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Electrostatic polarization is crucial in reproducing Cu(I) interaction energies and hydration



Electrostatic polarization is crucial in reproducing Cu(I) interaction energies and hydration



Journal of Physical Chemistry. B 115(33): 10079-10085



We have explored the suitability of fixed-charges and polarizable force fields for modeling interactions of the monovalent Cu(I) ion. Parameters for this ion have been tested and refitted within the fixed-charges OPLS-AA and polarizable force field (PFF) frameworks. While this ion plays an important role in many protein interactions, the attention to it in developing empirical force fields is limited. Our PFF parameters for the copper ion worked very well for the Cu(I) interactions with water, while both the original OPLS2005 and our refitted OPLS versions moderately underestimated the copper-water interaction energy. However, the greatest problem in using the nonpolarizable fixed-charges OPLS force field was observed while calculating interaction energies and distances for Cu(I)-benzene complexes. The OPLS2005 model underestimates the interaction energy by a factor of 4. Refitting the OPLS parameters reduced this underestimation to a factor of 2.2-2.4, but only at a cost of distorting the complex geometry. At the same time, the polarizable calculations had an error of about 4%. Moreover, we then used the PFF and nonpolarizable refitted OPLS models for finding free energy of hydration for copper ion via molecular dynamics simulations. While the OPLS calculations lead to a 22% error in the solvation energy, the PFF result was off by only 1.8%. This was achieved with no refitting of the parameters but simply by employing the model developed for the Cu(I) interaction with a single water molecule. We believe that the presented results not only lead to a conclusion about a qualitatively greater suitability of polarizable force fields for simulating molecular interactions with ions but also attest to the excellent level of transferability of PFF parameters.

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Accession: 052932251

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PMID: 21761909

DOI: 10.1021/jp2051933


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