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Impaired insulin secretion from the pancreatic islets of hypothyroidal growth-retarded mice



Impaired insulin secretion from the pancreatic islets of hypothyroidal growth-retarded mice



Journal of Endocrinology 206(2): 195-204



The growth-retarded (grt) mouse shows thyroid dysfunction-related hyporesponsiveness to TSH. Thyroid hormone is a critical regulator of metabolism in many cells; thus, derangement of thyroid function affects many organs and systems. Experiments were conducted focusing on the function of the pancreatic islets in grt mice. We showed occurrence of a fasting hyperglycemia and a decreased plasma insulin level response to a glucose load in grt mice, despite normal insulin molecules being stored in secretory granules of pancreatic islets. We also demonstrated a reduction of insulin secretion in response to glucose administration from islets of grt mice in vitro, while the insulin release in response to KCl stimulation was comparable to that in normal mice, indicating that the isolated islets from grt mice have normal ATP-sensitive K(+) channels and postchannel activity. The mRNA expression levels of glucose transporter 2 and glucokinase in the islets of grt mice were similar to those in normal mice. Triiodothyronine administration to grt mice improved insulin secretion very slightly. On the other hand, mRNA for tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase 2 (Tpst2) was found to be expressed in the pancreatic islets of grt mice. Considering that Tpst2 is the responsible gene of grt mice, mutation of which is associated with a poor function of TSH receptor, the findings raise a possibility of involvement of factors including Tpst2 in the insulin hyposecretion in grt mice.

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Accession: 053729830

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 20488945

DOI: 10.1677/joe-09-0465


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