+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Factors influencing prevalence of vision and ocular abnormalities among Jewish and Arab Israeli schoolchildren



Factors influencing prevalence of vision and ocular abnormalities among Jewish and Arab Israeli schoolchildren



Israel Medical Association Journal 16(9): 553-558



The detection and correction of refractive errors is one of the priorities of the World Health Organization Initiative Vision 2020. To determine the factors related to ocular abnormalities (poor vision, refractive error or other abnormality) among schoolchildren in northern Israel. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted among 2113 students aged 6-7 and 13-14 years old in 70 schools in northern Israel. Medical examination included vision history, clinical eye examination and vision testing. If a parent's informed consent was available, eye drops (cycloplegia) were delivered for fundus and retinoscopy testing. An ophthalmologist was asked to determine the need for the child's referral for further diagnostic procedures, treatment and/or follow-up. Multivariate analysis was limited to 1708 children, using data pertaining to the ophthalmologist's decision regarding referral, as well as vision and retinoscopy results. Vision and/or ocular abnormality was prevalent in 21.5% (95% confidence interval 17.4-26.6%), predominantly among 13-14 year olds and Jewish children. Abnormal clinical findings were found in 5.7% of the students. Retinoscopy showed a higher prevalence of hypermetropia among 6-7 year olds and a higher prevalence of myopia and astigmatism among the 13-14 year olds. The multivariate analysis suggests an independent effect of retinoscopy abnormality (odds ratio = 3.85), vision abnormality (OR = 2.42), Jewish ethnicity (OR = 1.62) and 13-14 year old age group (OR = 1.26) on the ophthalmologist's referral decision. Vision and/or ocular abnormality is an important health problem among schoolchildren in northern Israel. The independent effect of ethnicity and age on the ophthalmologist's referral decision should be further explored.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 053196864

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25351012


Related references

Vision screening among northern Israeli Jewish and Arab schoolchildren. Israel Medical Association Journal 11(3): 160-165, 2009

Prevalence of asthma in Israeli schoolchildren. A comparative study of Jewish and Arab populations. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 28(11): 789-792, 1992

Immunogenetics of HLA class II in Israeli Ashkenazi Jewish, Israeli non-Ashkenazi Jewish, and in Israeli Arab IDDM patients. Human Immunology 62(1): 85-91, 2001

Prevalence of dental decay in Jewish and Arab schoolchildren in the Jerusalem area. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 13(2): 97-99, 1985

Ethnicity and prevalence of scleroderma-like syndrome: A study of Arab and Jewish Israeli insulin-dependent diabetic children. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 11(6): 323-327, 1997

Knowledge and correlates of osteoporosis: a comparison of Israeli-Jewish and Israeli-Arab women. Journal of Women and Aging 15(4): 33-49, 2003

Negative Stereotypes of Ethnic Out-groups: A Longitudinal Examination Among Palestinian, Israeli Jewish, and Israeli Arab Youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence 26(1): 166-179, 2016

Cross-Cultural Variations of Adolescents' Future Orientation: The Case of Israeli Druze Versus Israeli Arab and Jewish Male. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 22(2): 224-237, 1991

Acculturation attitudes, perceived attitudes of the majority, and adjustment of Israeli-Arab and Jewish-Ethiopian students to an Israeli University. Journal of Social Psychology 145(5): 593-612, 2005

Field Supervision in a Conflict Zone: Jewish Israeli Supervisors, Arab Israeli Field Students. Clinical Supervisor 32(2): 147-166, 2013

Body weight dissatisfaction among Israeli Jewish and Arab women with normal or overweight-obese body mass index, Israeli INHIS-1, 2003-2004. Preventing Chronic Disease 6(2): A51, 2009

What do Israeli Jewish and Arab adolescents know about drinking and driving?. Accident Analysis & Prevention 28(6): 765-769, 1996

Conceptions of Spirituality among Israeli Arab and Jewish Late Adolescents. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 47(1): 7-29, 2007

A comparison of Israeli Jewish and Arab women's birth perceptions. Midwifery 30(7): 853-861, 2014

Shyness and social phobia in Israeli Jewish vs Arab students. Comprehensive Psychiatry 52(6): 708-714, 2012