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Factors associated with falls in community-dwelling older people with focus on participation in sport organizations: the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study Project

Factors associated with falls in community-dwelling older people with focus on participation in sport organizations: the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study Project

Biomed Research International 2014: 537614

Promoting participation in sport organizations may be a population strategy for preventing falls in older people. In this study, we examined whether participation in sport organizations is associated with fewer falls in older people even after adjusting for multiple individual and environmental factors. We used the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study data of 90,610 people (31 municipalities) who were not eligible for public long-term care. Logistic regression analysis was performed, with multiple falls over the past year as the dependent variable and participation in a sport organization as the independent variable, controlling for 13 factors. These included individual factors related to falls, such as age and sex, and environmental factors such as population density of the habitable area. A total of 6,391 subjects (7.1%) had a history of multiple falls. Despite controlling for 13 variables, those who participated in a sport organization at least once a week were approximately ≥ 20% less likely to fall than those who did not participate at all (once a week; odds ratio = 0.82 and 95% confidence interval = 0.72-0.95). Participation in a sport organization at least once per week might help prevent falls in the community-dwelling older people.

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Accession: 053193100

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PMID: 24955360

DOI: 10.1155/2014/537614

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