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Enhanced apoptotic propensity in diabetic cardiac mitochondria: influence of subcellular spatial location

Enhanced apoptotic propensity in diabetic cardiac mitochondria: influence of subcellular spatial location

American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 298(2): H633-H642

Cardiovascular complications, such as diabetic cardiomyopathy, account for the majority of deaths associated with diabetes mellitus. Mitochondria are particularly susceptible to the damaging effects of diabetes mellitus and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Cardiac mitochondria consist of two spatially distinct subpopulations, termed subsarcolemmal mitochondria (SSM) and interfibrillar mitochondria (IFM). The goal of this study was to determine whether subcellular spatial location is associated with apoptotic propensity of cardiac mitochondrial subpopulations during diabetic insult. Swiss Webster mice were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin or citrate saline vehicle. Ten weeks following injection, diabetic hearts displayed increased caspase-3 and caspase-9 activities, indicating enhanced apoptotic signaling (P < 0.05, for both). Mitochondrial size (forward scatter) and internal complexity (side scatter) were decreased in diabetic IFM (P < 0.05, for both) but not in diabetic SSM. Mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta(Psim)) was lower in diabetic IFM (P < 0.01) but not in diabetic SSM. Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening was increased in diabetic compared with control IFM (P < 0.05), whereas no differences were observed in diabetic compared with control SSM. Examination of mPTP constituents revealed increases in cyclophilin D in diabetic IFM. Furthermore, diabetic IFM possessed lower cytochrome c and BcL-2 levels and increased Bax levels (P < 0.05, for all 3). No significant changes in these proteins were observed in diabetic SSM compared with control. These results indicate that diabetes mellitus is associated with an enhanced apoptotic propensity in IFM, suggesting a differential apoptotic susceptibility of distinct mitochondrial subpopulations based upon subcellular location.

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Accession: 052982192

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19966057

DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00668.2009

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