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Fortification of human milk in very low birth weight infants (VLBW <1500 g birth weight)

Adamkin, D.H.; Radmacher, P.G.

Clinics in Perinatology 41(2): 405-421

2014


ISSN/ISBN: 1557-9840
PMID: 24873840
DOI: 10.1016/j.clp.2014.02.010
Accession: 053289202

The American Academy of Pediatrics supports the feeding of human milk for all infants. Very-low-birth-weight and extremely low-birth-weight infants especially can benefit from the immune and neurodevelopmental effects of human milk. However, human milk alone is nutritionally inadequate for the rapid growth of the very-low-birth-weight infant during a critical window for brain development and requires fortification to meet current recommendations. There are a variety of products, devices, and strategies that can be used to fine tune nutritional support of these very vulnerable infants.

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