+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Flavobacterium spartansii sp. nov., a pathogen of fishes, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium aquidurense and Flavobacterium araucananum



Flavobacterium spartansii sp. nov., a pathogen of fishes, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium aquidurense and Flavobacterium araucananum



International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 64(Pt 2): 406-412



Two strains (T16(T) and S12) of a Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped, yellow-pigmented bacterium were recovered from kidneys of feral spawning adult Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and the gills of captive-reared Chinook salmon fingerlings suffering a mortality episode, respectively. Polyphasic characterization revealed that these strains possessed gliding motility, contained a flexirubin-type pigment, proteolysed multiple substrates (i.e. gelatin, casein and elastin), and had a mean DNA G+C content of 35.6 mol%. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that strains T16(T) and S12 were nearly identical to one another (>99% similarity) and were placed within the genus Flavobacterium, with Flavobacterium aquidurense CCUG 59847(T) (98.3%), Flavobaterium araucananum CCUG 61031(T) (98.2%) and Flavobacterium frigidimaris (AB183888, 98.1%) being their closest relatives. Subsequent phylogenetic analyses using neighbour-joining, maximum-parsimony and Bayesian methodologies demonstrated that strains T16(T) and S12 formed a well-supported clade within the genus Flavobacterium that was distinct from other Flavobacterium species. The major fatty acid constituents of strains T16(T) and S12 were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, and iso-C15 : 0 3-OH according to fatty acid methyl ester analysis. The mean level of DNA-DNA relatedness between strain T16(T) and F. aquidurense CCUG 59847(T) and F. araucananum CCUG 61031(T) was 23 and 29%, respectively. Thus, the data accumulated in this study support the suggestion that strains T16(T) and S12 represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium spartansii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is T16(T) ( = LMG 27337(T) = ATCC BAA-2541(T)). Emended descriptions of F. aquidurense and F. araucananum are also proposed.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 053258775

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24096350

DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.051433-0


Related references

Flavobacterium gyeonganense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium chungangense, Flavobacterium aquidurense, Flavobacterium tructae and Flavobacterium granuli. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 64(Pt 12): 4173-4178, 2014

Flavobacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium haoranii, Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium terrae and Flavobacterium aquatile. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63(Pt 6): 2239-2247, 2013

Flavobacterium enshiense sp. nov., isolated from soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Flavobacterium and Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium saliperosum and Flavobacterium suncheonense. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63(Pt 3): 886-892, 2013

Flavobacterium oryzae sp. nov., isolated from a flooded rice field, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium flevense, Flavobacterium yonginense and Flavobacterium myungsuense. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 64(Pt 11): 3701-3708, 2014

Flavobacterium longum sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium caeni and Flavobacterium terrigena. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 64(Pt 5): 1488-1494, 2014

Flavobacterium compostarboris sp. nov., isolated from leaf-and-branch compost, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium hercynium, Flavobacterium resistens and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 62(Pt 8): 2018-2024, 2012

Flavobacterium jumunjinense sp. nov., isolated from a lagoon, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheniae, Flavobacterium dongtanense and Flavobacterium gelidilacus. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63(Pt 11): 3937-3943, 2013

Flavobacterium hauense sp. nov., isolated from soil and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium subsaxonicum, Flavobacterium beibuense and Flavobacterium rivuli. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63(Pt 9): 3237-3242, 2013

Flavobacterium artemisiae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Artemisia annua L. and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium compostarboris and Flavobacterium procerum. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 68(5): 1509-1513, 2018

Flavobacterium tilapiae sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium defluvii and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63(Pt 3): 827-834, 2013

Proposal That Flavobacterium breve Be Substituted as the Type Species of the Genus in Place of Flavobacterium aquatile and Emended Description of the Genus Flavobacterium: Status of the Named Species of Flavobacterium * Request for an Opinion. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 29(4): 416-426, 1979

Proposal that flavobacterium breve be substituted as the type species of the genus in place of flavobacterium aquatile and emended description of the genus flavobacterium status of the named species of flavobacterium. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29(4): 416-426, 1979

Taxonomy of Antarctic Flavobacterium species: description of Flavobacterium gillisiae sp. nov., Flavobacterium tegetincola sp. nov., and Flavobacterium xanthum sp. nov., nom. rev. and reclassification of [Flavobacterium] salegens as Salegentibacter salegens gen. nov., comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50 Pt 3: 1055-1063, 2000

Taxonomy of Antarctic Flavobacterium species: Description of Flavobacterium gillisiae sp. nov., Flavobacterium tegetincola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium xanthum sp. nov., nom. rev. and reclassification of (Flavobacterium) salegens as Salegentibacter salegens gen. nov., comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50(6 part 3): 1055-1063, 2000

Flavobacterium dankookense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheonanense, F. chungnamense, F. koreense and F. aquatile. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 62(Pt 10): 2378-2382, 2012