Effect of vitrification medium composition and exposure time on post-thaw development of buffalo embryos produced in vitro
Manjunatha, B.M.; Gupta, P.S.P.; Ravindra, J.P.; Devaraj, M.; Nandi, S.
Veterinary Journal 179(2): 287-291
This study examined the effects of different vitrification medium compositions and exposure times (2, 4 and 6min) on the post-thaw development of buffalo embryos produced in vitro (IVP). The compositions were (1) 40% ethylene glycol (EG); (2) 25% glycerol (G)+25% EG, and (3) 25% EG+25% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). The base medium was 25mM Hepes-buffered TCM-199+10% steer serum +50microg/mL gentamycin. The IVP embryos were cryopreserved by a two-step vitrification method at 24 degrees C. After warming, the embryos were cultured in vitro for 72h. The vitrification of morulae and blastocysts in 25% EG+25% DMSO with an exposure time of 2 and 4min, respectively, resulted in a better hatching rate than other combinations. The hatching rate of morulae vitrified in 25% EG+25% G, 25% EG+25% DMSO, and blastocysts vitrified in 40% EG, 25% EG+25% DMSO were negatively correlated with exposure time. However, the hatching rate of blastocysts vitrified in 25% EG+25% G was positively correlated with exposure time. The study demonstrated that the post-thaw in vitro development of IVP buffalo embryos was affected by the vitrification medium composition and exposure time.