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In vitro anthelmintic activity of crude extracts of selected medicinal plants against Haemonchus contortus from sheep


In vitro anthelmintic activity of crude extracts of selected medicinal plants against Haemonchus contortus from sheep



Journal of Helminthology 87(2): 174-179



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-149X

PMID: 22449714

DOI: 10.1017/s0022149x1200020x

Ethanol extracts of 25 plant species were screened for anthelmintic effects against Haemonchus contortus. Ethanol extracts of each plant were used at various concentrations (10, 20 and 30%) to treat 10-day faecal cultures, incubated at 27°C with control cultures which were treated with ethanol for 48 h. Five plants with high efficacies (Ananas comosus, Aloe ferox, Allium sativum, Lespedeza cuneata and Warburgia salutaris) were selected from the first screening for further investigation using ethanol, dichloromethane and water extracts at four concentrations (2.5, 5, 10 and 20%). Ethanol was the most effective solvent. Larval counts decreased with increasing extract concentrations, of which 10 and 20% had similar effects. Lespedeza cuneata caused more than 70% mortality at all concentrations. However, there remains a need to assess in vivo efficacy of these plants.

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Accession: 053770498

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