+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Factors Related to Regular Undergoing Pap-smear Test: Application of Theory of Planned Behavior



Factors Related to Regular Undergoing Pap-smear Test: Application of Theory of Planned Behavior



Journal of Research in Health Sciences 11(2): 103-108



Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in the world and the most common cancer in developing countries. Pap smear is and effective tool that can prevent death due to cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to doing regular Pap-smear test based on the theory of planned behavior. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Hamadan County, the west of Iran, during 2009, a total of 400 women's aged 20 to 70 years old, were ran-domly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire including the expanded theory of planned behavior components. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 13 using chi-square, t-test, and logistic regression statistical tests at 95% significant level. Almost 63.8% of the participants had already done Pap-smear test at least once. About 28.3% of volunteers had followed a regular Pap-smear pro-gram. There was a significant correlation (P<0.002) between family history of cervical cancer and undergoing regular Pap-smear test. In addition, there was a significant correlation (P<0.001) between age and undergoing regular Pap-smear test. The best predictor for regular Pap-smear testing was subjective norms with odds ratio estimate of 1.14 [95% CI: 1.04, 1.23]. Based on our findings, subjective norms may be one of the most effective factors among women for doing regular Pap-smear test.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 053190399

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22911960


Related references

Understanding readiness for regular physical activity in older individuals: an application of the theory of planned behavior. Health Psychology 14(1): 80-87, 1995

Measuring determinants of occupational health related behavior in Flemish farmers: an application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Safety Research 39(1): 55-64, 2008

A Test of the Theory of Planned Behavior for Two Health-Related Practices. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 26(10): 871-883, 1996

What factors influence mothers' behavior regarding control of their children's sugary snack intake?: An application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. International Dental Journal 68(5): 336-343, 2018

A test of theory of planned behavior in Korea: participation in alcohol-related social gatherings. International Journal of Psychology 44(6): 418-433, 2009

Application of the theory of planned behavior to predict drug abuse related behaviors among adolescents. Journal of Research in Health Sciences 12(1): 54-60, 2012

Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Factors Influencing Adolescents' Decisions About Having Sex: A Test of Sufficiency of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 37(12): 2840-2876, 2007

Behavioral factors influencing the use of multivitamin supplements by female students; The application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. FASEB Journal 18(4-5): Abst 110 5, 2004

Factors Associated with Parental Intent not to Circumcise Daughters in Enugu State of Nigeria: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. African Journal of Reproductive Health 22(1): 29-37, 2018

Factors affecting nursing students' intention to report medication errors: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Nurse Education Today 58: 38-42, 2017

Understanding athletic trainers' beliefs toward a multifacted sport-related concussion approach: application of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Athletic Training 48(5): 636-644, 2014

Predicting intentions to obtain a Pap smear among African American and Latina women: testing the theory of planned behavior. Nursing Research 48(4): 198-205, 1999

Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to predict pregnant women's intention to engage in regular exercise. Midwifery 42: 80-86, 2016

A systematic literature review and meta-analysis: The Theory of Planned Behavior's application to understand and predict nutrition-related behaviors in youth. Eating Behaviors 18: 160-178, 2015

Undergraduates' intentions to take a second language proficiency test: a comparison of predictions from the theory of planned behavior and social cognitive theory. Psychological Reports 106(3): 798-810, 2010