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Effect of exogenous surfactant on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt pathway and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ during endotoxin induced acute respiratory distress syndrome

Effect of exogenous surfactant on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-Akt pathway and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ during endotoxin induced acute respiratory distress syndrome

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 361(1-2): 135-141

Lipopolysaccharide induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) leads to an unacceptably high mortality. In this regard, the anti-inflammatory properties of surfactant may provide a therapeutic option. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) and the downstream serine/threonine kinase Akt/protein kinase B have a central role in modulating neutrophil function, including respiratory burst, chemotaxis, and apoptosis. This study explores the mechanisms of surfactant dependent protection by regulating PPAR-γ in a rat model of ARDS. Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into four groups: buffer controls; rats challenged with LPS (055:B5 E. coli); challenged with LPS and treated with porcine surfactant; and challenged with LPS and treated with synthetic surfactant. Expression of PI3-K, Akt, GSK3-β, and PPAR-γ were studied by western immunoblot, immunofluorescence and by immunohistochemistry. In vivo endotoxin administration to rat resulted in activation of PI3-K and Akt in the lungs. The severity of endotoxemia-induced ALI was significantly diminished in rat with surfactant administration. Similar results were also seen in PPAR-γ expression. These results show that PI3-K occupies a central position in regulating endotoxin-induced ALI involving inflammatory responses. Surfactant treatment conferred protection in rat model dependent on PPAR-γ and inhibition of PI3-K/Akt pathway.

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Accession: 052806425

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21968763

DOI: 10.1007/s11010-011-1097-6

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