+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Dissociating positive and negative influences of verbal processing on the recognition of pictures of faces and objects



Dissociating positive and negative influences of verbal processing on the recognition of pictures of faces and objects



Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition 38(2): 376-390



Four experiments investigated the role of verbal processing in the recognition of pictures of faces and objects. We used (a) a stimulus-encoding task where participants learned sequentially presented pictures in control, articulatory suppression, and describe conditions and then engaged in an old-new picture recognition test and (b) a poststimulus-encoding task where participants learned the stimuli without any secondary task and then either described or not a single item from memory before the recognition test. The main findings were as follows: First, verbalization influenced picture recognition. Second, there were contrasting influences of verbalization on the recognition of faces, compared with objects, that were driven by (a) the stage of processing during which verbalization took place (as assessed by the stimulus-encoding and poststimulus-encoding tasks), (b) whether verbalization was subvocal (whereby one goes through the motions of speaking but without making any sound) or overt, and (c) stimulus familiarity. During stimulus encoding there was a double dissociation whereby subvocal verbalization interfered with the recognition of faces but not objects, while overt verbalization benefited the recognition of objects but not faces. In addition, stimulus familiarity provided an independent and beneficial influence on performance. Post stimulus encoding, overt verbalization interfered with the recognition of both faces and objects, and this interference was apparent for unfamiliar but not familiar stimuli. Together these findings extend work on verbalization to picture recognition and place important parameters on stimulus and task constraints that contribute to contrasting beneficial and detrimental effects of verbalization on recognition memory.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 052659910

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21988409

DOI: 10.1037/a0025782


Related references

Depth of processing pictures of faces and recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103(4): 751-757, 1974

The role of verbal processing at different stages of recognition memory for faces. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 20(3): 478-496, 2008

Distinct brain activity in processing negative pictures of animals and objects - the role of human contexts. Neuroimage 84: 901-910, 2014

Lighting direction affects recognition of untextured faces in photographic positive and negative. Vision Research 39(24): 4003-4009, 2000

Distinct Visual Processing of Real Objects and Pictures of Those Objects in 7- to 9-month-old Infants. Frontiers in Psychology 7: 827, 2016

Faces as objects of non-expertise: processing of thatcherised faces in congenital prosopagnosia. Perception 36(11): 1635-1645, 2008

Evaluative conditioning of positive and negative valence affects P1 and N1 in verbal processing. Brain Research 1624: 405-413, 2016

Positive and negative emotion enhances the processing of famous faces in a semantic judgment task. Neuropsychology 24(1): 84-89, 2010

Parallel effects of processing fluency and positive affect on familiarity-based recognition decisions for faces. Frontiers in Psychology 5: 328, 2014

"Associative" visual agnosia for objects, pictures, faces and letters with altitudinal hemianopia. Rinsho Shinkeigaku 37(1): 31-36, 1997

Dissociating verbal and nonverbal audiovisual object processing. Brain and Language 108(2): 89-96, 2009

Visuoverbal disconnection (optical aphasia) for objects, pictures, colors and faces with abstractive alexia. Neuropsychologia 23(3): 333-349, 1985

Dissociating verbal and nonverbal conceptual processing in the human brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18(6): 1018-1028, 2006

Cortical responses to invisible faces: dissociating subsystems for facial-information processing. Current Biology 16(20): 2023-2029, 2006

Positive and negative affective processing exhibit dissociable functional hubs during the viewing of affective pictures. Human Brain Mapping 36(2): 415-426, 2015