Section 54
Chapter 53,712

Impact of acute and chronic stressor experiences on heart atrial and brain natriuretic peptides in response to a subsequent stressor

Wann, B.P.; Audet, M.-C.; Anisman, H.

Hormones and Behavior 58(5): 907-916


ISSN/ISBN: 1095-6867
PMID: 20832411
DOI: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2010.09.001
Accession: 053711464

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The impact of stressful events on processes related to cardiovascular functioning might vary with previous stressor experiences, just as such sensitization effects have been detected with respect to several neurochemical and hormonal processes. The present investigation assessed the impact of a psychosocial stressor on factors directly or indirectly related to cardiovascular functioning among CD-1 mice that had previously experienced an acute or chronic stressor regimen. These factors included plasma variations of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP, respectively), inflammatory cytokines in plasma, mRNA expression of natriuretic peptides and inflammatory cytokines in the ventricles, and norepinephrine (NA) levels and utilization within the locus coeruleus, a brain region implicated in cardiac functioning. A social stressor (exposure to a dominant mouse) increased NE levels and utilization within the locus coeruleus, plasma corticosterone, cytokine and ANP levels. Among mice initially exposed to an acute stressor (restraint), NE utilization, ventricular ANP mRNA expression, and plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations were markedly increased by the subsequent social stressor. In chronically stressed mice some of the effects of the social stressor were dampened, including changes of plasma corticosterone, locus coeruleus NE utilization, as well as plasma and ventricular IL-6 mRNA expression. Conversely, plasma ANP was markedly enhanced by the combined stressor events as was ventricular BNP and IL-1β mRNA expression. It seems that stressors may profoundly influence (sensitize or desensitize) on factors that could influence cardiovascular functioning. It remains to be determined whether these actions would be translated as pathophysiological outcomes.

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