Section 54
Chapter 53,652

ITPA gene variant protects against anemia induced by pegylated interferon-α and ribavirin therapy for Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C

Sakamoto, N.; Tanaka, Y.; Nakagawa, M.; Yatsuhashi, H.; Nishiguchi, S.; Enomoto, N.; Azuma, S.; Nishimura-Sakurai, Y.; Kakinuma, S.; Nishida, N.; Tokunaga, K.; Honda, M.; Ito, K.; Mizokami, M.; Watanabe, M.

Hepatology Research the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology 40(11): 1063-1071


ISSN/ISBN: 1872-034X
PMID: 20977565
DOI: 10.1111/j.1872-034x.2010.00741.x
Accession: 053651322

Host genetic variants leading to inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) deficiency, a condition not thought to be clinically important, protect against hemolytic anemia in chronic hepatitis C patients receiving ribavirin. In this study, we evaluated the clinical significance of ITPA variants in Japanese hepatitis C patients who were treated with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin. In this multicenter retrospective cross-sectional study, 474 hepatitis C patients were enrolled who were treated with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin in four geographically different hospitals in Japan. Patients were grouped according to hemoglobin decline of more than 3 g/dL at week 4. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) within or adjacent to the ITPA gene (rs6051702, rs1127354) were genotyped.  A functional SNP, rs1127354, within the ITPA exon was strongly associated with protection against anemia with only one (0.8%) in 129 patients with the ITPA minor variant A developing severe anemia (P=5.9×10(-20) ). For rs6051702, which had significant association in European-Americans, significant but weak association with severe hemoglobin reduction was found in Japanese (P= 0.009). In patients excluding genotype 1b and high viral load, those with the ITPA minor variant A achieved significantly higher sustained viral response rate than those with the major variant (CC) (96% vs 70%, respectively, P= 0.0066). ITPA SNP, rs1127354, is confirmed to be a useful predictor of ribavirin-induced anemia in Japanese patients. Patients with the ITPA minor variant A (~ 27%) have an advantage in pegylated interferon plus ribavirin-based therapies, due to expected adherence of ribavirin doses, resulting in a higher viral clearance rate.

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