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Formulation, optimization and evaluation of spray-dried mucoadhesive microspheres as intranasal carriers for Valsartan



Formulation, optimization and evaluation of spray-dried mucoadhesive microspheres as intranasal carriers for Valsartan



Journal of Microencapsulation 29(2): 103-114



This investigation deals with the intranasal delivery of Valsartan, encapsulated in HPMC-based spray-dried mucoadhesive microspheres, with an aim to provide rapid absorption and quick onset of action for treating hypertension. A 2³-factorial design has been employed for the assessment of influence of three independent variables, namely inlet temperature, feed-flow rate and drug-polymer ratio on production yield, particle size and in vitro drug diffusion of the prepared microspheres. Microspheres were evaluated for particle size, entrapment efficiency, swelling property, in vitro mucoadhesion, in vitro drug diffusion, ex vivo drug permeation, histopathological examination and stability studies. The results of differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy revealed molecular dispersion of Valsartan into microspheres with spherical shape and smooth surface. Optimized formulation indicated good mucoadhesion with no severe sign of damage on nasal mucosa. Results of the non-invasive animal studies in dexamethasone-induced hypertensive rat model suggested the suitability of investigated drug delivery system for intranasal administration.

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Accession: 053288702

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22047546

DOI: 10.3109/02652048.2011.630106


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