+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Factors associated with hit-and-run pedestrian fatalities and driver identification

Factors associated with hit-and-run pedestrian fatalities and driver identification

Accident; Analysis and Prevention 45: 366-372

As hit-and-run crashes account for a significant proportion of pedestrian fatalities, a better understanding of these crash types will assist efforts to reduce these fatalities. Of the more than 48,000 pedestrian deaths that were recorded in the United States between 1998 and 2007, 18.1% of them were caused by hit-and-run drivers. Using national data on single pedestrian-motor vehicle fatal crashes (1998-2007), logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors related to hit-and-run and to identify factors related to the identification of the hit-and-run driver. Results indicate an increased risk of hit-and-run in the early morning, poor light conditions, and on the weekend. There may also be an association between the type of victim and the likelihood of the driver leaving and being identified. Results also indicate that certain driver characteristics, behavior, and driving history are associated with hit-and-run. Alcohol use and invalid license were among the leading driver factor associated with an increased risk of hit-and-run. Prevention efforts that address such issues could substantially reduce pedestrian fatalities as a result of hit-and-run. However, more information about this driver population may be necessary.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 053193318

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22269520

DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.08.001

Related references

Drug involvement in automobile driver and pedestrian fatalities. Journal of Forensic Sciences 19(1): 90-97, 1974

Factors associated with pedestrian-vehicle collision injuries and fatalities. Western Journal of Medicine 146(2): 243-245, 1987

Association of Graduated Driver Licensing With Driver, Non-Driver, and Total Fatalities Among Adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 51(1): 63-70, 2016

Alcohol-related relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal crashes in relation to driver age and gender: an update using 1996 data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(3): 387-395, 2000

Risks of pedestrian serious injuries and fatalities associated with impact velocities of cars in car-versus-pedestrian accidents in Japan. Stapp Car Crash Journal 57: 201-217, 2013

Examining alcohol involvement and demographic factors in pedestrian and cyclist fatalities. Alcoholism Clinical & Experimental Research 24(5 Suppl.): 114A, 2000

Factors contributing to driver choice after hitting a pedestrian in Japan. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 72: 277-286, 2014

Pedestrian- and driver-related factors associated with the risk of causing collisions involving pedestrians in Spain. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 92: 211-218, 2016

The early effects of Ontario's Administrative Driver's Licence Suspension law on driver fatalities with a BAC > 80 mg%. Canadian Journal of Public Health 93(3): 176-180, 2002

The independent contribution of driver, crash, and vehicle characteristics to driver fatalities. Accident Analysis & Prevention 34(6): 717-727, 2002

The effects of daylight and daylight saving time on US pedestrian fatalities and motor vehicle occupant fatalities. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 36(3): 351-357, 2004

Safety belt effectiveness in preventing driver fatalities versus a number of vehicular accident roadway and environmental factors. Journal of Safety Research 17(4): 143-154, 1986

Pedestrian Automotive Fatalities. Public Health Reports 78: 772-773, 1963

Pedestrian fatalities and alcohol. Accident Analysis & Prevention 33(2): 173-180, 2001

Pedestrian roadway fatalities. Annals of Emergency Medicine 42(4): 479-480, 2003