Fas expression on antigen-specific T cells has costimulatory, helper, and down-regulatory functions in vivo for cytotoxic T cell responses but not for T cell-dependent B cell responses
Puliaeva, I.; Puliaev, R.; Shustov, A.; Haas, M.; Via, C.S.
Journal of Immunology 181(9): 5912-5929
Fas-mediated apoptosis is an important contributor to contraction of Ag-driven T cell responses acting only on activated Ag-specific T cells. The effects of targeted Fas deletion on selected cell populations are well described however little is known regarding the consequences of Fas deletion on only activated Ag-specific T cells. We addressed this question using the parent-into-F(1) (P-->F(1)) model of acute or chronic (lupus-like) graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) as a model of either a CTL-mediated or T-dependent B cell-mediated response, respectively. By transferring Fas-deficient lpr donor T cells into Fas-intact F(1) hosts, the in vivo role of Ag-specific T cell Fas can be determined. Our results demonstrate a novel dichotomy of Ag-specific T cell Fas function in that: 1) Fas expression on Ag-activated T cells has costimulatory, helper, and down-regulatory roles in vivo and 2) these roles were observed only in a CTL response (acute GVHD) and not in a T-dependent B cell response (chronic GVHD). Specifically, CD4 T cell Fas expression is important for optimal CD4 initial expansion and absolutely required for help for CD8 effector CTL. Donor CD8 T cell Fas expression played an important but not exclusive role in apoptosis and down-regulation. By contrast, CD4 Fas expression played no detectable role in modulating chronic GVHD induction or disease expression. These results demonstrate a novel role for Ag-specific T cell Fas expression in in vivo CTL responses and support a review of the paradigm by which Fas deficiency accelerates lupus in MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice.