Impact of continuous positive airway pressure treatment on left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Sun, H.; Shi, J.; Li, M.; Chen, X.

Plos one 8(5): E62298


ISSN/ISBN: 1932-6203
PMID: 23650511
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062298
Accession: 053714507

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It has been known for a long time that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with a decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the gold standard treatment for OSA; however, it is unknown whether or not CPAP treatment will improve the LVEF. The aim of the current study was to assess whether or not CPAP treatment improves the LVEF. A meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect of CPAP treatment on the LVEF among patients with OSA. A literature search of PubMed, the Web of Science, and Cochrane Collaboration's database were utilized to identify eligible reports for this trial. Ten randomized controlled trails were examined and the meta-analysis was performed using STATA 11. A significant improvement in the LVEF was observed after CPAP treatment (weighted mean difference(WMD) = 3.59, 95% CI = 1.74-5.44; P<0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed that patients with OSA and heart failure had a significant improvement in the LVEF after CPAP treatment (WMD = 5.18, 95% CI = 3.27-7.08; P<0.001); however, the LVEF of patients with OSA only increased 1.11% and there was no statistical significance (WMD = 1.11, 95% CI = -1.13-3.35; P = 0.331). Furthermore, based on univariate meta-regression analysis, only the baseline AHI had a statistically significant correlation with the LVEF. Our meta-analysis supports the notion that CPAP may improve the LVEF among patients with OSA.