Effect of repeated cycles of chemical disinfection on the roughness and hardness of hard reline acrylic resins
Pinto, L.d.R.; Acosta, E.íl.J.é T.R.íg.; Távora, F.F.F.; da Silva, P.M.íc.B.; Porto, V.íc.C.
Gerodontology 27(2): 147-153
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of repeated cycles of five chemical disinfectant solutions on the roughness and hardness of three hard chairside reliners. A total of 180 circular specimens (30 mm x 6 mm) were fabricated using three hard chairside reliners (Jet; n = 60, Kooliner; n = 60, Tokuyama Rebase II Fast; n = 60), which were immersed in deionised water (control), and five disinfectant solutions (1%, 2%, 5.25% sodium hypochlorite; 2% glutaraldehyde; 4% chlorhexidine gluconate). They were tested for Knoop hardness (KHN) and surface roughness (microm), before and after 30 simulated disinfecting cycles. Data was analysed by the factorial scheme (6 x 2), two-way analysis of variance (anova), followed by Tukey's test. For Jet (from 18.74 to 13.86 KHN), Kooliner (from 14.09 to 8.72 KHN), Tokuyama (from 12.57 to 8.28 KHN) a significant decrease in hardness was observed irrespective of the solution used on all materials. For Jet (from 0.09 to 0.11 microm) there was a statistically significant increase in roughness. Kooliner (from 0.36 to 0.26 microm) presented a statistically significant decrease in roughness and Tokuyama (from 0.15 to 0.11 microm) presented no statistically significant difference after 30 days. This study showed that all disinfectant solutions promoted a statistically significant decrease in hardness, whereas with roughness, the materials tested showed a statistically significant increase, except for Tokuyama. Although statistically significant values were registered, these results could not be considered clinically significant.