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HTLV-I infection in the South West Indian Ocean islands, particularly in La Réunion and the Seychelles

HTLV-I infection in the South West Indian Ocean islands, particularly in La Réunion and the Seychelles

Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique 106(4): 248-253

ISSN/ISBN: 0037-9085

PMID: 24136662

DOI: 10.1007/s13149-013-0314-9

Data on HTLV-I are scarce in several Southwest Indian Ocean islands except for La Réunion and The Seychelles. The two cases of HTLV-I have been confirmed by Western-Blot in La Réunion, among blood donors. In Seychelles (87 400 inhabitants in 2012), where blood donors and some other cases are screened, HTLV-I was confirmed with a line immune assay in 43 persons and at least 10-20 patients are known to have tropical spastic paraparesia or adult T-cell lymphoma associated with HTLV-I. In the south-west Indian Ocean, a possibly important other issue may be co-infection of HTLV-1 with the Strongyloides stercoralis roundworm, which is endemic in all countries of the region and which can sometimes lead to severe symptomatic infestation.

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Accession: 053470662

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