Evaluation of immunogenicity and protective efficacy against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection elicited by recombinant Mycobacterium bovis BCG expressing human Interleukin-12p70 and Early Secretory Antigen Target-6 fusion protein
Deng, Y.; Bao, L.; Yang, X.
Microbiology and Immunology 55(11): 798-808
ESAT-6 protein of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is absent in Mycobacterium bovis BCG and Mycobacterium microti and has been demonstrated to stimulate strong cell-mediated immunity. IL-12 can play crucial roles in regulating IFN-γ production and Th1 effectors production. In this study, we constructed three rBCG vaccines that could express proteins of human IL-12p70 and/or ESAT-6 and evaluated their immunogenicity and protective efficacy in mice. Our experiments illustrated that the rBCG-IE (expressing a fusion protein of human IL-12p70 and ESAT-6) was capable of inducing stronger Th1 type cell-mediated immune responses than conventional BCG, or rBCG-I (expressing human IL-12p70), or rBCG-E (expressing ESAT-6). However, the results of protective experiments showed that rBCG-IE could only confer similar and even lower protective efficacy against M. tuberculosis H37Rv infection compared with BCG vaccine.