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HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma in African children

, : HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma in African children. Sadj 65(1): 20-22

HIV-associated Kaposi sarcoma (HIV-KS) is common in African countries where HIV infection is pandemic and anti-retroviral medication is not readily available. Human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), which is the essential, but not the sole aetiological factor in KS, is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and is substantially more prevalent in HIV-seropositive than in HIV-seronegative subjects. In children in sub-Saharan Africa, KS, whether it be HIV-KS or African endemic KS is much more prevalent than any other epidemiological forms of KS. In addition, in sub-Saharan children oral KS is common, and the life-expectancy of HIV-seropositive children with KS is short. Since generalized systemic KS is frequently associated with oral HIV-KS, it is advisable to introduce systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy early in the course of oral HIV-KS. Although the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) brought about a decline in the incidence of HIV-KS worldwide, HIV-KS remains a significant problem in sub-Saharan Africa where the prevalence of HHV-8 infection is high and access to HAART is limited.

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Accession: 053466091

PMID: 20411798

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Related references

Dictor, M.; Rambech, E.; Way, D.; Witte, M.; Bendsöe, N., 1996: Human herpesvirus 8 (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) DNA in Kaposi's sarcoma lesions, AIDS Kaposi's sarcoma cell lines, endothelial Kaposi's sarcoma simulators, and the skin of immunosuppressed patients. We used the polymerase chain reaction on 63 tissue specimens of histologically staged classic Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) from 40 patients, 14 specimens from 14 acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-KS cases (all from the same geographic area...

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