+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Factors associated with illness in athletes participating in the London 2012 Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study involving 49,910 athlete-days



Factors associated with illness in athletes participating in the London 2012 Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study involving 49,910 athlete-days



British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(7): 433-440



The incidence and factors associated with illness in Paralympic athletes have not been documented. To determine the factors associated with illness in athletes participating in the London 2012 Paralympic Games. A cohort of 3565 athletes from 160 of the 164 participating countries in the London 2012 Paralympic Games were followed over a 14-day period (precompetition period=3 days, competition period=11 days; 49 910 athlete-days). Daily illness data were obtained from (1) teams with their own medical support who completed a daily illness log (78 teams, 3329 athletes) on a novel web-based system and teams without their own medical support through the local organising committee database (82 teams, 236 athletes). Illness information from all athletes included age, gender, type of sport and the main system affected.Main outcome measurementIncidence rate (IR) of illness (illness per 1000 athlete-days) and factors associated with IR (time period, gender, age and sport). The IR of illness was 13.2 (95% CI 12.2 to 14.2). The highest IR of illness was in the respiratory system, followed by the skin, digestive, nervous and genitourinary systems. The IR in the precompetition period was similar to that in the competition period, but the IR was significantly higher in athletics compared with other sports. Age and gender were not independent predictors of illness. Illness is common in Paralympic athletes and the main factor associated with higher IR of illness was the type of sport (athletics).

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 053193363

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23525473

DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092371


Related references

Sport, sex and age increase risk of illness at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 52(1): 17-23, 2018

The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 50(17): 1064-1068, 2016

The epidemiology of injuries in powerlifting at the London 2012 Paralympic Games: An analysis of 1411 athlete-days. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 26(10): 1233-1238, 2016

Risk of Injuries in Paralympic Track and Field Differs by Impairment and Event Discipline: A Prospective Cohort Study at the London 2012 Paralympic Games. American Journal of Sports Medicine 44(6): 1455-1462, 2016

High incidence of injury at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 50(17): 1069-1074, 2016

High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 54(1): 38-43, 2020

Illness and injury in athletes during the competition period at the London 2012 Paralympic Games: development and implementation of a web-based surveillance system (WEB-IISS) for team medical staff. British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(7): 420-425, 2013

High precompetition injury rate dominates the injury profile at the Rio 2016 Summer Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 51 198 athlete days. British Journal of Sports Medicine 52(1): 24-31, 2018

A new surveillance system for undiagnosed serious infectious illness for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Euro Surveillance 17(31):, 2012

Clinical characteristics of 385 illnesses of athletes with impairment reported on the WEB-IISS system during the London 2012 Paralympic Games. Pm and R 6(8 Suppl): S23-S30, 2014

Oral Health And Impact On Performance Of Athletes Participating In The London 2012 Olympic Games. British Journal of Sports Medicine 48(7): 644-645, 2014

Oral health and impact on performance of athletes participating in the London 2012 Olympic Games: a cross-sectional study. British Journal of Sports Medicine 47(16): 1054-1058, 2013

Affirmation through disability: one athlete's personal journey to the London Paralympic Games. Perspectives in Public Health 132(2): 68-74, 2012

A vision of London in the twenty-first century or just terrifying monsters: a semiotic analysis of the official mascots for the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Leisure Studies 31(3): 339-354, 2012

Impact of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games on demand for microbiology gastrointestinal diagnostic services at the Public Health Laboratory London. Journal of Medical Microbiology 63(Pt 7): 968-974, 2014