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Hemophagocytic syndrome as the initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus



Hemophagocytic syndrome as the initial manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus



Reumatologia Clinica 10(5): 321-324



Hemophagocytic syndrome (HS) occurs in autoimmune diseases and belongs to the hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis group of diseases. This paper describes the features of 2 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who presented HS as the initial clinical manifestation. Both patients had prolonged fever not associated to an infectious process and did not respond to broad-spectrum antibiotics. The diagnosis of HS secondary to SLE is complicated, because it has some features in common, but HS is characterized by hyperferritinemia, hipofibrinogemia, hypertriglyceridemia and a decrease in the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, unlike SLE. HS treatment when associated to SLE is not well established, but steroids and/or immunoglobulins are effective as the initial treatment, and in refractory cases, cyclosporine or cyclophosphamide may be associated. HS can be the initial manifestation of SLE and should be suspected in patients with organ enlargement, cytopenias, clotting disorders, liver disorders and prolonged fever unresponsive to antibiotics. Anakinra may be a treatment option in adult HS associated to SLE.

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Accession: 053511123

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24316336

DOI: 10.1016/j.reuma.2013.09.004


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