Section 54
Chapter 53,262

Flight-related metabolism and its regulatory peptides in the spittle bug Locris arithmetica (Cicadomorpha: Cercopidae) and the stink bugs Nezara viridula (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and Encosternum delegorguei (Heteroptera: Tessaratomidae)

Gäde, G.; Marco, H.G.

Journal of Insect Physiology 55(12): 1134-1144


ISSN/ISBN: 1879-1611
PMID: 19698718
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2009.08.009
Accession: 053261195

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Three species of bugs (Order: Hemiptera) belonging to different suborders and different families were investigated with respect to flight-related metabolism, and the neuropeptide hormones that regulate metabolism in Encosternum delegorguei, Locris arithmetica and Nezara viridula were characterised. The concentration of two potential metabolic fuels in the haemolymph of these bugs (at rest) revealed that lipids were more abundant than carbohydrates and that lipids increased significantly when the bugs performed extensive exercise (flight) and in the resting period following the aerobic activity. Carbohydrate levels declined during flight but recovered to the pre-flight level during a 1h resting period post-flight. Further experiments with N. viridula revealed greater lipid accumulation in the haemolymph after a 10min flight than after a 2min flight and significant activation of glycogen phosphorylase was recorded in the fat body immediately after flight activity. Crude extracts of corpora cardiaca (CC) from L. arithmetica and E. delegorguei were both active in mobilising carbohydrates in the cockroach Periplaneta americana. In conspecific assays, only L. arithmetica CC extract had a significant hypertrehalosaemic effect, while CC extracts from both E. delegorguei and L. arithmetica were hyperlipaemic. By a combination of liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry two octapeptides known as Peram-CAH-I and Pyrap-AKH were identified from the spittle bug, L. arithmetica, and two octapeptides known as Panbo-RPCH and Schgr-AKH-II were identified from the edible inflated stink bug, E. delegorguei. Injection of Panbo-RPCH into E. delegorguei and into the green stink bug, N. viridula had no effect on circulating carbohydrates, although glycogen phosphorylase was activated in the fat body. The circulating lipid concentration in N. viridula did not change significantly under artificially induced hypertrehalosaemia, suggesting that lipids were not being used or mobilised.

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