Genetic instability in peripheral lymphocytes as biological marker for non-small cell lung cancer patients in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
Peddireddy, V.; Badabagni, S.P.; Gundimeda, S.D.; Sultana, S.; Kadali, K.; Gudala, S.; Penagaluru, P.R.; Mundluru, H.P.
International Journal of Biological Markers 29(4): E345-E353
This study aims, first, at evaluating the DNA and chromosomal damage in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients from the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, and then at correlating these results with possible confounding factors that might potentially play a role in causing genetic damage. The study included 246 NSCLC patients (177 men and 69 women) and 250 healthy controls (180 men and 70 women) for the analysis of DNA and chromosomal damage using the comet assay and micronucleus test. Both DNA and chromosomal damage were found to be increased in NSCLC patients compared to healthy controls, and the extent of the damage was higher in males than female patients. The smoking status had a profound effect on the extent of DNA and chromosomal damage in NSCLC patients. The degree of genetic damage correlated with the stage of the disease. However, the histological status had no effect on the extent of DNA and chromosomal damage among NSCLC patients. We here report, for the first time, that the NSCLC patients selected form the Andhra Pradesh population had increased DNA damage and higher mean micronucleus frequencies in peripheral lymphocytes, indicating a strong background level of genetic instability.