+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Evaluation of a designated driver intervention to prevent alcohol-related road accidents in the clubs of Milan, Italy



Evaluation of a designated driver intervention to prevent alcohol-related road accidents in the clubs of Milan, Italy



Adicciones 21(4): 279-288



The present study is an evaluation of a designated driver intervention. The objectives were: (1) to verify the intervention assumption, which is that offering incentives, linked to a positive result of the breathalyser test (<0.5 g/l) when leaving the club, leads to a decrease in the percentage of drivers leaving the club with a BAC above the legal limit; (2) to understand the reason why drivers take part in the intervention and assess whether the operation was effective in lowering the amount of alcohol consumed during the night; (3) to verify the assumption that there is a bias in the selection of designated drivers. Pre-experimental research design with a control group and no pre-test. The two conditions of the independent variable were: presence or absence of the "Safe Driver" intervention. A group of drivers who took part in the intervention (DDs N=124) was compared with a group that did not (non-DDs N=139). (1) DDs' mean BAC was significantly lower than non-DDs', but (2) the incentive motivated just 5% of DDs to drink less, and (3) there is a bias in the selection of DDs that present a lower drinking risk profile than non-DDs. The effectiveness of the intervention doesn't seem to be supported by strong evidence. The free-entrance incentive is not effective in motivating drivers to drink less. More research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of designated driver interventions where the bias in the selection of drivers has been removed, by, for example, using other incentives and to have a clear understanding of designated drivers' risk profile.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 053063054

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20011987


Related references

Pick-a-Skipper': an evaluation of a designated driver program to prevent alcohol-related injury in a regional Australian city. Health Promotion International 14(4): 337-345, 1999

Evaluation of a program for changing attitudes in pre-drivers to prevent road accidents related to drink-driving in Catalonia. Adicciones 23(3): 257-265, 2011

The drinking driver or the driving drinker? Alcohol, alcoholism and other factors in road accidents. Medical Journal of Australia 2(1): 5-16, 1971

Road accidents--their cause and prevention, with particular reference to Rhodesia. Part III. The young driver and road accidents. Central African Journal of Medicine 23(6): 121-124, 1977

Evaluation of a local designated driver and responsible server program to prevent drinking and driving. Journal of Drug Education 27(4): 321-333, 1997

The impact of a hypothetical designated driver program on intended alcohol-related behavior: an RCT. Health Promotion International 30(1): 7-15, 2015

Alcohol drugs and road accidents in northeast italy. Journal Of The Forensic Science Society: 430, 1984

Road traffic accidents and self-reported Portuguese car driver's attitudes, behaviors, and opinions: Are they related?. Traffic Injury Prevention 17(7): 705-711, 2017

An epidemiologic survey of road traffic accidents in Iran: analysis of driver-related factors. Chinese Journal of Traumatology 16(3): 140-144, 2014

Alcohol-related road traffic accidents: promoting a lower alcohol strategy. Clinical Medicine 7(4): 348-350, 2007

Temporal Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Road Accidents in Young Swiss Men: Seasonal, Weekday and Public Holiday Effects. Alcohol and Alcoholism 50(5): 565-572, 2016

Alcohol and drugs use among drivers injured in road accidents in Campania (Italy): A 8-years retrospective analysis. Forensic Science International 288: 291-296, 2018

Alcohol-related road traffic accidents. East African Medical Journal 74(11): 673-674, 1998

Alcohol-Related Road Accidents and Holiday. Alcohol and Alcoholism 50(6): 716-716, 2016

Alcohol-related road traffic accidents before and after the passing of the Road Traffic Safety Act in Croatia. Collegium Antropologicum 36(4): 1483-1489, 2013