Evaluation of a rotary tablet press simulator as a tool for the characterization of compaction properties of pharmaceutical products

Michaut, F.; Busignies, V.; Fouquereau, C.; de Barochez, B.Huet.; Leclerc, B.; Tchoreloff, P.

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 99(6): 2874-2885

2010


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3549
PMID: 20039388
DOI: 10.1002/jps.22032
Accession: 053064674

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Abstract
The Stylcam 100R, a rotary press simulator, was designed to simulate speed profiles of rotary tablet presses. Such a simulator was qualified by numerous laboratories and, actually, its ability to be used for studying the behaviour of powders under pressure should be examined. Then, the purpose of this work was to investigate the performances of the Stylcam 100R for characterizing the compaction behaviour and the tabletting properties of pharmaceutical powders. The compressibility of three pharmaceutical excipients (microcrystalline cellulose, dicalcium phosphate dihydrate and alpha-lactose monohydrate) was studied. Four compression speeds were used on the compaction simulator. Force-displacement cycles were associated with two energy parameters, the specific total energy (Es(tot)) and the specific expansion energy (Es(exp)). The mean yield pressure was calculated from Heckel's plots obtained with the in-die method. The diametral tensile strength of compacts was measured in order to evaluate mechanical properties. To evaluate the accuracy of all these parameters, a comparative study was carried out on an eccentric instrumented press. The values of energy parameters and tensile strengths of tablets are close between the eccentric press and the compaction simulator, whatever the compression speed on the latter. The mean yield pressure values obtained using the two presses are different. Finally, the Stylcam 100R seems to be a good tool for characterising tabletting properties of powders, except for the Heckel's model probably due to an unadapted equation of deformation and a lack of accuracy of the displacement transducers. Future improvements should allow correcting these two points.

Evaluation of a rotary tablet press simulator as a tool for the characterization of compaction properties of pharmaceutical products