Section 54
Chapter 53,145

Exposure to community violence and daily feeling states among urban African American youth

Sweeney, C.K.; Goldner, J.; Richards, M.H.

Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community 39(2): 114-131


ISSN/ISBN: 1540-7330
PMID: 21480030
DOI: 10.1080/10852352.2011.556560
Accession: 053144680

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This longitudinal study examined the relationships between exposure to community violence and daily feeling states among 175 6th- through 8th-grade African American students. The relationships were tested both cross-sectionally and longitudinally over the 3-year span. Four daily feeling state subscales: contented, hostile, anxious, and dysphoric were developed from a factor analysis of the 30 Experience Sampling Method (ESM) feeling states. Cross-sectionally, regression analyses indicated that exposure to violence individually predicted most feeling states and more variability in most feeling states in 7th and 8th grades. When feeling states were entered into regressions together, fewer predicted violence exposure. Longitudinally, regression analyses revealed that more variability in dysphoric feelings in 6th grade predicted exposure to violence in 7th grade, while 6th-grade hostile and anxious feelings predicted 8th-grade exposure change. Longitudinal analyses did not indicate that exposure to community violence predicted later daily feeling states. Preventive and intervention implications are addressed.

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