+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Does self-efficacy predict return-to-work after sickness absence? A prospective study among 930 employees with sickness absence for three weeks or more



Does self-efficacy predict return-to-work after sickness absence? A prospective study among 930 employees with sickness absence for three weeks or more



Work 29(3): 233-238



To compare levels of self-efficacy among the general working population and employees with sickness absence from work, and to examine if general self-efficacy measured before occurrence of sickness absence predicted subsequent onset of sickness absence and Return-to-Work. The study follows a cohort of 5357 working employees and 106 long-term sickness absent employees in Denmark. They were interviewed in 2000 regarding self-efficacy and various co-variates, and followed for 78 weeks in a national sickness absence register. Cox regression analysis was performed in order to assess the effect of self-efficacy on Return-to-Work after sickness absence. General self-efficacy was significantly lower among those with sickness absence compared to the general working population. Self-efficacy showed no statistically significant association with later onset of sickness absence or with Return-to-Work. The results may suggest that lower self-efficacy among employees with sickness absence is a result of the sickness absence itself rather than a precursor of it. This indicates a need to investigate the potential change in self-efficacy in relation to the employee's change in labor market status; this will help to focus Return-to-Work interventions where planning has to be attentive towards the change in self-efficacy that can occur after onset of disease and sickness absence.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 052693571

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 17942994


Related references

Predicting return to work in workers with all-cause sickness absence greater than 4 weeks: a prospective cohort study. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 22(1): 118-126, 2012

Predicting Return to Work in Workers with All-Cause Sickness Absence Greater than 4 Weeks A Prospective Cohort Study. 2011

Return to work among employees with long-term sickness absence in eldercare: a prospective analysis of register-based outcomes. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Rehabilitationsforschung. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Readaptation 34(3): 249-254, 2011

Work-related determinants of return to work of employees on long-term sickness absence. Disability and Rehabilitation 27(9): 481-488, 2005

Return to work and adjustment latitude among employees on long-term sickness absence. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 16(2): 185-195, 2006

Self-rated health as a predictor of return to work among employees on long-term sickness absence. Disability and Rehabilitation 28(5): 289-297, 2006

Effect of an eHealth Intervention to Reduce Sickness Absence Frequency Among Employees With Frequent Sickness Absence: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research 20(10): E10821, 2018

Short sickness absence and subsequent sickness absence due to mental disorders - a follow-up study among municipal employees. Bmc Public Health 17(1): 15, 2017

Determinants of Sickness Absence and Return to Work Among Employees with Common Mental Disorders: A Scoping Review. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 28(3): 393-417, 2018

Cost-effectiveness of interventions to return employees to work following long-term sickness absence due to musculoskeletal disorders. Journal of Public Health 34(1): 115-124, 2012

Predicting long-term sickness absence among employees with frequent sickness absence. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 92(4): 501-511, 2019

Durations of first and second periods of depression-induced sick leave among Japanese employees: the Japan sickness absence and return to work (J-SAR) study. Industrial Health 57(1): 22-28, 2019

Predictors of recurrent sickness absence among workers having returned to work after sickness absence due to common mental disorders. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health 40(2): 195-202, 2014

Length of sickness absence and sustained return-to-work in mental disorders and musculoskeletal diseases: a cohort study of public sector employees. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health 43(4): 358-366, 2017

Consequences of sickness presence and sickness absence on health and work ability: a Swedish prospective cohort study. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 24(2): 153-165, 2011