 2014: Direct microCT imaging of non-mineralized connective tissues at high resolution. Connective Tissue Research 55(1): 52-60
Jiang, L.; Duan, D.; Shen, Y.; Li, J. 2012: Direct microRNA detection with universal tagged probe and time-resolved fluorescence technology. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 34(1): 291-295
Lin, H.; Cheng, W.; Ding, H.-t.; Chen, X.-j.; Zhou, Q.-f.; Zhao, Y.-h. 2010: Direct microbial conversion of wheat straw into lipid by a cellulolytic fungus of Aspergillus oryzae A-4 in solid-state fermentation. Bioresource Technology 101(19): 7556-7562
Oykhman, P.; Mody, C.H. 2010: Direct microbicidal activity of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology 2010: 249482
Dos Reis, G.; Fenili, F.; Gianfelice, A.; Bongiorno, G.; Marchesi, D.; Scopelliti, P.E.; Borgonovo, A.; Podestà, A.; Indrieri, M.; Ranucci, E.; Ferruti, P.; Lenardi, C.; Milani, P. 2010: Direct microfabrication of topographical and chemical cues for the guided growth of neural cell networks on polyamidoamine hydrogels. Macromolecular Bioscience 10(8): 842-852
Radha, B.; Sagade, A.A.; Gupta, R.; Kulkarni, G.U. 2011: Direct micromolding of Pd micro-stripes for electronic applications. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(1): 152-157
Kochhar, J.S.; Anbalagan, P.; Shelar, S.B.; Neo, J.K.; Iliescu, C.; Kang, L. 2014: Direct microneedle array fabrication off a photomask to deliver collagen through skin. Pharmaceutical Research 31(7): 1724-1734
Rensch, F.; Jonas, J.B. 2008: Direct microperimetry of alpha zone and beta zone parapapillary atrophy. British Journal of Ophthalmology 92(12): 1617-1619
Shirley, D.G.; Faria, N.J.R.; Unwin, R.J.; Dobbie, H. 2010: Direct micropuncture evidence that matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein inhibits proximal tubular phosphate reabsorption. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 25(10): 3191-3195
Bizjak, N.; Bajd, F.; Vidmar, J.; Blinc, A.š; Perme, M.P.; Marder, V.J.; Novokhatny, V.; Serša, I. 2014: Direct microscopic monitoring of initial and dynamic clot lysis using plasmin or rt-PA in an in vitro flow system. Thrombosis Research 133(5): 908-913
Wang, Y.; Wicaksana, F.; Tang, C.Y.; Fane, A.G. 2010: Direct microscopic observation of forward osmosis membrane fouling. Environmental Science and Technology 44(18): 7102-7109
Endo, A.; Ishikawa, T.; Suzuki, T.; Kashiwagi, Y.; Mutoh, M. 2011: Direct microscopic observation of striations in a fractured section of a sirolimus-eluting stent (Cypher Bx Velocity®) indicates induction of stent fracture by continuous shear stress. International Heart Journal 52(4): 248-251
Hepple, P.; Nguele, P.; Greig, J.; Bonnet, M.; Sizaire, V. 2010: Direct microscopy versus sputum cytology analysis and bleach sedimentation for diagnosis of tuberculosis: a prospective diagnostic study. Bmc Infectious Diseases 10: 276
Fan, J.; De bruyn, M.; Budarin, V.L.; Gronnow, M.J.; Shuttleworth, P.S.; Breeden, S.; Macquarrie, D.J.; Clark, J.H. 2013: Direct microwave-assisted hydrothermal depolymerization of cellulose. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(32): 11728-11731
Maksimenka, R.; Nuernberger, P.; Lee, K.F.; Bonvalet, A.; Milkiewicz, J.; Barta, C.; Klima, Mš.; Oksenhendler, T.; Tournois, P.; Kaplan, D.; Joffre, M. 2010: Direct mid-infrared femtosecond pulse shaping with a calomel acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter. Optics Letters 35(21): 3565-3567
Alazemi, S.; Suarez, M.M.; Baier, H.J. 2008: Direct migration of liquid silicone oil to the mediastinum. American Journal of Medicine 121(2): E3-E4
Ando, T.; Kawashima, D.; Kim, H.; Joung, S.; Liao, H.; Kobayashi, E.; Gojo, S.; Kyo, S.; Ono, M.; Sakuma, I. 2013: Direct minimally invasive intraoperative electrophysiological mapping of the heart. Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies: Mitat: Official Journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy 22(6): 372-380
Buntrock, S. 2014: Direct mobile phones radiation influence: Dial 1-800-EXTINCTION. Central European Journal of Urology 67(1): 72-73
Koubassova, N.A.; Bershitsky, S.Y.; Ferenczi, M.A.; Tsaturyan, A.K. 2008: Direct modeling of X-ray diffraction pattern from contracting skeletal muscle. Biophysical Journal 95(6): 2880-2894
Shishkin, M.; Ziegler, T. 2014: Direct modeling of the electrochemistry in the three-phase boundary of solid oxide fuel cell anodes by density functional theory: a critical overview. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 16(5): 1798-1808
Zhou, Z. 1990: Direct modeling of the output parameters of an optical recording. Applied Optics 29(29): 4403-4407
Blind, R.D.; Suzawa, M.; Ingraham, H.A. 2012: Direct modification and activation of a nuclear receptor-PIP₂ complex by the inositol lipid kinase IPMK. Science Signaling 5(229): ra44
Pascu, M.-L.; Nastasa, V.; Smarandache, A.; Militaru, A.; Martins, A.; Viveiros, M.; Boni, M.; Andrei, I.R.; Pascu, A.; Staicu, A.; Molnar, J.; Fanning, S.; Amaral, L. 2011: Direct modification of bioactive phenothiazines by exposure to laser radiation. Recent Patents on AntI-Infective Drug Discovery 6(2): 147-157
Frederiksen, M.; Sutherland, D.S. 2014: Direct modification of colloidal hole-masks for locally ordered hetero-assemblies of nanostructures over large areas. Nanoscale 6(2): 731-735
Yang, L.; Jensen, D.S.; Vail, M.A.; Dadson, A.; Linford, M.R. 2010: Direct modification of hydrogen/deuterium-terminated diamond particles with polymers to form reversed and strong cation exchange solid phase extraction sorbents. Journal of Chromatography. a 1217(49): 7621-7629
Brown, K.K.; Blaikie, F.H.; Smith, R.A.J.; Tyndall, J.D.A.; Lue, H.; Bernhagen, J.ür.; Winterbourn, C.C.; Hampton, M.B. 2009: Direct modification of the proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor by dietary isothiocyanates. Journal of Biological Chemistry 284(47): 32425-32433
Fuchs, V.M.; Soto, E.L.; Blanco, M.N.; Pizzio, L.R. 2008: Direct modification with tungstophosphoric acid of mesoporous titania synthesized by urea-templated sol-gel reactions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 327(2): 403-411
Visvikis, O.; Maddugoda, M.P.; Lemichez, E. 2010: Direct modifications of Rho proteins: deconstructing GTPase regulation. Biology of the Cell 102(7): 377-389
Bernier, L.-P.; Ase, A.R.; Tong, X.; Hamel, E.; Blais, D.; Zhao, Q.; Logothetis, D.E.; Séguéla, P. 2008: Direct modulation of P2X1 receptor-channels by the lipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. Molecular Pharmacology 74(3): 785-792
Browning, C.; Shi, K.; Anandarajah, P.M.; Phelan, R.; Barry, L.P. 2012: Direct modulation of a tuneable slotted Fabry-Pérot laser with adaptive modulation OFDM. Optics Express 20(26): B399-B404
Karaveli, S.; Weinstein, A.J.; Zia, R. 2013: Direct modulation of lanthanide emission at sub-lifetime scales. Nano Letters 13(5): 2264-2269
Yuan, W.; Li, C.Ming. 2009: Direct modulation of localized surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles on solid substrates via weak polyelectrolyte-mediated layer-by-layer self assembly. Langmuir 25(13): 7578-7585
Emerson, D.J.; Weiser, B.P.; Psonis, J.; Liao, Z.; Taratula, O.; Fiamengo, A.; Wang, X.; Sugasawa, K.; Smith, A.B.; Eckenhoff, R.G.; Dmochowski, I.J. 2013: Direct modulation of microtubule stability contributes to anthracene general anesthesia. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(14): 5389-5398
Su, L.; Li, A.; Li, H.; Chu, C.; Qiu, J.-L. 2013: Direct modulation of protein level in Arabidopsis. Molecular Plant 6(5): 1711-1714
Caldwell, G.B.; Howe, A.K.; Nickl, C.K.; Dostmann, W.R.; Ballif, B.A.; Deming, P.B. 2012: Direct modulation of the protein kinase a catalytic subunit α by growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 113(1): 39-48
Moore, J.E.; Watabe, M.; Millar, B.C.; Rooney, P.J.; Loughrey, A.; Goldsmith, C.E. 2008: Direct molecular (PCR) detection of verocytotoxigenic and related virulence determinants (eae, hyl, stx) in E. coli O157:H7 from fresh faecal material. British Journal of Biomedical Science 65(3): 163-165
Reyzer, M.L.; Chaurand, P.; Angel, P.M.; Caprioli, R.M. 2010: Direct molecular analysis of whole-body animal tissue sections by MALDI imaging mass spectrometry. Methods in Molecular Biology 656: 285-301
Eshoo, M.W.; Crowder, C.C.; Rebman, A.W.; Rounds, M.A.; Matthews, H.E.; Picuri, J.M.; Soloski, M.J.; Ecker, D.J.; Schutzer, S.E.; Aucott, J.N. 2012: Direct molecular detection and genotyping of Borrelia burgdorferi from whole blood of patients with early Lyme disease. Plos one 7(5): E36825
Alli, O.A.T.; Ogbolu, O.D.; Alaka, O.O. 2011: Direct molecular detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex from clinical samples - An adjunct to cultural method of laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis. North American Journal of Medical Sciences 3(6): 281-288
Avolio, M.; Diamante, P.; Modolo, M.L.; De Rosa, R.; Stano, P.; Camporese, A. 2014: Direct molecular detection of pathogens in blood as specific rule-in diagnostic biomarker in patients with presumed sepsis: our experience on a heterogeneous cohort of patients with signs of infective systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Shock 42(2): 86-92
Petty, E.M.; Glynn, M.; Bale, A.E. 2001: Direct molecular diagnosis of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Methods in Molecular Medicine 49: 227-242
Hughto, J.; Horowitz, C.J.; Schneider, A.S.; Medin, Z.; Cumming, A.; Berry, D.K. 2012: Direct molecular dynamics simulation of liquid-solid phase equilibria for a three-component plasma. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 86(6 Part 2): 066413
Schneider, A.S.; Hughto, J.; Horowitz, C.J.; Berry, D.K. 2012: Direct molecular dynamics simulation of liquid-solid phase equilibria for two-component plasmas. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(6 Part 2): 066405
Scott, D.J.; Plückthun, A. 2013: Direct molecular evolution of detergent-stable G protein-coupled receptors using polymer encapsulated cells. Journal of Molecular Biology 425(3): 662-677
Maffey, L.; Cardinal, M.V.; Ordóñez-Krasnowski, P.C.; Lanati, L.A.; Lauricella, M.A.; Schijman, A.G.; Gürtler, R.E. 2012: Direct molecular identification of Trypanosoma cruzi discrete typing units in domestic and peridomestic Triatoma infestans and Triatoma sordida from the Argentine Chaco. Parasitology 139(12): 1570-1579
Suzuki, Y.; Yamamura, H.; Ohya, S.; Imaizumi, Y. 2013: Direct molecular interaction of caveolin-3 with KCa1.1 channel in living HEK293 cell expression system. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 430(3): 1169-1174
Niso-Santano, M.; Criollo, A.; Malik, S.A.; Michaud, M.; Morselli, E.; Mariño, G.; Lachkar, S.; Galluzzi, L.; Maiuri, M.C.; Kroemer, G. 2012: Direct molecular interactions between Beclin 1 and the canonical NFκB activation pathway. Autophagy 8(2): 268-270
Livesey, K.M.; Kang, R.; Zeh, H.J.; Lotze, M.T.; Tang, D. 2012: Direct molecular interactions between HMGB1 and TP53 in colorectal cancer. Autophagy 8(5): 846-848
Daubas, P.; Buckingham, M.E. 2013: Direct molecular regulation of the myogenic determination gene Myf5 by Pax3, with modulation by Six1/4 factors, is exemplified by the -111 kb-Myf5 enhancer. Developmental Biology 376(2): 236-244
Balluff, B.; Rauser, S.; Ebert, M.P.; Siveke, J.T.; Höfler, H.; Walch, A. 2012: Direct molecular tissue analysis by MALdi imaging mass spectrometry in the field of gastrointestinal disease. Gastroenterology 143(3): 544-549.E2
Litt, D.J.; Jauneikaite, E.; Tchipeva, D.; Harrison, T.G.; Fry, N.K. 2012: Direct molecular typing of Bordetella pertussis from clinical specimens submitted for diagnostic quantitative (real-time) PCR. Journal of Medical Microbiology 61(Part 12): 1662-1668
Gopaul, K.K.; Dainty, A.C.; Muchowski, J.K.; Dawson, C.E.; Stack, J.A.; Whatmore, A.M. 2014: Direct molecular typing of Brucella strains in field material. Veterinary Record 175(11): 282
Yang, X.; Zhang, A.Y.; Wheeler, D.A.; Bond, T.C.; Gu, C.; Li, Y. 2012: Direct molecule-specific glucose detection by Raman spectroscopy based on photonic crystal fiber. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 402(2): 687-691
Zhang, C.; Zhang, R.; Na, N.; Delanghe, J.R.; Ouyang, J. 2011: Direct monitoring changes of salbutamol concentration in serum by chemiluminescent imaging. Journal of Chromatography. B Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 879(22): 2089-2094
Aitken, G.R.; Henderson, J.R.; Chang, S.-C.; McNeil, C.J.; Birch-Machin, M.A. 2007: Direct monitoring of UV-induced free radical generation in HaCaT keratinocytes. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 32(6): 722-727
Sikora, M.; Marczak, L.; Twardowski, T.; Stobiecki, M.; Jakubowski, H. 2010: Direct monitoring of albumin lysine-525 N-homocysteinylation in human serum by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry 405(1): 132-134
Chen, C-Chi.; Yang, Y-Lin.; Ou, C-Lin.; Chou, C-Hung.; Liaw, C-Chuang.; Lin, P-Chiao. 2013: Direct monitoring of chemical transformations by combining thin layer chromatography with nanoparticle-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Analyst 138(5): 1379-1385
Amaral, P.H.; Fernandes, R.; Eberlin, M.N.; Höehr, N.F. 2011: Direct monitoring of drug degradation by easy ambient sonic-spray ionization mass spectrometry: the case of enalapril. Journal of Mass Spectrometry: Jms 46(12): 1269-1273
Kiel, A.; Kovacs, J.; Mokhir, A.; Krämer, R.; Herten, D.-P. 2007: Direct monitoring of formation and dissociation of individual metal complexes by single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. Angewandte Chemie 46(18): 3363-3366
Wang, G.; Abzalimov, R.R.; Kaltashov, I.A. 2011: Direct monitoring of heat-stressed biopolymers with temperature-controlled electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 83(8): 2870-2876
Takahashi, S.; Isobe, H.; Ueda, T.; Okahata, Y. 2013: Direct monitoring of initiation factor dynamics through formation of 30S and 70S translation-initiation complexes on a quartz crystal microbalance. Chemistry 19(21): 6807-6816
Okuno, T.; Ogoh, M.; Tanina, H.; Funasaki, N.; Kogure, K. 2009: Direct monitoring of interaction between Escherichia coli proteins, MinC and monomeric FtsZ, in solution. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 32(8): 1473-1475
Iguchi, M.; Kato, M.; Nakai, J.; Takeda, T.; Matsumoto-Ida, M.; Kita, T.; Kimura, T.; Akao, M. 2012: Direct monitoring of mitochondrial calcium levels in cultured cardiac myocytes using a novel fluorescent indicator protein, GCaMP2-mt. International Journal of Cardiology 158(2): 225-234
Zhang, X.; Cudjoe, E.; Vuckovic, D.; Pawliszyn, J. 2009: Direct monitoring of ochratoxin a in cheese with solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography. a 1216(44): 7505-7509
Tirosh, E.; Benassi, E.; Pipolo, S.; Mayor, M.; Valášek, M.; Frydman, V.; Corni, S.; Cohen, S.R. 2011: Direct monitoring of opto-mechanical switching of self-assembled monolayer films containing the azobenzene group. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 2: 834-844
Hämmerle, M.; Hilgert, K.; Achmann, S.; Moos, R. 2010: Direct monitoring of organic vapours with amperometric enzyme gas sensors. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(6): 1521-1525
Vaccaro, G.; Bianchi, A.; Mauri, M.; Bonetti, S.; Meinardi, F.; Sanguineti, A.; Simonutti, R.; Beverina, L. 2013: Direct monitoring of self-assembly of copolymeric micelles by a luminescent molecular rotor. Chemical Communications 49(76): 8474-8476
Lee, K.-B.; Hwang, J.M.; Choi, I.S.; Rho, J.; Choi, J.-S.; Kim, G.-H.; Kim, S.I.; Kim, S.; Lee, Z.-W. 2011: Direct monitoring of the inhibition of protein-protein interactions in cells by translocation of PKCδ fusion proteins. Angewandte Chemie 50(6): 1314-1317
Fouyer, K.; Lavastre, O.; Rondeau, D. 2012: Direct monitoring of the role played by a stabilizer in a solid sample of polymer using direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry: the case of Irgafos 168 in polyethylene. Analytical Chemistry 84(20): 8642-8649
Furniss, K.L.; Tsai, H.-J.; Byl, J.A.W.; Lane, A.B.; Vas, A.C.; Hsu, W.-S.; Osheroff, N.; Clarke, D.J. 2013: Direct monitoring of the strand passage reaction of DNA topoisomerase Ii triggers checkpoint activation. Plos Genetics 9(10): E1003832
Barr, M.C.; Rowehl, J.A.; Lunt, R.R.; Xu, J.; Wang, A.; Boyce, C.M.; Im, S.Gap.; Bulović, V.; Gleason, K.K. 2011: Direct monolithic integration of organic photovoltaic circuits on unmodified paper. Advanced Materials 23(31): 3499-3505
Elbirt, D.; Asher, I.; Mahlev-Guri, K.; Bezalel-Rozenberg, S.; Werner, B.; Cohen, Y.; Sthoeger, Z. 2014: Direct monthly highly active antiretroviral therapy supply - a method to increase patient's adherence and outcome. Experience of one AIDS centre in Israel. International Journal of Std and Aids 25(8): 579-586
Yuan, P.-g. 2008: Direct more attention to chronic hepatitis B patients with normal serum alanine aminotransferase levels. Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 16(3): 236-238
Liu, K.-z. 2007: Direct more emphasis on different etiologies of end-stage liver disease during treatment. Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 15(6): 456-457
Kovalev, V.; Wold, C.; Petkov, A.; Hao, W.M. 2012: Direct multiangle solution for poorly stratified atmospheres. Applied Optics 51(25): 6139-6146
Shibahara, F.; Yamaguchi, E.; Murai, T. 2010: Direct multiple C-H bond arylation reaction of heteroarenes catalyzed by cationic palladium complex bearing 1,10-phenanthroline. Chemical Communications 46(14): 2471-2473
Song, M.K.; Chang, J.; Hong, Y.; Hong, S.; Kim, S.W. 2009: Direct multiplex reverse transcription-nested PCR detection of influenza viruses without RNA purification. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 19(11): 1470-1474
Stiller, M.; Knapp, M.; Stenzel, U.; Hofreiter, M.; Meyer, M. 2009: Direct multiplex sequencing (DMPS)--a novel method for targeted high-throughput sequencing of ancient and highly degraded DNA. Genome Research 19(10): 1843-1848
Bu, Y.; Huang, H.; Wu, H.-p.; Zhang, X.-d.; Zhou, G.-h.; Cui, Y.-x.; Yao, B.; Lu, H.-y.; Xiang, J.-y. 2008: Direct multiplex-PCR from whole blood for rapid detection of y chromosome microdeletions. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 25(4): 406-409
Bonde, M.T.; Kosuri, S.; Genee, H.J.; Sarup-Lytzen, K.; Church, G.M.; Sommer, M.O.A.; Wang, H.H. 2015: Direct mutagenesis of thousands of genomic targets using microarray-derived oligonucleotides. Acs Synthetic Biology 4(1): 17-22
Habeler, W.; Ghaleh, B.; Barthelemy, I.; Plancheron, A.; Bizé, A.; Carlos-Sampedrano, C.; Chetboul, V.; Berdeaux, A.; Pucéat, M.; Peschanski, M.; Blot, S.; Monville, C. 2011: Direct myocardial implantation of human embryonic stem cells in a dog model of Duchenne cardiomyopathy reveals poor cell survival in dystrophic tissue. Journal of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine 7(2): 80-86
Benetti, F.; Peñherrera, E.; Maldonado, T.; Vera, Y.D.; Subramanian, V.; Geffner, L. 2010: Direct myocardial implantation of human fetal stem cells in heart failure patients: long-term results. Heart Surgery Forum 13(1): E31-E35
Jain, D.; He, Z.-X. 2015: Direct myocardial ischemia imaging with exercise ¹⁸FDG. Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 22(1): 111-114
Kwon, G.; Lee, H. 2009: Direct nanofabrication of copper on silicon substrate by electrochemical atomic force microscope lithography. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(12): 7076-7079
Ganesan, R.; Dinachali, S.S.; Lim, S.H.; Saifullah, M.S.M.; Chong, W.T.; Lim, A.H.H.; Yong, J.J.; Thian, E.S.; He, C.; Low, H.Y. 2012: Direct nanoimprint lithography of Al₂O₃ using a chelated monomer-based precursor. Nanotechnology 23(31): 315304
Ko, S.H.; Park, I.; Pan, H.; Grigoropoulos, C.P.; Pisano, A.P.; Luscombe, C.K.; Fréchet, J.M.J. 2007: Direct nanoimprinting of metal nanoparticles for nanoscale electronics fabrication. Nano Letters 7(7): 1869-1877
Thongkumkoon, P.; Sangwijit, K.; Chaiwong, C.; Thongtem, S.; Singjai, P.; Yu, L.D. 2014: Direct nanomaterial-DNA contact effects on DNA and mutation induction. Toxicology Letters 226(1): 90-97
Ruths, M.; Zappone, B. 2012: Direct nanomechanical measurement of an anchoring transition in a nematic liquid crystal subject to hybrid anchoring conditions. Langmuir 28(22): 8371-8383
Carbone, G.; Zappone, B.; Barberi, R.; Bartolino, R.; Musevic, I. 2011: Direct nanomechanical measurement of layer thickness and compressibility of smectic liquid crystals. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 83(5 Part 1): 051707
Stehlin, F.; Bourgin, Y.; Spangenberg, A.; Jourlin, Y.; Parriaux, O.; Reynaud, S.ép.; Wieder, F.; Soppera, O. 2012: Direct nanopatterning of 100 nm metal oxide periodic structures by Deep-UV immersion lithography. Optics Letters 37(22): 4651-4653
Lee, B.K.; Kawai, T.; Chung, B.H. 2011: Direct nanopatterning of silsesquioxane/poly(ethylene glycol) blends with high stability and nonfouling properties. Macromolecular Bioscience 11(5): 600-606
Thorkelsson, K.; Mastroianni, A.J.; Ercius, P.; Xu, T. 2012: Direct nanorod assembly using block copolymer-based supramolecules. Nano Letters 12(1): 498-504
Pumarol, M.E.; Rosamond, M.C.; Tovee, P.; Petty, M.C.; Zeze, D.A.; Falko, V.; Kolosov, O.V. 2012: Direct nanoscale imaging of ballistic and diffusive thermal transport in graphene nanostructures. Nano Letters 12(6): 2906-2911
Hövelmann, J.; Putnis, C.V.; Ruiz-Agudo, E.; Austrheim, H. 2012: Direct nanoscale observations of CO2 sequestration during brucite [Mg(OH)2] dissolution. Environmental Science and Technology 46(9): 5253-5260
Offeddu, F.G.; Cama, J.; Soler, J.M.; Putnis, C.V. 2014: Direct nanoscale observations of the coupled dissolution of calcite and dolomite and the precipitation of gypsum. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 5: 1245-1253
Brandt, M.G.; Franklin, J.H.; Moore, C.C. 2010: Direct nasolabial lift, a technique for palliation of oncologic lower-face paralysis. Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 39(4): 476-478
Zhou, L.; Gan, Q.; Bartoli, F.J.; Dierolf, V. 2009: Direct near-field optical imaging of UV bowtie nanoantennas. Optics Express 17(22): 20301-20306
Esteban, R.; Vogelgesang, R.; Dorfmüller, J.; Dmitriev, A.; Rockstuhl, C.; Etrich, C.; Kern, K. 2008: Direct near-field optical imaging of higher order plasmonic resonances. Nano Letters 8(10): 3155-3159
Lin, H-Ying.; Huang, C-Han.; Chang, C-Han.; Lan, Y-Chiang.; Chui, H-Chen. 2010: Direct near-field optical imaging of plasmonic resonances in metal nanoparticle pairs. Optics Express 18(1): 165-172
Lu, Y.-K.; Yeh, P.; Cheng, W.-H. 2010: Direct near-field phase measurement of laser diodes employing a single-mode fiber interferometer. Optics Letters 35(21): 3643-3645
Kojima, A.; Ito, Y.; Kitagawa, H.; Matsuura, H.; Nosaka, S. 2014: Direct negative chronotropic action of desflurane on sinoatrial node pacemaker activity in the guinea pig heart. Anesthesiology 120(6): 1400-1413
Döring, R.; Ciritsis, B.; Giesen, T.; Simmen, H.-P.; Giovanoli, P. 2012: Direct nerve suture and knee immobilization in 90° flexion as a technique for treatment of common peroneal, tibial and sural nerve injuries in complex knee trauma. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2012(12)
Palacio, A.; Milliez, P.-Y.; Le Jean, T.; Demangeon, S.; Verfaille, S.; Le Guern, H.; Biga, N.; Beuret-Blanquart, F. 2010: Direct neurectomy of the motor branches of the tibial nerve in hemiplegic adults: an assessment with a mean follow-up period of 11 years. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 53(6-7): 417-433
Bratincsák, A.; Kovács, Z.I.; Palkovits, M. 2008: Direct neuronal projection from a brainstem thermosensitive cell group to the preoptic thermoregulatory center. Neuroscience 156(4): 966-972
Ivanov, M.I.; Hill, J.; Bliska, J.B. 2014: Direct neutralization of type IIi effector translocation by the variable region of a monoclonal antibody to Yersinia pestis LcrV. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: Cvi 21(5): 667-673
Bwanga, F.; Haile, M.; Joloba, M.L.; Ochom, E.; Hoffner, S. 2011: Direct nitrate reductase assay versus microscopic observation drug susceptibility test for rapid detection of MDR-TB in Uganda. Plos one 6(5): E19565
Schuhmann, M.; Eberhardt, R.; Herth, F.J.F. 2011: Direct nodal sampling by echoendoscopy in lung cancer: the clinician's expectations: Direct nodal sampling by echoendoscopy in lung cancer. Insights into Imaging 2(2): 133-140
Gerber, A.U.; Torre, A.Hompanera.; Büscher, G.; Stock, S.A.K.; Graf, C.; Schickendantz, S.; Brockmeier, K.; Lüngen, M. 2010: Direct non-medical and indirect costs for families with children with congenital cardiac defects in Germany: a survey from a university centre. Cardiology in the Young 20(2): 178-185
Dahabieh, M.S.; Ooms, M.; Brumme, C.; Taylor, J.; Harrigan, P.R.; Simon, V.; Sadowski, I. 2014: Direct non-productive HIV-1 infection in a T-cell line is driven by cellular activation state and NFκB. Retrovirology 11: 17
Lindhout, M.; Rubio-Gozalbo, M.E.; Bakker, J.A.; Bierau, J.ör. 2010: Direct non-radioactive assay of galactose-1-phosphate:uridyltransferase activity using high performance liquid chromatography. Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 411(13-14): 980-983
Smith, C.L.; Homentowski, E.; Stokes, C. 1967: Direct nondestructive pumping of ruby lasers by chemical means. Applied Optics 6(6): 1130-1131
Griebel, A.J.; Khoshgoftar, M.; Novak, T.; van Donkelaar, C.C.; Neu, C.P. 2014: Direct noninvasive measurement and numerical modeling of depth-dependent strains in layered agarose constructs. Journal of Biomechanics 47(9): 2149-2156
Pardeshi, C.V.; Belgamwar, V.S. 2013: Direct nose to brain drug delivery via integrated nerve pathways bypassing the blood-brain barrier: an excellent platform for brain targeting. Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery 10(7): 957-972
Yu, H.; Kim, K. 2009: Direct nose-to-brain transfer of a growth hormone releasing neuropeptide, hexarelin after intranasal administration to rabbits. International Journal of Pharmaceutics 378(1-2): 73-79
Vondricka, J.; Schulze Lammers, P. 2008: Direct nozzle injection system for a real-time site-specific pesticide application. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences 73(4): 709-710
Tsiafoulis, C.G.; Skarlas, T.; Tzamaloukas, O.; Miltiadou, D.; Gerothanassis, I.P. 2014: Direct nuclear magnetic resonance identification and quantification of geometric isomers of conjugated linoleic acid in milk lipid fraction without derivatization steps: overcoming sensitivity and resolution barriers. Analytica Chimica Acta 821: 62-71
Magill, G.; Neaves, W.B. 2009: Direct nuclear reprogramming: response to Condic, Lee, and George. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19(2): 201-202
Singh, M.K.; Titus, E.; Krishna, R.; Hawaldar, R.R.; Goncalves, G.; Marques, P.A.A.P.; Gracio, J. 2012: Direct nucleation of silver nanoparticles on graphene sheet. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 12(8): 6731-6736
Yanagita, Y.; Nakamura, H.; Shirokane, K.; Kurosaki, Y.; Sato, T.; Chida, N. 2013: Direct nucleophilic addition to N-alkoxyamides. Chemistry 19(2): 678-684
Shaw, J.K.; Vengsarkar, A.M.; Claus, R.O. 1991: Direct numerical analysis of dual-mode elliptical-core optical fibers. Optics Letters 16(3): 135-137
Pan, Y.; Yue, D.K.P. 2014: Direct numerical investigation of turbulence of capillary waves. Physical Review Letters 113(9): 094501
Ai, Y.; Zeng, Z.; Qian, S. 2014: Direct numerical simulation of AC dielectrophoretic particle-particle interactive motions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 417: 72-79
Dimakopoulos, Y.; Bogaerds, A.C.B.; Anderson, P.D.; Hulsen, M.A.; Baaijens, F.P.T. 2012: Direct numerical simulation of a 2D-stented aortic heart valve at physiological flow rates. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 15(11): 1157-1179
Giordano, N. 2013: Direct numerical simulation of a recorder. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 133(2): 1111-1118
Tatsumi, R.; Yamamoto, R. 2012: Direct numerical simulation of dispersed particles in a compressible fluid. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(6 Pt 2): 066704
Pham, V.S.; Li, Z.; Lim, K.M.; White, J.K.; Han, J. 2012: Direct numerical simulation of electroconvective instability and hysteretic current-voltage response of a permselective membrane. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 86(4 Part 2): 046310
Ai, Y.; Qian, S. 2011: Direct numerical simulation of electrokinetic translocation of a cylindrical particle through a nanopore using a Poisson-Boltzmann approach. Electrophoresis 32(9): 996-1005
Iwamatsu, M. 2008: Direct numerical simulation of homogeneous nucleation and growth in a phase-field model using cell dynamics method. Journal of Chemical Physics 128(8): 084504
Schmidt, R.; Nikrityuk, P.A. 2011: Direct numerical simulation of particulate flows with heat transfer in a rotating cylindrical cavity. Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 369(1945): 2574-2583
Luo, Z.Y.; Xu, F.; Lu, T.J.; Bai, B.F. 2011: Direct numerical simulation of single leukocyte deformation in microchannel flow for disease diagnosis. Journal of Medical Systems 35(5): 869-876
Tsai, P.; Daya, Z.A.; Deyirmenjian, V.B.; Morris, S.W. 2007: Direct numerical simulation of supercritical annular electroconvection. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 76(2 Part 2): 026305
Valen-Sendstad, K.; Mardal, K.-A.é; Mortensen, M.; Reif, B.ør.A.P.; Langtangen, H.P. 2011: Direct numerical simulation of transitional flow in a patient-specific intracranial aneurysm. Journal of Biomechanics 44(16): 2826-2832
Lee, S.E.; Lee, S.-W.; Fischer, P.F.; Bassiouny, H.S.; Loth, F. 2008: Direct numerical simulation of transitional flow in a stenosed carotid bifurcation. Journal of Biomechanics 41(11): 2551-2561
Statsenko, V.P.; Yanilkin, Y.V.; Zhmaylo, V.A. 2013: Direct numerical simulation of turbulent mixing. Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 371(2003): 20120216
Sengupta, T.K.; Bhaumik, S.; Bhumkar, Y.G. 2012: Direct numerical simulation of two-dimensional wall-bounded turbulent flows from receptivity stage. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(2 Part 2): 026308
Iwashita, T.; Yamamoto, R. 2009: Direct numerical simulations for non-Newtonian rheology of concentrated particle dispersions. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 80(6 Pt 1): 061402
Durán, O.; Claudin, P.; Andreotti, B. 2014: Direct numerical simulations of aeolian sand ripples. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(44): 15665-15668
Hamid, A.; Yamamoto, R. 2013: Direct numerical simulations of anisotropic diffusion of spherical particles in sedimentation. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 87(2): 022310
Deike, L.; Fuster, D.; Berhanu, M.; Falcon, E. 2014: Direct numerical simulations of capillary wave turbulence. Physical Review Letters 112(23): 234501
Molina, J.J.; Yamamoto, R. 2013: Direct numerical simulations of rigid body dispersions. I. Mobility/friction tensors of assemblies of spheres. Journal of Chemical Physics 139(23): 234105
Perlekar, P.; Mitra, D.; Pandit, R. 2010: Direct numerical simulations of statistically steady, homogeneous, isotropic fluid turbulence with polymer additives. Physical Review. e Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 82(6 Part 2): 066313
Boulineau, R.ém.L.; Osborne, M.A. 2013: Direct object resolution by image subtraction: a new molecular ruler for nanometric measurements on complexed fluorophores. Chemical Communications 49(49): 5559-5561
Wei, A.; Carlsson, T.E. 1997: Direct object-shape comparison by light-in-flight speckle interferometry. Optics Letters 22(20): 1538-1540
Hu, D.; Liu, X.; Chen, J.; Wang, Y.; Wang, T.; Zeng, W.; Smith, H.; Garner, P. 2008: Direct observation and adherence to tuberculosis treatment in Chongqing, China: a descriptive study. Health Policy and Planning 23(1): 43-55
Bao, Q.; Li, J.; Li, C.M.; Dong, Z.L.; Lu, Z.; Qin, F.; Gong, C.; Guo, J. 2008: Direct observation and analysis of annealing-induced microstructure at interface and its effect on performance improvement of organic thin film transistors. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 112(39): 12270-12278
Yamada, H.; Takahashi, N.; Okuda, S.; Tsuchiya, Y.; Morisaki, H. 2010: Direct observation and analysis of bacterial growth on an antimicrobial surface. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76(16): 5409-5414
Jianming Wang; Hongbinh Shen 2009: Direct observation and completion of treatment of tuberculosis in rural areas of China. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 37(3): 304-309
Andrecka, J.; Spillane, K.M.; Ortega-Arroyo, J.; Kukura, P. 2013: Direct observation and control of supported lipid bilayer formation with interferometric scattering microscopy. Acs Nano 7(12): 10662-10670
Li, G.; Magana, D.; Dyer, R.B. 2012: Direct observation and control of ultrafast photoinduced twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) in triphenyl-methane dyes. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 116(41): 12590-12596
Singh, T.; Kundra, S.; Gupta, P. 2014: Direct observation and focused feedback for clinical skills training. Indian Pediatrics 51(9): 713-717
Qian, L.; Toda, H.; Uesugi, K.; Kobayashi, M.; Kobayashi, T. 2008: Direct observation and image-based simulation of three-dimensional tortuous crack evolution inside opaque materials. Physical Review Letters 100(11): 115505
Jiang, Y.; Qi, Q.; Wang, R.; Zhang, J.; Xue, Q.; Wang, C.; Jiang, C.; Qiu, X. 2011: Direct observation and measurement of mobile charge carriers in a monolayer organic semiconductor on a dielectric substrate. Acs Nano 5(8): 6195-6201
Panda, K.; Sankaran, K.J.; Panigrahi, B.K.; Tai, N.-H.; Lin, I.-N. 2014: Direct observation and mechanism for enhanced electron emission in hydrogen plasma-treated diamond nanowire films. Acs Applied Materials and Interfaces 6(11): 8531-8541
Ricchiardi, G.; Vitillo, J.G.; Cocina, D.; Gribov, E.N.; Zecchina, A. 2007: Direct observation and modelling of ordered hydrogen adsorption and catalyzed ortho-para conversion on ETS-10 titanosilicate material. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 9(21): 2753-2760
Kurouski, D.; Lombardi, R.A.; Dukor, R.K.; Lednev, I.K.; Nafie, L.A. 2010: Direct observation and pH control of reversed supramolecular chirality in insulin fibrils by vibrational circular dichroism. Chemical Communications 46(38): 7154-7156
Vaidhyanathan, R.; Iremonger, S.S.; Shimizu, G.K.H.; Boyd, P.G.; Alavi, S.; Woo, T.K. 2010: Direct observation and quantification of CO₂ binding within an amine-functionalized nanoporous solid. Science 330(6004): 650-653
Shariq, A.; Hättestrand, M.; Nilsson, J.-O.; Gregori, A. 2009: Direct observation and quantification of nanoscale spinodal decomposition in super duplex stainless steel weld metals. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(6): 3657-3664
Zimmermann, L.; Paster, W.; Weghuber, J.; Eckerstorfer, P.; Stockinger, H.; Schütz, G.J. 2010: Direct observation and quantitative analysis of Lck exchange between plasma membrane and cytosol in living T cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(9): 6063-6070
Zhang, Y.; Zhu, X.; Smith, J.; Haygood, M.T.; Gao, R. 2011: Direct observation and quantitative characterization of singlet oxygen in aqueous solution upon UVA excitation of 6-thioguanines. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 115(8): 1889-1894
Zhong, J.; Xie, T.; Deng, J.; Sun, X.; Pan, X.; Bao, X.; Wu, Z. 2011: Direct observation and spectroscopy of nanoscaled carboxylated carbonaceous fragments coated on carbon nanotubes. Chemical Communications 47(29): 8373-8375
Ida, M.; Naoe, T.; Futakawa, M. 2007: Direct observation and theoretical study of cavitation bubbles in liquid mercury. Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 75(4 Part 2): 046304
Hentz, A.; Parkinson, G.S.; Quinn, P.D.; Muñoz-Márquez, M.A.; Woodruff, D.P.; Grande, P.L.; Schiwietz, G.; Bailey, P.; Noakes, T.C.Q. 2009: Direct observation and theory of trajectory-dependent electronic energy losses in medium-energy ion scattering. Physical Review Letters 102(9): 096103
Su, T.-Y.; Chang, S.-W.; Yang, C.-J.; Chiang, H.K. 2014: Direct observation and validation of fluorescein tear film break-up patterns by using a dual thermal-fluorescent imaging system. Biomedical Optics Express 5(8): 2614-2619
Quake-Rapp, C.; Miller, B.; Ananthan, G.; Chiu, E.-C. 2008: Direct observation as a means of assessing frequency of maladaptive behavior in youths with severe emotional and behavioral disorder. American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association 62(2): 206-211
Xia, H.; Ueki, T.; Hirai, T. 2011: Direct observation by laser scanning confocal microscopy of microstructure and phase migration of PVC gels in an applied electric field. Langmuir 27(3): 1207-1211
Nakano, T.; Matsuura, M.; Hanazawa, A.; Hirota, K.; Nozue, Y. 2012: Direct observation by neutron diffraction of antiferromagnetic ordering in s electrons confined in regular nanospace of sodalite. Physical Review Letters 109(16): 167208
Ryan, J.G.; Barlas, D.; Sharma, M. 2010: Direct observation evaluations by emergency medicine faculty do not provide data that enhance resident assessment when compared to summative quarterly evaluations. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 17 Suppl. 2: S72-S77
Fromme, H.Barrett.; Karani, R.; Downing, S.M. 2009: Direct observation in medical education: a review of the literature and evidence for validity. Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine new York 76(4): 365-371
Arborio, A.-M. 2007: Direct observation in sociology: some methodologic thinking on research in the hospital. Recherche en Soins Infirmiers 90: 26-34
Lyden, K.; Petruski, N.; Staudenmayer, J.; Freedson, P. 2014: Direct observation is a valid criterion for estimating physical activity and sedentary behavior. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 11(4): 860-863
Morgan, D.; Ozanne-Smith, J.; Triggs, T. 2009: Direct observation measurement of drowning risk exposure for surf beach bathers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 12(4): 457-462
Oshige, M.; Kawasaki, S.; Takano, H.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kurita, H.; Mizuno, T.; Matsuura, S.-i.; Mizuno, A.; Katsura, S. 2011: Direct observation method of individual single-stranded DNA molecules using fluorescent replication protein a. Journal of Fluorescence 21(3): 1189-1194
Burdzinski, G.; Zhang, Y.; Selvaraj, P.; Sliwa, M.; Platz, M.S. 2010: Direct observation of 1,2-hydrogen migration in the excited states of alkyl diazo esters by ultrafast time resolved IR spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(7): 2126-2127
Pacold, J.I.; Tatum, D.S.; Seidler, G.T.; Raymond, K.N.; Zhang, X.; Stickrath, A.B.; Mortensen, D.R. 2014: Direct observation of 4f intrashell excitation in luminescent Eu complexes by time-resolved X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(11): 4186-4191
Hirayama, H.; Sugawara, Y.; Miyashita, Y.; Mitsuishi, M.; Miyashita, T. 2013: Direct observation of back energy transfer in blue phosphorescent materials for organic light emitting diodes by time-resolved optical waveguide spectroscopy. Applied Physics Letters 102(8): 81124
Shinozaki, Y.; Sumitomo, K.; Tsuda, M.; Koizumi, S.; Inoue, K.; Torimitsu, K. 2009: Direct observation of ATP-induced conformational changes in single P2X(4) receptors. Plos Biology 7(5): E1000103
Chen, P.-H.; Hsieh, C.-H.; Chen, S.-Y.; Wu, C.-H.; Wu, Y.-J.; Chou, L.-J.; Chen, L.-J. 2010: Direct observation of Au/Ga2O3 peapodded nanowires and their plasmonic behaviors. Nano Letters 10(9): 3267-3271
Bushmaker, A.W.; Deshpande, V.V.; Hsieh, S.; Bockrath, M.W.; Cronin, S.B. 2009: Direct observation of Born-Oppenheimer approximation breakdown in carbon nanotubes. Nano Letters 9(2): 607-611
Maeda, H.; Maeda, Y. 2007: Direct observation of Brownian dynamics of hard colloidal nanorods. Nano Letters 7(11): 3329-3335
Kim, D-Joo.; Kim, G-Sung.; Hyung, J-Hwan.; Lee, W-Yong.; Hong, C-Hee.; Lee, S-Kwon. 2013: Direct observation of CD4 T cell morphologies and their cross-sectional traction force derivation on quartz nanopillar substrates using focused ion beam technique. Nanoscale Research Letters 8(1): 332
Jacqmin, T.; Carusotto, I.; Sagnes, I.; Abbarchi, M.; Solnyshkov, D.D.; Malpuech, G.; Galopin, E.; Lemaître, A.; Bloch, J.; Amo, A. 2014: Direct observation of Dirac cones and a flatband in a honeycomb lattice for polaritons. Physical Review Letters 112(11): 116402
Hamazaki, J.; Mineta, Y.; Oka, K.; Morita, R. 2006: Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex. Optics Express 14(18): 8382-8392
Larese, J.Z.; Arnold, T.; Frazier, L.; Hinde, R.J.; Ramirez-Cuesta, A.J. 2008: Direct observation of H2 binding to a metal oxide surface. Physical Review Letters 101(16): 165302
Fonda, E.; Meichle, D.P.; Ouellette, N.T.; Hormoz, S.; Lathrop, D.P. 2014: Direct observation of Kelvin waves excited by quantized vortex reconnection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(Suppl 1): 4707-4710
Chiang, H.-S.; Leger, J.R.; Nilsson, J.; Sahu, J. 2013: Direct observation of Kramers-Kronig self-phasing in coherently combined fiber lasers. Optics Letters 38(20): 4104-4107
Clarke, K.; Edge, R.; Johnson, V.; Land, E.J.; Navaratnam, S.; Truscott, T.G. 2008: Direct observation of NH2* reactions with oxygen, amino acids, and melanins. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(6): 1234-1237
Novelli, A.; Vereecken, L.; Lelieveld, J.; Harder, H. 2014: Direct observation of OH formation from stabilised Criegee intermediates. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 16(37): 19941-19951
Yabushita, A.; Iida, D.; Hama, T.; Kawasaki, M. 2008: Direct observation of OH radicals ejected from water ice surface in the photoirradiation of nitrate adsorbed on ice at 100 K. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(40): 9763-9766
Strother, J.A.; Nern, A.; Reiser, M.B. 2014: Direct observation of ON and OFF pathways in the Drosophila visual system. Current Biology: Cb 24(9): 976-983
Szczelkun, M.D.; Tikhomirova, M.S.; Sinkunas, T.; Gasiunas, G.; Karvelis, T.; Pschera, P.; Siksnys, V.; Seidel, R. 2014: Direct observation of R-loop formation by single RNA-guided Cas9 and Cascade effector complexes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(27): 9798-9803
Chung, C.; Li, H.-W. 2013: Direct observation of RecBCD helicase as single-stranded DNA translocases. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(24): 8920-8925
Zhang, L.Q.; Liu, X.H.; Perng, Y.-C.; Cho, J.; Chang, J.P.; Mao, S.X.; Ye, Z.Z.; Huang, J.Y. 2012: Direct observation of Sn crystal growth during the lithiation and delithiation processes of SnO(2) nanowires. Micron 43(11): 1127-1133
Francius, G.ég.; Domenech, O.; Mingeot-Leclercq, M.P.; Dufrêne, Y.F. 2008: Direct observation of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall digestion by lysostaphin. Journal of Bacteriology 190(24): 7904-7909
Yirdaw, R.B.; McHaourab, H.S. 2012: Direct observation of T4 lysozyme hinge-bending motion by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy. Biophysical Journal 103(7): 1525-1536
Yoshida, K.; Miao, L.; Tanaka, N.; Tanemura, S. 2009: Direct observation of TiO6 octahedron forming titanate nanotube by advanced transmission electron microscopy. Nanotechnology 20(40): 405709
Saito, A.; Tanaka, T.; Takagi, Y.; Hosokawa, H.; Notsu, H.; Ohzeki, G.; Tanaka, Y.; Kohmura, Y.; Akai-Kasaya, M.; Ishikawa, T.; Kuwahara, Y.; Kikuta, S.; Aono, M. 2011: Direct observation of X-ray induced atomic motion using scanning tunneling microscope combined with synchrotron radiation. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(4): 2873-2881
Lomont, J.P.; Nguyen, S.C.; Harris, C.B. 2013: Direct observation of a bent carbonyl ligand in a 19-electron transition metal complex. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 117(11): 2317-2324
Xue, J.; Luk, H.L.; Platz, M.S. 2011: Direct observation of a carbene-alcohol ylide. Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(6): 1763-1765
Subramanium, S.S.; Slaughter, L.M. 2009: Direct observation of a carbonylation reaction relevant to CO/alkene copolymerization in a methylpalladium carbonyl complex containing a bis(N-heterocyclic carbene) ligand. Dalton Transactions 35: 6930-6933
Brooner, R.E.M.; Brown, T.J.; Widenhoefer, R.A. 2013: Direct observation of a cationic gold(I)-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-1(7)-ene complex generated in the cycloisomerization of a 7-phenyl-1,6-enyne. Angewandte Chemie 52(24): 6259-6261
Marek, M.S.; Buckup, T.; Motzkus, M. 2011: Direct observation of a dark state in lycopene using pump-DFWM. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 115(25): 8328-8337
Jagannathan, B.; Elms, P.J.; Bustamante, C.; Marqusee, S. 2012: Direct observation of a force-induced switch in the anisotropic mechanical unfolding pathway of a protein. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(44): 17820-17825
Sivasankar, N.; Weare, W.W.; Frei, H. 2011: Direct observation of a hydroperoxide surface intermediate upon visible light-driven water oxidation at an Ir oxide nanocluster catalyst by rapid-scan FT-IR spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(33): 12976-12979
Wang, W.L.; Santos, E.J.G.; Jiang, B.; Cubuk, E.D.; Ophus, C.; Centeno, A.; Pesquera, A.; Zurutuza, A.; Ciston, J.; Westervelt, R.; Kaxiras, E. 2014: Direct observation of a long-lived single-atom catalyst chiseling atomic structures in graphene. Nano Letters 14(2): 450-455
Orikasa, Y.; Maeda, T.; Koyama, Y.; Murayama, H.; Fukuda, K.; Tanida, H.; Arai, H.; Matsubara, E.; Uchimoto, Y.; Ogumi, Z. 2013: Direct observation of a metastable crystal phase of Li(x)FePO4 under electrochemical phase transition. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(15): 5497-5500
Rudolph, D.; Hertenberger, S.; Bolte, S.; Paosangthong, W.; Spirkoska, D.ĉe.; Döblinger, M.; Bichler, M.; Finley, J.J.; Abstreiter, G.; Koblmüller, G. 2011: Direct observation of a noncatalytic growth regime for GaAs nanowires. Nano Letters 11(9): 3848-3854
Rubinstein, S.M.; Manukyan, G.; Staicu, A.; Rubinstein, I.; Zaltzman, B.; Lammertink, R.G.H.; Mugele, F.; Wessling, M. 2008: Direct observation of a nonequilibrium electro-osmotic instability. Physical Review Letters 101(23): 236101
Sahu, S.; Quesne, M.G.; Davies, C.G.; Dürr, M.; Ivanović-Burmazović, I.; Siegler, M.A.; Jameson, G.N.L.; de Visser, S.P.; Goldberg, D.P. 2014: Direct observation of a nonheme iron(IV)-oxo complex that mediates aromatic C-F hydroxylation. Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(39): 13542-13545
Ehlers, G.; Mamontov, E.; Zamponi, M.; Kam, K.C.; Gardner, J.S. 2009: Direct observation of a nuclear spin excitation in Ho2Ti2O7. Physical Review Letters 102(1): 016405
Zheng, S.-L.; Wang, Y.; Yu, Z.; Lin, Q.; Coppens, P. 2009: Direct observation of a photoinduced nonstabilized nitrile imine structure in the solid state. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(50): 18036-18037
Biskup, T.; Schleicher, E.; Okafuji, A.; Link, G.; Hitomi, K.; Getzoff, E.D.; Weber, S. 2009: Direct observation of a photoinduced radical pair in a cryptochrome blue-light photoreceptor. Angewandte Chemie 48(2): 404-407
Shen, G.; Ikuta, D.; Sinogeikin, S.; Li, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, C. 2012: Direct observation of a pressure-induced precursor lattice in silicon. Physical Review Letters 109(20): 205503
Soller, B.J.; Hall, D.G. 2000: Direct observation of a propagating, planar-waveguide surface mode in a discontinuous film of metal nanoparticles. Optics Letters 25(15): 1071-1073
Tomita, M.; Amano, H.; Masegi, S.; Talukder, A.I. 2014: Direct observation of a pulse peak using a peak-removed Gaussian optical pulse in a superluminal medium. Physical Review Letters 112(9): 093903
Ding, F.; Radic, S.; Chen, R.; Chen, P.; Geitner, N.K.; Brown, J.M.; Ke, P.Chun. 2013: Direct observation of a single nanoparticle-ubiquitin corona formation. Nanoscale 5(19): 9162-9169
Itah, A.; Veksler, H.; Lahav, O.; Blumkin, A.; Moreno, C.; Gordon, C.; Steinhauer, J. 2010: Direct observation of a sub-Poissonian number distribution of atoms in an optical lattice. Physical Review Letters 104(11): 113001
Kubicki, J.; Luk, H.L.; Zhang, Y.; Vyas, S.; Peng, H.-L.; Hadad, C.M.; Platz, M.S. 2012: Direct observation of a sulfonyl azide excited state and its decay processes by ultrafast time-resolved IR spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(16): 7036-7044
Kovács, Aás.; Sato, K.; Lazarov, V.K.; Galindo, P.L.; Konno, T.J.; Hirotsu, Y. 2009: Direct observation of a surface induced disordering process in magnetic nanoparticles. Physical Review Letters 103(11): 115703
Hughes, C.E.; Harris, K.D.M. 2010: Direct observation of a transient polymorph during crystallization. Chemical Communications 46(27): 4982-4984
Alverdi, V.; Hetrick, B.; Joseph, S.; Komives, E.A. 2014: Direct observation of a transient ternary complex during IκBα-mediated dissociation of NF-κB from DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(1): 225-230
Zhang, W.; Azad, A.K.; Han, J.; Xu, J.; Chen, J.; Zhang, X.-C. 2007: Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect. Physical Review Letters 98(18): 183901
Yoshimura, T.; Ishizaka, S.; Kashiwa, T.; Ito, A.; Sakuda, E.; Shinohara, A.; Kitamura, N. 2011: Direct observation of a {Re6(μ3-S)8} core-to-ligand charge-transfer excited state in an octahedral hexarhenium complex. Inorganic Chemistry 50(20): 9918-9920
Mariager, S.O.; Khakhulin, D.; Lemke, H.T.; Kjaer, K.S.; Guerin, L.; Nuccio, L.; Sørensen, C.B.; Nielsen, M.M.; Feidenhans'l, R. 2010: Direct observation of acoustic oscillations in InAs nanowires. Nano Letters 10(7): 2461-2465
Simmons, J.M.; Yildirim, T.; Hamaed, A.; Antonelli, D.M.; Webb, M.I.; Walsby, C.J. 2012: Direct observation of activated hydrogen binding to a supported organometallic compound at room temperature. Chemistry 18(14): 4170-4173
Kubicki, J.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, J.; Luk, H.L.; Peng, H.-L.; Vyas, S.; Platz, M.S. 2009: Direct observation of acyl azide excited states and their decay processes by ultrafast time resolved infrared spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(12): 4212-4213
Kim, J.-H.; Jung, J.; Tahara, K.; Tobe, Y.; Kim, Y.; Kawai, M. 2014: Direct observation of adsorption geometry for the van der Waals adsorption of a single π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecule on Au(111). Journal of Chemical Physics 140(7): 074709
Yoshimoto, K.; Nishio, M.; Sugasawa, H.; Nagasaki, Y. 2010: Direct observation of adsorption-induced inactivation of antibody fragments surrounded by mixed-PEG layer on a gold surface. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(23): 7982-7989
Woehl, T.J.; Park, C.; Evans, J.E.; Arslan, I.; Ristenpart, W.D.; Browning, N.D. 2014: Direct observation of aggregative nanoparticle growth: kinetic modeling of the size distribution and growth rate. Nano Letters 14(1): 373-378
Lee, S.; Ahn, A.; Choi, M.Y. 2012: Direct observation of aluminium ions produced via pulsed laser ablation in liquid: a 'turn-on' fluorescence study. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 14(45): 15677-15681
Frolov, L.; Dix, A.; Tor, Y.; Tesler, A.B.; Chaikin, Y.; Vaskevich, A.; Rubinstein, I. 2013: Direct observation of aminoglycoside-RNA binding by localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry 85(4): 2200-2207
Naumov, P.; Sakurai, K.; Tanaka, M.; Hara, H. 2007: Direct observation of aminyl radical intermediate during single-crystal to single-crystal photoinduced Orton rearrangement. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 111(35): 10373-10378
Varongchayakul, N.; Johnson, S.; Quabili, T.; Cappello, J.; Ghandehari, H.; Solares, S.D.J.; Hwang, W.; Seog, J. 2013: Direct observation of amyloid nucleation under nanomechanical stretching. Acs Nano 7(9): 7734-7743
Zhu, X.; Tanaka, F.; Lerner, R.A.; Barbas, C.F.; Wilson, I.A. 2009: Direct observation of an enamine intermediate in amine catalysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(51): 18206-18207
Garcia-Manyes, S.; Dougan, L.; Badilla, C.L.; Brujic, J.; Fernández, J.M. 2009: Direct observation of an ensemble of stable collapsed states in the mechanical folding of ubiquitin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(26): 10534-10539
Truong, Q.D.; Devaraju, M.K.; Tomai, T.; Honma, I. 2013: Direct observation of antisite defects in LiCoPO4 cathode materials by annular dark- and bright-field electron microscopy. Acs Applied Materials and Interfaces 5(20): 9926-9932
Takayama, T.; Mitsumori, T.; Kawano, M.; Sekine, A.; Uekusa, H.; Ohashi, Y.; Sugawara, T. 2010: Direct observation of arylnitrene formation in the photoreaction of arylazide crystals. Acta Crystallographica. Section B Structural Science 66(Part 6): 639-646
Hurduc, N.; Donose, B.C.; Macovei, A.; Paius, C.; Ibanescu, C.; Scutaru, D.; Hamel, M.; Branza-Nichita, N.; Rocha, L. 2014: Direct observation of athermal photofluidisation in azo-polymer films. Soft Matter 10(26): 4640-4647
Yang, Z.; Yin, L.; Lee, J.; Ren, W.; Cheng, H.-M.; Ye, H.; Pantelides, S.T.; Pennycook, S.J.; Chisholm, M.F. 2014: Direct observation of atomic dynamics and silicon doping at a topological defect in graphene. Angewandte Chemie 53(34): 8908-8912
Shin, K.; Cha, M.; Kim, H.; Jung, Y.; Kang, Y.S.; Lee, H. 2011: Direct observation of atomic hydrogen generated from the water framework of clathrate hydrates. Chemical Communications 47(2): 674-676
Liu, L.; Rim, K.T.; Eom, D.; Heinz, T.F.; Flynn, G.W. 2008: Direct observation of atomic scale graphitic layer growth. Nano Letters 8(7): 1872-1878
Bolinsson, J.; Ouattara, L.; Hofer, W.A.; Sköld, N.; Lundgren, E.; Gustafsson, A.; Mikkelsen, A. 2009: Direct observation of atomic scale surface relaxation in ortho twin structures in GaAs by XSTM. Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 21(5): 055404
Cheng, C.-Y.; Bowers, C.R. 2007: Direct observation of atoms entering and exiting L-alanyl-L-valine nanotubes by hyperpolarized xenon-129 NMR. Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(45): 13997-14002
Subramani, A.; Huang, X.; Hoek, E.M.V. 2009: Direct observation of bacterial deposition onto clean and organic-fouled polyamide membranes. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 336(1): 13-20
Jhang, S.H.; Margańska, M.; Skourski, Y.; Preusche, D.; Grifoni, M.; Wosnitza, J.; Strunk, C. 2011: Direct observation of band-gap closure for a semiconducting carbon nanotube in a large parallel magnetic field. Physical Review Letters 106(9): 096802
Huang, F.; Ying, L.; Fersht, A.R. 2009: Direct observation of barrier-limited folding of BBL by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(38): 16239-16244
Zhu, W.; Wang, D.; Crozier, K.B. 2012: Direct observation of beamed Raman scattering. Nano Letters 12(12): 6235-6243
Fieldston, E.S.; Li, J.; Terwiesch, C.; Helfaer, M.A.; Verger, J.; Pati, S.; Surrey, D.; Patel, K.; Ebberson, J.L.; Lin, R.; Metlay, J.P. 2012: Direct observation of bed utilization in the pediatric intensive care unit. Journal of Hospital Medicine 7(4): 318-324
Curyto, K.J.; Van Haitsma, K.; Vriesman, D.K. 2008: Direct observation of behavior: a review of current measures for use with older adults with dementia. Research in Gerontological Nursing 1(1): 52-76
Wei, J.; Liu, J. 2010: Direct observation of below-diffraction-limited optical spot induced by nonlinear saturable absorption of Ag-doped Si nanofilms. Optics Letters 35(18): 3126-3128
Mickelson, L.L.; Friesen, C. 2009: Direct observation of bifunctional electrocatalysis during CO oxidation at Ru(theta=0.37)/Pt{111} surfaces via surface stress measurements. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(41): 14879-14884
Inayoshi, Y.; Minoda, H.; Arai, Y.; Nagayama, K. 2012: Direct observation of biological molecules in liquid by environmental phase-plate transmission electron microscopy. Micron 43(11): 1091-1098
Safronov, A.V.; Shlyakhtina, N.I.; Everett, T.A.; VanGordon, M.R.; Sevryugina, Y.V.; Jalisatgi, S.S.; Hawthorne, M.F. 2014: Direct observation of bis(dicarbollyl)nickel conformers in solution by fluorescence spectroscopy: an approach to redox-controlled metallacarborane molecular motors. Inorganic Chemistry 53(19): 10045-10053
Okada, Y.; Dhital, C.; Zhou, W.; Huemiller, E.D.; Lin, H.; Basak, S.; Bansil, A.; Huang, Y.-B.; Ding, H.; Wang, Z.; Wilson, S.D.; Madhavan, V. 2011: Direct observation of broken time-reversal symmetry on the surface of a magnetically doped topological insulator. Physical Review Letters 106(20): 206805
Chen, J.; Sun, S.; Zhou, Q. 2013: Direct observation of bulk and surface chemical morphologies of Ginkgo biloba leaves by Fourier transform mid- and near-infrared microspectroscopic imaging. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 405(29): 9385-9400
Zhang, Y.; Burdzinski, G.; Kubicki, J.; Platz, M.S. 2008: Direct observation of carbene and diazo formation from aryldiazirines by ultrafast infrared spectroscopy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(48): 16134-16135
Fei, L.-f.; Sun, T.-y.; Lu, W.; An, X.-q.; Hu, Z.-f.; Yu, J.C.; Zheng, R.-k.; Li, X.-m.; Chan, H.L.W.; Wang, Y. 2014: Direct observation of carbon nanostructure growth at liquid-solid interfaces. Chemical Communications 50(7): 826-828
Choi, S.-Y.; Lim, J.B.; Ikuhara, Y.; Suvorov, D.; Jeon, J.-H. 2013: Direct observation of cationic ordering in double perovskite Sr₂FeReO₆ crystals. Microscopy and Microanalysis: the Official Journal of Microscopy Society of America Microbeam Analysis Society Microscopical Society of Canada 19(Suppl 5): 25-28
Price, G.J.; Harris, N.K.; Stewart, A.J. 2010: Direct observation of cavitation fields at 23 and 515 kHz. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 17(1): 30-33
Okumura, T.; Tamura, K.; Fujii, E.; Yamada, H.; Kogure, T. 2014: Direct observation of cesium at the interlayer region in phlogopite mica. Microscopy 63(1): 65-72
Furukawa, D.; Kobatake, S.; Matsumoto, A. 2008: Direct observation of change in the molecular structure of benzyl (Z,Z)-muconate during photoisomerization in the solid state. Chemical Communications 1: 55-57
Mulders, A.M.; Lawrence, S.M.; Staub, U.; Garcia-Fernandez, M.; Scagnoli, V.; Mazzoli, C.; Pomjakushina, E.; Conder, K.; Wang, Y. 2009: Direct observation of charge order and an orbital glass state in multiferroic LuFe2O4. Physical Review Letters 103(7): 077602
Pascut, G.L.; Coldea, R.; Radaelli, P.G.; Bombardi, A.; Beutier, G.; Mazin, I.I.; Johannes, M.D.; Jansen, M. 2011: Direct observation of charge order in triangular metallic AgNiO2 by single-crystal resonant X-ray scattering. Physical Review Letters 106(15): 157206
Weng, S.-C.; Lee, Y.-R.; Chen, C.-G.; Chu, C.-H.; Soo, Y.-L.; Chang, S.-L. 2012: Direct observation of charge ordering in magnetite using resonant multiwave x-ray diffraction. Physical Review Letters 108(14): 146404
Cho, D.-Y.; Valov, I.; van den Hurk, J.; Tappertzhofen, S.; Waser, R. 2012: Direct observation of charge transfer in solid electrolyte for electrochemical metallization memory. Advanced Materials 24(33): 4552-4556
Yong, C.K.; Wong-Leung, J.; Joyce, H.J.; Lloyd-Hughes, J.; Gao, Q.; Tan, H.H.; Jagadish, C.; Johnston, M.B.; Herz, L.M. 2013: Direct observation of charge-carrier heating at WZ-ZB InP nanowire heterojunctions. Nano Letters 13(9): 4280-4287
Yates, J.T.; Alvey, M.D.; Dresser, M.J.; Henderson, M.A.; Kiskinova, M.; Ramsier, R.D.; Szabó, A. 1992: Direct observation of chemical bond dynamics on surfaces. Science 255(5050): 1397-1403
Zhang, J.; Fu, Y.; Li, G.; Zhao, R.Y.; Lakowicz, J.R. 2011: Direct observation of chemokine receptors 5 on T-lymphocyte cell surfaces using fluorescent metal nanoprobes 2: Approximation of CCR5 populations. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 407(1): 63-67
Sit, C.H.P.; Lam, J.W.K.; McKenzie, T.L. 2010: Direct observation of children's preferences and activity levels during interactive and online electronic games. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 7(4): 484-489
Craig, S. 2011: Direct observation of clinical practice in emergency medicine education. Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 18(1): 60-67
Cappellini, G.; Mancini, M.; Pagano, G.; Lombardi, P.; Livi, L.; Siciliani de Cumis, M.; Cancio, P.; Pizzocaro, M.; Calonico, D.; Levi, F.; Sias, C.; Catani, J.; Inguscio, M.; Fallani, L. 2014: Direct observation of coherent interorbital spin-exchange dynamics. Physical Review Letters 113(12): 120402
Kelly, W.R.; Dutton, Z.; Schlafer, J.; Mookerji, B.; Ohki, T.A.; Kline, J.S.; Pappas, D.P. 2010: Direct observation of coherent population trapping in a superconducting artificial atom. Physical Review Letters 104(16): 163601
Bonn, D.; Otwinowski, J.; Sacanna, S.; Guo, H.; Wegdam, G.; Schall, P. 2009: Direct observation of colloidal aggregation by critical Casimir forces. Physical Review Letters 103(15): 156101
Giorgiutti-Dauphiné, F.; Pauchard, L. 2013: Direct observation of concentration profiles induced by drying of a 2D colloidal dispersion drop. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 395: 263-268
Chilla, G.; Kipp, T.; Menke, T.; Heitmann, D.; Nikolic, M.; Frömsdorf, A.; Kornowski, A.; Förster, S.; Weller, H. 2008: Direct observation of confined acoustic phonons in the photoluminescence spectra of a single CdSe-CdS-ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystal. Physical Review Letters 100(5): 057403
Martín, J.; Krutyeva, M.; Monkenbusch, M.; Arbe, A.; Allgaier, J.; Radulescu, A.; Falus, P.; Maiz, J.; Mijangos, C.; Colmenero, J.; Richter, D. 2010: Direct observation of confined single chain dynamics by neutron scattering. Physical Review Letters 104(19): 197801
Park, S.-Y.; Kim, H.-B.; Yoo, B.K.; Jang, D.-J. 2012: Direct observation of conformation-dependent pathways in the excited-state proton transfer of 7-hydroxyquinoline in bulk alcohols. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 116(48): 14153-14158
Tongol, B.J.V.; Wang, L.; Yau, S.-L.; Otsubo, T.; Itaya, K. 2010: Direct observation of conformational changes of beta-substituted duodecithiophene on a Au(111)-(square root(3) x 22) substrate using in situ electrochemical STM in 0.1 M HClO4. Langmuir 26(2): 982-989
Iwaoka, M.; Kumakura, F.; Yoneda, M.; Nakahara, T.; Henmi, K.; Aonuma, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tomoda, S. 2008: Direct observation of conformational folding coupled with disulphide rearrangement by using a water-soluble selenoxide reagent--a case of oxidative regeneration of ribonuclease a under weakly basic conditions. Journal of Biochemistry 144(1): 121-130
Antonio, M.R.; Nyman, M.; Anderson, T.M. 2009: Direct observation of contact ion-pair formation in aqueous solution. Angewandte Chemie 48(33): 6136-6140
Jia, C.-L.; Urban, K.W.; Alexe, M.; Hesse, D.; Vrejoiu, I. 2011: Direct observation of continuous electric dipole rotation in flux-closure domains in ferroelectric Pb(Zr,Ti)O₃. Science 331(6023): 1420-1423
Kim, K.H.; Muniyappan, S.; Oang, K.Y.; Kim, J.G.; Nozawa, S.; Sato, T.; Koshihara, S.-y.; Henning, R.; Kosheleva, I.; Ki, H.; Kim, Y.; Kim, T.W.; Kim, J.; Adachi, S.-i.; Ihee, H. 2012: Direct observation of cooperative protein structural dynamics of homodimeric hemoglobin from 100 ps to 10 ms with pump-probe X-ray solution scattering. Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(16): 7001-7008
Biehl, R.; Hoffmann, B.; Monkenbusch, M.; Falus, P.; Préost, S.; Merkel, R.; Richter, D. 2008: Direct observation of correlated interdomain motion in alcohol dehydrogenase. Physical Review Letters 101(13): 138102
Angelini, T.E.; Liang, H.; Wriggers, W.; Wong, G.C.L. 2005: Direct observation of counterion organization in F-actin polyelectrolyte bundles. European Physical Journal. e Soft Matter 16(4): 389-400
Vianello, N.; Naulin, V.; Schrittwieser, R.; Müller, H.W.; Zuin, M.; Ionita, C.; Rasmussen, J.J.; Mehlmann, F.; Rohde, V.; Cavazzana, R.; Maraschek, M. 2011: Direct observation of current in type-i edge-localized-mode filaments on the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. Physical Review Letters 106(12): 125002
Xu, S.; Zheng, A.; Wei, Y.; Chen, J.; Li, J.; Chu, Y.; Zhang, M.; Wang, Q.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, J.; Deng, F.; Liu, Z. 2013: Direct observation of cyclic carbenium ions and their role in the catalytic cycle of the methanol-to-olefin reaction over chabazite zeolites. Angewandte Chemie 52(44): 11564-11568
Srivastava, A.; Htoon, H.; Klimov, V.I.; Kono, J. 2008: Direct observation of dark excitons in individual carbon nanotubes: inhomogeneity in the exchange splitting. Physical Review Letters 101(8): 087402
Kishida, H.; Nagasawa, Y.; Imamura, S.; Nakamura, A. 2008: Direct observation of dark excitons in micelle-wrapped single-wall carbon nanotubes. Physical Review Letters 100(9): 097401
Kiowski, O.; Arnold, K.; Lebedkin, S.; Hennrich, F.; Kappes, M.M. 2007: Direct observation of deep excitonic states in the photoluminescence spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes. Physical Review Letters 99(23): 237402
Choi, I.; Song, H.D.; Lee, S.; Yang, Y.I.; Nam, J.H.; Kim, S.J.; Sung, J.-J.; Kang, T.; Yi, J. 2011: Direct observation of defects and increased ion permeability of a membrane induced by structurally disordered Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase aggregates. Plos one 6(12): E28982
Kahaly, S.; Monchocé, S.; Vincenti, H.; Dzelzainis, T.; Dromey, B.; Zepf, M.; Martin, P.; Quéré, F. 2013: Direct observation of density-gradient effects in harmonic generation from plasma mirrors. Physical Review Letters 110(17): 175001
Lozano, J.G.; Yang, H.; Guerrero-Lebrero, M.P.; D'Alfonso, A.J.; Yasuhara, A.; Okunishi, E.; Zhang, S.; Humphreys, C.J.; Allen, L.J.; Galindo, P.L.; Hirsch, P.B.; Nellist, P.D. 2014: Direct observation of depth-dependent atomic displacements associated with dislocations in gallium nitride. Physical Review Letters 113(13): 135503
Schenk, E.R.; Mendez, V.; Landrum, J.T.; Ridgeway, M.E.; Park, M.A.; Fernandez-Lima, F. 2014: Direct observation of differences of carotenoid polyene chain cis/trans isomers resulting from structural topology. Analytical Chemistry 86(4): 2019-2024
Yoon, H.; Agra-Kooijman, D.M.; Ayub, K.; Lemieux, R.P.; Kumar, S. 2011: Direct observation of diffuse cone behavior in de Vries smectic-A and -C phases of organosiloxane mesogens. Physical Review Letters 106(8): 087801
Sadamoto, H.; Saito, K.; Muto, H.; Kinjo, M.; Ito, E. 2011: Direct observation of dimerization between different CREB1 isoforms in a living cell. Plos one 6(6): E20285
Takabayashi, Y.; Fujino, T.; Korenaga, T. 2008: Direct observation of dispersion and mixing processes in microfluidic systems. Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 24(11): 1481-1485
Im, H.J.; Ito, T.; Kim, H.-D.; Kimura, S.; Lee, K.E.; Hong, J.B.; Kwon, Y.S.; Yasui, A.; Yamagami, H. 2008: Direct observation of dispersive Kondo resonance peaks in a heavy-fermion system. Physical Review Letters 100(17): 176402
Flanagan, J.F.; Namy, O.; Brierley, I.; Gilbert, R.J.C. 2010: Direct observation of distinct A/P hybrid-state tRNAs in translocating ribosomes. Structure 18(2): 257-264
Ishikawa, R.; Mishra, R.; Lupini, A.R.; Findlay, S.D.; Taniguchi, T.; Pantelides, S.T.; Pennycook, S.J. 2014: Direct observation of dopant atom diffusion in a bulk semiconductor crystal enhanced by a large size mismatch. Physical Review Letters 113(15): 155501
Sasaki, H.; Otomo, S.; Minato, R.; Yamamoto, K.; Hirayama, T. 2014: Direct observation of dopant distribution in GaAs compound semiconductors using phase-shifting electron holography and Lorentz microscopy. Microscopy 63(3): 235-242
Duong, D.T.; Phan, H.; Hanifi, D.; Jo, P.S.; Nguyen, T.-Q.; Salleo, A. 2014: Direct observation of doping sites in temperature-controlled, p-doped P3HT thin films by conducting atomic force microscopy. Advanced Materials 26(35): 6069-6073
Stunault, A.; Schweizer, J.; Givord, F.; Vettier, C.; Detlefs, C.; Boucherle, J.-X.; Lejay, P. 2009: Direct observation of double-k lattice modulation in double-k magnetic structures. the case of CeAl(2). Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 21(37): 376004
DeCamp, S.J.; Naganathan, A.N.; Waldauer, S.A.; Bakajin, O.; Lapidus, L.J. 2009: Direct observation of downhill folding of lambda-repressor in a microfluidic mixer. Biophysical Journal 97(6): 1772-1777
Lee, A.; Karcz, A.; Akman, R.; Zheng, T.; Kwon, S.; Chou, S.-T.; Sucayan, S.; Tricoli, L.J.; Hustedt, J.M.; Leng, Q.; Kahn, J.D.; Mixson, A.J.; Seog, J. 2014: Direct observation of dynamic mechanical regulation of DNA condensation by environmental stimuli. Angewandte Chemie 53(40): 10631-10635
Narayana, S.; Sato, Y. 2010: Direct observation of dynamical bifurcation in a superfluid Josephson junction. Physical Review Letters 105(20): 205302
Zhuang, L.; Jin, J.; Abruña, H.éc.D. 2007: Direct observation of electrocatalytic synergy. Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(36): 11033-11035
Wacker, T.; Garcia-Celma, J.J.; Lewe, P.; Andrade, S.L.A. 2014: Direct observation of electrogenic NH4(+) transport in ammonium transport (Amt) proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(27): 9995-10000
Edwardson, C.J.; Coleman, P.G.; Paez, D.J.; Doylend, J.K.; Knights, A.P. 2013: Direct observation of electron capture and reemission by the divacancy via charge transient positron spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters 110(13): 136401
Phark, S.-H.; Borme, J.ér.ôm.; Vanegas, A.L.ón.; Corbetta, M.; Sander, D.; Kirschner, J.ür. 2011: Direct observation of electron confinement in epitaxial graphene nanoislands. Acs Nano 5(10): 8162-8166
Zhong, Y.-L.; Sergeev, A.; Chen, C.-D.; Lin, J.-J. 2010: Direct observation of electron dephasing due to inelastic scattering from defects in weakly disordered AuPd wires. Physical Review Letters 104(20): 206803
Podoba, Y.Y.; Laqua, H.P.; Warr, G.B.; Schubert, M.; Otte, M.; Marsen, S.; Wagner, F.; Holzhauer, E. 2007: Direct observation of electron-Bernstein wave heating by O-X-B-mode conversion at low magnetic field in the WEGA stellarator. Physical Review Letters 98(25): 255003
Shukla, R.; Thakur, K.; Chebny, V.J.; Reid, S.A.; Rathore, R. 2010: Direct observation of electron-transfer-induced conformational transformation (molecular actuation) in a bichromophoric electron donor. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 114(45): 14592-14595
Yang, B.; Wang, Y.; Cun, H.; Du, S.; Xu, M.; Wang, Y.; Ernst, K.-H.; Gao, H.-J. 2010: Direct observation of enantiospecific substitution in a two-dimensional chiral phase transition. Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(30): 10440-10444
Bae, J.; Shim, E.L.; Park, Y.; Kim, H.; Kim, J.M.; Kang, C.J.; Choi, Y.J. 2011: Direct observation of enhanced cathodoluminescence emissions from ZnO nanocones compared with ZnO nanowire arrays. Nanotechnology 22(28): 285711
Kulczyk, A.W.; Tanner, N.A.; Loparo, J.J.; Richardson, C.C.; van Oijen, A.M. 2010: Direct observation of enzymes replicating DNA using a single-molecule DNA stretching assay. Journal of Visualized Experiments: Jove 2010(37)
Banerjee, D.; Pal, S.K. 2007: Direct observation of essential DNA dynamics: melting and reformation of the DNA minor groove. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 111(36): 10833-10838
Woodward, J.R.; Foster, T.J.; Salaoru, A.T.; Vink, C.B. 2008: Direct observation of f-pair magnetic field effects and time-dependence of radical pair composition using rapidly switched magnetic fields and time-resolved infrared methods. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 10(27): 4020-4026
Regan-Smith, M.; Hirschmann, K.; Iobst, W. 2007: Direct observation of faculty with feedback: an effective means of improving patient-centered and learner-centered teaching skills. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 19(3): 278-286
Yasui, M.; Dishion, T.J. 2008: Direct observation of family management: validity and reliability as a function of coder ethnicity and training. Behavior Therapy 39(4): 336-347
Takahashi, H.; Katagiri, C.; Ueno, S.; Inoue, K. 2008: Direct observation of fat crystallization in a living fly by X-ray diffraction: fat crystallization does not cause the fly's instantaneous death, but ice formation does. Cryobiology 57(1): 75-77
Kuijper, B.; Morrow, E.H. 2009: Direct observation of female mating frequency using time-lapse photography. Fly 3(2): 118-120
Van Aert, S.; Turner, S.; Delville, R.ém.; Schryvers, D.; Van Tendeloo, G.; Salje, E.K.H. 2012: Direct observation of ferrielectricity at ferroelastic domain boundaries in CaTiO3 by electron microscopy. Advanced Materials 24(4): 523-527
Winkler, C.R.; Damodaran, A.R.; Karthik, J.; Martin, L.W.; Taheri, M.L. 2012: Direct observation of ferroelectric domain switching in varying electric field regimes using in situ TEM. Micron 43(11): 1121-1126
Kim, J.J.; Shindo, D.; Murakami, Y.; Xia, W.; Chou, L.-J.; Chueh, Y.-L. 2007: Direct observation of field emission in a single TaSi2 nanowire. Nano Letters 7(8): 2243-2247
Helgeson, M.E.; Porcar, L.; Lopez-Barron, C.; Wagner, N.J. 2010: Direct observation of flow-concentration coupling in a shear-banding fluid. Physical Review Letters 105(8): 084501
Takahashi, S.; Kawasaki, S.; Yamaguchi, K.; Miyata, H.; Kurita, H.; Mizuno, T.; Matsuura, S.-i.; Mizuno, A.; Oshige, M.; Katsura, S. 2013: Direct observation of fluorescently labeled single-stranded λDNA molecules in a micro-flow channel. Journal of Fluorescence 23(4): 635-640
Larson, D.R.; Fritzsch, C.; Sun, L.; Meng, X.; Lawrence, D.S.; Singer, R.H. 2013: Direct observation of frequency modulated transcription in single cells using light activation. Elife 2: E00750
Gulukota, K.; Helseth, D.L.; Khandekar, J.D. 2014: Direct observation of genomic heterogeneity through local haplotyping analysis. Bmc Genomics 15: 418
Thompson, K.L.; Giakoumatos, E.C.; Ata, S.; Webber, G.B.; Armes, S.P.; Wanless, E.J. 2012: Direct observation of giant Pickering emulsion and colloidosome droplet interaction and stability. Langmuir 28(48): 16501-16511
Hayashi, S.; Fujita, Y.; Kamikura, T.; Sakaike, K.; Akazawa, M.; Ikeda, M.; Hanafusa, H.; Higashi, S. 2012: Direct observation of grain growth from molten silicon formed by micro-thermal-plasma-jet irradiation. Applied Physics Letters 101(17): 172111
Moore, L.J.; Dear, R.D.; Summers, M.D.; Dullens, R.P.A.; Ritchie, G.A.D. 2010: Direct observation of grain rotation-induced grain coalescence in two-dimensional colloidal crystals. Nano Letters 10(10): 4266-4272
Peng, C.S.; Baiz, C.R.; Tokmakoff, A. 2013: Direct observation of ground-state lactam-lactim tautomerization using temperature-jump transient 2D IR spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(23): 9243-9248
Pinotsi, D.; Buell, A.K.; Galvagnion, C.; Dobson, C.M.; Kaminski Schierle, G.S.; Kaminski, C.F. 2014: Direct observation of heterogeneous amyloid fibril growth kinetics via two-color super-resolution microscopy. Nano Letters 14(1): 339-345
Kim, S.J.; Jang, H.-G.; Lee, J.K.; Min, H.-K.; Hong, S.B.; Seo, G. 2011: Direct observation of hexamethylbenzenium radical cations generated during zeolite methanol-to-olefin catalysis: an ESR study. Chemical Communications 47(33): 9498-9500
Liu, L.; Ding, X.; Li, J.; Lookman, T.; Sun, J. 2014: Direct observation of hierarchical nucleation of martensite and size-dependent superelasticity in shape memory alloys. Nanoscale 6(4): 2067-2072
Nagamori, T.; Marumoto, K. 2013: Direct observation of hole accumulation in polymer solar cells during device operation using light-induced electron spin resonance. Advanced Materials 25(16): 2362-2367
Karimata, A.; Suzuki, S.; Kozaki, M.; Kimoto, K.; Nozaki, K.; Matsushita, H.; Ikeda, N.; Akiyama, K.; Kosumi, D.; Hashimoto, H.; Okada, K. 2014: Direct observation of hole shift and characterization of spin states in radical ion pairs generated from photoinduced electron transfer of (phenothiazine)(n)-anthraquinone (n = 1, 3) dyads. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 118(47): 11262-11271
Lan, F.; Li, G. 2013: Direct observation of hole transfer from semiconducting polymer to carbon nanotubes. Nano Letters 13(5): 2086-2091
Pérez-Bárcena, J.; Goedhart, P.; Ibáñez, J.; Brell, M.; García, R.; Llinás, P.; Jiménez, C.; Ince, C. 2011: Direct observation of human microcirculation during decompressive craniectomy after stroke. Critical Care Medicine 39(5): 1126-1129
Chen, J.C.-H.; Hanson, B.L.; Fisher, S.Z.ë; Langan, P.; Kovalevsky, A.Y. 2012: Direct observation of hydrogen atom dynamics and interactions by ultrahigh resolution neutron protein crystallography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(38): 15301-15306
Kumagai, T.; Kaizu, M.; Hatta, S.; Okuyama, H.; Aruga, T.; Hamada, I.; Morikawa, Y. 2008: Direct observation of hydrogen-bond exchange within a single water dimer. Physical Review Letters 100(16): 166101
Oswald, W.E.; Hunter, G.C.; Lescano, A.G.; Cabrera, L.; Leontsini, E.; Pan, W.K.; Soldan, V.P.; Gilman, R.H. 2008: Direct observation of hygiene in a Peruvian shantytown: not enough handwashing and too little water. Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 13(11): 1421-1428
Casola, F.; Shiroka, T.; Wang, S.; Conder, K.; Pomjakushina, E.; Mesot, J.; Ott, H.-R. 2010: Direct observation of impurity-induced magnetism in a spin-(1/2) antiferromagnetic Heisenberg two-leg spin ladder. Physical Review Letters 105(6): 067203
Mashanov, G.I.; Nobles, M.; Harmer, S.C.; Molloy, J.E.; Tinker, A. 2010: Direct observation of individual KCNQ1 potassium channels reveals their distinctive diffusive behavior. Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(6): 3664-3675
Tan, S-Ying.; Ata, S.; Wanless, E.J. 2013: Direct observation of individual particle armored bubble interaction, stability, and coalescence dynamics. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 117(28): 8579-8588
Zhang, J.; Wang, R.; Yang, X.; Lu, W.; Wu, X.; Wang, X.; Li, H.; Chen, L. 2012: Direct observation of inhomogeneous solid electrolyte interphase on MnO anode with atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy. Nano Letters 12(4): 2153-2157
Bentmann, H.; Abdelouahed, S.; Mulazzi, M.; Henk, J.ür.; Reinert, F. 2012: Direct observation of interband spin-orbit coupling in a two-dimensional electron system. Physical Review Letters 108(19): 196801
Han, J.T.; Lee, G.-W.; Kim, S.; Lee, H.-J.; Douglas, J.F.; Karim, A. 2009: Direct observation of interfacial C60 cluster formation in polystyrene-C60 nanocomposite films. Nanotechnology 20(10): 105705
Sengupta, K.; Chatterjee, S.; Samanta, S.; Dey, A. 2013: Direct observation of intermediates formed during steady-state electrocatalytic O2 reduction by iron porphyrins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(21): 8431-8436
Belenguer, A.M.; Lampronti, G.I.; Wales, D.J.; Sanders, J.K.M. 2014: Direct observation of intermediates in a thermodynamically controlled solid-state dynamic covalent reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(46): 16156-16166
De Marco, L.; Thämer, M.; Reppert, M.; Tokmakoff, A. 2014: Direct observation of intermolecular interactions mediated by hydrogen bonding. Journal of Chemical Physics 141(3): 034502
Goto, M.; Sundén, A.E.K.; Shiromaru, H.; Matsumoto, J.; Tanuma, H.; Azuma, T.; Hansen, K. 2013: Direct observation of internal energy distributions of C5(-). Journal of Chemical Physics 139(5): 054306
Moll, S.; Jourdan, T.; Lefaix-Jeuland, H. 2013: Direct observation of interstitial dislocation loop coarsening in α-iron. Physical Review Letters 111(1): 015503
McQuinn, K.; Hof, F.; McIndoe, J.S. 2007: Direct observation of ion evaporation from a triply charged nanodroplet. Chemical Communications 40: 4099-4101
Mirmohades, M.; Pullen, S.; Stein, M.; Maji, S.; Ott, S.; Hammarström, L.; Lomoth, R. 2014: Direct observation of key catalytic intermediates in a photoinduced proton reduction cycle with a diiron carbonyl complex. Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(50): 17366-17369
Vikse, K.L.; Henderson, M.A.; Oliver, A.G.; McIndoe, J.S. 2010: Direct observation of key intermediates by negative-ion electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry in palladium-catalysed cross-coupling. Chemical Communications 46(39): 7412-7414
Sardar, S.; Chaudhuri, S.; Kar, P.; Sarkar, S.; Lemmens, P.; Pal, S.K. 2015: Direct observation of key photoinduced dynamics in a potential nano-delivery vehicle of cancer drugs. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 17(1): 166-177
Zhang, M.; Chen, G.; Zhou, Y.; Li, S. 2013: Direct observation of keyhole characteristics in deep penetration laser welding with a 10 kW fiber laser. Optics Express 21(17): 19997-20004
Shin, S.-H.; Chung, S.; Sanii, B.; Comolli, L.R.; Bertozzi, C.R.; De Yoreo, J.J. 2012: Direct observation of kinetic traps associated with structural transformations leading to multiple pathways of S-layer assembly. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(32): 12968-12973
Katoh, K.; Yoshida, Y.; Yamashita, M.; Miyasaka, H.; Breedlove, B.K.; Kajiwara, T.; Takaishi, S.; Ishikawa, N.; Isshiki, H.; Zhang, Y.F.; Komeda, T.; Yamagishi, M.; Takeya, J. 2009: Direct observation of lanthanide(III)-phthalocyanine molecules on Au(111) by using scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy and thin-film field-effect transistor properties of Tb(III)- and Dy(III)-phthalocyanine molecules. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(29): 9967-9976
Rabache, V.; Chaste, J.; Petit, P.; Della Rocca, M.L.; Martin, P.; Lacroix, J.-C.; McCreery, R.L.; Lafarge, P. 2013: Direct observation of large quantum interference effect in anthraquinone solid-state junctions. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(28): 10218-10221
Vikram, C.S.; Vedam, K. 1981: Direct observation of laser speckles for real-time analysis of lateral motions. Optics Letters 6(11): 511-513
Yu, C.Q.; Wang, H.; Xiao, S.Q.; Xia, Y.X. 2009: Direct observation of lateral photovoltaic effect in nano-metal-films. Optics Express 17(24): 21712-21722
Yokota, Y.; Harada, T.; Fukui, K.-i. 2010: Direct observation of layered structures at ionic liquid/solid interfaces by using frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy. Chemical Communications 46(45): 8627-8629
Thielges, M.C.; Zimmermann, J.ör.; Romesberg, F.E. 2009: Direct observation of ligand dynamics in cytochrome c. Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(17): 6054-6055
Kim, S.; Park, J.; Lee, T.; Lim, M. 2012: Direct observation of ligand rebinding pathways in hemoglobin using femtosecond mid-IR spectroscopy. Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 116(22): 6346-6355
Błaszczak, Z.; Kreysing, M.; Guck, J. 2014: Direct observation of light focusing by single photoreceptor cell nuclei. Optics Express 22(9): 11043-11060
Gao, M.; Kim, Y.-K.; Zhang, C.; Borshch, V.; Zhou, S.; Park, H.-S.; Jákli, A.; Lavrentovich, O.D.; Tamba, M.-G.; Kohlmeier, A.; Mehl, G.H.; Weissflog, W.; Studer, D.; Zuber, B.ît.; Gnägi, H.; Lin, F. 2014: Direct observation of liquid crystals using cryo-TEM: specimen preparation and low-dose imaging. Microscopy Research and Technique 77(10): 754-772
Mikhlin, Y.; Karacharov, A.; Likhatski, M.; Podlipskaya, T.; Zizak, I. 2014: Direct observation of liquid pre-crystallization intermediates during the reduction of aqueous tetrachloroaurate by sulfide ions. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: Pccp 16(10): 4538-4543
Casillas, G.; Ponce, A.; Velázquez-Salazar, J.J.ús.; José-Yacamán, M. 2013: Direct observation of liquid-like behavior of a single au grain boundary. Nanoscale 5(14): 6333-6337
Gu, L.; Zhu, C.; Li, H.; Yu, Y.; Li, C.; Tsukimoto, S.; Maier, J.; Ikuhara, Y. 2011: Direct observation of lithium staging in partially delithiated LiFePO4 at atomic resolution. Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(13): 4661-4663
Furrer, A.; Strässle, T.; Embs, J.P.; Juranyi, F.; Pomjakushin, V.; Schneider, M.; Krämer, K.W. 2011: Direct observation of local Mn-Mn distances in the paramagnetic compound CsMn(x)Mg(1-x)Br3. Physical Review Letters 107(11): 115502
Yeoh, W.K.; Gault, B.; Cui, X.Y.; Zhu, C.; Moody, M.P.; Li, L.; Zheng, R.K.; Li, W.X.; Wang, X.L.; Dou, S.X.; Sun, G.L.; Lin, C.T.; Ringer, S.P. 2011: Direct observation of local potassium variation and its correlation to electronic inhomogeneity in (Ba(1-x)K(x))Fe2As2 pnictide. Physical Review Letters 106(24): 247002
Chen, L.; Walker, P.M.; Geissel, H.; Litvinov, Y.A.; Beckert, K.; Beller, P.; Bosch, F.; Boutin, D.; Caceres, L.; Carroll, J.J.; Cullen, D.M.; Cullen, I.J.; Franzke, B.; Gerl, J.; Górska, M.; Jones, G.A.; Kishada, A.; Knöbel, R.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kurcewicz, J.; Litvinov, S.A.; Liu, Z.; Mandal, S.; Montes, F.; Münzenberg, G.; Nolden, F.; Ohtsubo, T.; Patyk, Z.; Plaß, W.R.; Podolyák, Z.; Rigby, S.; Saito, N.; Saito, T.; Scheidenberger, C.; Simpson, E.C.; Shindo, M.; Steck, M.; Sun, B.; Williams, S.J.; Weick, H.; Winkler, M.; Wollersheim, H.-J.; Yamaguchi, T. 2013: Direct observation of long-lived isomers in 212Bi. Physical Review Letters 110(12): 122502
Chatterji, T.; Jalarvo, N.; Kumar, C.M.N.; Xiao, Y.; Brückel, T. 2013: Direct observation of low energy nuclear spin excitations in HoCrO3 by high resolution neutron spectroscopy. Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 25(28): 286003
Kumar, S.; Kamaraju, N.; Karthikeyan, B.; Tondusson, M.; Freysz, E.; Sood, A.K. 2010: Direct observation of low frequency confined acoustic phonons in silver nanoparticles: Terahertz time domain spectroscopy. Journal of Chemical Physics 133(1): 014502
Dapsens, P.Y.; Hakim, S.H.; Su, B.-L.; Shanks, B.H. 2010: Direct observation of macropore self-formation in hierarchically structured metal oxides. Chemical Communications 46(47): 8980-8982
Lemaire, A.; Rooke, J.C.; Chen, L.-H.; Su, B.-L. 2011: Direct observation of macrostructure formation of hierarchically structured meso-macroporous aluminosilicates with 3D interconnectivity by optical microscope. Langmuir 27(6): 3030-3043
Burzurí, E.; Zyazin, A.S.; Cornia, A.; van der Zant, H.S.J. 2012: Direct observation of magnetic anisotropy in an individual Fe4 single-molecule magnet. Physical Review Letters 109(14): 147203
Balan, A.; Derlet, P.M.; Rodríguez, A.Fraile.; Bansmann, J.; Yanes, R.; Nowak, U.; Kleibert, A.; Nolting, F. 2014: Direct observation of magnetic metastability in individual iron nanoparticles. Physical Review Letters 112(10): 107201
Thielemann, B.; Rüegg, C.; Rønnow, H.M.; Läuchli, A.M.; Caux, J.-S.; Normand, B.; Biner, D.; Krämer, K.W.; Güdel, H.-U.; Stahn, J.; Habicht, K.; Kiefer, K.; Boehm, M.; McMorrow, D.F.; Mesot, J. 2009: Direct observation of magnon fractionalization in the quantum spin ladder. Physical Review Letters 102(10): 107204
Cao, Y.; Kuske, R.; Li, H. 2008: Direct observation of markovian behavior of the mechanical unfolding of individual proteins. Biophysical Journal 95(2): 782-788
Park, H.S.; Kwon, O.-H.; Baskin, J.S.; Barwick, B.; Zewail, A.H. 2009: Direct observation of martensitic phase-transformation dynamics in iron by 4D single-pulse electron microscopy. Nano Letters 9(11): 3954-3962
Vogel, J.; Bonfim, M.; Rougemaille, N.; Boulle, O.; Miron, I.M.; Auffret, S.; Rodmacq, B.; Gaudin, G.; Cezar, J.C.; Sirotti, F.; Pizzini, S. 2012: Direct observation of massless domain wall dynamics in nanostripes with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Physical Review Letters 108(24): 247202
Watanabe, K.; Tanaka, H. 2008: Direct observation of medium-range crystalline order in granular liquids near the glass transition. Physical Review Letters 100(15): 158002
Huang, C.-W.; Hsin, C.-L.; Wang, C.-W.; Chu, F.-H.; Kao, C.-Y.; Chen, J.-Y.; Huang, Y.-T.; Lu, K.-C.; Wu, W.-W.; Chen, L.-J. 2012: Direct observation of melting behaviors at the nanoscale under electron beam and heat to form hollow nanostructures. Nanoscale 4(15): 4702-4706
Neuman, B.W.; Kiss, G.; Al-Mulla, H.M.N.; Dokland, T.; Buchmeier, M.J.; Weikl, T.; Schley, D. 2013: Direct observation of membrane insertion by enveloped virus matrix proteins by phosphate displacement. Plos one 8(2): E57916
Abdelsayed, V.; El-Shall, M.Samy. 2014: Direct observation of metal nanoparticles as heterogeneous nuclei for the condensation of supersaturated organic vapors: nucleation of size-selected aluminum nanoparticles in acetonitrile and n-hexane vapors. Journal of Chemical Physics 141(5): 054710
Nukala, P.; Agarwal, R.; Qian, X.; Jang, M.H.; Dhara, S.; Kumar, K.; Johnson, A.T.C.; Li, J.; Agarwal, R. 2014: Direct observation of metal-insulator transition in single-crystalline germanium telluride nanowire memory devices prior to amorphization. Nano Letters 14(4): 2201-2209
Heepe, L.; Kovalev, A.E.; Gorb, S.N. 2014: Direct observation of microcavitation in underwater adhesion of mushroom-shaped adhesive microstructure. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 5: 903-909
Poisson, L.; Gloaguen, E.; Mestdagh, J.-M.; Soep, B.ît.; Gonzalez, A.; Chergui, M. 2008: Direct observation of microscopic solvation at the surface of clusters by ultrafast photoelectron imaging. Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(39): 9200-9210
Mazel, T.áš; Biesemann, A.; Krejczy, M.; Nowald, J.; Müller, O.; Dehmelt, L. 2014: Direct observation of microtubule pushing by cortical dynein in living cells. Molecular Biology of the Cell 25(1): 95-106