Effect of high-performance liquid chromatography mobile phase components on sensitivity in negative atmospheric pressure chemical ionization liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
Schaefercor, W.H.; Dixon, F.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 7(10): 1059-1069
We have investigated the effect of several common buffers (10-mM formic acid, 10-mM ammonium acetate, and 100-mM ammonium acetate) on the ionization of a series of model compounds that are amenable to negative atmospheric pressure chemical ionization to determine the extent of ionization quenching that can occur. In addition, we have compared the sensitivity of these standard mobile phases to a mobile phase that does not contain an acidic buffer component, but rather a base (N-methylmorpholine). The results showed that, as expected, the sensitivity for the test analytes was greatest in the mobile phase that lacked acidic components. In general, ionization of analytes that contained a single, more weakly acidic functional group was inhibited to a greater degree by more strongly acidic buffer components. In some cases, ionization was quenched completely by acidic buffer components, Ionization of compounds that were more strongly acidic was quite good in all mobile phases tested. Differences in the ionization efficiencies of the analytes in each mobile phase were correlated with the gas-phase reagent ions present. As a point of reference, each of the analytes also was analyzed in the positive ion mode and the signal intensities were compared to those obtained in the negative ion mode. In addition, the utility of mobile phases that contained N-methylmorpholine for chromatographic separations was demonstrated.