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Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
Observations on the Umaria marine bed
10 years of hearing conservation in the Royal Air Force
Chocolate crumb - dairy ingredient for milk chocolate
Effect of daily gelatin ingestion on human scalp hair
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
The Accraian Series:
The mechanism of the Liebermann-Burchard reaction of sterols and triterpenes and their esters
Cerebrovascular Doppler ultrasound studies (cv-Doppler)
Toria: PT-303 - first national variety
Hair growth promoting activity of tridax procumbens
Productivity of Pekin x Khaki Campbell ducks
A stable cytosolic expression of VH antibody fragment directed against PVY NIa protein in transgenic potato plant confers partial protection against the virus
Solar treatment of wheat loose smut
Swimmers itch in the Lake of Garda
Bactofugation and the Bactotherm process
The effects of prefrontal lobotomy on aggressive behavior in dogs
Visual rating scales for screening whorl-stage corn for resistance to fall armyworm
Breakdown of seamounts at the trench axis, viewed from gravity anomaly
Kooken; pennsylvania's toughest cave
Recovery of new dinosaur and other fossils from the Early Cretaceous Arundel Clay facies (Potomac Group) of central Maryland, U.S.A
Zubor horny (Bison bonasus) v prirodnych podmienkach Slovensku
The extended Widal test in the diagnosis of fevers due to Salmonella infection
Hair of the american mastodon indicates an adaptation to a semi aquatic habitat

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 52635

Chapter 52635 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.

Direct introduction of molecules into cells
, Current Protocols in Cell Biology Chapter 20: Unit 20.1 (2001)

Direct introduction of slurry samples in multi-syringe flow injection analysis: determination of potassium in plant samples
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 24(5): 601-606 (2008)

Direct introduction of water sample in multisegmented flow-injection analysis for sulfide determination
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 27(3): 309-313 (2011)

Direct invasion of non-small cell lung cancer metastases to the right heart
, Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi: Akd 9(4): E10-E11 (2009)

Direct invasion of the left atrium by a primary lung tumour
, Bmj Case Reports 2010 (2010)

Direct invasion to the colon by hepatocellular carcinoma: report of two cases
, World Journal of Gastroenterology 14(28): 4583-4585 (2008)

Direct inversion methods for spectral amplitude modulation of femtosecond pulses
, Review of Scientific Instruments 85(4): 043105 (2014)

Direct investigation and accurate control of phase profile in liquid-crystal optical-phased array for beam steering
, Applied Optics 52(29): 7109-7116 (2013)

Direct investigation of anisotropic suspension structure in pressure-driven flow
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 81(4 Pt 1): 041403 (2010)

Direct investigation of covalently bound chlorine in organic compounds by solid-state 35Cl NMR spectroscopy and exact spectral line-shape simulations
, Angewandte Chemie 51(17): 4227-4230 (2012)

Direct investigation of halogen bonds by solid-state multinuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and molecular orbital analysis
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(19): 6929-6942 (2014)

Direct investigation of intracellular presence of gold nanoparticles via photothermal heterodyne imaging
, Acs Nano 5(4): 2587-2592 (2011)

Direct investigation of silver photodissolution dynamics and reversibility in arsenic trisulphide thin films by atomic force microscopy
, Nanotechnology 24(12): 125706 (2013)

Direct investment by stepfathers can mitigate effects on educational outcomes but does not improve behavioural difficulties
, Evolution and Human Behavior: Official Journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society 35(5): 438-444 (2014)

Direct involvement of CD56 in cytokine-induced killer-mediated lysis of CD56+ hematopoietic target cells
, Experimental Hematology 42(12): 1013-21.E1 (2014)

Direct involvement of DprA, the transformation-dedicated RecA loader, in the shut-off of pneumococcal competence
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(11): E1035-E1044 (2013)

Direct involvement of leucine-rich repeats in assembling ligand-triggered receptor-coreceptor complexes
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(20): 8073-8074 (2011)

Direct involvement of sigma-1 receptors in the dopamine D1 receptor-mediated effects of cocaine
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(43): 18676-18681 (2010)

Direct involvement of the CreA transcription factor in penicillin biosynthesis and expression of the pcbAB gene in Penicillium chrysogenum
, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98(16): 7113-7124 (2014)

Direct involvement of the TEN domain at the active site of human telomerase
, Nucleic Acids Research 39(5): 1774-1788 (2011)

Direct involvement of the acetato ligand in the reductive elimination step of rhodium-catalyzed methanol carbonylation
, Inorganic Chemistry 51(1): 4-6 (2012)

Direct involvement of the glucose and Mg(2+)-ATP in the regulation of the GABAA-coupled Cl-,H(CO3(-) -activated Mg(2+)-ATPase of the plasma membrane from rat brain in vitro experiences
, Patologicheskaia Fiziologiia i Eksperimental'naia Terapiia 2013(1): 33-36 (2013)

Direct involvement of tumor necrosis factor-α in the regulation of glucose uptake in rainbow trout muscle cells
, American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 300(3): R716-R723 (2011)

Direct iodine supplementation of infants versus supplementation of their breastfeeding mothers: a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial
, Lancet. Diabetes and Endocrinology 2(3): 197-209 (2014)

Direct ion speciation analysis with ion-selective membranes operated in a sequential potentiometric/time resolved chronopotentiometric sensing mode
, Analytical Chemistry 84(20): 8813-8821 (2012)

Direct ion-selective electrode method is useful in diagnosis of pseudohyponatremia
, Journal of Emergency Medicine 43(2): 348-349 (2012)

Direct ionization of biological tissue for mass spectrometric analysis
, Analyst 137(16): 3613-3619 (2012)

Direct ionization of large proteins and protein complexes by desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry
, Analytical Chemistry 83(17): 6468-6473 (2011)

Direct isolation of flavonoids from plants using ultra-small anatase TiO₂ nanoparticles
, Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology 77(3): 443-453 (2014)

Direct isolation of neural stem cells in the adult hippocampus after traumatic brain injury
, Journal of Neurotrauma 25(8): 985-995 (2008)

Direct isolation of variably amplified cdnas from human tumor-cell lines
, International Journal of Oncology 7(3): 611-615 (1995)

Direct isolation, culture and transplant of mouse skeletal muscle derived endothelial cells with angiogenic potential
, Plos one 3(3): E0001753 (2008)

Direct isopropanol production from cellobiose by engineered Escherichia coli using a synthetic pathway and a cell surface display system
, Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 114(1): 80-85 (2012)

Direct isosurface visualization of hex-based high-order geometry and attribute representations
, IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics 18(5): 753-766 (2012)

Direct jetting approaches for handling stem cells
, Biomedical Materials 4(1): 015018 (2009)

Direct k-space mapping of the electronic structure in an oxide-oxide interface
, Physical Review Letters 110(24): 247601 (2013)

Direct kinematic modeling of the upper limb during trunk-assisted reaching
, Journal of Applied Biomechanics 27(3): 272-277 (2011)

Direct kinetic evidence that lysine 215 is involved in the phospho-transfer step of human 3-phosphoglycerate kinase
, Biochemistry 48(29): 6998-7008 (2009)

Direct kinetic formation of nonanomeric [6.5]-spiroketals in aqueous media
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 72(26): 10081-10087 (2007)

Direct kinetic measurements of Criegee intermediate (CH₂OO) formed by reaction of CH₂I with O₂
, Science 335(6065): 204-207 (2012)

Direct kinetic measurements of reactions between the simplest Criegee intermediate CH2OO and alkenes
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 118(11): 1997-2006 (2014)

Direct kinetic observation of the chemiexcitation step in peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 74(23): 8974-8979 (2009)

Direct kinetic study of OH and O3 formation in the reaction of CH3C(O)O2 with HO2
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 118(6): 974-985 (2014)

Direct kinetochore-spindle pole connections are not required for chromosome segregation
, Journal of Cell Biology 206(2): 231-243 (2014)

Direct label-free electrical immunodetection in human serum using a flow-through-apparatus approach with integrated field-effect transistors
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(7): 1767-1773 (2010)

Direct label-free electrical immunodetection of transplant rejection protein biomarker in physiological buffer using floating gate AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors
, IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience 13(2): 138-145 (2014)

Direct label-free electrochemical detection of proteins using the polarized oil/water interface
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(13): 11530-11537 (2010)

Direct labeling of 5-methylcytosine and its applications
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(17): 5612-5620 (2007)

Direct labeling of hMSC with SPIO: the long-term influence on toxicity, chondrogenic differentiation capacity, and intracellular distribution
, Molecular Imaging and Biology 13(3): 443-451 (2011)

Direct labelling of peptides with 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([18F]FDG)
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 19(18): 5426-5428 (2009)

Direct lactic acid fermentation of Jerusalem artichoke tuber extract using Lactobacillus paracasei without acidic or enzymatic inulin hydrolysis
, Bioresource Technology 114: 745-747 (2012)

Direct lactone formation by using hypervalent iodine(III) reagents with KBr via selective C-H abstraction protocol
, Organic Letters 9(16): 3129-3132 (2007)

Direct lactonization of 2-arylacetic acids through Pd(II)-catalyzed C-H activation/C-O formation
, Organic Letters 15(3): 690-693 (2013)

Direct laminate veneers with resin composites: two case reports with five-year follow-ups
, Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 11(4): E056-E062 (2010)

Direct large volume injection ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry determination of artificial sweeteners sucralose and acesulfame in well water
, Journal of Chromatography A 1359: 156-161 (2014)

Direct large-scale synthesis of 3D hierarchical mesoporous NiO microspheres as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries
, Nanoscale 6(6): 3268-3273 (2014)

Direct laryngoscopic observations in progressive hoarseness of voice
, Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India 58(4): 364-367 (2006)

Direct laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation in the prone position following traumatic thoracic spine injury
, Journal of Anesthesia 22(2): 170-172 (2008)

Direct laryngoscopy and rigid bronchoscopy
, Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 73: 19-25 (2012)

Direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation; a simple method
, Lancet 2(6380): 742 (1945)

Direct laryngoscopy or C-MAC video laryngoscopy? Routine tracheal intubation in patients undergoing ENT surgery
, Der Anaesthesist 59(9): 806-811 (2010)

Direct laryngoscopy should be procedure of choice in the airway management of patients with dental cellulitis
, European Journal of Anaesthesiology 29(4): 197-203 (2012)

Direct laryngoscopy using a videogastroscope: outcome of 119 cases
, Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India 65(1): 34-36 (2013)

Direct laryngoscopy, a simplified technique; an aid to the early detection of laryngeal cancer
, Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 57(1): 245-256 (1948)

Direct laryngoscopy; a simplified technic an aid to the early detection of laryngeal cancer
, Transactions - American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology. American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology 52: 305-311 (1948)

Direct laser desorption ionization of endogenous and exogenous compounds from insect cuticles: practical and methodologic aspects
, Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 22(7): 1273-1284 (2011)

Direct laser interference ablating nanostructures on organic crystals
, Optics Letters 37(4): 686-688 (2012)

Direct laser machining-induced topographic pattern promotes up-regulation of myogenic markers in human mesenchymal stem cells
, Acta Biomaterialia 8(2): 531-539 (2012)

Direct laser metal sintering as a new approach to fabrication of an isoelastic functionally graded material for manufacture of porous titanium dental implants
, Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials 24(11): 1525-1533 (2008)

Direct laser patterning of soft matter: photothermal processing of supported phospholipid multilayers with nanoscale precision
, Small 5(18): 2099-2104 (2009)

Direct laser photo-induced fluorescence determination of bisphenol A
, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 401(9): 3011-3017 (2011)

Direct laser processing of a tantalum coating on titanium for bone replacement structures
, Acta Biomaterialia 6(6): 2329-2334 (2010)

Direct laser pruning of CdS(x)Se1-x nanobelts en route to a multicolored pattern with controlled functionalities
, Acs Nano 6(9): 8298-8307 (2012)

Direct laser trapping for measuring the behavior of transfused erythrocytes in a sickle cell anemia patient
, Biomedical Optics Express 3(9): 2190-2199 (2012)

Direct laser writing by two-photon polymerization as a tool for developing microenvironments for evaluation of bacterial growth
, Materials Science and Engineering. C Materials for Biological Applications 35: 185-189 (2014)

Direct laser writing for active and passive high-Q polymer microdisks on silicon
, Optics Express 19(12): 11451-11456 (2011)

Direct laser writing for nanoporous liquid core laser sensors
, Optics Express 20(16): 17467-17473 (2012)

Direct laser writing of 3D architectures of aligned carbon nanotubes
, Advanced Materials 26(32): 5653-5657 (2014)

Direct laser writing of 3D scaffolds for neural tissue engineering applications
, Biofabrication 3(4): 045005 (2011)

Direct laser writing of air-stable p-n junctions in graphene
, Acs Nano 8(9): 8831-8836 (2014)

Direct laser writing of buried waveguide in As2S3 glass using a helical sample translation
, Optics Letters 38(20): 4212-4215 (2013)

Direct laser writing of complementary logic gates and lateral p-n diodes in a solution-processible monolithic organic semiconductor
, Advanced Materials 22(15): 1722-1726 (2010)

Direct laser writing of diffractive optics in glass
, Optics Letters 22(13): 1030-1032 (1997)

Direct laser writing of graphene electronics
, Acs Nano 8(9): 8725-8729 (2014)

Direct laser writing of nanoscale light-emitting diodes
, Advanced Materials 22(29): 3176-3180 (2010)

Direct laser writing of near-IR step-index buried channel waveguides in rare earth doped YAG
, Optics Letters 36(17): 3395-3397 (2011)

Direct laser writing of photostable fluorescent silver nanoclusters in polymer films
, Acs Nano 8(11): 11165-11171 (2014)

Direct laser writing of sub-50 nm nanofluidic channels buried in glass for three-dimensional micro-nanofluidic integration
, Lab on a Chip 13(8): 1626-1631 (2013)

Direct laser writing of surface reliefs in dry, self-developing photopolymer films
, Applied Optics 38(25): 5418-5421 (1999)

Direct laser writing of synthetic poly(amino acid) hydrogels and poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylates by two-photon polymerization
, Materials Science and Engineering. C Materials for Biological Applications 43: 280-289 (2014)

Direct laser writing of thermally stabilized channel waveguides with Bragg gratings
, Optics Express 12(19): 4589-4595 (2004)

Direct laser writing of three-dimensional narrow bandgap and high refractive-index PbSe structures in a solution
, Optics Express 21(9): 11202-11208 (2013)

Direct laser writing of three-dimensional photonic crystal lattices within a PbS quantum-dot-doped polymer material
, Optics Express 15(4): 1817-1822 (2007)

Direct laser-patterned micro-supercapacitors from paintable MoS2 films
, Small 9(17): 2905-2910 (2013)

Direct lateral approach to lumbar fusion is a biomechanically equivalent alternative to the anterior approach: an in vitro study
, Spine 37(10): 819-825 (2012)

Direct lateral approach to pathology at the craniocervical junction
, Neurosurgery 72(2): E318 (2013)

Direct lateral interbody fusion (DLIF) at the lumbosacral junction L5-S1
, Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia 19(7): 1022-1025 (2012)

Direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative conditions: early complication profile
, Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques 22(1): 34-37 (2009)

Direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion: clinical and radiological outcomes
, Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 55(5): 248-254 (2014)

Direct lateral metallation using alkali-metal mediated zincation (AMMZn): SiC-H vs.Si-O bond cleavage
, Chemical Communications 2009(22): 3240-3242 (2009)

Direct lateral retroperitoneal approach for the surgical treatment of lumbar discitis and osteomyelitis
, Neurosurgical Focus 37(2): E5 (2014)

Direct lateral transpsoas approach to interbody fusion--may be risky after all
, Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society 28(6): 605-606 (2011)

Direct leaf trajectory optimization for volumetric modulated arc therapy planning with sliding window delivery
, Medical Physics 41(1): 011701 (2014)

Direct learning of sparse changes in Markov networks by density ratio estimation
, Neural Computation 26(6): 1169-1197 ( 2014)

Direct left atrial pressure monitoring in severe heart failure: long-term sensor performance
, Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research 4(1): 3-13 (2011)

Direct lentiviral-cyclooxygenase 2 application to the tendon-bone interface promotes osteointegration and enhances return of the pull-out tensile strength of the tendon graft in a rat model of biceps tenodesis
, Plos one 9(5): E98004 (2014)

Direct leptin action on POMC neurons regulates glucose homeostasis and hepatic insulin sensitivity in mice
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 122(3): 1000-1009 (2012)

Direct leukocyte migration across pulmonary arterioles and venules into the perivascular interstitium of murine lungs during bleomycin injury and repair
, American Journal of Pathology 178(6): 2560-2572 (2011)

Direct light pattern integration of low-temperature solution-processed all-oxide flexible electronics
, Acs Nano 8(9): 9680-9686 (2014)

Direct light-coupling to thin-film waveguides using a grating-structured GRIN lens
, Optics Express 18(19): 19860-19866 (2010)

Direct light-driven modulation of luminescence from Mn-doped ZnSe quantum dots
, Angewandte Chemie 47(14): 2685-2688 (2008)

Direct light-up of cAMP derivatives in living cells by click reactions
, Molecules 18(10): 12909-12915 (2013)

Direct lineage conversion of pancreatic exocrine to endocrine Beta cells in vivo with defined factors
, Methods in Molecular Biology 1150: 247-262 (2014)

Direct lineage reprogramming of mouse fibroblasts to functional midbrain dopaminergic neuronal progenitors
, Stem Cell Research 12(1): 60-68 (2014)

Direct lineage reprogramming to neural cells
, Current Opinion in Neurobiology 22(5): 778-784 (2012)

Direct link between Atg protein and small GTPase Rab: Atg16L functions as a potential Rab33 effector in mammals
, Autophagy 4(6): 824-826 (2008)

Direct link between RACK1 function and localization at the ribosome in vivo
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 29(6): 1626-1634 (2009)

Direct link between low-temperature magnetism and high-temperature sodium order in NaxCoO2
, Physical Review Letters 100(2): 026407 (2008)

Direct link of a mid-infrared QCL to a frequency comb by optical injection
, Optics Letters 37(6): 1011-1013 (2012)

Direct linkage between dimethyl sulfide production and microzooplankton grazing, resulting from prey composition change under high partial pressure of carbon dioxide conditions
, Environmental Science and Technology 48(9): 4750-4756 (2014)

Direct linking of metabolism and gene expression in the proline utilization A protein from Escherichia coli
, Amino Acids 35(4): 711-718 (2008)

Direct lipid extraction from wet Chlamydomonas reinhardtii biomass using osmotic shock
, Bioresource Technology 123: 717-722 (2012)

Direct lipid profiling of single cells from inkjet printed microarrays
, Analytical Chemistry 84(22): 9679-9683 (2012)

Direct lipiodol injection used for a radio-opaque lung marker: stability and histopathologic effects
, Experimental Lung Research 37(5): 310-317 (2011)

Direct liquefaction of Dunaliella tertiolecta for bio-oil in sub/supercritical ethanol-water
, Bioresource Technology 124: 190-198 (2012)

Direct liquid chromatographic determination of hydrazines: a review
, Talanta 102: 93-100 (2012)

Direct liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous quantification of hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol in red wines
, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59(21): 11683-11689 (2011)

Direct liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry determination of underivatized glyphosate in rice, maize and soybean
, Journal of Chromatography A 1313: 157-165 (2013)

Direct liquid deposition calibration method for trace cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine using thermal desorption instrumentation
, Journal of Chromatography A 1282: 178-182 (2013)

Direct live imaging of cell-cell protein transfer by transient outer membrane fusion in Myxococcus xanthus
, Elife 2: E00868 (2013)

Direct liver invasion from a gastric adenocarcinoma as an initial presentation of extranodal tumor spread
, Case Reports in Medicine 2012: 651232 (2012)

Direct loading of Nobel Direct and Nobel Perfect one-piece implants: a 1-year prospective clinical and radiographic study
, Clinical Oral Implants Research 18(4): 409-418 (2007)

Direct local polymerization of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) in rat cortex
, Progress in Brain Research 194: 263-271 (2011)

Direct long bone invasion by Basal cell carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature
, Eplasty 13: E59 (2013)

Direct look at a comet crash
, Science 265(5177): 1358 (1994)

Direct look from a predator shortens the risk-assessment time by prey
, Plos one 8(6): E64977 (2013)

Direct low-dose fentanyl patch (2.1mg) introduction for opioid naïve outpatients with cancer pain
, Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer and ChemoTherapy 38(3): 415-418 (2011)

Direct low-temperature nanographene CVD synthesis over a dielectric insulator
, Acs Nano 4(7): 4206-4210 (2010)

Direct low-temperature synthesis of rutile nanostructures in ionic liquids
, Small 3(10): 1753-1763 (2007)

Direct machine parameter optimization for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) of oropharyngeal cancer--a planning study
, Journal of applied clinical medical physics 10(4): 3066 (2009)

Direct magnesiation of polyfunctionalized arenes and heteroarenes using (tmp)(2)Mg x 2LiCl
, Angewandte Chemie 46(40): 7681-7684 (2007)

Direct magnetic field estimation based on echo planar raw data
, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 29(7): 1401-1411 (2010)

Direct magnetic patterning due to the generation of ferromagnetism by selective ion irradiation of paramagnetic FeAl alloys
, Small 5(2): 229-234 (2009)

Direct magnetic resonance (MR) shoulder arthrography: posterior approach under ultrasonographic guidance and abduction (PAUGA)
, La Radiologia Medica 118(5): 806-815 (2013)

Direct magnetic resonance arthrography of the canine shoulder
, Veterinary Radiology and Ultrasound: the Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association 51(4): 391-396 (2010)

Direct magnetic resonance arthrography of the knee: utility of axial traction
, European Radiology 19(9): 2225-2231 (2009)

Direct magnetic resonance arthrography of the wrist with axial traction: a feasibility study to assess joint cartilage
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Jmri 34(1): 239-244 (2011)

Direct magnetic resonance arthrography, indirect magnetic resonance arthrography, and computed tomography arthrography for rotator cuff lesions and superior labral anterior and posterior tears: state of the art
, Radiologia 55(4): 283-293 (2013)

Direct magnetic resonance detection of myelin and prospects for quantitative imaging of myelin density
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(24): 9605-9610 (2012)

Direct magnetic resonance evidence for peroxymonocarbonate involvement in the cu,zn-superoxide dismutase peroxidase catalytic cycle
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 284(21): 14618-14627 (2009)

Direct magnetocaloric characterization and simulation of thermomagnetic cycles
, Review of Scientific Instruments 84(7): 073907 (2013)

Direct magnitude estimation of articulation rate in boys with fragile X syndrome
, Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research: Jslhr 52(5): 1370-1379 (2009)

Direct mail improves knowledge of basic life support guidelines in general practice: a randomised study
, Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 20: 72 (2012)

Direct mailing was a successful recruitment strategy for a lung-cancer screening trial
, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 60(8): 853-857 (2007)

Direct manipulation blendshapes
, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 30(4): 42-50 (2010)

Direct manipulation of a single potassium channel gate with an atomic force microscope probe
, Small 7(16): 2379-2383 (2011)

Direct manipulation of intracellular stress fibres using a hook-shaped AFM probe
, Nanotechnology 21(38): 385102 (2010)

Direct manipulation of malaria parasites with optical tweezers reveals distinct functions of Plasmodium surface proteins
, Acs Nano 6(6): 4648-4662 (2012)

Direct manipulation of tool-like masters for controlling a master-slave surgical robotic system
, International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: Mrcas 10(4): 427-437 (2014)

Direct manipulation of ureteral stones through the urethra
, Journal of Urology 60(3): 418 (1948)

Direct mapping and alignment of protein sequences onto genomic sequence
, Bioinformatics 24(21): 2438-2444 (2008)

Direct mapping between exchange potentials of Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham schemes as origin of orbital proximity
, Journal of Chemical Physics 132(1): 014101 (2010)

Direct mapping of hot-electron relaxation and multiplication dynamics in PbSe quantum dots
, Nano Letters 12(3): 1588-1591 (2012)

Direct mapping of ionic transport in a Si anode on the nanoscale: time domain electrochemical strain spectroscopy study
, Acs Nano 5(12): 9682-9695 (2011)

Direct mapping of local redox current density on a monolith electrode by laser scanning
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 47: 408-414 (2013)

Direct mapping of nanoscale compositional connectivity on intact cell membranes
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(35): 15437-15442 (2010)

Direct mapping of phonon dispersion relations in copper by momentum-resolved x-ray calorimetry
, Physical Review Letters 101(8): 085504 (2008)

Direct mapping of recoil in the ion-pair dissociation of molecular oxygen by a femtosecond depletion method
, Journal of Chemical Physics 129(21): 214306 (2008)

Direct mapping of strain in a strained silicon transistor by high-resolution electron microscopy
, Physical Review Letters 100(15): 156602 (2008)

Direct mapping of symbolic DNA sequence into frequency domain in global repeat map algorithm
, Nucleic Acids Research 41(1): E17 (2013)

Direct mapping of the UV surface plasmons
, Optics Letters 34(9): 1324-1326 (2009)

Direct mapping of the finite temperature phase diagram of strongly correlated quantum models
, Physical Review Letters 103(8): 085701 (2009)

Direct marine-continental correlation: 150,000-year oxygen isotope--pollen record from the north pacific
, Science 204(4395): 837-839 (1979)

Direct markers of organ perfusion to guide fluid therapy: when to start, when to stop
, Best Practice and Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology 28(3): 217-226 (2014)

Direct mass limits for chiral fourth-generation quarks in all mixing scenarios
, Physical Review Letters 105(11): 111801 (2010)

Direct mass measurement of the four-neutron halo nuclide 8He
, Physical Review Letters 101(1): 012501 (2008)

Direct mass measurements of 19B, 22C, 29F, 31Ne, 34Na and other light exotic nuclei
, Physical Review Letters 109(20): 202503 (2012)

Direct mass measurements of short-lived A=2Z-1 nuclides (63)Ge, (65)As, (67)Se, and (71)Kr and their impact on nucleosynthesis in the rp process
, Physical Review Letters 106(11): 112501 (2011)

Direct mass spectrometric detection of trace explosives in soil samples
, Analyst 137(7): 1730-1736 (2012)

Direct mass spectrometric screening of antibiotics from bacterial surfaces using liquid extraction surface analysis
, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 26(20): 2477-2482 (2012)

Direct mass spectrometry analysis of biofluid samples using slug-flow microextraction nano-electrospray ionization
, Angewandte Chemie 53(51): 14124-14127 (2014)

Direct matched-filtering of pen recordings using sodium light
, Applied Optics 14(10): 2337-2339 (1975)

Direct maternal deaths in Norway 1976-1995
, Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica 87(8): 856-861 (2008)

Direct matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry-based analysis of wine as a powerful tool for classification purposes
, Talanta 91: 72-76 (2012)

Direct matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometric analysis of proteins immobilized on nylon-based membranes
, Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 5(4): 230-237 (1994)

Direct matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry improves appropriateness of antibiotic treatment of bacteremia
, Plos one 7(3): E32589 (2012)

Direct matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometric imaging of cellulose and hemicellulose in Populus tissue
, Analytical Chemistry 83(17): 6722-6730 (2011)

Direct mean strain estimation for elastography using nearest-neighbor weighted least-squares approach in the frequency domain
, Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 38(10): 1759-1777 (2012)

Direct measure of fluorescence intensity for efficient receptor-binding assay: conjugates of ethinylcarboxyestradiol and 5(and 6)-carboxyfluorescein via alpha, omega-diaminoalkanes as a tracer for estrogen receptor
, Journal of Biochemistry 143(6): 781-792 (2008)

Direct measure of local region functional connectivity by multivariate correlation technique
, Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference 2007: 5231-5234 (2007)

Direct measure of strain and electronic structure in GaAs/GaP core-shell nanowires
, Nano Letters 10(3): 880-886 (2010)

Direct measure of the de novo mutation rate in autism and schizophrenia cohorts
, American Journal of Human Genetics 87(3): 316-324 (2010)

Direct measure of the tilt angle in de Vries-type liquid crystals through NMR spectroscopy
, Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 11(8): 1641-1645 (2010)

Direct measurement and characterization of active photosynthesis zones inside wastewater remediating and biofuel producing microalgal biofilms
, Bioresource Technology 156: 206-215 (2014)

Direct measurement and modelling of internal strains in ion-implanted diamond
, Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 25(38): 385403 (2013)

Direct measurement by laser flash photolysis of intraprotein electron transfer in a rat neuronal nitric oxide synthase
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(17): 5621-5629 (2007)

Direct measurement high resolution wide range extreme temperature optical sensor using an all-silicon carbide probe
, Optics Letters 34(9): 1402-1404 (2009)

Direct measurement of Auger electrons emitted from a semiconductor light-emitting diode under electrical injection: identification of the dominant mechanism for efficiency droop
, Physical Review Letters 110(17): 177406 (2013)

Direct measurement of Criegee intermediate (CH2OO) reactions with acetone, acetaldehyde, and hexafluoroacetone
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 14(30): 10391-10400 (2012)

Direct measurement of Dirac point energy at the graphene/oxide interface
, Nano Letters 13(1): 131-136 (2013)

Direct measurement of Mycobacterium-fibronectin interactions
, Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences from Nano to Macro 1(4): 296-300 (2009)

Direct measurement of OH local concentration in a flame from the fluorescence induced by a single laser pulse
, Applied Optics 18(3): 354-356 (1979)

Direct measurement of S-branch N2-H2 Raman linewidths using time-resolved pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy
, Journal of Chemical Physics 137(7): 074302 (2012)

Direct measurement of a patient's entrance skin dose during pediatric cardiac catheterization
, Journal of Radiation Research 55(6): 1122-1130 (2014)

Direct measurement of a photoconductive receiver's temporal response by dithered-edge sampling
, Optics Letters 24(23): 1771-1773 (1999)

Direct measurement of a radially polarized focused evanescent field facilitated by a single LCD
, Optics Express 13(18): 6821-6827 (2005)

Direct measurement of absorbed dose to water in HDR 192Ir brachytherapy: water calorimetry, ionization chamber, Gafchromic film, and TG-43
, Medical Physics 37(4): 1924-1932 (2010)

Direct measurement of absorption-induced wavefront distortion in high optical power systems
, Applied Optics 48(2): 355-364 (2009)

Direct measurement of acetabular radiographic version using an ordinary goniometer: a precision study
, Computer Aided Surgery: Official Journal of the International Society for Computer Aided Surgery 16(4): 196-201 (2011)

Direct measurement of acid-base interaction energy at solid interfaces
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(23): 17804-17807 (2010)

Direct measurement of active thiol metabolite levels of clopidogrel in human plasma using tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine as a reducing agent by LC-MS/MS
, Journal of Separation Science 36(14): 2306-2314 (2013)

Direct measurement of adhesion energy of monolayer graphene as-grown on copper and its application to renewable transfer process
, Nano Letters 12(3): 1448-1452 (2012)

Direct measurement of airway pressure in ventilated very low birth weight infants
, Conference Proceedings: .. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference 2006: 2868-2870 (2006)

Direct measurement of aminopyrine N-demethylase and antipyrine hydroxylase activities in a monolayer rat primary isolated hepatocyte system
, Biochemical Pharmacology 30(17): 2473-2479 (1981)

Direct measurement of ammonia in simulated human breath using an inkjet-printed polyaniline nanoparticle sensor
, Analytica Chimica Acta 779: 56-63 (2013)

Direct measurement of an electric field in femtosecond Bessel-Gaussian beams
, Optics Letters 34(16): 2390-2392 (2009)

Direct measurement of anisotropic near-wall hindered diffusion using total internal reflection velocimetry
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 76(4 Pt 2): 046307 (2007)

Direct measurement of aortic regurgitation with phase-contrast magnetic resonance is inaccurate: proposal of an alternative method of quantification
, Pediatric Radiology 44(11): 1358-1369 (2014)

Direct measurement of association and dissociation rates of DNA binding in live cells by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
, Biophysical Journal 97(1): 337-346 (2009)

Direct measurement of backflux between oxaloacetate and fumarate following pyruvate carboxylation
, Glia 60(1): 147-158 (2012)

Direct measurement of band edge discontinuity in individual core-shell nanowires by photocurrent spectroscopy
, Nano Letters 13(9): 4152-4157 (2013)

Direct measurement of beam size in a spectroscopic ellipsometry setup
, Review of Scientific Instruments 79(6): 063101 (2008)

Direct measurement of bend-induced mode deformation in large-mode-area fibers
, Optics Express 20(4): 4436-4443 (2012)

Direct measurement of beta-agonists in swine hair extract in multiplexed mode by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and microfluidic paper
, Electrophoresis 36(3): 485-487 (2015)

Direct measurement of birefringence in ion-exchanged planar waveguides
, Optics Letters 21(16): 1238-1240 (1996)

Direct measurement of blood flow in microvessels grown in Matrigel in vivo
, Journal of Surgical Research 172(1): E55-E60 (2012)

Direct measurement of blood pressure in the radial and femoral arteries during and after tilting
, Proceedings of the Annual Meeting. Central Society for Clinical Research 20: 48 (1947)

Direct measurement of blood pressure within arterial aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas
, Surgery 21(5): 646-658 (1947)

Direct measurement of bone mechanical strength
, Reumatologia Clinica 7(3): 154-155 (2011)

Direct measurement of calcium ion by oxalic acid
, Revista de Quimica E Farmacia 12(4): 17-20 (1947)

Direct measurement of cantilever spring constants and correction for cantilever irregularities using an instrumented indenter
, Review of Scientific Instruments 78(6): 063708 (2007)

Direct measurement of carbon substrate oxidation and incorporation patterns in RuMP-type methylotrophs: Chemostatic cultures of Methylomonas L3
, Biotechnology and Bioengineering 27(12): 1623-1633 (1985)

Direct measurement of cascaded nonlinearity in lithium niobate channel waveguides
, Optics Letters 19(23): 1949-1951 (1994)

Direct measurement of cathepsin B activity in the cytosol of apoptotic cells by an activity-based probe
, Chemistry and Biology 16(9): 1001-1012 (2009)

Direct measurement of cell wall stress stiffening and turgor pressure in live bacterial cells
, Physical Review Letters 107(15): 158101 (2011)

Direct measurement of cell-free DNA from serially collected capillary plasma during incremental exercise
, Journal of Applied Physiology 117(2): 119-130 (2014)

Direct measurement of charge transport through helical poly(ethyl propiolate) nanorods wired into gaps in single walled carbon nanotubes
, Nanotechnology 20(10): 105201 (2009)

Direct measurement of chemical distributions in heterogeneous coatings
, Acs Applied Materials and Interfaces 6(18): 16289-16296 (2014)

Direct measurement of coherency limits for strain relaxation in heteroepitaxial core/shell nanowires
, Nano Letters 13(5): 1869-1876 (2013 )

Direct measurement of colloidal interactions between polyaniline surfaces in a UV-curable coating formulation: the effect of surface hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity and resin composition
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 30(4): 1045-1054 (2014)

Direct measurement of contact angles of silica particles in relation to double inversion of pickering emulsions
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 29(16): 4923-4927 (2013)

Direct measurement of core-level relaxation dynamics on a surface-adsorbate system
, Physical Review Letters 101(4): 046101 (2008)

Direct measurement of coronary blood flow in the anesthetized dog
, American Journal of the Medical Sciences 1946(1): 123 (1946)

Direct measurement of critical nucleus size in confined volumes
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 23(13): 7286-7292 (2007)

Direct measurement of current filament structures in a magnetic-confinement fusion device
, Physical Review Letters 102(16): 165001 (2009)

Direct measurement of current-phase relations in superconductor/topological insulator/superconductor junctions
, Nano Letters 13(7): 3086-3092 (2013)

Direct measurement of cyclotron coherence times of high-mobility two-dimensional electron gases
, Optics Express 18(12): 12354-12361 (2010)

Direct measurement of density oscillation induced by a radio-frequency wave
, Review of Scientific Instruments 78(8): 083502 (2007)

Direct measurement of depletion and hydrodynamic forces in solutions of a reversible supramolecular polymer
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 23(11): 6095-6105 (2007)

Direct measurement of deuterium-deuterium dipolar coupling and analysis of the ordering of a specifically deuteriated diunsaturated lipid
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 110(24): 8229-8231 (1988)

Direct measurement of diffusion in olfactory cilia using a modified FRAP approach
, Plos one 7(7): E39628 (2012)

Direct measurement of dipole-dipole/CSA cross-correlated relaxation by a constant-time experiment
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance 193(1): 23-31 (2008)

Direct measurement of disability
, Psychiatry ) 6(10): 43-46 (2009)

Direct measurement of dispersion relation for surface plasmon-polaritons on silver nanoantennas
, Microscopy 63(2): 155-159 (2014)

Direct measurement of dissolved N₂ and denitrification along a subtropical river-estuary gradient, China
, Marine Pollution Bulletin 66(1-2): 125-134 (2013)

Direct measurement of double-layer, van der Waals, and polymer depletion attraction forces between supported cationic bilayers
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(18): 14458-14465 (2010)

Direct measurement of effective indices of guided modes in LiNbO(3) waveguides using the Cerenkov second harmonic
, Optics Letters 12(6): 445-447 (1987)

Direct measurement of effective magnetic diffusivity in turbulent flow of liquid sodium
, Physical Review Letters 105(18): 184502 (2010)

Direct measurement of electric field-assisted charge separation in polymer:fullerene photovoltaic diodes
, Advanced Materials 22(33): 3672-3676 (2010)

Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite
, Optics Express 18(11): 11450-11455 (2010)

Direct measurement of electrical transport through G-quadruplex DNA with mechanically controllable break junction electrodes
, Angewandte Chemie 49(19): 3313-3316 (2010)

Direct measurement of electron transfer distance decay constants of single redox proteins by electrochemical tunneling spectroscopy
, Acs Nano 5(3): 2060-2066 (2011)

Direct measurement of electron transfer through a hydrogen bond between single molecules
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(12): 4592-4595 (2013)

Direct measurement of electrostatic fields using single Teflon nanoparticle attached to AFM tip
, Nanoscale Research Letters 8(1): 519 (2013)

Direct measurement of electrostriction in optical fibers
, Optics Letters 23(9): 691-693 (1998)

Direct measurement of energetic electron flow in Q-shu University experiment with steady-state spherical tokamak
, Review of Scientific Instruments 82(11): 113509 (2011)

Direct measurement of energetic electrons coupling to an imploding low-adiabat inertial confinement fusion capsule
, Physical Review Letters 108(13): 135006 (2012)

Direct measurement of energy fluxes from mitochondria into cytoplasm in permeabilized cardiac cells in situ: some evidence for Mitochondrial Interactosome
, Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes 41(3): 259-275 (2009)

Direct measurement of exciton-exciton interaction energy
, Physical Review Letters 103(1): 016403 (2009)

Direct measurement of extracellular electrical signals from mammalian olfactory sensory neurons in planar triode devices
, Analyst 137(9): 2047-2053 (2012)

Direct measurement of field-free molecular alignment by spatial (de)focusing effects
, Optics Express 19(4): 2852-2857 (2011)

Direct measurement of field-induced polarization forces between particles in air
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 30(1): 140-148 (2014)

Direct measurement of free copper in serum or plasma ultrafiltrate
, American Journal of Clinical Pathology 131(2): 160-165 (2009)

Direct measurement of free estradiol in human serum by equilibrium dialysis-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and reference intervals of free estradiol in women
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 413(11-12): 1008-1014 (2012)

Direct measurement of friction of a fluctuating contact line
, Physical Review Letters 111(2): 026101 (2013)

Direct measurement of fugitive emissions of hydrocarbons from a refinery
, Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 58(8): 1047-1056 (2008)

Direct measurement of glyconanoparticles and lectin interactions by isothermal titration calorimetry
, Analytical Chemistry 84(10): 4248-4252 (2012)

Direct measurement of group delay dispersion in metamagnetics for ultrafast pulse shaping
, Optics Express 20(21): 23082-23087 (2012)

Direct measurement of group delay with joint time-frequency analysis of a white-light spectral interferogram
, Optics Letters 33(23): 2855-2857 (2008)

Direct measurement of helical cell motion of the spirochete leptospira
, Biophysical Journal 106(1): 47-54 (2014)

Direct measurement of hepatic blood flow during living donor liver transplantation in children
, Journal of Pediatric Surgery 45(3): 545-548 (2010)

Direct measurement of human movement by accelerometry
, Medical Engineering and Physics 30(10): 1364-1386 (2008)

Direct measurement of hydrogen dislocation pipe diffusion in deformed polycrystalline Pd using quasielastic neutron scattering
, Physical Review Letters 113(2): 025504 (2014)

Direct measurement of hydrophobic forces on cell surfaces using AFM
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 23(24): 11977-11979 (2007)

Direct measurement of index of refraction in the extreme-ultraviolet wavelength region with a novel interferometer
, Optics letters 27(12): 1028-1030 (2002)

Direct measurement of individual deep traps in single silicon nanowires
, Nano Letters 11(6): 2499-2502 (2011)

Direct measurement of instantaneous source speed for a HDR brachytherapy unit using an optical fiber based detector
, Medical Physics 37(10): 5407-5411 (2010)

Direct measurement of interaction forces between charged multilamellar vesicles†
, Soft Matter 10(39): 7769-7780 (2014)

Direct measurement of interactions between stimulation-responsive drug delivery vehicles and artificial mucin layers by colloid probe atomic force microscopy
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 24(8): 3987-3992 (2008)

Direct measurement of interface anisotropy of bicontinuous structures via 3D image analysis
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(17): 14284-14293 (2010)

Direct measurement of intermediate-range Casimir-Polder potentials
, Physical Review Letters 104(8): 083201 (2010)

Direct measurement of internal energy of fragmented C60
, Physical Review Letters 98(19): 193401 (2007)

Direct measurement of internal magnetic fields in natural sands using scanning SQUID microscopy
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance 242: 10-17 (2014)

Direct measurement of intra-abdominal pressure with a solid microtranducer
, Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 21(3): 167-170 (2007)

Direct measurement of intracellular pressure
, Current Protocols in Cell Biology 63: 12.9.1-9 (2014)

Direct measurement of intracranial pressure at high altitude and correlation of ventricular size with acute mountain sickness: Brian Cummins' results from the 1985 Kishtwar expedition
, Neurosurgery 63(5): 970 (2008)

Direct measurement of intranuclear strain distributions and RNA synthesis in single cells embedded within native tissue
, Biophysical Journal 105(10): 2252-2261 (2013)

Direct measurement of intrinsic atomic scale magnetostriction
, Physical Review Letters 101(14): 147202 (2008)

Direct measurement of ion mobility in a conducting polymer
, Advanced Materials 25(32): 4488-4493 (2013)

Direct measurement of lateral force using dual cantilevers
, Sensors 12(3): 3200-3203 (2012)

Direct measurement of lattice dynamics and optical phonon excitation in semiconductor nanocrystals using femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy
, Physical Review Letters 111(10): 107401 (2013)

Direct measurement of left ventricular outflow tract area using three-dimensional echocardiography in biplane mode improves accuracy of stroke volume assessment
, Echocardiography 27(9): 1078-1085 (2010)

Direct measurement of left ventricular outflow tract by transthoracic real-time 3D-echocardiography increases accuracy in assessment of aortic valve stenosis
, International Journal of Cardiology 136(1): 64-71 (2009)

Direct measurement of long-range third-order coherence in Bose-Einstein condensates
, Science 331(6020): 1046-1049 (2011)

Direct measurement of low-density lipoprotein in diabetic patients with end-stage renal failure
, British Journal of Biomedical Science 64(4): 175 (2007)

Direct measurement of magnon temperature: new insight into magnon-phonon coupling in magnetic insulators
, Physical Review Letters 111(10): 107204 (2013)

Direct measurement of mammographic X-ray spectra with a digital CdTe detection system
, Sensors 12(6): 8390-8404 (2012)

Direct measurement of matrix metalloproteinase activity in 3D cellular microenvironments using a fluorogenic peptide substrate
, Biomaterials 34(30): 7344-7352 (2013)

Direct measurement of mercury(II) removal from organomercurial lyase (MerB) by tryptophan fluorescence: NmerA domain of coevolved γ-proteobacterial mercuric ion reductase (MerA) is more efficient than MerA catalytic core or glutathione
, Biochemistry 49(37): 8187-8196 (2010)

Direct measurement of methyl radicals in a methane/air flame at atmospheric pressure by radar REMPI
, Optics Express 19(24): 23997-24004 (2011)

Direct measurement of microstructural avalanches during the martensitic transition of cobalt using coherent x-ray scattering
, Physical Review Letters 107(1): 015702 (2011)

Direct measurement of molecular motion in freestanding polystyrene thin films
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(22): 8444-8447 (2011)

Direct measurement of myocardial oxygen tension and high energy phosphate content under varying ventilatory conditions in rabbits
, Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering 54(4): 179-186 (2009)

Direct measurement of nanometric displacement under an optical microscope
, Applied Optics 26(16): 3425-3427 (1987)

Direct measurement of nitric oxide concentration in CAPD dialysate
, Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis 29(1): 111-114 (2009)

Direct measurement of nonuniform large deformations in soft tissues during uniaxial extension
, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 131(6): 061001 (2009)

Direct measurement of normal and shear forces between surface-grown polyelectrolyte layers
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 113(12): 3947-3956 (2009)

Direct measurement of off-state trapping rate fluctuations in single quantum dot fluorescence
, Nano Letters 11(8): 3366-3369 (2011)

Direct measurement of oleocanthal and oleacein levels in olive oil by quantitative (1)H NMR. Establishment of a new index for the characterization of extra virgin olive oils
, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60(47): 11696-11703 (2012)

Direct measurement of oxidative metabolism in the living brain by microdialysis: a review
, Journal of Neurochemistry 109(Suppl): 24-29 (2009)

Direct measurement of oxygen concentration inside cultured cartilage for relating to spatial growth of rabbit chondrocytes
, Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 110(3): 363-366 (2010)

Direct measurement of oxygen consumption rates from attached and unattached cells in a reversibly sealed, diffusionally isolated sample chamber
, Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology 5(5): 398-408 (2010)

Direct measurement of oxygen extraction with fMRI using 6% CO2 inhalation
, Magnetic Resonance Imaging 26(7): 961-967 (2008)

Direct measurement of part-per-billion levels of dimethyl sulfoxide in water by gas chromatography with stacked injection and chemiluminescence detection
, Journal of Separation Science 35(12): 1486-1493 (2012)

Direct measurement of patient's entrance skin dose during neurointerventional procedure to avoid further radiation-induced skin injuries
, Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 112(6): 530-536 (2010)

Direct measurement of perchlorate exposure biomarkers in a highly exposed population: a pilot study
, Plos one 6(3): E17015 (2011)

Direct measurement of phage phi29 stiffness provides evidence of internal pressure
, Small 8(15): 2366-2370 (2012)

Direct measurement of phase in a spherical-wave Fizeau interferometer
, Applied Optics 19(13): 2196-2200 (1980)

Direct measurement of photoinduced charge distribution responsible for second-harmonic generation in glasses
, Optics Letters 21(3): 186-188 (1996)

Direct measurement of photoinduced charge separation distances in donor-acceptor systems for artificial photosynthesis using OOP-ESEEM
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(24): 8372-8373 (2009)

Direct measurement of photon number statistics at telecom wavelengths using a charge integration photon detector
, Applied Optics 46(16): 3069-3074 (2007)

Direct measurement of planar flow rate in an excised canine larynx model
, Laryngoscope 125(2): 383-388 (2015)

Direct measurement of porto-systemic gradient in a failing Fontan circulation
, Congenital Heart Disease 6(2): 175-178 (2011)

Direct measurement of power during one single sprint on treadmill
, Journal of Biomechanics 43(10): 1970-1975 (2010)

Direct measurement of prepulse suppression by use of a plasma shutter
, Optics Letters 19(23): 2006-2008 (1994)

Direct measurement of pressures involved in vocal exercises using semi-occluded vocal tracts
, Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology 40(3): 106-112 (2015)

Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires
, Optics Letters 35(8): 1160-1162 (2010)

Direct measurement of proximal isovelocity surface area by real-time three-dimensional color Doppler for quantitation of aortic regurgitant volume: an in vitro validation
, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 22(3): 306-313 (2009)

Direct measurement of pulse distortion near the zero-dispersion wavelength in an optical fiber by frequency-resolved optical gating
, Optics Letters 22(7): 457-459 (1997)

Direct measurement of quantum phase gradients in superfluid 4He flow
, Physical Review Letters 98(19): 195302 (2007)

Direct measurement of reflectance from aluminum alloys during CO(2) laser welding
, Applied Optics 35(18): 3237-3242 (1996)

Direct measurement of resonance Raman spectra and cross sections by a polarization difference technique
, Analytical Chemistry 84(11): 5074-5079 (2012)

Direct measurement of room-temperature nondiffusive thermal transport over micron distances in a silicon membrane
, Physical Review Letters 110(2): 025901 (2013)

Direct measurement of rotatable and frozen CoO spins in exchange bias system of CoO/Fe/Ag(001)
, Physical Review Letters 104(21): 217204 (2010)

Direct measurement of salt-mineral repulsion using atomic force microscopy
, Chemical Communications 46(29): 5235-5237 (2010)

Direct measurement of sediment sound speed in Shallow Water '06
, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124(3): El116-El121 (2008)

Direct measurement of self-phase shift due to fiber nonlinearity
, Optics Letters 23(9): 679-681 (1998)

Direct measurement of sequential folding pathway and energy landscape of human telomeric G-quadruplex structures
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(17): 6423-6426 (2013)

Direct measurement of serum free testosterone by ultrafiltration followed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry
, Clinical Biochemistry 43(4-5): 490-496 (2010)

Direct measurement of shear properties of microfibers
, Review of Scientific Instruments 85(9): 095118 (2014)

Direct measurement of shear strain in adherent vascular endothelial cells exposed to fluid shear stress
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 394(1): 94-99 (2010)

Direct measurement of shear-induced cross-correlations of Brownian motion
, Physical Review Letters 103(23): 230602 (2009)

Direct measurement of sheet resistance Rsquare in cuprate systems: evidence of a fermionic scenario in a metal-insulator transition
, Physical Review Letters 98(3): 036401 (2007)

Direct measurement of single soft lipid nanotubes: nanoscale information extracted in a noninvasive manner
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 86(6 Pt 1): 061905 (2012)

Direct measurement of size, three-dimensional shape, and specific surface area of anatase nanocrystals
, Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry 8(6): 805-809 (2007)

Direct measurement of solar luminosity variation
, Science 207(4427): 177-179 (1980)

Direct measurement of spectral phase for ultrashort laser pulses
, Optics Express 16(2): 592-597 (2008)

Direct measurement of speed of sound in cartilage in situ using ultrasound and magnetic resonance images
, Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual International Conference 2013: 6063-6066 (2013)

Direct measurement of spontaneous strategy selection in a virtual Morris water maze shows females choose an allocentric strategy at least as often as males do
, Behavioral Neuroscience 126(3): 465-478 (2012)

Direct measurement of stain retention in third molars
, Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice 14(6): 1060-1064 (2013)

Direct measurement of standing evanescent waves with a photon-scanning tunneling microscope
, Applied Optics 33(34): 7995-8000 (1994)

Direct measurement of strain-induced changes in the band structure of carbon nanotubes
, Physical Review Letters 100(13): 136803 (2008)

Direct measurement of sub-Debye-length attraction between oppositely charged surfaces
, Physical Review Letters 103(11): 118304 (2009)

Direct measurement of substrate refractive indices and determination of layer indices in slab-guiding structures
, Applied Optics 36(12): 2545-2553 (1997)

Direct measurement of surface-induced orientational order parameter profile above the nematic-isotropic phase transition temperature
, Physical Review Letters 102(16): 167801 (2009)

Direct measurement of suspended particulate volume concentration and far-infrared extinction coefficient with a laser-diffraction instrument
, Applied Optics 30(33): 4824-4831 (1991)

Direct measurement of the (23)Na(α,p)(26)Mg reaction cross section at energies relevant for the production of galactic (26)Al
, Physical Review Letters 112(15): 152701 (2014)

Direct measurement of the (baseband) frequency response of multimode fibers
, Applied Optics 11(7): 1534-1538 (1972)

Direct measurement of the 7Be solar neutrino flux with 192 days of borexino data
, Physical Review Letters 101(9): 091302 (2008)

Direct measurement of the Atom number in a Bose condensate
, Optics Express 15(19): 12114-12122 (2007)

Direct measurement of the Bose-Einstein condensation universality class in NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2 at ultralow temperatures
, Physical Review Letters 101(18): 187205 (2008)

Direct measurement of the Chudakov effect
, Physical Review Letters 100(16): 164802 (2008)

Direct measurement of the Fermi energy in graphene using a double-layer heterostructure
, Physical Review Letters 108(11): 116404 (2012)

Direct measurement of the Gouy phase shift for surface plasmon-polaritons
, Optics Express 15(16): 9995-10001 (2007)

Direct measurement of the Mn(II) hydration state in metal complexes and metalloproteins through 17O NMR line widths
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(49): 18600-18608 (2013)

Direct measurement of the QT interval in stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes for the assessment of QT liability
, Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 134(6): 320-324 (2009)

Direct measurement of the W Boson width in ppover collisions at square roots = 1.96 TeV
, Physical review letters 100(7): 071801 (2008)

Direct measurement of the W boson width
, Physical Review Letters 103(23): 231802 (2009)

Direct measurement of the W production charge asymmetry in pp collisions at square root s=1.96 TeV
, Physical review letters 102(18): 181801 (2009)

Direct measurement of the Wigner time delay for the scattering of light by a single atom
, Optics Letters 38(11): 1963-1965 (2013)

Direct measurement of the accuracy of CO(2)laser alignment on target
, Applied Optics 17(23): 3809-3811 (1978)

Direct measurement of the angular dependence of ionization for N2, O2, and CO2 in intense laser fields
, Physical Review Letters 98(24): 243001 (2007)

Direct measurement of the angular dependence of the single-photon ionization of aligned N2 and CO2
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(39): 9382-9386 (2008)

Direct measurement of the attractive interaction forces on F0 color centers on MgO(001) by dynamic force microscopy
, Acs Nano 4(5): 2510-2514 (2010)

Direct measurement of the band structure of a buried two-dimensional electron gas
, Physical Review Letters 110(13): 136801 (2013)

Direct measurement of the binding energy and bohr radius of a single hydrogenic defect in a semiconductor quantum well
, Physical Review Letters 100(5): 056806 (2008)

Direct measurement of the chemical reactivity of silicon electrodes with LiPF6-based battery electrolytes
, Chemical Communications 50(23): 3081-3084 (2014)

Direct measurement of the coherence length of edge states in the integer quantum Hall regime
, Physical Review Letters 100(12): 126802 (2008)

Direct measurement of the cortical tension during the growth of membrane blebs
, Biophysical Journal 107(8): 1810-1820 (2014)

Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air
, Optics Express 13(15): 5750-5755 (2005)

Direct measurement of the depletion interaction in binary solutions of polyelectrolytes
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 12(16): 4172-4177 (2010)

Direct measurement of the dielectric polarization properties of DNA
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(35): E3624-E3630 (2014)

Direct measurement of the differential pressure during drop formation in a co-flow microfluidic device
, Lab on a Chip 14(7): 1357-1366 (2014)

Direct measurement of the double emittance minimum in the beam dynamics of the sparc high-brightness photoinjector
, Physical Review Letters 99(23): 234801 (2007 )

Direct measurement of the dynamics of excess electron transfer through consecutive thymine sequence in DNA
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(39): 15320-15323 (2011)

Direct measurement of the dynamics of hole hopping in extended DNA G-tracts. An unbiased random walk
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(41): 14388-14390 (2010)

Direct measurement of the effective charge in nonpolar suspensions by optical tracking of single particles
, Journal of Chemical Physics 126(19): 194503 (2007)

Direct measurement of the effective refractive indices of GaAs/AIGaAs slab waveguides: a new technique
, Applied Optics 30(18): 2570-2574 (1991)

Direct measurement of the electrogyratory effect in bismuth silicon oxide
, Applied Optics 31(5): 625-629 (1992)

Direct measurement of the electron density of extended femtosecond laser pulse-induced filaments
, Physical Review Letters 105(21): 215005 (2010)

Direct measurement of the flow field around swimming microorganisms
, Physical Review Letters 105(16): 168101 (2010)

Direct measurement of the formation length of photons
, Physical Review Letters 108(7): 071802 (2012)

Direct measurement of the free cyclotron frequency of a single particle in a Penning trap
, Physical Review Letters 107(10): 103002 (2011)

Direct measurement of the free energy of aging hard sphere colloidal glasses
, Physical Review Letters 110(25): 258301 (2013)

Direct measurement of the friction between and shear moduli of shells of carbon nanotubes
, Physical Review Letters 107(20): 206101 (2011)

Direct measurement of the growth mode of graphene on SiC(0001) and SiC(0001¯)
, Physical Review Letters 107(16): 166101 (2011)

Direct measurement of the hole-nuclear spin interaction in single InP/GaInP quantum dots using photoluminescence spectroscopy
, Physical Review Letters 106(2): 027402 (2011)

Direct measurement of the in vitro hemoglobin content of erythrocytes using the photo-thermal effect of the heme group
, Analyst 135(9): 2365-2371 (2010)

Direct measurement of the instantaneous linewidth of rapidly wavelength-swept lasers
, Optics Letters 35(22): 3733-3735 (2010)

Direct measurement of the interactions of amide solvents with single-walled carbon nanotubes using isothermal titration calorimetry
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 28(1): 264-271 (2012)

Direct measurement of the intermolecular forces confining a single molecule in an entangled polymer solution
, Physical Review Letters 99(12): 126001 (2007)

Direct measurement of the kinetics of CBM9 fusion-tag bioprocessing using luminescence resonance energy transfer
, Biotechnology Progress 25(3): 874-881 (2009)

Direct measurement of the lethal isotherm for radiofrequency ablation of myocardial tissue
, Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology 4(3): 373-378 (2011)

Direct measurement of the lifetime of optical phonons in single-walled carbon nanotubes
, Physical Review Letters 100(22): 225503 (2008)

Direct measurement of the low-temperature spin-state transition in LaCoO3
, Physical Review Letters 99(4): 047203 (2007)

Direct measurement of the mass difference between top and antitop quarks
, Physical Review Letters 103(13): 132001 (2009)

Direct measurement of the matched spot size in a slow capillary discharge optical waveguide
, Review of Scientific Instruments 78(12): 123107 (2007)

Direct measurement of the mechanical work during translocation by the ribosome
, Elife 3: E03406 (2014)

Direct measurement of the near-field super resolved focused spot in InSb
, Optics Express 20(9): 10426-10437 (2012)

Direct measurement of the nonconservative force field generated by optical tweezers
, Physical Review Letters 103(10): 108101 (2009)

Direct measurement of the nonlinear phase shift between the orthogonally polarized states of a single-mode fiber
, Optics Letters 10(2): 89-91 (1985)

Direct measurement of the nonlinear refractive-index coefficient gamma at 355 nm in fused silica and in BK-10 glass
, Optics Letters 9(1): 10-12 (1984)

Direct measurement of the out-of-plane spin texture in the Dirac-cone surface state of a topological insulator
, Physical Review Letters 106(21): 216803 (2011)

Direct measurement of the percolation probability in carbon nanofiber-polyimide nanocomposites
, Physical Review Letters 102(11): 116601 (2009 )

Direct measurement of the permeability of human cervical tissue
, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 135(2): 021024 (2013)

Direct measurement of the protein response to an electrostatic perturbation that mimics the catalytic cycle in ketosteroid isomerase
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(40): 16612-16617 (2011)

Direct measurement of the proton magnetic moment
, Physical Review Letters 108(15): 153001 (2012)

Direct measurement of the quality factor in a two-dimensional photonic-crystal microcavity
, Optics Letters 26(23): 1903-1905 (2001)

Direct measurement of the radius of curvature of a gaussian beam, using a novel interferometric method
, Applied Optics 12(11): 2556-2558 (1973)

Direct measurement of the rate of interconversion of zirconaaziridine enantiomers
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(14): 4669-4679 (2008)

Direct measurement of the rates and barriers on forward and reverse diffusions of intramolecular collision in overhang oligonucleotides
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 114(24): 8235-8243 (2010)

Direct measurement of the refractive indices for a small numerical aperture cladded fiber: a simple method
, Applied Optics 13(6): 1255-1256 (1974)

Direct measurement of the reversal potential and current-voltage characteristics in the acid and alkaline regions of Chara corallina
, Planta 186(2): 241-248 (1992)

Direct measurement of the skew angle of the Poynting vector in a helically phased beam
, Optics Express 14(25): 11919-11924 (2006)

Direct measurement of the spatial modes of a laser pulse: theory
, Applied Optics 25(17): 2967 (1986)

Direct measurement of the spatial-spectral structure of waveguided parametric down-conversion
, Physical Review Letters 103(23): 233901 (2009)

Direct measurement of the spectral phase of femtosecond pulses
, Optics Letters 20(8): 904-906 (1995)

Direct measurement of the spectral reflectance of OP-SDL gain elements under optical pumping
, Optics Express 19(18): 16890-16897 (2011)

Direct measurement of the spectral transfer function of a laser based anemometer
, Review of Scientific Instruments 83(3): 033111 (2012)

Direct measurement of the spin gaps in a gated GaAs two-dimensional electron gas
, Nanoscale Research Letters 8(1): 138 (2013)

Direct measurement of the spin-orbit interaction in a two-electron InAs nanowire quantum dot
, Physical Review Letters 98(26): 266801 (2007)

Direct measurement of the strength of single ionic bonds between hydrated charges
, Acs Nano 6(6): 5297-5303 (2012)

Direct measurement of the surface tension of a soft elastic hydrogel: exploration of elastocapillary instability in adhesion
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 29(23): 6926-6935 (2013)

Direct measurement of the system latency of gaze-contingent displays
, Behavior Research Methods 46(2): 439-447 (2014)

Direct measurement of the thermal hysteresis of antifreeze proteins (AFPs) using sonocrystallization
, Analytical Chemistry 84(23): 10229-10235 (2012)

Direct measurement of the thickness-dependent electronic band structure of MoS2 using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
, Physical Review Letters 111(10): 106801 (2013)

Direct measurement of the time-dependent mechanical response of HPMC and PEO compacts during swelling
, International Journal of Pharmaceutics 434(1-2): 494-501 (2012)

Direct measurement of the total decay width of the top quark
, Physical Review Letters 111(20): 202001 (2013)

Direct measurement of the transverse velocity of dark spatial solitons
, Optics Letters 15(14): 783-785 (1990)

Direct measurement of the triplet exciton diffusion length in organic semiconductors
, Physical Review Letters 108(13): 137401 (2012)

Direct measurement of the twist penetration length in a single smectic A layer of colloidal virus particles
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 113(12): 3910-3913 (2009)

Direct measurement of the two principal refractive indexes of a nematic liquid crystal slab
, Applied Optics 21(22): 4163-4166 (1982)

Direct measurement of the two-point field correlation function
, Optics Letters 21(21): 1783-1785 (1996)

Direct measurement of the ultraviolet absorption coefficient of single retinal melanosomes
, Photochemistry and Photobiology 86(2): 279-281 (2010)

Direct measurement of the van der Waals interaction between two Rydberg atoms
, Physical Review Letters 110(26): 263201 (2013)

Direct measurement of the wavelength of sound waves in the human skull
, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 133(1): 136-145 (2013)

Direct measurement of the wetting behavior of individual carbon nanotubes by polymer melts: the key to carbon nanotube-polymer composites
, Nano Letters 8(9): 2744-2750 (2008)

Direct measurement of the x-ray refractive index by Fresnel diffraction at a transparent edge
, Optics Letters 38(9): 1563-1565 (2013)

Direct measurement of thermal fluctuation of high-Q pendulum
, Physical Review Letters 104(4): 040602 (2010)

Direct measurement of thermal stability of expressed CCR5 and stabilization by small molecule ligands
, Biochemistry 50(4): 502-511 (2011)

Direct measurement of tibial cortical bone surface area
, Clinical Anatomy 23(6): 720-725 (2010)

Direct measurement of tissue blood flow and metabolism with diffuse optics
, Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 369(1955): 4390-4406 (2011)

Direct measurement of total antioxidant capacity of cereals: QUENCHER-CUPRAC method
, Talanta 108: 136-142 (2013)

Direct measurement of toxicants inhaled by water pipe users in the natural environment using a real-time in situ sampling technique
, Inhalation Toxicology 22(13): 1101-1109 (2010)

Direct measurement of transcription rates reveals multiple mechanisms for configuration of the Arabidopsis ambient temperature response
, Genome Biology 15(3): R45 (2014)

Direct measurement of tunable optical delays on chip analogue to electromagnetically induced transparency
, Optics Express 14(14): 6463-6468 (2006)

Direct measurement of vena contracta area by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography for assessing severity of mitral regurgitation
, American Journal of Cardiology 104(7): 978-983 (2009)

Direct measurement of vertical binding energy of a hydrated electron
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 12(15): 3653-3655 (2010)

Direct measurement of wall stiffness for carotid arteries by ultrasound strain imaging
, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 22(12): 1389-1395 (2009)

Direct measurement of ⁶⁰Co and ¹²⁵I activity by the sum-peak method in PTKMR-BATAN
, Applied Radiation and Isotopes: Including Data Instrumentation and Methods for use in Agriculture Industry and Medicine 87: 200-202 (2014)

Direct measurement system of nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere using a blue light-emitting diode induced fluorescence technique
, Review of Scientific Instruments 85(6): 064101 (2014)

Direct measurements of IPTG enable analysis of the induction behavior of E. coli in high cell density cultures
, Microbial Cell Factories 11: 58 (2012)

Direct measurements of SR free Ca reveal the mechanism underlying the transient effects of RyR potentiation under physiological conditions
, Cardiovascular Research 103(4): 554-563 (2014)

Direct measurements of air layer profiles under impacting droplets using high-speed color interferometry
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(2 Pt 2): 026315 (2012)

Direct measurements of an increased threshold for stimulated brillouin scattering with polarization smoothing in ignition hohlraum plasmas
, Physical Review Letters 101(11): 115002 (2008)

Direct measurements of anisotropic energy transfers in a rotating turbulence experiment
, Physical Review Letters 107(2): 024503 (2011)

Direct measurements of base stacking interactions in DNA by single-molecule atomic-force spectroscopy
, Physical Review Letters 99(1): 018302 (2007)

Direct measurements of blood glucose concentration in the presence of saccharide interferences using slope and bias orthogonal signal correction and Fourier transform near-infrared spectroscopy
, Journal of Biomedical Optics 16(2): 027001 (2011)

Direct measurements of collisional Raman line broadening in the S-branch transitions of acetylene (C2H2)
, Journal of Chemical Physics 139(15): 154201 (2013)

Direct measurements of collisionally broadened Raman linewidths of CO2 S-branch transitions
, Journal of Chemical Physics 138(2): 024201 (2013)

Direct measurements of contact force between clathrate hydrates and water
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(12): 9187-9190 (2010)

Direct measurements of critical stresses and cracking in thin films of colloid dispersions
, Physical Review Letters 100(19): 198302 (2008)

Direct measurements of deuterium kinetic isotope effects in anionic, gas-phase substitution and elimination reactions
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(17): 5330-5331 (2007)

Direct measurements of drag forces in C. elegans crawling locomotion
, Biophysical Journal 107(8): 1980-1987 (2014)

Direct measurements of effect of counterion concentration on mechanical properties of cationic vesicles
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 29(46): 14057-14065 (2013)

Direct measurements of electric fields in weak OH···π hydrogen bonds
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(43): 17414-17419 (2011)

Direct measurements of entanglement and permutation symmetry
, Physical Review Letters 102(19): 190503 (2009)

Direct measurements of exciton diffusion length limitations on organic solar cell performance
, Chemical Communications 48(47): 5859-5861 (2012)

Direct measurements of forces between different charged colloidal particles and their prediction by the theory of Derjaguin, Landau, Verwey, and Overbeek (DLVO)
, Journal of Chemical Physics 138(23): 234705 (2013)

Direct measurements of fractional quantum Hall effect gaps
, Physical Review Letters 99(8): 086802 (2007)

Direct measurements of heating by electromagnetically trapped gold nanoparticles on supported lipid bilayers
, Acs Nano 4(4): 2256-2262 (2010)

Direct measurements of human colon crypt stem cell niche genetic fidelity: the role of chance in non-darwinian mutation selection
, Frontiers in Oncology 3: 264 (2013)

Direct measurements of hydrophobic slippage using double-focus fluorescence cross-correlation
, Physical Review Letters 102(11): 118302 (2009)

Direct measurements of interfacial interactions between pectin and kappa-casein and implications for the stabilisation of calcium-free casein micelle mimics
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 338(2): 450-462 (2009)

Direct measurements of intersystem crossing rates and triplet decays of luminescent conjugated oligomers in solutions
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 111(38): 9424-9430 (2007)

Direct measurements of ionic mobility of ionic liquids using the electric field applying pulsed gradient spin-echo NMR
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 113(25): 8466-8468 (2009)

Direct measurements of island growth and step-edge barriers in colloidal epitaxy
, Science 327(5964): 445-448 (2010)

Direct measurements of kinesin torsional properties reveal flexible domains and occasional stalk reversals during stepping
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(40): 17007-17012 (2009)

Direct measurements of lateral variations of Schottky barrier height across "end-on" metal contacts to vertical Si nanowires by ballistic electron emission microscopy
, Nano Letters 12(2): 694-698 (2012)

Direct measurements of mass-specific optical cross sections of single-component aerosol mixtures
, Analytical Chemistry 85(17): 8319-8325 (2013)

Direct measurements of membrane time constant during defibrillation strength shocks
, Heart Rhythm 4(4): 478-486 (2007)

Direct measurements of non-ionic attraction and nanoscaled lubrication in biomimetic composites from nanofibrillated cellulose and modified carboxymethylated cellulose
, Nanoscale 5(23): 11837-11844 (2013)

Direct measurements of oscillatory glycolysis in pancreatic islet β-cells using novel fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) biosensors for pyruvate kinase M2 activity
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 288(46): 33312-33322 (2013)

Direct measurements of particle-surface interactions in aqueous solutions with total internal reflection microscopy
, Chemical Communications 50(50): 6556-6570 (2014)

Direct measurements of pore fluid density by vibrating tube densimetry
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 28(11): 5070-5078 (2012)

Direct measurements of protein backbone 15N spin relaxation rates from peak line-width using a fully-relaxed Accordion 3D HNCO experiment
, Journal of Magnetic Resonance 197(1): 71-76 (2009)

Direct measurements of protein-stabilized gold nanoparticle interactions
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(18): 14409-14413 (2010)

Direct measurements of rate constants for the reactions of CH3 radicals with C2H6, C2H4, and C2H2 at high temperatures
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 117(40): 10228-10238 (2013)

Direct measurements of sample heating by a laser-induced air plasma in pre-ablation spark dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
, Applied Spectroscopy 66(8): 869-874 (2012)

Direct measurements of subjective loudness in a bottlenose dolphin
, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 730: 33-36 (2012)

Direct measurements of surface scattering in Si nanosheets using a microscale phonon spectrometer: implications for Casimir-limit predicted by Ziman theory
, Nano Letters 14(2): 403-415 (2014)

Direct measurements of the Young's modulus of a single halloysite nanotube using a transmission electron microscope with a bending stage
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(9): 7789-7793 (2011)

Direct measurements of the dynamical correlation length indicate its divergence at an athermal glass transition
, Physical Review Letters 105(22): 225503 (2010)

Direct measurements of the effects of salt and surfactant on interaction forces between colloidal particles at water-oil interfaces
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 24(5): 1686-1694 (2008)

Direct measurements of the frequency-dependent dielectrophoresis force
, Biomicrofluidics 3(1): 12003 (2009)

Direct measurements of the high temperature rate constants of the reactions NCN + O, NCN + NCN, and NCN + M
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 14(2): 1030-1037 (2012)

Direct measurements of the interaction between pyrene and graphite in aqueous media by single molecule force spectroscopy: understanding the pi-pi interactions
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 23(15): 7911-7915 (2007)

Direct measurements of the ionization potential depression in a dense plasma
, Physical Review Letters 109(6): 065002 (2012)

Direct measurements of the mechanical strength of carbon nanotube-poly(methyl methacrylate) interfaces
, Small 9(19): 3345-3351 (2013)

Direct measurements of the model of the atmospheric turbulence
, Applied Optics 15(8): 1903-1904 (1976)

Direct measurements of the nucleosome-forming preferences of periodic DNA motifs challenge established models
, Nucleic Acids Research 38(17): 5672-5680 (2010)

Direct measurements of the outer membrane stage of ferric enterobactin transport: postuptake binding
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(23): 17488-17497 (2010)

Direct measurements of the ozone formation potential from livestock and poultry waste emissions
, Environmental Science and Technology 44(7): 2292-2298 (2010)

Direct measurements of the rate constants of the reactions NCN + NO and NCN + NO2 behind shock waves
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 115(50): 14382-14390 (2011)

Direct measurements of the stabilization of single-stranded DNA under tension by single-stranded binding proteins
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 76(2 Pt 1): 021916 (2007)

Direct measurements of the tile drain and groundwater flow route contributions to surface water contamination: From field-scale concentration patterns in groundwater to catchment-scale surface water quality
, Environmental Pollution 158(12): 3571-3579 (2010)

Direct measurements of the total rate constant of the reaction NCN + H and implications for the product branching ratio and the enthalpy of formation of NCN
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 16(23): 11647-11657 (2014)

Direct measurements of xanthine in 2000-fold diluted xanthinuric urine with a nanoporous carbon fiber sensor
, Analyst 133(6): 810-816 (2008)

Direct measurements of ²²Na(p,γ)²³Mg resonances and consequences for ²²Na production in classical novae
, Physical Review Letters 105(15): 152501 (2010)

Direct measurements on CD24-mediated rolling of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells on E-selectin
, Analytical Chemistry 83(3): 1078-1083 (2011)

Direct measures of mechanical energy for knife mill size reduction of switchgrass, wheat straw, and corn stover
, Bioresource Technology 100(24): 6578-6585 (2009)

Direct mechanical data acquisition of dental impressions for the manufacturing of CAD/CAM restorations
, Journal of Dentistry 35(12): 903-908 (2007)

Direct mechanical measurement of geodesic structures in rat mesenchymal stem cells
, Hfsp Journal 1(3): 181-191 (2007)

Direct mechanical measurements reveal the material properties of three-dimensional DNA origami
, Nano Letters 11(12): 5558-5563 (2011)

Direct mechanoelectrical coupling during manual chest compression for asystole
, Heart Rhythm 12(1): 252-253 (2015)

Direct medical care costs among pegylated interferon plus ribavirin-treated and untreated chronic hepatitis C patients
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 56(10): 3024-3031 (2011)

Direct medical care costs associated with patients diagnosed with chronic HCV
, Hepatitis Monthly 13(5): E8415 (2013)

Direct medical cost and glycemic control in type 2 diabetic Saudi patients
, Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 11(6): 671-675 (2013)

Direct medical cost of children and adolescents epilepsy at a university setting in Croatia
, Collegium Antropologicum 33(2): 503-508 (2009)

Direct medical cost of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in anaemia treatment of chronic renal failure patient: a literature review
, Nephrologie and Therapeutique 6(2): 97-104 (2010)

Direct medical cost of influenza-related hospitalizations among severe acute respiratory infections cases in three provinces in China
, Plos one 8(5): E63788 (2013)

Direct medical cost of managing IBD patients: a Canadian population-based study
, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 18(8): 1498-1508 (2012)

Direct medical cost of overweight and obesity in the USA: a quantitative systematic review
, Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 12(1): 50-61 (2011)

Direct medical cost of stroke: findings from a tertiary hospital in malaysia
, Medical Journal of Malaysia 67(5): 473-477 (2012)

Direct medical costs and medication compliance among fibromyalgia patients: duloxetine initiators vs. pregabalin initiators
, Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain 14(1): 22-31 (2014)

Direct medical costs and resource use for treating central and branch retinal vein occlusion in commercially insured working-age and Medicare populations
, Retina 34(11): 2250-2258 (2014)

Direct medical costs associated with atopic diseases among young children in Thailand
, Journal of Medical Economics 15(6): 1025-1035 (2012)

Direct medical costs associated with rheumatoid arthritis in Turkey: analysis from National Claims Database
, Rheumatology International 33(10): 2577-2584 (2013)

Direct medical costs associated with schizophrenia relapses in health care services in the city of São Paulo
, Revista de Saude Publica 45(1): 14-23 (2011)

Direct medical costs attributable to peripheral fractures in Canadian post-menopausal women
, Osteoporosis International: a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the Usa 23(6): 1757-1768 (2012)

Direct medical costs for complications among children and adults with diabetes in the US commercial payer setting
, Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 12(2): 219-230 (2014)

Direct medical costs for patients seeking emergency care for losses of epilepsy control in a U.S. managed care setting
, Epilepsy and Behavior: E&b 16(2): 268-273 (2009)

Direct medical costs for patients with type 2 diabetes and related complications: a prospective cohort study based on the Korean National Diabetes Program
, Journal of Korean Medical Science 27(8): 876-882 (2012)

Direct medical costs for type 2 diabetes mellitus complications in the US commercial payer setting: a resource for economic research
, Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 6(2-3): 103-112 (2008)

Direct medical costs in patients with Alzheimer's disease in Taiwan: A population-based study
, Current Therapeutic Research Clinical and Experimental 70(1): 10-18 (2009)

Direct medical costs in patients with fibromyalgia: Cost of illness and impact of a brief multidisciplinary treatment program
, American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 90(1): 40-46 (2011)

Direct medical costs of COPD--an excess cost approach based on two population-based studies
, Respiratory Medicine 106(4): 540-548 (2012)

Direct medical costs of adverse events in Dutch hospitals
, Bmc Health Services Research 9: 27 (2009)

Direct medical costs of care for Chinese patients with colorectal neoplasia: a health care service provider perspective
, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18(6): 1203-1210 (2012)

Direct medical costs of complications of diabetes in the United States: estimates for event-year and annual state costs (USD 2012)
, Journal of Medical Economics 17(3): 176-183 (2014)

Direct medical costs of constipation from childhood to early adulthood: a population-based birth cohort study
, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 52(1): 47-54 (2011)

Direct medical costs of hypertension and associated co-morbidities in South Korea
, International Journal of Cardiology 176(2): 487-490 (2014)

Direct medical costs of invasive pneumococcal disease and radiologically-diagnosed pneumonia among Chilean children
, Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica 26(2): 101-111 (2009)

Direct medical costs of liquid intravenous immunoglobulins in children, adolescents, and adults in Spain
, Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 52(4): 566-575 (2012)

Direct medical costs of serious gastrointestinal ulcers among users of NSAIDs
, Drugs and Aging 24(8): 681-690 (2007)

Direct medical costs of venous thromboembolism and subsequent hospital readmission rates: an administrative claims analysis from 30 managed care organizations
, Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy: Jmcp 13(6): 475-486 (2007)

Direct medical expenditure associated with rheumatoid arthritis in a nationally representative sample from the medical expenditure panel survey
, Arthritis Care and Research 64(11): 1649-1656 (2012)

Direct medical mental health care costs of schizophrenia in France, Germany and the United Kingdom - findings from the European Schizophrenia Cohort (EuroSC)
, European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists 24(4): 216-224 (2009)

Direct medical resource utilization associated with osteoporosis-related nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women
, Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 28(2): 360-371 (2013)

Direct megavoltage photon calibration service in Australia
, Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine 37(4): 753-761 (2014)

Direct membrane association drives mitochondrial fission by the Parkinson disease-associated protein alpha-synuclein
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 286(23): 20710-20726 (2011)

Direct membrane filtration of municipal wastewater with chemically enhanced backwash for recovery of organic matter
, Bioresource Technology 150: 149-155 (2013)

Direct mercury determination method for mercury and its compounds in air of working places.
, Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 25(11): 684-685 (2007)

Direct meso-alkynylation of metalloporphyrins through gold catalysis for hemoprotein engineering
, Angewandte Chemie 53(10): 2611-2614 (2014)

Direct meso-alkynylation of porphyrins doubly assisted by pyridyl coordination
, Organic Letters 14(11): 2778-2781 (2012)

Direct meta-selective alkylation of perylene bisimides via palladium-catalyzed C-H functionalization
, Organic Letters 11(23): 5430-5433 (2009)

Direct metabolic effects of risperidone and olanzapine in Japanese schizophrenic patients
, Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 3(1): 177-179 (2007)

Direct metabolic fingerprinting of commercial herbal tinctures by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry
, Phytochemical Analysis: Pca 20(4): 328-334 (2009)

Direct metagenomic detection of viral pathogens in nasal and fecal specimens using an unbiased high-throughput sequencing approach
, Plos one 4(1): E4219 (2009)

Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) of a customized titanium mesh for prosthetically guided bone regeneration of atrophic maxillary arches
, Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 49(11): 1347-1352 (2011)

Direct metal nano-imprinting using an embossed solid electrolyte stamp
, Nanotechnology 22(15): 155302 (2011)

Direct metal recognition by guanine nucleotide-exchange factor in the initial step of the exchange reaction
, Acta Crystallographica. Section D Biological Crystallography 69(Pt 3): 345-351 (2013)

Direct metal transfer between periplasmic proteins identifies a bacterial copper chaperone
, Biochemistry 47(44): 11408-11414 (2008)

Direct metal-catalyzed regioselective functionalization of enamides
, Chemistry 20(25): 7548-7564 (2014)

Direct metal-metal interaction contributions to quadratic hyperpolarizability: a study on dirhenium complexes
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(22): 4965-4972 (2008)

Direct metalation of heteroaromatic esters and nitriles using a mixed lithium-cadmium base. Subsequent conversion to dipyridopyrimidinones
, Journal of Organic Chemistry 75(3): 839-847 (2010)

Direct metallation of thienopyrimidines using a mixed lithium-cadmium base and antitumor activity of functionalized derivatives
, Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 7(22): 4782-4788 (2009)

Direct metallization local Al-back surface field for high efficiency screen printed crystalline silicon solar cells
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 13(11): 7551-7555 (2013)

Direct methane oxidation over Pt-modified nitrogen-doped carbons
, Chemical Communications 49(3): 240-242 (2013)

Direct methanol steam reforming to hydrogen over CuZnGaOx catalysts without CO post-treatment: mechanistic considerations
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 15(19): 7240-7248 (2013)

Direct method for carbon-carbon bond formation: the functional group tolerant cobalt-catalyzed alkylation of aryl halides
, Chemistry 16(20): 5848-5852 (2010)

Direct method for determination of Sudan I in FD&C Yellow No. 6 and D&C Orange No. 4 by reversed-phase liquid chromatography
, Journal of Aoac International 90(5): 1373-1378 (2007)

Direct method for video-based navigation using a digital terrain map
, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 33(2): 406-411 (2011)

Direct method of decoding multiple images
, Applied Optics 12(8): 1871-1873 (1973)

Direct method of forming tantalum for repair of skull defects
, Journal of the American Dental Association 34(11): 745-749 (1947)

Direct method of temporary restoration making with the help of 3D-modeling
, Stomatologiia 89(4): 50-53 (2010)

Direct method of tracing the wetting states on nanocomposite surfaces
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(11): 7686-7689 (2010)

Direct method to control surface plasmon polaritons on metal surfaces
, Optics Letters 39(2): 339-342 (2014)

Direct methods and residue type specific isotope labeling in NMR structure determination and model-driven sequential assignment
, Journal of Biomolecular NMR 42(2): 111-127 (2008)

Direct methods for characterizing high-intensity focused ultrasound transducers using acoustic streaming
, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 124(3): 1790-1802 (2008)

Direct methods for studying transcription regulatory proteins and RNA polymerase in bacteria
, Current Opinion in Microbiology 12(5): 531-535 (2009)

Direct methods: a paradox with regard to the convergence of random phase trials toward solutions
, Acta Crystallographica. Section A Foundations of Crystallography 67(Pt 5): 430-434 (2011)

Direct methoxypyridine functionalization approach to magellanine-type Lycopodium alkaloids
, Organic Letters 14(2): 632-635 (2012)

Direct micro/nano metal patterning based on two-step transfer printing of ionic metal nano-ink
, Nanotechnology 23(28): 285301 (2012)

Direct microCT imaging of non-mineralized connective tissues at high resolution
, Connective Tissue Research 55(1): 52-60 (2014)

Direct microRNA detection with universal tagged probe and time-resolved fluorescence technology
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 34(1): 291-295 (2012)

Direct microbial conversion of wheat straw into lipid by a cellulolytic fungus of Aspergillus oryzae A-4 in solid-state fermentation
, Bioresource Technology 101(19): 7556-7562 (2010)

Direct microbicidal activity of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes
, Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology 2010: 249482 (2010)

Direct microfabrication of topographical and chemical cues for the guided growth of neural cell networks on polyamidoamine hydrogels
, Macromolecular Bioscience 10(8): 842-852 (2010)

Direct micromolding of Pd micro-stripes for electronic applications
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(1): 152-157 (2011)

Direct microneedle array fabrication off a photomask to deliver collagen through skin
, Pharmaceutical Research 31(7): 1724-1734 (2014)

Direct microperimetry of alpha zone and beta zone parapapillary atrophy
, British Journal of Ophthalmology 92(12): 1617-1619 (2008)

Direct micropuncture evidence that matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein inhibits proximal tubular phosphate reabsorption
, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 25(10): 3191-3195 (2010)

Direct microscopic monitoring of initial and dynamic clot lysis using plasmin or rt-PA in an in vitro flow system
, Thrombosis Research 133(5): 908-913 (2014)

Direct microscopic observation of forward osmosis membrane fouling
, Environmental Science and Technology 44(18): 7102-7109 (2010)

Direct microscopic observation of striations in a fractured section of a sirolimus-eluting stent (Cypher Bx Velocity®) indicates induction of stent fracture by continuous shear stress
, International Heart Journal 52(4): 248-251 (2011)

Direct microscopy versus sputum cytology analysis and bleach sedimentation for diagnosis of tuberculosis: a prospective diagnostic study
, Bmc Infectious Diseases 10: 276 (2010)

Direct microwave-assisted hydrothermal depolymerization of cellulose
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(32): 11728-11731 (2013)

Direct mid-infrared femtosecond pulse shaping with a calomel acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter
, Optics Letters 35(21): 3565-3567 (2010)

Direct migration of liquid silicone oil to the mediastinum
, American Journal of Medicine 121(2): E3-E4 (2008)

Direct minimally invasive intraoperative electrophysiological mapping of the heart
, Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies: Mitat: Official Journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy 22(6): 372-380 (2013)

Direct mobile phones radiation influence: Dial 1-800-EXTINCTION
, Central European Journal of Urology 67(1): 72-73 (2014)

Direct modeling of X-ray diffraction pattern from contracting skeletal muscle
, Biophysical Journal 95(6): 2880-2894 (2008)

Direct modeling of the electrochemistry in the three-phase boundary of solid oxide fuel cell anodes by density functional theory: a critical overview
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 16(5): 1798-1808 (2014)

Direct modeling of the output parameters of an optical recording
, Applied Optics 29(29): 4403-4407 (1990)

Direct modification and activation of a nuclear receptor-PIP₂ complex by the inositol lipid kinase IPMK
, Science Signaling 5(229): ra44 (2012)

Direct modification of bioactive phenothiazines by exposure to laser radiation
, Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery 6(2): 147-157 (2011)

Direct modification of colloidal hole-masks for locally ordered hetero-assemblies of nanostructures over large areas
, Nanoscale 6(2): 731-735 (2014)

Direct modification of hydrogen/deuterium-terminated diamond particles with polymers to form reversed and strong cation exchange solid phase extraction sorbents
, Journal of Chromatography A 1217(49): 7621-7629 (2010)

Direct modification of the proinflammatory cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor by dietary isothiocyanates
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 284(47): 32425-32433 (2009)

Direct modification with tungstophosphoric acid of mesoporous titania synthesized by urea-templated sol-gel reactions
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 327(2): 403-411 (2008)

Direct modifications of Rho proteins: deconstructing GTPase regulation
, Biology of the Cell 102(7): 377-389 (2010)

Direct modulation of P2X1 receptor-channels by the lipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate
, Molecular Pharmacology 74(3): 785-792 (2008)

Direct modulation of a tuneable slotted Fabry-Pérot laser with adaptive modulation OFDM
, Optics Express 20(26): B399-B404 (2012)

Direct modulation of lanthanide emission at sub-lifetime scales
, Nano Letters 13(5): 2264-2269 (2013)

Direct modulation of localized surface plasmon coupling of Au nanoparticles on solid substrates via weak polyelectrolyte-mediated layer-by-layer self assembly
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 25(13): 7578-7585 (2009)

Direct modulation of microtubule stability contributes to anthracene general anesthesia
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(14): 5389-5398 (2013)

Direct modulation of protein level in Arabidopsis
, Molecular Plant 6(5): 1711-1714 (2013)

Direct modulation of the protein kinase A catalytic subunit α by growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases
, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 113(1): 39-48 (2012)

Direct molecular (PCR) detection of verocytotoxigenic and related virulence determinants (eae, hyl, stx) in E. coli O157:H7 from fresh faecal material
, British Journal of Biomedical Science 65(3): 163-165 (2008)

Direct molecular analysis of whole-body animal tissue sections by MALDI imaging mass spectrometry
, Methods in Molecular Biology 656: 285-301 (2010)

Direct molecular detection and genotyping of Borrelia burgdorferi from whole blood of patients with early Lyme disease
, Plos one 7(5): E36825 (2012)

Direct molecular detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex from clinical samples - An adjunct to cultural method of laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis
, American Journal of the Medical Sciences 3(6): 281-288 (2011)

Direct molecular detection of pathogens in blood as specific rule-in diagnostic biomarker in patients with presumed sepsis: our experience on a heterogeneous cohort of patients with signs of infective systemic inflammatory response syndrome
, Shock 42(2): 86-92 (2014)

Direct molecular diagnosis of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
, Methods in Molecular Medicine 49: 227-242 (2001)

Direct molecular dynamics simulation of liquid-solid phase equilibria for a three-component plasma
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 86(6 Pt 2): 066413 (2012)

Direct molecular dynamics simulation of liquid-solid phase equilibria for two-component plasmas
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(6 Pt 2): 066405 (2012)

Direct molecular evolution of detergent-stable G protein-coupled receptors using polymer encapsulated cells
, Journal of Molecular Biology 425(3): 662-677 (2013)

Direct molecular identification of Trypanosoma cruzi discrete typing units in domestic and peridomestic Triatoma infestans and Triatoma sordida from the Argentine Chaco
, Parasitology 139(12): 1570-1579 (2012)

Direct molecular interaction of caveolin-3 with KCa1.1 channel in living HEK293 cell expression system
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 430(3): 1169-1174 (2013)

Direct molecular interactions between Beclin 1 and the canonical NFκB activation pathway
, Autophagy 8(2): 268-270 (2012)

Direct molecular interactions between HMGB1 and TP53 in colorectal cancer
, Autophagy 8(5): 846-848 (2012)

Direct molecular regulation of the myogenic determination gene Myf5 by Pax3, with modulation by Six1/4 factors, is exemplified by the -111 kb-Myf5 enhancer
, Developmental Biology 376(2): 236-244 (2013 )

Direct molecular tissue analysis by MALDI imaging mass spectrometry in the field of gastrointestinal disease
, Gastroenterology 143(3): 544-549.E2 (2012)

Direct molecular typing of Bordetella pertussis from clinical specimens submitted for diagnostic quantitative (real-time) PCR
, Journal of Medical Microbiology 61(Pt 12): 1662-1668 (2012)

Direct molecular typing of Brucella strains in field material
, Veterinary Record 175(11): 282 (2014)

Direct molecule-specific glucose detection by Raman spectroscopy based on photonic crystal fiber
, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 402(2): 687-691 (2012)

Direct monitoring changes of salbutamol concentration in serum by chemiluminescent imaging
, Journal of Chromatography. B Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences 879(22): 2089-2094 (2011)

Direct monitoring of UV-induced free radical generation in HaCaT keratinocytes
, Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 32(6): 722-727 (2007)

Direct monitoring of albumin lysine-525 N-homocysteinylation in human serum by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
, Analytical Biochemistry 405(1): 132-134 (2010)

Direct monitoring of chemical transformations by combining thin layer chromatography with nanoparticle-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry
, Analyst 138(5): 1379-1385 (2013)

Direct monitoring of drug degradation by easy ambient sonic-spray ionization mass spectrometry: the case of enalapril
, Journal of Mass Spectrometry: Jms 46(12): 1269-1273 (2011)

Direct monitoring of formation and dissociation of individual metal complexes by single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy
, Angewandte Chemie 46(18): 3363-3366 (2007)

Direct monitoring of heat-stressed biopolymers with temperature-controlled electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
, Analytical Chemistry 83(8): 2870-2876 (2011)

Direct monitoring of initiation factor dynamics through formation of 30S and 70S translation-initiation complexes on a quartz crystal microbalance
, Chemistry 19(21): 6807-6816 (2013)

Direct monitoring of interaction between Escherichia coli proteins, MinC and monomeric FtsZ, in solution
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 32(8): 1473-1475 (2009)

Direct monitoring of mitochondrial calcium levels in cultured cardiac myocytes using a novel fluorescent indicator protein, GCaMP2-mt
, International Journal of Cardiology 158(2): 225-234 (2012)

Direct monitoring of ochratoxin A in cheese with solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
, Journal of Chromatography A 1216(44): 7505-7509 (2009)

Direct monitoring of opto-mechanical switching of self-assembled monolayer films containing the azobenzene group
, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 2: 834-844 (2011)

Direct monitoring of organic vapours with amperometric enzyme gas sensors
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(6): 1521-1525 (2010)

Direct monitoring of self-assembly of copolymeric micelles by a luminescent molecular rotor
, Chemical Communications 49(76): 8474-8476 (2013)

Direct monitoring of the inhibition of protein-protein interactions in cells by translocation of PKCδ fusion proteins
, Angewandte Chemie 50(6): 1314-1317 (2011)

Direct monitoring of the role played by a stabilizer in a solid sample of polymer using direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry: the case of Irgafos 168 in polyethylene
, Analytical Chemistry 84(20): 8642-8649 (2012)

Direct monitoring of the strand passage reaction of DNA topoisomerase II triggers checkpoint activation
, Plos Genetics 9(10): E1003832 (2013)

Direct monolithic integration of organic photovoltaic circuits on unmodified paper
, Advanced Materials 23(31): 3499-3505 (2011)

Direct monthly highly active antiretroviral therapy supply - a method to increase patient's adherence and outcome. Experience of one AIDS centre in Israel
, International Journal of Std and Aids 25(8): 579-586 (2014)

Direct more attention to chronic hepatitis B patients with normal serum alanine aminotransferase levels
, Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 16(3): 236-238 (2008)

Direct more emphasis on different etiologies of end-stage liver disease during treatment
, Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 15(6): 456-457 (2007)

Direct multiangle solution for poorly stratified atmospheres
, Applied Optics 51(25): 6139-6146 (2012)

Direct multiple C-H bond arylation reaction of heteroarenes catalyzed by cationic palladium complex bearing 1,10-phenanthroline
, Chemical Communications 46(14): 2471-2473 (2010)

Direct multiplex reverse transcription-nested PCR detection of influenza viruses without RNA purification
, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 19(11): 1470-1474 (2009)

Direct multiplex sequencing (DMPS)--a novel method for targeted high-throughput sequencing of ancient and highly degraded DNA
, Genome Research 19(10): 1843-1848 (2009)

Direct multiplex-PCR from whole blood for rapid detection of Y chromosome microdeletions
, Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 25(4): 406-409 (2008)

Direct mutagenesis of thousands of genomic targets using microarray-derived oligonucleotides
, Acs Synthetic Biology 4(1): 17-22 (2015)

Direct myocardial implantation of human embryonic stem cells in a dog model of Duchenne cardiomyopathy reveals poor cell survival in dystrophic tissue
, Journal of Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine 7(2): 80-86 (2011)

Direct myocardial implantation of human fetal stem cells in heart failure patients: long-term results
, Heart Surgery Forum 13(1): E31-E35 (2010)

Direct myocardial ischemia imaging with exercise ¹⁸FDG
, Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 22(1): 111-114 (2015)

Direct nanofabrication of copper on silicon substrate by electrochemical atomic force microscope lithography
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(12): 7076-7079 (2009)

Direct nanoimprint lithography of Al₂O₃ using a chelated monomer-based precursor
, Nanotechnology 23(31): 315304 (2012)

Direct nanoimprinting of metal nanoparticles for nanoscale electronics fabrication
, Nano Letters 7(7): 1869-1877 (2007)

Direct nanomaterial-DNA contact effects on DNA and mutation induction
, Toxicology Letters 226(1): 90-97 (2014 )

Direct nanomechanical measurement of an anchoring transition in a nematic liquid crystal subject to hybrid anchoring conditions
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 28(22): 8371-8383 (2012)

Direct nanomechanical measurement of layer thickness and compressibility of smectic liquid crystals
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 83(5 Pt 1): 051707 (2011)

Direct nanopatterning of 100 nm metal oxide periodic structures by Deep-UV immersion lithography
, Optics Letters 37(22): 4651-4653 (2012)

Direct nanopatterning of silsesquioxane/poly(ethylene glycol) blends with high stability and nonfouling properties
, Macromolecular Bioscience 11(5): 600-606 (2011)

Direct nanorod assembly using block copolymer-based supramolecules
, Nano Letters 12(1): 498-504 (2012)

Direct nanoscale imaging of ballistic and diffusive thermal transport in graphene nanostructures
, Nano Letters 12(6): 2906-2911 (2012)

Direct nanoscale observations of CO2 sequestration during brucite [Mg(OH)2] dissolution
, Environmental Science and Technology 46(9): 5253-5260 (2012)

Direct nanoscale observations of the coupled dissolution of calcite and dolomite and the precipitation of gypsum
, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 5: 1245-1253 (2014)

Direct nasolabial lift, a technique for palliation of oncologic lower-face paralysis
, Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 39(4): 476-478 (2010)

Direct near-field optical imaging of UV bowtie nanoantennas
, Optics Express 17(22): 20301-20306 (2009)

Direct near-field optical imaging of higher order plasmonic resonances
, Nano Letters 8(10): 3155-3159 (2008)

Direct near-field optical imaging of plasmonic resonances in metal nanoparticle pairs
, Optics Express 18(1): 165-172 (2010)

Direct near-field phase measurement of laser diodes employing a single-mode fiber interferometer
, Optics Letters 35(21): 3643-3645 (2010)

Direct negative chronotropic action of desflurane on sinoatrial node pacemaker activity in the guinea pig heart
, Anesthesiology 120(6): 1400-1413 (2014)

Direct nerve suture and knee immobilization in 90° flexion as a technique for treatment of common peroneal, tibial and sural nerve injuries in complex knee trauma
, Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2012(12) (2012)

Direct neurectomy of the motor branches of the tibial nerve in hemiplegic adults: an assessment with a mean follow-up period of 11 years
, Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 53(6-7): 417-433 (2010)

Direct neuronal projection from a brainstem thermosensitive cell group to the preoptic thermoregulatory center
, Neuroscience 156(4): 966-972 (2008)

Direct neutralization of type III effector translocation by the variable region of a monoclonal antibody to Yersinia pestis LcrV
, Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: Cvi 21(5): 667-673 (2014)

Direct nitrate reductase assay versus microscopic observation drug susceptibility test for rapid detection of MDR-TB in Uganda
, Plos one 6(5): E19565 (2011)

Direct nodal sampling by echoendoscopy in lung cancer: the clinician's expectations: Direct nodal sampling by echoendoscopy in lung cancer
, Insights into Imaging 2(2): 133-140 (2011)

Direct non-medical and indirect costs for families with children with congenital cardiac defects in Germany: a survey from a university centre
, Cardiology in the Young 20(2): 178-185 (2010)

Direct non-productive HIV-1 infection in a T-cell line is driven by cellular activation state and NFκB
, Retrovirology 11: 17 (2014)

Direct non-radioactive assay of galactose-1-phosphate:uridyltransferase activity using high performance liquid chromatography
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 411(13-14): 980-983 (2010)

Direct nondestructive pumping of ruby lasers by chemical means
, Applied Optics 6(6): 1130-1131 (1967)

Direct noninvasive measurement and numerical modeling of depth-dependent strains in layered agarose constructs
, Journal of Biomechanics 47(9): 2149-2156 (2014)

Direct nose to brain drug delivery via integrated nerve pathways bypassing the blood-brain barrier: an excellent platform for brain targeting
, Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery 10(7): 957-972 (2013)

Direct nose-to-brain transfer of a growth hormone releasing neuropeptide, hexarelin after intranasal administration to rabbits
, International Journal of Pharmaceutics 378(1-2): 73-79 (2009)

Direct nozzle injection system for a real-time site-specific pesticide application
, Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences 73(4): 709-710 (2008)

Direct nuclear magnetic resonance identification and quantification of geometric isomers of conjugated linoleic acid in milk lipid fraction without derivatization steps: overcoming sensitivity and resolution barriers
, Analytica Chimica Acta 821: 62-71 (2014)

Direct nuclear reprogramming: response to Condic, Lee, and George
, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19(2): 201-202 (2009)

Direct nucleation of silver nanoparticles on graphene sheet
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 12(8): 6731-6736 (2012)

Direct nucleophilic addition to N-alkoxyamides
, Chemistry 19(2): 678-684 (2013)

Direct numerical analysis of dual-mode elliptical-core optical fibers
, Optics Letters 16(3): 135-137 (1991)

Direct numerical investigation of turbulence of capillary waves
, Physical Review Letters 113(9): 094501 (2014)

Direct numerical simulation of AC dielectrophoretic particle-particle interactive motions
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 417: 72-79 (2014)

Direct numerical simulation of a 2D-stented aortic heart valve at physiological flow rates
, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 15(11): 1157-1179 (2012)

Direct numerical simulation of a recorder
, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 133(2): 1111-1118 (2013)

Direct numerical simulation of dispersed particles in a compressible fluid
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(6 Pt 2): 066704 (2012)

Direct numerical simulation of electroconvective instability and hysteretic current-voltage response of a permselective membrane
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 86(4 Pt 2): 046310 (2012)

Direct numerical simulation of electrokinetic translocation of a cylindrical particle through a nanopore using a Poisson-Boltzmann approach
, Electrophoresis 32(9): 996-1005 (2011)

Direct numerical simulation of homogeneous nucleation and growth in a phase-field model using cell dynamics method
, Journal of Chemical Physics 128(8): 084504 (2008)

Direct numerical simulation of particulate flows with heat transfer in a rotating cylindrical cavity
, Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 369(1945): 2574-2583 (2011)

Direct numerical simulation of single leukocyte deformation in microchannel flow for disease diagnosis
, Journal of Medical Systems 35(5): 869-876 (2011)

Direct numerical simulation of supercritical annular electroconvection
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 76(2 Pt 2): 026305 (2007)

Direct numerical simulation of transitional flow in a patient-specific intracranial aneurysm
, Journal of Biomechanics 44(16): 2826-2832 (2011)

Direct numerical simulation of transitional flow in a stenosed carotid bifurcation
, Journal of Biomechanics 41(11): 2551-2561 (2008)

Direct numerical simulation of turbulent mixing
, Philosophical Transactions. Series A Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences 371(2003): 20120216 (2013)

Direct numerical simulation of two-dimensional wall-bounded turbulent flows from receptivity stage
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 85(2 Pt 2): 026308 (2012)

Direct numerical simulations for non-Newtonian rheology of concentrated particle dispersions
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 80(6 Pt 1): 061402 (2009)

Direct numerical simulations of aeolian sand ripples
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(44): 15665-15668 (2014)

Direct numerical simulations of anisotropic diffusion of spherical particles in sedimentation
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 87(2): 022310 (2013)

Direct numerical simulations of capillary wave turbulence
, Physical Review Letters 112(23): 234501 (2014)

Direct numerical simulations of rigid body dispersions. I. Mobility/friction tensors of assemblies of spheres
, Journal of Chemical Physics 139(23): 234105 (2013)

Direct numerical simulations of statistically steady, homogeneous, isotropic fluid turbulence with polymer additives
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 82(6 Pt 2): 066313 (2010)

Direct object resolution by image subtraction: a new molecular ruler for nanometric measurements on complexed fluorophores
, Chemical Communications 49(49): 5559-5561 (2013)

Direct object-shape comparison by light-in-flight speckle interferometry
, Optics Letters 22(20): 1538-1540 (1997)

Direct observation and adherence to tuberculosis treatment in Chongqing, China: a descriptive study
, Health Policy and Planning 23(1): 43-55 (2008)

Direct observation and analysis of annealing-induced microstructure at interface and its effect on performance improvement of organic thin film transistors
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 112(39): 12270-12278 (2008)

Direct observation and analysis of bacterial growth on an antimicrobial surface
, Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76(16): 5409-5414 (2010)

Direct observation and completion of treatment of tuberculosis in rural areas of China
, Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 37(3): 304-309 (2009)

Direct observation and control of supported lipid bilayer formation with interferometric scattering microscopy
, Acs Nano 7(12): 10662-10670 (2013)

Direct observation and control of ultrafast photoinduced twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) in triphenyl-methane dyes
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 116(41): 12590-12596 (2012)

Direct observation and focused feedback for clinical skills training
, Indian Pediatrics 51(9): 713-717 (2014)

Direct observation and image-based simulation of three-dimensional tortuous crack evolution inside opaque materials
, Physical Review Letters 100(11): 115505 (2008)

Direct observation and measurement of mobile charge carriers in a monolayer organic semiconductor on a dielectric substrate
, Acs Nano 5(8): 6195-6201 (2011)

Direct observation and mechanism for enhanced electron emission in hydrogen plasma-treated diamond nanowire films
, Acs Applied Materials and Interfaces 6(11): 8531-8541 (2014)

Direct observation and modelling of ordered hydrogen adsorption and catalyzed ortho-para conversion on ETS-10 titanosilicate material
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 9(21): 2753-2760 (2007)

Direct observation and pH control of reversed supramolecular chirality in insulin fibrils by vibrational circular dichroism
, Chemical Communications 46(38): 7154-7156 (2010)

Direct observation and quantification of CO₂ binding within an amine-functionalized nanoporous solid
, Science 330(6004): 650-653 (2010)

Direct observation and quantification of nanoscale spinodal decomposition in super duplex stainless steel weld metals
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(6): 3657-3664 (2009)

Direct observation and quantitative analysis of Lck exchange between plasma membrane and cytosol in living T cells
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(9): 6063-6070 (2010)

Direct observation and quantitative characterization of singlet oxygen in aqueous solution upon UVA excitation of 6-thioguanines
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 115(8): 1889-1894 (2011)

Direct observation and spectroscopy of nanoscaled carboxylated carbonaceous fragments coated on carbon nanotubes
, Chemical Communications 47(29): 8373-8375 (2011)

Direct observation and theoretical study of cavitation bubbles in liquid mercury
, Physical Review. E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics 75(4 Pt 2): 046304 (2007)

Direct observation and theory of trajectory-dependent electronic energy losses in medium-energy ion scattering
, Physical Review Letters 102(9): 096103 (2009)

Direct observation and validation of fluorescein tear film break-up patterns by using a dual thermal-fluorescent imaging system
, Biomedical Optics Express 5(8): 2614-2619 (2014)

Direct observation as a means of assessing frequency of maladaptive behavior in youths with severe emotional and behavioral disorder
, American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association 62(2): 206-211 (2008)

Direct observation by laser scanning confocal microscopy of microstructure and phase migration of PVC gels in an applied electric field
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 27(3): 1207-1211 (2011)

Direct observation by neutron diffraction of antiferromagnetic ordering in s electrons confined in regular nanospace of sodalite
, Physical Review Letters 109(16): 167208 (2012)

Direct observation evaluations by emergency medicine faculty do not provide data that enhance resident assessment when compared to summative quarterly evaluations
, Academic emergency medicine: official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 17(Suppl): S72-S77 (2010)

Direct observation in medical education: a review of the literature and evidence for validity
, Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine new York 76(4): 365-371 (2009)

Direct observation in sociology: some methodologic thinking on research in the hospital
, Recherche en Soins Infirmiers 2007(90): 26-34 (2007)

Direct observation is a valid criterion for estimating physical activity and sedentary behavior
, Journal of Physical Activity and Health 11(4): 860-863 (2014)

Direct observation measurement of drowning risk exposure for surf beach bathers
, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 12(4): 457-462 (2009)

Direct observation method of individual single-stranded DNA molecules using fluorescent replication protein A
, Journal of Fluorescence 21(3): 1189-1194 (2011)

Direct observation of 1,2-hydrogen migration in the excited states of alkyl diazo esters by ultrafast time resolved IR spectroscopy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(7): 2126-2127 (2010)

Direct observation of 4f intrashell excitation in luminescent Eu complexes by time-resolved X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(11): 4186-4191 (2014)

Direct observation of back energy transfer in blue phosphorescent materials for organic light emitting diodes by time-resolved optical waveguide spectroscopy
, Applied Physics Letters 102(8): 81124 (2013)

Direct observation of ATP-induced conformational changes in single P2X(4) receptors
, Plos Biology 7(5): E1000103 (2009)

Direct observation of Au/Ga2O3 peapodded nanowires and their plasmonic behaviors
, Nano Letters 10(9): 3267-3271 (2010)

Direct observation of Born-Oppenheimer approximation breakdown in carbon nanotubes
, Nano Letters 9(2): 607-611 (2009)

Direct observation of Brownian dynamics of hard colloidal nanorods
, Nano Letters 7(11): 3329-3335 (2007)

Direct observation of CD4 T cell morphologies and their cross-sectional traction force derivation on quartz nanopillar substrates using focused ion beam technique
, Nanoscale Research Letters 8(1): 332 (2013)

Direct observation of Dirac cones and a flatband in a honeycomb lattice for polaritons
, Physical Review Letters 112(11): 116402 (2014)

Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex
, Optics Express 14(18): 8382-8392 (2006)

Direct observation of H2 binding to a metal oxide surface
, Physical Review Letters 101(16): 165302 (2008)

Direct observation of Kelvin waves excited by quantized vortex reconnection
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(Suppl): 4707-4710 (2014)

Direct observation of Kramers-Kronig self-phasing in coherently combined fiber lasers
, Optics Letters 38(20): 4104-4107 (2013)

Direct observation of NH2* reactions with oxygen, amino acids, and melanins
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(6): 1234-1237 (2008)

Direct observation of OH formation from stabilised Criegee intermediates
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 16(37): 19941-19951 (2014)

Direct observation of OH radicals ejected from water ice surface in the photoirradiation of nitrate adsorbed on ice at 100 K
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(40): 9763-9766 (2008)

Direct observation of ON and OFF pathways in the Drosophila visual system
, Current Biology: Cb 24(9): 976-983 (2014)

Direct observation of R-loop formation by single RNA-guided Cas9 and Cascade effector complexes
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(27): 9798-9803 (2014)

Direct observation of RecBCD helicase as single-stranded DNA translocases
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(24): 8920-8925 (2013)

Direct observation of Sn crystal growth during the lithiation and delithiation processes of SnO(2) nanowires
, Micron 43(11): 1127-1133 (2012)

Direct observation of Staphylococcus aureus cell wall digestion by lysostaphin
, Journal of Bacteriology 190(24): 7904-7909 (2008)

Direct observation of T4 lysozyme hinge-bending motion by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
, Biophysical Journal 103(7): 1525-1536 (2012)

Direct observation of TiO6 octahedron forming titanate nanotube by advanced transmission electron microscopy
, Nanotechnology 20(40): 405709 (2009)

Direct observation of X-ray induced atomic motion using scanning tunneling microscope combined with synchrotron radiation
, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(4): 2873-2881 (2011)

Direct observation of a bent carbonyl ligand in a 19-electron transition metal complex
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 117(11): 2317-2324 (2013)

Direct observation of a carbene-alcohol ylide
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(6): 1763-1765 (2011)

Direct observation of a carbonylation reaction relevant to CO/alkene copolymerization in a methylpalladium carbonyl complex containing a bis(N-heterocyclic carbene) ligand
, Dalton Transactions 2009(35): 6930-6933 (2009)

Direct observation of a cationic gold(I)-bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-1(7)-ene complex generated in the cycloisomerization of a 7-phenyl-1,6-enyne
, Angewandte Chemie 52(24): 6259-6261 (2013)

Direct observation of a dark state in lycopene using pump-DFWM
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 115(25): 8328-8337 (2011)

Direct observation of a force-induced switch in the anisotropic mechanical unfolding pathway of a protein
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(44): 17820-17825 (2012)

Direct observation of a hydroperoxide surface intermediate upon visible light-driven water oxidation at an Ir oxide nanocluster catalyst by rapid-scan FT-IR spectroscopy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(33): 12976-12979 (2011)

Direct observation of a long-lived single-atom catalyst chiseling atomic structures in graphene
, Nano Letters 14(2): 450-455 (2014)

Direct observation of a metastable crystal phase of Li(x)FePO4 under electrochemical phase transition
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(15): 5497-5500 (2013)

Direct observation of a noncatalytic growth regime for GaAs nanowires
, Nano Letters 11(9): 3848-3854 (2011)

Direct observation of a nonequilibrium electro-osmotic instability
, Physical Review Letters 101(23): 236101 (2008)

Direct observation of a nonheme iron(IV)-oxo complex that mediates aromatic C-F hydroxylation
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(39): 13542-13545 (2014)

Direct observation of a nuclear spin excitation in Ho2Ti2O7
, Physical Review Letters 102(1): 016405 (2009)

Direct observation of a photoinduced nonstabilized nitrile imine structure in the solid state
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(50): 18036-18037 (2009)

Direct observation of a photoinduced radical pair in a cryptochrome blue-light photoreceptor
, Angewandte Chemie 48(2): 404-407 (2009)

Direct observation of a pressure-induced precursor lattice in silicon
, Physical Review Letters 109(20): 205503 (2012)

Direct observation of a propagating, planar-waveguide surface mode in a discontinuous film of metal nanoparticles
, Optics Letters 25(15): 1071-1073 (2000)

Direct observation of a pulse peak using a peak-removed Gaussian optical pulse in a superluminal medium
, Physical Review Letters 112(9): 093903 (2014)

Direct observation of a single nanoparticle-ubiquitin corona formation
, Nanoscale 5(19): 9162-9169 (2013)

Direct observation of a sub-Poissonian number distribution of atoms in an optical lattice
, Physical Review Letters 104(11): 113001 (2010)

Direct observation of a sulfonyl azide excited state and its decay processes by ultrafast time-resolved IR spectroscopy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(16): 7036-7044 (2012)

Direct observation of a surface induced disordering process in magnetic nanoparticles
, Physical Review Letters 103(11): 115703 (2009)

Direct observation of a transient polymorph during crystallization
, Chemical Communications 46(27): 4982-4984 (2010)

Direct observation of a transient ternary complex during IκBα-mediated dissociation of NF-κB from DNA
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(1): 225-230 (2014)

Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect
, Physical Review Letters 98(18): 183901 (2007)

Direct observation of a {Re6(μ3-S)8} core-to-ligand charge-transfer excited state in an octahedral hexarhenium complex
, Inorganic Chemistry 50(20): 9918-9920 (2011)

Direct observation of acoustic oscillations in InAs nanowires
, Nano Letters 10(7): 2461-2465 (2010)

Direct observation of activated hydrogen binding to a supported organometallic compound at room temperature
, Chemistry 18(14): 4170-4173 (2012)

Direct observation of acyl azide excited states and their decay processes by ultrafast time resolved infrared spectroscopy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(12): 4212-4213 (2009)

Direct observation of adsorption geometry for the van der Waals adsorption of a single π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecule on Au(111)
, Journal of Chemical Physics 140(7): 074709 (2014)

Direct observation of adsorption-induced inactivation of antibody fragments surrounded by mixed-PEG layer on a gold surface
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(23): 7982-7989 (2010)

Direct observation of aggregative nanoparticle growth: kinetic modeling of the size distribution and growth rate
, Nano Letters 14(1): 373-378 (2014)

Direct observation of aluminium ions produced via pulsed laser ablation in liquid: a 'turn-on' fluorescence study
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 14(45): 15677-15681 (2012)

Direct observation of aminoglycoside-RNA binding by localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy
, Analytical Chemistry 85(4): 2200-2207 (2013)

Direct observation of aminyl radical intermediate during single-crystal to single-crystal photoinduced Orton rearrangement
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 111(35): 10373-10378 (2007)

Direct observation of amyloid nucleation under nanomechanical stretching
, Acs Nano 7(9): 7734-7743 (2013)

Direct observation of an enamine intermediate in amine catalysis
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(51): 18206-18207 (2009)

Direct observation of an ensemble of stable collapsed states in the mechanical folding of ubiquitin
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(26): 10534-10539 (2009)

Direct observation of antisite defects in LiCoPO4 cathode materials by annular dark- and bright-field electron microscopy
, Acs Applied Materials and Interfaces 5(20): 9926-9932 (2013)

Direct observation of arylnitrene formation in the photoreaction of arylazide crystals
, Acta Crystallographica. Section B Structural Science 66(Pt 6): 639-646 (2010)

Direct observation of athermal photofluidisation in azo-polymer films
, Soft Matter 10(26): 4640-4647 (2014)

Direct observation of atomic dynamics and silicon doping at a topological defect in graphene
, Angewandte Chemie 53(34): 8908-8912 (2014)

Direct observation of atomic hydrogen generated from the water framework of clathrate hydrates
, Chemical Communications 47(2): 674-676 (2011)

Direct observation of atomic scale graphitic layer growth
, Nano Letters 8(7): 1872-1878 (2008)

Direct observation of atomic scale surface relaxation in ortho twin structures in GaAs by XSTM
, Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 21(5): 055404 (2009)

Direct observation of atoms entering and exiting L-alanyl-L-valine nanotubes by hyperpolarized xenon-129 NMR
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(45): 13997-14002 (2007)

Direct observation of bacterial deposition onto clean and organic-fouled polyamide membranes
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 336(1): 13-20 (2009)

Direct observation of band-gap closure for a semiconducting carbon nanotube in a large parallel magnetic field
, Physical Review Letters 106(9): 096802 (2011)

Direct observation of barrier-limited folding of BBL by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106(38): 16239-16244 (2009)

Direct observation of beamed Raman scattering
, Nano Letters 12(12): 6235-6243 (2012)

Direct observation of bed utilization in the pediatric intensive care unit
, Journal of Hospital Medicine 7(4): 318-324 (2012)

Direct observation of behavior: a review of current measures for use with older adults with dementia
, Research in Gerontological Nursing 1(1): 52-76 (2008)

Direct observation of below-diffraction-limited optical spot induced by nonlinear saturable absorption of Ag-doped Si nanofilms
, Optics Letters 35(18): 3126-3128 (2010)

Direct observation of bifunctional electrocatalysis during CO oxidation at Ru(theta=0.37)/Pt{111} surfaces via surface stress measurements
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(41): 14879-14884 (2009)

Direct observation of biological molecules in liquid by environmental phase-plate transmission electron microscopy
, Micron 43(11): 1091-1098 (2012)

Direct observation of bis(dicarbollyl)nickel conformers in solution by fluorescence spectroscopy: an approach to redox-controlled metallacarborane molecular motors
, Inorganic Chemistry 53(19): 10045-10053 (2014)

Direct observation of broken time-reversal symmetry on the surface of a magnetically doped topological insulator
, Physical Review Letters 106(20): 206805 (2011)

Direct observation of bulk and surface chemical morphologies of Ginkgo biloba leaves by Fourier transform mid- and near-infrared microspectroscopic imaging
, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 405(29): 9385-9400 (2013)

Direct observation of carbene and diazo formation from aryldiazirines by ultrafast infrared spectroscopy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 130(48): 16134-16135 (2008)

Direct observation of carbon nanostructure growth at liquid-solid interfaces
, Chemical Communications 50(7): 826-828 (2014)

Direct observation of cationic ordering in double perovskite Sr₂FeReO₆ crystals
, Microscopy and Microanalysis: the Official Journal of Microscopy Society of America Microbeam Analysis Society Microscopical Society of Canada 19(Suppl): 25-28 (2013)

Direct observation of cavitation fields at 23 and 515 kHz
, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 17(1): 30-33 (2010)

Direct observation of cesium at the interlayer region in phlogopite mica
, Microscopy 63(1): 65-72 (2014)

Direct observation of change in the molecular structure of benzyl (Z,Z)-muconate during photoisomerization in the solid state
, Chemical Communications 2008(1): 55-57 (2008)

Direct observation of charge order and an orbital glass state in multiferroic LuFe2O4
, Physical Review Letters 103(7): 077602 (2009)

Direct observation of charge order in triangular metallic AgNiO2 by single-crystal resonant X-ray scattering
, Physical Review Letters 106(15): 157206 (2011)

Direct observation of charge ordering in magnetite using resonant multiwave x-ray diffraction
, Physical Review Letters 108(14): 146404 (2012)

Direct observation of charge transfer in solid electrolyte for electrochemical metallization memory
, Advanced Materials 24(33): 4552-4556 (2012)

Direct observation of charge-carrier heating at WZ-ZB InP nanowire heterojunctions
, Nano Letters 13(9): 4280-4287 (2013)

Direct observation of chemical bond dynamics on surfaces
, Science 255(5050): 1397-1403 (1992)

Direct observation of chemokine receptors 5 on T-lymphocyte cell surfaces using fluorescent metal nanoprobes 2: Approximation of CCR5 populations
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 407(1): 63-67 (2011)

Direct observation of children's preferences and activity levels during interactive and online electronic games
, Journal of Physical Activity and Health 7(4): 484-489 (2010)

Direct observation of clinical practice in emergency medicine education
, Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 18(1): 60-67 (2011)

Direct observation of coherent interorbital spin-exchange dynamics
, Physical Review Letters 113(12): 120402 (2014)

Direct observation of coherent population trapping in a superconducting artificial atom
, Physical Review Letters 104(16): 163601 (2010)

Direct observation of colloidal aggregation by critical Casimir forces
, Physical Review Letters 103(15): 156101 (2009)

Direct observation of concentration profiles induced by drying of a 2D colloidal dispersion drop
, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 395: 263-268 (2013)

Direct observation of confined acoustic phonons in the photoluminescence spectra of a single CdSe-CdS-ZnS core-shell-shell nanocrystal
, Physical Review Letters 100(5): 057403 (2008)

Direct observation of confined single chain dynamics by neutron scattering
, Physical Review Letters 104(19): 197801 (2010)

Direct observation of conformation-dependent pathways in the excited-state proton transfer of 7-hydroxyquinoline in bulk alcohols
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 116(48): 14153-14158 (2012)

Direct observation of conformational changes of beta-substituted duodecithiophene on a Au(111)-(square root(3) x 22) substrate using in situ electrochemical STM in 0.1 M HClO4
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 26(2): 982-989 (2010)

Direct observation of conformational folding coupled with disulphide rearrangement by using a water-soluble selenoxide reagent--a case of oxidative regeneration of ribonuclease A under weakly basic conditions
, Journal of Biochemistry 144(1): 121-130 (2008)

Direct observation of contact ion-pair formation in aqueous solution
, Angewandte Chemie 48(33): 6136-6140 (2009)

Direct observation of continuous electric dipole rotation in flux-closure domains in ferroelectric Pb(Zr,Ti)O₃
, Science 331(6023): 1420-1423 (2011)

Direct observation of cooperative protein structural dynamics of homodimeric hemoglobin from 100 ps to 10 ms with pump-probe X-ray solution scattering
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 134(16): 7001-7008 (2012)

Direct observation of correlated interdomain motion in alcohol dehydrogenase
, Physical Review Letters 101(13): 138102 (2008)

Direct observation of counterion organization in F-actin polyelectrolyte bundles
, European Physical Journal. E Soft Matter 16(4): 389-400 (2005)

Direct observation of current in type-I edge-localized-mode filaments on the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak
, Physical Review Letters 106(12): 125002 (2011)

Direct observation of cyclic carbenium ions and their role in the catalytic cycle of the methanol-to-olefin reaction over chabazite zeolites
, Angewandte Chemie 52(44): 11564-11568 (2013)

Direct observation of dark excitons in individual carbon nanotubes: inhomogeneity in the exchange splitting
, Physical Review Letters 101(8): 087402 (2008)

Direct observation of dark excitons in micelle-wrapped single-wall carbon nanotubes
, Physical Review Letters 100(9): 097401 (2008)

Direct observation of deep excitonic states in the photoluminescence spectra of single-walled carbon nanotubes
, Physical Review Letters 99(23): 237402 (2007)

Direct observation of defects and increased ion permeability of a membrane induced by structurally disordered Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase aggregates
, Plos one 6(12): E28982 (2011)

Direct observation of density-gradient effects in harmonic generation from plasma mirrors
, Physical Review Letters 110(17): 175001 (2013)

Direct observation of depth-dependent atomic displacements associated with dislocations in gallium nitride
, Physical Review Letters 113(13): 135503 (2014)

Direct observation of differences of carotenoid polyene chain cis/trans isomers resulting from structural topology
, Analytical Chemistry 86(4): 2019-2024 (2014)

Direct observation of diffuse cone behavior in de Vries smectic-A and -C phases of organosiloxane mesogens
, Physical Review Letters 106(8): 087801 (2011)

Direct observation of dimerization between different CREB1 isoforms in a living cell
, Plos one 6(6): E20285 (2011)

Direct observation of dispersion and mixing processes in microfluidic systems
, Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 24(11): 1481-1485 (2008)

Direct observation of dispersive Kondo resonance peaks in a heavy-fermion system
, Physical Review Letters 100(17): 176402 (2008)

Direct observation of distinct A/P hybrid-state tRNAs in translocating ribosomes
, Structure 18(2): 257-264 (2010)

Direct observation of dopant atom diffusion in a bulk semiconductor crystal enhanced by a large size mismatch
, Physical Review Letters 113(15): 155501 (2014)

Direct observation of dopant distribution in GaAs compound semiconductors using phase-shifting electron holography and Lorentz microscopy
, Microscopy 63(3): 235-242 (2014)

Direct observation of doping sites in temperature-controlled, p-doped P3HT thin films by conducting atomic force microscopy
, Advanced Materials 26(35): 6069-6073 (2014)

Direct observation of double-k lattice modulation in double-k magnetic structures. The case of CeAl(2)
, Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 21(37): 376004 (2009)

Direct observation of downhill folding of lambda-repressor in a microfluidic mixer
, Biophysical Journal 97(6): 1772-1777 (2009)

Direct observation of dynamic mechanical regulation of DNA condensation by environmental stimuli
, Angewandte Chemie 53(40): 10631-10635 (2014)

Direct observation of dynamical bifurcation in a superfluid Josephson junction
, Physical Review Letters 105(20): 205302 (2010)

Direct observation of electrocatalytic synergy
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(36): 11033-11035 (2007)

Direct observation of electrogenic NH4(+) transport in ammonium transport (Amt) proteins
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(27): 9995-10000 (2014)

Direct observation of electron capture and reemission by the divacancy via charge transient positron spectroscopy
, Physical Review Letters 110(13): 136401 (2013)

Direct observation of electron confinement in epitaxial graphene nanoislands
, Acs Nano 5(10): 8162-8166 (2011)

Direct observation of electron dephasing due to inelastic scattering from defects in weakly disordered AuPd wires
, Physical Review Letters 104(20): 206803 (2010)

Direct observation of electron-Bernstein wave heating by O-X-B-mode conversion at low magnetic field in the WEGA stellarator
, Physical Review Letters 98(25): 255003 (2007)

Direct observation of electron-transfer-induced conformational transformation (molecular actuation) in a bichromophoric electron donor
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 114(45): 14592-14595 (2010)

Direct observation of enantiospecific substitution in a two-dimensional chiral phase transition
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(30): 10440-10444 (2010)

Direct observation of enhanced cathodoluminescence emissions from ZnO nanocones compared with ZnO nanowire arrays
, Nanotechnology 22(28): 285711 (2011)

Direct observation of enzymes replicating DNA using a single-molecule DNA stretching assay
, Journal of Visualized Experiments: Jove 2010(37) (2010)

Direct observation of essential DNA dynamics: melting and reformation of the DNA minor groove
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 111(36): 10833-10838 (2007)

Direct observation of f-pair magnetic field effects and time-dependence of radical pair composition using rapidly switched magnetic fields and time-resolved infrared methods
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 10(27): 4020-4026 (2008)

Direct observation of faculty with feedback: an effective means of improving patient-centered and learner-centered teaching skills
, Teaching and Learning in Medicine 19(3): 278-286 (2007)

Direct observation of family management: validity and reliability as a function of coder ethnicity and training
, Behavior Therapy 39(4): 336-347 (2008)

Direct observation of fat crystallization in a living fly by X-ray diffraction: fat crystallization does not cause the fly's instantaneous death, but ice formation does
, Cryobiology 57(1): 75-77 (2008)

Direct observation of female mating frequency using time-lapse photography
, Fly 3(2): 118-120 (2009)

Direct observation of ferrielectricity at ferroelastic domain boundaries in CaTiO3 by electron microscopy
, Advanced Materials 24(4): 523-527 (2012)

Direct observation of ferroelectric domain switching in varying electric field regimes using in situ TEM
, Micron 43(11): 1121-1126 (2012)

Direct observation of field emission in a single TaSi2 nanowire
, Nano Letters 7(8): 2243-2247 (2007)

Direct observation of flow-concentration coupling in a shear-banding fluid
, Physical Review Letters 105(8): 084501 (2010)

Direct observation of fluorescently labeled single-stranded λDNA molecules in a micro-flow channel
, Journal of Fluorescence 23(4): 635-640 (2013)

Direct observation of frequency modulated transcription in single cells using light activation
, Elife 2: E00750 (2013)

Direct observation of genomic heterogeneity through local haplotyping analysis
, Bmc Genomics 15: 418 (2014)

Direct observation of giant Pickering emulsion and colloidosome droplet interaction and stability
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 28(48): 16501-16511 (2012)

Direct observation of grain growth from molten silicon formed by micro-thermal-plasma-jet irradiation
, Applied Physics Letters 101(17): 172111 (2012)

Direct observation of grain rotation-induced grain coalescence in two-dimensional colloidal crystals
, Nano Letters 10(10): 4266-4272 (2010)

Direct observation of ground-state lactam-lactim tautomerization using temperature-jump transient 2D IR spectroscopy
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(23): 9243-9248 (2013)

Direct observation of heterogeneous amyloid fibril growth kinetics via two-color super-resolution microscopy
, Nano Letters 14(1): 339-345 (2014)

Direct observation of hexamethylbenzenium radical cations generated during zeolite methanol-to-olefin catalysis: an ESR study
, Chemical Communications 47(33): 9498-9500 (2011)

Direct observation of hierarchical nucleation of martensite and size-dependent superelasticity in shape memory alloys
, Nanoscale 6(4): 2067-2072 (2014)

Direct observation of hole accumulation in polymer solar cells during device operation using light-induced electron spin resonance
, Advanced Materials 25(16): 2362-2367 (2013)

Direct observation of hole shift and characterization of spin states in radical ion pairs generated from photoinduced electron transfer of (phenothiazine)(n)-anthraquinone (n = 1, 3) dyads
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 118(47): 11262-11271 (2014)

Direct observation of hole transfer from semiconducting polymer to carbon nanotubes
, Nano Letters 13(5): 2086-2091 (2013)

Direct observation of human microcirculation during decompressive craniectomy after stroke
, Critical Care Medicine 39(5): 1126-1129 (2011)

Direct observation of hydrogen atom dynamics and interactions by ultrahigh resolution neutron protein crystallography
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(38): 15301-15306 (2012)

Direct observation of hydrogen-bond exchange within a single water dimer
, Physical Review Letters 100(16): 166101 (2008)

Direct observation of hygiene in a Peruvian shantytown: not enough handwashing and too little water
, Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 13(11): 1421-1428 (2008)

Direct observation of impurity-induced magnetism in a spin-(1/2) antiferromagnetic Heisenberg two-leg spin ladder
, Physical Review Letters 105(6): 067203 (2010)

Direct observation of individual KCNQ1 potassium channels reveals their distinctive diffusive behavior
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 285(6): 3664-3675 (2010)

Direct observation of individual particle armored bubble interaction, stability, and coalescence dynamics
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 117(28): 8579-8588 (2013)

Direct observation of inhomogeneous solid electrolyte interphase on MnO anode with atomic force microscopy and spectroscopy
, Nano Letters 12(4): 2153-2157 (2012)

Direct observation of interband spin-orbit coupling in a two-dimensional electron system
, Physical Review Letters 108(19): 196801 (2012)

Direct observation of interfacial C60 cluster formation in polystyrene-C60 nanocomposite films
, Nanotechnology 20(10): 105705 (2009)

Direct observation of intermediates formed during steady-state electrocatalytic O2 reduction by iron porphyrins
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(21): 8431-8436 (2013)

Direct observation of intermediates in a thermodynamically controlled solid-state dynamic covalent reaction
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(46): 16156-16166 (2014)

Direct observation of intermolecular interactions mediated by hydrogen bonding
, Journal of Chemical Physics 141(3): 034502 (2014)

Direct observation of internal energy distributions of C5(-)
, Journal of Chemical Physics 139(5): 054306 (2013)

Direct observation of interstitial dislocation loop coarsening in α-iron
, Physical Review Letters 111(1): 015503 (2013)

Direct observation of ion evaporation from a triply charged nanodroplet
, Chemical Communications 2007(40): 4099-4101 (2007)

Direct observation of key catalytic intermediates in a photoinduced proton reduction cycle with a diiron carbonyl complex
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 136(50): 17366-17369 (2014)

Direct observation of key intermediates by negative-ion electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry in palladium-catalysed cross-coupling
, Chemical Communications 46(39): 7412-7414 (2010)

Direct observation of key photoinduced dynamics in a potential nano-delivery vehicle of cancer drugs
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 17(1): 166-177 (2015)

Direct observation of keyhole characteristics in deep penetration laser welding with a 10 kW fiber laser
, Optics Express 21(17): 19997-20004 (2013)

Direct observation of kinetic traps associated with structural transformations leading to multiple pathways of S-layer assembly
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(32): 12968-12973 (2012)

Direct observation of lanthanide(III)-phthalocyanine molecules on Au(111) by using scanning tunneling microscopy and scanning tunneling spectroscopy and thin-film field-effect transistor properties of Tb(III)- and Dy(III)-phthalocyanine molecules
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(29): 9967-9976 (2009)

Direct observation of large quantum interference effect in anthraquinone solid-state junctions
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(28): 10218-10221 (2013)

Direct observation of laser speckles for real-time analysis of lateral motions
, Optics Letters 6(11): 511-513 (1981)

Direct observation of lateral photovoltaic effect in nano-metal-films
, Optics Express 17(24): 21712-21722 (2009)

Direct observation of layered structures at ionic liquid/solid interfaces by using frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy
, Chemical Communications 46(45): 8627-8629 (2010)

Direct observation of ligand dynamics in cytochrome c
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(17): 6054-6055 (2009)

Direct observation of ligand rebinding pathways in hemoglobin using femtosecond mid-IR spectroscopy
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 116(22): 6346-6355 (2012)

Direct observation of light focusing by single photoreceptor cell nuclei
, Optics Express 22(9): 11043-11060 (2014)

Direct observation of liquid crystals using cryo-TEM: specimen preparation and low-dose imaging
, Microscopy Research and Technique 77(10): 754-772 (2014)

Direct observation of liquid pre-crystallization intermediates during the reduction of aqueous tetrachloroaurate by sulfide ions
, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, PCCP 16(10): 4538-4543 (2014)

Direct observation of liquid-like behavior of a single Au grain boundary
, Nanoscale 5(14): 6333-6337 (2013)

Direct observation of lithium staging in partially delithiated LiFePO4 at atomic resolution
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(13): 4661-4663 (2011)

Direct observation of local Mn-Mn distances in the paramagnetic compound CsMn(x)Mg(1-x)Br3
, Physical Review Letters 107(11): 115502 (2011)

Direct observation of local potassium variation and its correlation to electronic inhomogeneity in (Ba(1-x)K(x))Fe2As2 pnictide
, Physical Review Letters 106(24): 247002 (2011)

Direct observation of long-lived isomers in 212Bi
, Physical Review Letters 110(12): 122502 (2013)

Direct observation of low energy nuclear spin excitations in HoCrO3 by high resolution neutron spectroscopy
, Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal 25(28): 286003 (2013)

Direct observation of low frequency confined acoustic phonons in silver nanoparticles: Terahertz time domain spectroscopy
, Journal of Chemical Physics 133(1): 014502 (2010)

Direct observation of macropore self-formation in hierarchically structured metal oxides
, Chemical Communications 46(47): 8980-8982 (2010)

Direct observation of macrostructure formation of hierarchically structured meso-macroporous aluminosilicates with 3D interconnectivity by optical microscope
, Langmuir: the Acs Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 27(6): 3030-3043 (2011)

Direct observation of magnetic anisotropy in an individual Fe4 single-molecule magnet
, Physical Review Letters 109(14): 147203 (2012)

Direct observation of magnetic metastability in individual iron nanoparticles
, Physical Review Letters 112(10): 107201 (2014)

Direct observation of magnon fractionalization in the quantum spin ladder
, Physical Review Letters 102(10): 107204 (2009)

Direct observation of markovian behavior of the mechanical unfolding of individual proteins
, Biophysical Journal 95(2): 782-788 (2008)

Direct observation of martensitic phase-transformation dynamics in iron by 4D single-pulse electron microscopy
, Nano Letters 9(11): 3954-3962 (2009)

Direct observation of massless domain wall dynamics in nanostripes with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy
, Physical Review Letters 108(24): 247202 (2012)

Direct observation of medium-range crystalline order in granular liquids near the glass transition
, Physical Review Letters 100(15): 158002 (2008 )

Direct observation of melting behaviors at the nanoscale under electron beam and heat to form hollow nanostructures
, Nanoscale 4(15): 4702-4706 (2012)

Direct observation of membrane insertion by enveloped virus matrix proteins by phosphate displacement
, Plos one 8(2): E57916 (2013)

Direct observation of metal nanoparticles as heterogeneous nuclei for the condensation of supersaturated organic vapors: nucleation of size-selected aluminum nanoparticles in acetonitrile and n-hexane vapors
, Journal of Chemical Physics 141(5): 054710 (2014)

Direct observation of metal-insulator transition in single-crystalline germanium telluride nanowire memory devices prior to amorphization
, Nano Letters 14(4): 2201-2209 (2014)

Direct observation of microcavitation in underwater adhesion of mushroom-shaped adhesive microstructure
, Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 5: 903-909 (2014)

Direct observation of microscopic solvation at the surface of clusters by ultrafast photoelectron imaging
, Journal of Physical Chemistry. a 112(39): 9200-9210 (2008)

Direct observation of microtubule pushing by cortical dynein in living cells
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 25(1): 95-106 (2014)