Frequency, type, and monetary value of financial conflicts of interest in cancer clinical research
Hampson, L.A.; Joffe, S.; Fowler, R.; Verter, J.; Emanuel, E.J.
Journal of Clinical Oncology Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 25(24): 3609-3614
Using data from American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meetings, we determined the frequency, type, and monetary value of researchers' financial interests. Financial disclosures for the 2004 (3,529 abstracts and 25,416 authors) and 2005 (3,556 abstracts and 26,181 authors) ASCO Annual Meetings were categorized into four groups: no author with a financial interest, research funding only, employment and leadership positions only, or at least one author with a personal financial interest. Interests were stratified by monetary value and other factors. In 2004 and 2005, 23% of abstracts had one or more authors with a personal financial interest. More than 75% of all personal financial interests were valued at less than $10,000. More than 90% of financial interests of more than $100,000 were employment related. Fewer than 3.5% of authors with personal financial interests had interests valued at more than $100,000. Overall, 6.3% (2004) and 2.9% (2005) of abstracts only had research funding, whereas 7.3% (2004) and 6.9% (2005) had only commercial employment. In 2005, 60% of plenary sessions compared with 23.1% in general poster sessions and 17.3% for publish-only abstracts reported financial ties. Personal financial interests were more common among US authors compared with non-US authors (9.2% v 4.2%). About one fourth of abstracts at ASCO Annual Meetings have an author with a personal financial interest. Most personal financial interests are valued at less than $10,000 per year, whereas a majority valued at more than $100,000 are related to employees of commercial entities.