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Functional role of PPARδ in corneal epithelial wound healing



Functional role of PPARδ in corneal epithelial wound healing



American Journal of Pathology 180(2): 583-598



The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ is involved in tissue repair. In this study, we investigated the functional role of PPARδ in corneal epithelial wound healing. In an in vivo corneal wound-healing model, the changes of PPARδ expression in corneal epithelia were examined by immunofluorescence microscopy, and the effect of topical administrations of a PPARδ agonist on corneal wound healing was also evaluated. The inhibitory effect of a PPARδ agonist on the cytokine-induced death of human corneal epithelial cells was evaluated using a DNA fragmentation assay kit. The changes of PPARδ expression and epithelial cell death were also investigated using human corneoscleral tissues ex vivo. Our findings showed that PPARδ expression was temporally up-regulated in corneal epithelial cells during experimental wound healing and that topical administration of a PPARδ agonist significantly promoted the healing of experimental corneal epithelial wounds. In human corneal epithelial cells, up-regulation of PPARδ and DNA fragmentation was demonstrated by stimulation with cytokines, and the DNA fragmentation was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with a PPARδ agonist. By using human corneoscleral tissues ex vivo, PPARδ was up-regulated in both healthy corneal epithelia (during re-epithelialization) and diseased corneal epithelia. Inflammatory stimulation-induced corneal epithelial cell death was inhibited by pretreatment with a PPARδ agonist. These results strongly suggest that PPARδ is involved in the corneal epithelial wound healing.

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Accession: 053329033

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PMID: 22119718

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.10.006


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