Section 53
Chapter 52,792

Effect of a rye B chromosome and its segments on homoeologous pairing in hybrids between common wheat and Aegilops variabilis

Kousaka, R.; Endo, T.R.

Genes and Genetic Systems 87(1): 1-7


ISSN/ISBN: 1880-5779
PMID: 22531789
DOI: 10.1266/ggs.87.1
Accession: 052791407

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Rye B chromosomes, which are supernumerary chromosomes dispensable for the host but increase in number by non-disjunction after meiosis, have been reported to affect meiotic homoeologous pairing in wheat-rye hybrids. The effect of a rye B chromosome (B) and its segments (B-9 and B-10) on homoeologous pairing was studied in hybrids between common wheat (2n=42) and Aegilops variabilis (2n=28), with reference to the Ph1 gene located on wheat chromosome 5B. The B-9 and B-10 chromosomes are derived from reciprocal translocations between a wheat and the B chromosomes, and the former had the B pericentromeric segment and the latter had the B distal segment. Both the B and B-9 chromosomes suppressed homoeologous pairing when chromosome 5B was absent. On the other hand, the B-9 and B-10 chromosomes promoted homoeologous pairing when 5B was present. On pairing suppression, B-9 had a greater effect in one dose than in two doses, and B-9 had a greater effect than B-10 had in one dose. These results suggested that the effect of the B chromosomes on homoeologous pairing was not confined to a specific region and that the intensity of the effect varied depending on the presence or absence of 5B and also on the segment and dose of the B chromosome. The mean chiasma frequency (10.23) in a hybrid (2n=36) possessing 5B and one B-9 was considerably higher than that (2.78) of a hybrid (2n=35) possessing 5B alone, and was comparable with that (14.09) of a hybrid (2n=34) lacking 5B. This fact suggested that the B chromosome or its segment can be used in introducing alien genes into wheat by inducing homoeologous pairing between wheat and alien chromosome.

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