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Generation-dependent host-guest interactions: solution states of polyglycerol dendrimers of generations 3 and 4 modulate the localization of a guest molecule

Generation-dependent host-guest interactions: solution states of polyglycerol dendrimers of generations 3 and 4 modulate the localization of a guest molecule

Chemistry 18(34): 10624-9

Host-guest interactions between polyglycerol dendrimers of generations 3 and 4 (PGD-G3 and G4) and 4-amino-3-hydroxynapthalene-2-sulphonic acid (AHSA) were investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). PGD-G3 molecules were found to form an associated state with an average diameter of 82.7 nm in aqueous solution, in which PGD-G3 provided a much more polar microenvironment than glycerol. PGD-G3 and AHSA interacted attractively, showing a binding constant of 5.3×10(5)  M(-1) with a 2:1 stoichiometry. On the other hand, AHSA interacted with the periphery of PGD-G4, the majority of which existed as a unimer, forming a less polar microenvironment. The driving force of the interactions for PGD-G3 and -G4 were mainly enthalpically and entropically driven, respectively. The generation-dependent host-guest interactions were described in conjunction with thermodynamic parameters.

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Accession: 053375498

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22807120

DOI: 10.1002/chem.201200748

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