Section 54
Chapter 53,155

Expression of interleukin-18 and interleukin-18 receptor alpha chain of the peripheral white blood cells in immune thrombocytopenia

Wang, Q.; Zhan, F.-x.; Shan, N.-n.; Hou, M.; Yang, X.-j.; Lu, N.; Wang, H.-c.; Zhang, X.-l.; Ji, X.-b.; Ji, C.-y.

Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi 49(4): 316-319


ISSN/ISBN: 0578-1426
PMID: 20627039
Accession: 053154751

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To detect the expression of interleukin (IL)-18 of the peripheral blood cells and IL-18 receptor alpha chain (IL-18Ralpha) on the surface of CD(3)(+) cells in patients newly diagnosed as immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) before medication and to explore the roles of IL-18 and IL-18Ralpha in the development of ITP. Eighteen out-patients or inpatients with acute ITP accepting treatment in Qilu Hospital were enrolled in this study and 15 matching healthy subjects were taken as control. Plasma IL-18 level was detected with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the expression of IL-18Ralpha on CD(3)(+) lymphocytes and total lymphocytes were measured with flow cytometry;T-bet and GATA-3 mRNA were measured with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression of IL-18 in acute ITP plasma was (468.57 + or - 141.62) ng/L and IL-18Ralpha on the surface of CD(3)(+) cells and lymphocytes were (8.50 + or - 3.16)% and (9.16 + or - 2.98)% respectively. The levels of IL-18 and IL-18Ralpha were increased in active ITP patients as compared with those in the controls (P < 0.05). The levels of IL-18 mRNA (0.12 + or - 0.02) and T-bet mRNA (0.07 + or - 0.02) were significantly increased in patients with active ITP as compared with those in the controls (P < 0.05), while GATA-3 mRNA (0.0039 + or - 0.0014) were significantly decreased in patients with active ITP (P < 0.05). The balance between T-bet and GATA-3 was significantly disturbed in ITP. Through the variation of the levels of gene and protein, our study showed that IL-18 and IL-18Ralpha might upregulate the expression of Th1-cytokines in ITP patients. It is also suggested that IL-18 has potential association with the development of ITP. Especially, it may provide a new treatment method for ITP by regulating the ratio of T-bet and GATA-3 and resuming the balance of Th1/Th2.

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