EurekaMag
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Tabanidae
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Incidence of visceral leishmaniasis in the Vaishali district of Bihar, India: spatial patterns and role of inland water bodies


Incidence of visceral leishmaniasis in the Vaishali district of Bihar, India: spatial patterns and role of inland water bodies



Geospatial Health 5(2): 205-215



ISSN/ISBN: 1827-1987

PMID: 21590671

DOI: 10.4081/gh.2011.173

The role of the distribution of inland water bodies with respect to the transmission of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and its dominant vector, Phlebotomous argentipes, has been studied at the regional scale in Bihar, eastern India. The Landsat TM sensor multispectral scanning radiometer, with a spatial resolution of 30 m in the visible, reflective-infrared and shortwave-infrared (SWIR) bands, was used to identify water bodies using the normalized differential pond index (NDPI) calculated as follows: (Green - SWIR I)/(Green + SWIR I). Nearest neighbour and grid square statistics were used to delineate spatial patterns and distribution of the sandfly vector and the disease it transmits. The female P. argentipes sandfly was found to be associated with the distance from open water and particularly abundant near non-perennial river banks (68.4%; P <0.001), while its association with rivers was focused further away from the water source (χ(2) = 26.3; P <0.001). The results also reveal that the distribution of VL is clustered around non-perennial riverbanks, while the pattern is slightly random around the perennial river banks. The grid square technique illustrate that the spatial distribution of the disease has a much stronger correlation with lower density of open waters surfaces as well as with sandfly densities (χ(2) = 26.0; P <0.001). The results of our study suggest that inland water presence poses a risk for VL by offering suitable breeding sites for P. argentipes, a fact that should be taken into account when attempting to control disease transmission.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 053792613

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Asymptomatic infection of visceral leishmaniasis in hyperendemic areas of Vaishali district, Bihar, India: a challenge to kala-azar elimination programmes. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 105(11): 661-666, 2011

Spatial and temporal variation and hotspot detection of kala-azar disease in Vaishali district (Bihar), India. Bmc Infectious Diseases 13: 64, 2013

Long-term incidence of relapse and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis after three different visceral leishmaniasis treatment regimens in Bihar, India. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases 14(7): E0008429, 2020

The legumes of vaishali district bihar india. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 3(1): 201-226, 1982

Visceral leishmaniasis in Muzaffarpur district, Bihar, India from 1990 to 2008. Plos one 6(3): E14751, 2011

Annual incidence of visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic area of Bihar, India. Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 15 Suppl. 2: 4-11, 2010

Incidence of Fasciola gigantica in goats in Vaishali district of Bihar. Journal of Applied Biology 15(2): 88-91, 2005

The economic impact of visceral leishmaniasis on rural households in one endemic district of Bihar, India. Tropical Medicine and International Health: Tm and Ih 15(Suppl 2): 42-49, 2010

Impact of socio-economic conditions on the incidence of visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar, India. International Journal of Environmental Health Research 20(6): 415-430, 2010

Prevalence of Dental Caries in Children of Age 5 to 13 Years in District of Vaishali, Bihar, India. International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 11(5): 359-364, 2018

Visceral leishmaniasis prevalence and associated risk factors in the saran district of Bihar, India, from 2009 to July of 2011. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 88(4): 778-784, 2013

Delimitation of kala-azar risk areas in the district of Vaishali in Bihar (India) using a geo-environmental approach. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 107(5): 609-620, 2012

Delimitation of kala-azar risk areas in the district of Vaishali in Bihar (India) using a geo-environmental approach. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 107(5): 609-620, 2012

Assessing Spatiotemporal Variation in Agricultural Sustainability Using Sustainable Livelihood Security Index: Empirical Illustration from Vaishali District of Bihar, India. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 38(1): 46-68, 2014

Study of incidence of arsenic in ground water in parts of Saran and Vaishali Districts, Bihar. Records of the Geological Survey of India 142(3): 133-135, 2010