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Evolution of rDNA ITS1 and ITS2 sequences and RNA secondary structures within members of the fungal genera Grosmannia and Leptographium



Evolution of rDNA ITS1 and ITS2 sequences and RNA secondary structures within members of the fungal genera Grosmannia and Leptographium



Fungal Genetics and Biology 46(11): 855-867



The two internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of the nuclear ribosomal (r) DNA tandem repeat were examined in ophiostomatoid fungi belonging to the genera Grosmannia and Leptographium and closely-related taxa. Although the DNA sequence of the ITS region evolves rapidly, core features of the RNA secondary structure of the ITS1 and ITS2 segments are conserved. The results demonstrate that structural conservation of GC-rich helical regions is facilitated primarily through compensatory base changes (CBCs), hemi-CBCs, and compensating insertions/deletions (indels), although slippage of the RNA strand is potentially an additional mechanism for maintaining basepairing interactions. The major conclusion of the structural analysis of both ITS segments is that two factors appear to be involved in limiting the type of changes observed: a high GC bias for both ITS1 and ITS2 and structural constraints at the RNA level.

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Accession: 053103831

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19665572

DOI: 10.1016/j.fgb.2009.08.001


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