Section 54
Chapter 53,293

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic and theoretical study of water interactions with glycine and its N-methylated derivatives

Panuszko, A.; Śmiechowski, M.; Stangret, J.

Journal of Chemical Physics 134(11): 115104


ISSN/ISBN: 1089-7690
PMID: 21428668
DOI: 10.1063/1.3567202
Accession: 053292465

In this study we attempt to explain the molecular aspects of amino acids' hydration. Glycine and its N-methylated derivatives: N-methylglycine, N,N-dimethylglycine, and N,N,N-trimethylglycine were used as model solutes in aqueous solution, applying FT-IR spectroscopy as the experimental method. The quantitative version of the difference spectra method enabled us to obtain the solute-affected HDO spectra as probes of influenced water. The spectral results were confronted with density functional theory calculated structures of small hydration complexes of the solutes using the polarizable continuum model. It appears that the hydration of amino acids in the zwitterionic form can be understood allowing a synchronized fluctuation of hydrogen bonding between the solute and the water molecules. This effect is caused by a noncooperative interaction of water molecules with electrophilic groups of amino acid and by intramolecular hydrogen bond, allowing proton transfer from the carboxylic to the amine group, accomplishing by the chain of two to four water molecules. As a result, an instantaneous water-induced asymmetry of the carboxylate and the amino group of amino acid molecule is observed and recorded as HDO band splitting. Water molecules interacting with the carboxylate group give component bands at 2543 ± 11 and 2467 ± 15 cm(-1), whereas water molecules interacting with protons of the amine group give rise to the bands at 2611 ± 15 and 2413 ± 12 cm(-1). These hydration effects have not been recognized before and there are reasons to expect their validity for other amino acids.

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