+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Exercise effects on lipids in persons with varying dietary patterns-does diet matter if they exercise? Responses in Studies of a Targeted Risk Reduction Intervention through Defined Exercise I



Exercise effects on lipids in persons with varying dietary patterns-does diet matter if they exercise? Responses in Studies of a Targeted Risk Reduction Intervention through Defined Exercise I



American Heart Journal 164(1): 117-124



The standard clinical approach for reducing cardiovascular disease risk due to dyslipidemia is to prescribe changes in diet and physical activity. The purpose of the current study was to determine if, across a range of dietary patterns, there were variable lipoprotein responses to an aerobic exercise training intervention. Subjects were participants in the STRRIDE I, a supervised exercise program in sedentary, overweight subjects randomized to 6 months of inactivity or 1 of 3 aerobic exercise programs. To characterize diet patterns observed during the study, we calculated a modified z-score that included intakes of total fat, saturated fat, trans fatty acids, cholesterol, omega-3 fatty acids, and fiber as compared with the 2006 American Heart Association diet recommendations. Linear models were used to evaluate relationships between diet patterns and exercise effects on lipoproteins/lipids. Independent of diet, exercise had beneficial effects on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol particle number, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol size, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol size, and triglycerides (P < .05 for all). However, having a diet pattern that closely adhered to American Heart Association recommendations was not related to changes in these or any other serum lipids or lipoproteins in any of the exercise groups. We found that even in sedentary individuals whose habitual diets vary in the extent of adherence to AHA dietary recommendations, a rigorous, supervised exercise intervention can achieve significant beneficial lipid effects.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 053117209

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22795291

DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.04.014


Related references

Sustained effects of chronic exercise on blood lipids in adults aged 40-65 years The studies of a targeted risk reduction intervention through defined exercise trial. FASEB Journal 16(4): A241, March 20, 2002

Energy intake and body weight responses to 6-months of exercise training the studies of a targeted risk reduction intervention through defined exercise trial. FASEB Journal 17(4-5): Abstract No 199 9, 2003

Exercise training amount and intensity effects on metabolic syndrome (from Studies of a Targeted Risk Reduction Intervention through Defined Exercise). American Journal of Cardiology 100(12): 1759-1766, 2007

Comparison of aerobic versus resistance exercise training effects on metabolic syndrome (from the Studies of a Targeted Risk Reduction Intervention Through Defined Exercise - STRRIDE-AT/RT). American Journal of Cardiology 108(6): 838-844, 2011

Studies of a targeted risk reduction intervention through defined exercise (STRRIDE). Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33(10): 1774-1784, 2001

Effects of weight reduction, exercise, and diet modification on lipids and apolipoproteins A-1 and B in severely obese persons. Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal 35(4): 216-220, 1987

Diet and exercise intervention have favourable effects on blood pressure in mild hypertensives: The Oslo Diet and Exercise Study (ODES). Blood Pressure 4(6): 343-349, 1995

Effects of graduated compression stockings on cardiovascular and metabolic responses to exercise and exercise recovery in persons with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 88(6): 703-709, 2007

Exercise self-efficacy and control beliefs: effects on exercise behavior after an exercise intervention for older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 17(1): 1-16, 2009

Effects of a culturally tailored diabetes prevention intervention for low SES Latino women on fitness, exercise, BMI, nutrition/exercise knowledge and dietary fat avoidance. Diabetes 48(SUPPL 1): A303-A304, 1999

Habitual physical activity and aerobic function during exercise in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes the effects of 1 year diet and exercise intervention. Acta Endocrinologica Suppl. 124(3): 39, 1991

Coronary risk incidence of obese adolescents: reduction by exercise plus diet intervention. Pediatrics 81(5): 605-612, 1988

STimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) - Description of the Exercise Intervention and Behavioral Program to Ensure Adherence. Mental Health and Physical Activity 5(2): 175-182, 2013

Impact of diet and/or exercise intervention on infra-patellar fat pad morphology data from the intensive diet and exercise for arthritis (IDEA) trial. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 23: A389-A390, 2015

Impact of Diet and/or Exercise Intervention on Infrapatellar Fat Pad Morphology: Secondary Analysis from the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) Trial. Cells, Tissues, Organs 203(4): 258-266, 2017