Fortification of human milk in very low birth weight infants (VLBW <1500 g birth weight)
Adamkin, D.H.; Radmacher, P.G.
Clinics in Perinatology 41(2): 405-421
The American Academy of Pediatrics supports the feeding of human milk for all infants. Very-low-birth-weight and extremely low-birth-weight infants especially can benefit from the immune and neurodevelopmental effects of human milk. However, human milk alone is nutritionally inadequate for the rapid growth of the very-low-birth-weight infant during a critical window for brain development and requires fortification to meet current recommendations. There are a variety of products, devices, and strategies that can be used to fine tune nutritional support of these very vulnerable infants.