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Effective incorporation of spatial information in a mutual information based 3D-2D registration of a CT volume to X-ray images

Effective incorporation of spatial information in a mutual information based 3D-2D registration of a CT volume to X-ray images

Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention 11(Pt 2): 922-929

This paper addresses the problem of estimating the 3D rigid pose of a CT volume of an object from its 2D X-ray projections. We use maximization of mutual information, an accurate similarity measure for multi-modal and mono-modal image registration tasks. However, it is known that the standard mutual information measure only takes intensity values into account without considering spatial information and its robustness is questionable. In this paper, instead of directly maximizing mutual information, we propose to use a variational approximation derived from the Kullback-Leibler bound. Spatial information is then incorporated into this variational approximation using a Markov random field model. The newly derived similarity measure has a least-squares form and can be effectively minimized by a multi-resolution Levenberg-Marquardt optimizer. Experimental results are presented on X-ray and CT datasets of a plastic phantom and a cadaveric spine segment.

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Accession: 052839279

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PMID: 18982693

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