+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Effects of watering and nitrogen fertilization on the growth, grain yield, and water- and nitrogen use efficiency of winter wheat



Effects of watering and nitrogen fertilization on the growth, grain yield, and water- and nitrogen use efficiency of winter wheat



Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 24(5): 1367-1373



A field experiment with split-plot design was conducted to study the effects of watering, nitrogen fertilization, and their interactions on the growth, grain yield, and water- and nitrogen use efficiency of winter wheat. Four watering levels (0, 900, 1200, and 1500 m3 x hm(-2)) in main plots and five nitrogen fertilization levels (0, 90, 150, 210, and 270 kg N x hm(-2)) in sub-plots were designed. The results showed that the grain yield, nitrogen absorption, nitrogen use efficiency, and nitrogen productive efficiency of winter wheat increased with increasing level of watering, but the nitrogen use efficiency and nitrogen productive efficiency decreased with increasing nitrogen fertilization level. The grain yield, nitrogen absorption, and nitrogen harvest index were increased with increasing nitrogen fertilization level when the nitrogen application rate was 0-150 kg N x hm(-2), but not further increased significantly when the nitrogen application rate exceeded 150 kg x hm(-2). With the increasing level of watering, the water consumption amount (WCA) and the total water use efficiency increased, while the proportion of precipitation and soil water supply to WCA as well as the irrigation water use efficiency decreased. With the increasing level of nitrogen fertilization, the proportion of precipitation and watering amount to WCA increased, that of soil water supply to WCA decreased, and the total water use efficiency and irrigation water use efficiency decreased after an initial increase, with no significant differences among the treatments of 150, 210, and 270 kg N x hm(-2). It was considered that under our experimental condition, 1500 m3 x hm(-2) of watering amount plus 150 kg x hm(-2) of nitrogen fertilization could be the optimal combination for the high yielding and high efficiency.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 052893358

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24015557


Related references

Effects of nitrogen fertilization and watering on grain yield, dry matter accumulation and nitrogen uptake in durum wheat. Agrochimica 42(5): 190-199, 1998

Effects of postponed basal nitrogen application with reduced nitrogen rate on grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency of south winter wheat. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 27(12): 3953-3960, 2016

Analyses of the effects of water, nitrogen, and weather on growth, grain yield, biomass production and light use efficiency of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Dissertation Abstracts International B, Sciences and Engineering 50(3): 791B, 1989

Effects of different irrigation modes on winter wheat grain yield and water- and nitrogen use efficiency. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 22(10): 2517-2523, 2011

Effects of straw mulching plus nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen efficiency and grain yield in winter wheat. 2008

Optimizing plant density and nitrogen application to manipulate tiller growth and increase grain yield and nitrogen-use efficiency in winter wheat. Peerj 7: E6484, 2019

Nitrogen fertilization of cereals. 15. The effect of increasing rates of nitrogen, split dressings of nitrogen and spraying with CCC on grain yield of Ibis winter wheat. Stikstof, 5: 54, 302-5. Bibl. 3, 1967

Interactive effects of nitrogen fertilization and irrigation on grain yield, canopy temperature, and nitrogen use efficiency in overhead sprinkler-irrigated durum wheat. Field Crops Research 191: 54-65, 2016

Effects of nitrogen fertilizer application on the yield, water use efficiency and nitrogen use efficiency of winter wheat under limited irrigation in North China Plain. Journal Of Triticeae Crops: 6, 1016-1020, 2008

Effects of ridge tillage and mulching on water availability, grain yield, and water use efficiency in rain-fed winter wheat under different rainfall and nitrogen conditions. Soil and Tillage Research 179: 86-95, 2018

Effects of different nitrogen fertilizer managements on dry matter accumulation, yield, and water and nitrogen use efficiency in winter wheat. Journal of Triticeae Crops 25(5): 80-83, 2005

Influence of nitrogen uptake and nitrogen partitioning efficiency on grain yield and grain protein concentration of 12 winter wheat genotypes triticum aestivum. Zeitschrift fuer Pflanzenzuechtung 86(1): 41-49, 1981

Effects of water deficit and nitrogen fertilization on winter wheat growth and nitrogen uptake. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 20(10): 2399-2405, 2009

Nitrogen fertilization improved water-use efficiency of winter wheat through increasing water use during vegetative rather than grain filling. Agricultural Water Management 197: 41-53, 2018

Influence of nitrogen uptake and nitrogen partitioning efficiency on grain yield and grain protein concentration of twelve winter wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.). Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenzuchtung 86(1): 41-49, 1981