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Implementation science perspectives and opportunities for HIV/AIDS research: integrating science, practice, and policy



Implementation science perspectives and opportunities for HIV/AIDS research: integrating science, practice, and policy



Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 63 Suppl 1: S26-S31



Disparities in the incidence and mortality of HIV/AIDS persist, challenging researchers, practitioners, and communities to develop improved strategies to reach vulnerable and marginalized populations. The emerging field of Implementation Science, with its focus on context, external validity, and innovative design approaches, is well suited to respond to this challenge. We provide an overview of Implementation Science, including its frameworks, tools, and strategies, and how they can inform the response to HIV/AIDS. We summarize pioneering Implementation Science frameworks, and then present examples using newer models, including RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness/Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) and the Evidence Integration Triangle, a framework for combining research and practice using participatory and adaptive processes in a multilevel context. Although still developing, the international field of Implementation Science can offer helpful perspectives for facilitating the more rapid integration of HIV/AIDS research, practice, and policy.

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Accession: 053735536

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 23673882

DOI: 10.1097/qai.0b013e3182920286


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