Section 53
Chapter 52,734

Dynamic changes of myocardial oxygen consumption at pacing increased heart rate - the first observation by the continuous measurement of systemic oxygen consumption

Yu, X.; Konstantinov, I.E.; Kantoch, M.J.; Rebeyka, I.M.; Li, J.

Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal Scj 45(5): 301-306


ISSN/ISBN: 1651-2006
PMID: 21707326
DOI: 10.3109/14017431.2011.589470
Accession: 052733744

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To assess dynamic changes in myocardial oxygen consumption (myoVO(2)) during atrial pacing increased heart rate by continuous measurement of systemic oxygen consumption (sysVO(2)). Six mechanically ventilated pigs were atrially paced to increase heart rate from baseline 98 ± 9 to 120-140-160-180 bpm for 10 minutes at each stage, with 10 minute intervals without pacing between stages. sysVO(2) was continuously measured with a respiratory mass spectrometer. Left anterior descending coronary arterial flow, aorta and coronary sinus blood gases were measured to calculate index of whole heart myoVO(2). sysVO(2) peaked at the initiation of pacing in the first two to three minutes, followed by a decrease and subsequent stabilization. As heart rate increased, sysVO(2) increased by 0.08 ± 0.06 ml/kg/min, 0.14 ± 0.05 ml/kg/min and 0.17 ± 0.10 ml/kg/min, representing a 1.2 ± 0.9%, 2.1 ± 0.7% and 3.0 ± 1.8% increase of sysVO(2) respectively; myoVO(2) increased by 0.16 ± 0.12 to 0.31 ± 0.14 to 0.36 ± 0.24 ml/100 g/min, representing a 11 ± 9%, 21 ± 9% and 26 ± 12% increase of myoVO(2), respectively. The absolute and relative increases in sysVO(2) were significantly correlated with the increases in myoVO(2). On-line continuous sysVO(2) monitoring by respiratory mass spectrometry allows non-invasive assessments of dynamic changes in myoVO(2) in vivo. The mechanism for the peaked increase in sysVO(2) at the initiation of pacing remains to be explored.

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