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Estrogen-dependent activation of neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase underlying gender difference of atherogenesis in apoE-/- mice



Estrogen-dependent activation of neutral cholesterol ester hydrolase underlying gender difference of atherogenesis in apoE-/- mice



Atherosclerosis 219(2): 545-551



Mechanisms underlying gender difference of atherogenesis were investigated focusing on direct effects of estrogen on the artery. First, male and female apoE(-/-) mice were fed an atherogenic diet for 16 weeks from 10 weeks of age. Second, female apoE(-/-) mice were ovariectomized (ovx) or sham operated at 8 weeks of age, and 2-weeks afterwards, one-third of each ovx-group received conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) (0, 2.5 or 5.0 μg/day) for 16 weeks. Atherosclerotic lesions were examined after experimental periods. To clarify anti-atherogenic effect of 17β-estradiol (E2) on artery, neutral cholesteryl ester hydrolase (N-CEase) activity in aorta and peritoneal macrophages, and E2-treated J774A.1 cells were measured. First, atherosclerotic lesion in female mice was significantly less than male mice without any changes in serum lipids and lipoprotein profile. N-CEase activity in aorta and peritoneal macrophages in female mice was significantly higher than male mice. Second, atherosclerotic lesion in ovx-group was significantly greater than sham-group. CEE-replacement to ovx-group decreased atherosclerotic lesion in a dose-dependent manner. N-CEase activity in aorta and peritoneal macrophages was decreased in ovx-group compared to sham-group, and restored by CEE-replacement in macrophages. To study detailed mechanisms, J774A.1 cells were treated with E2. E2 significantly increased N-CEase activity, and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase) type II activity and the protein in cytosol fraction without any changes of total protein of A-kinase type II. These results suggest that gender difference of atherogenesis is partly accounted for activation of N-CEase through estrogen-dependent translocation of A-kinase type II in macrophages.

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Accession: 053043865

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21944698

DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.08.051


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